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The Greatest Knights: William Marshal

The Greatest Knights: William Marshal
welcome to the first episode in a legendarium series called the

greatest

Knights

in this episode about

William

Marshal

l we will focus on the

Knights

rough beginnings in life his education and his rise as a tournament champion then we will talk about how he became tutor in arms to the heir to the English throne an earl and finally saved the Plantagenet dynasty

William

Marshal

l was born in 1140 six eighty years after the Norman conquest of England his father John

Marshal

l was a french-speaking custodian of Newbury Castle during the years when King Stephen and the Empress Matilda fought for the throne of England and Normandy in 1152 when

William

was only 6 years old King Stephen laid siege to Newbury and forced John

Marshal

l to give up his son as a hostage during peace negotiations instead John took advantage of the quiet to restock his castle incensed King Stephen placed the six-year-old

William

into a catapult and threatened to hurl him into the walls John

Marshal

l glibly replied I have the hammer and anvil to make more and better sons fortunately King Stephen could not bring himself to murder a child and instead made

William

a royal Ward that proved fortunate because

William

had several older brothers who would surely inherit their father's as States leaving

William

with nothing so King Stephen soon sent young

William

-

William

- Tong Carville Chamberlain of Normandy the Chamberlain ran a military academy where

William

learned how to be a knight back then England lived...
the greatest knights william marshal
under something akin to an apartheid system with french-speaking descendants of

William

the Conqueror's Norman's monopolizing political and church offices while most English toiled anonymously on farms owned by the Normans among other french-speaking news

William

learned how to write and fight the armor used in

William

s Tyne had not changed much from the Norman Conquest male Coates extended to the knees to protect thighs while male leggings and spurred boots protected the lower lakes and feet POC helmets with slits to see through allowed

Knights

to avoid disfiguring facial wounds part of

William

s training included developing the stamina and strength needed to ride a horse for hours while wearing full armor in midsummer heat

William

practiced with his sword so often that he had a lopsided appearance his right shoulder and arm over developed in contrast to his left side

William

also learned writing he could write a horse in a zig-zag pattern to avoid fire stop on a dime and have his horse kick with his front feet or bite the enemy

William

must have impressed his teachers because he was dubbed a knight by the age of 20 and was sent to fight in the war between the count of Boulogne and King Henry ii of England and Normandy during skirmishes around the castle of neuchâtel and Bray in Normandy

William

or Ashley charged into battle against tongue Carville's wishes and his horse was killed under him as punishment tongue Kerrville refused to give

William

a replacement so...
the greatest knights william marshal

William

sold his clothes to buy a new horse and replenished his funds by entering the tournaments in 1167 tournaments were not the ordered sport they became later with two

Knights

charging each other along separated tracks the 12th century tournament featured two teams of fully armed and armored

Knights

attacking each other with any weapons at hand they chased each other for miles around the country sight damaging crops and property and writing down anyone unlucky enough to get in their way officially they were supposed to dismount rather than kill each other however that didn't stop nights from clubbing or stabbing fallen enemies to death crushing limbs and skulls with maces or axes to stave off such a fate a knight had to surrender which meant paying a ransom or losing their horse arms and armor for a poor knight like

William

entering the tournament must have been a great risk he might lose his armored horse even life yet he excelled

William

s first time out he won four and a half horses with the half a horse likely a prize split with another Knight

William

hit the tournament circuit again in 1168 partnering with a Flemish Knight named Roger de Gouw G during one battle

William

's helmet was so bashed by opposing

Knights

that he needed a blacksmith to remove it despite that

William

captured a hundred and three nights during those two years in 1168

William

went back to fighting real warfare fighting with the Earl of Salisbury impart to you

William

was injured and...
the greatest knights william marshal
captured by French nobleman G de Lusignan while a prisoner a lady of the castle gave

William

a piece of moldy bread with which to clean his wounds a mercy which probably saved his life fortunately

William

s tournament exploits had caught the eye of Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine wife of King Henry the second not only did Eleanor pay his ransom but she made him tutor in arms to her eldest son Henry the young king who had been crowned a year ago as associate King to his father Henry the second for the next twelve years

William

became the young Kings mentor and tournament team manager winning enough money to maintain his own entourage of

knights

on his deathbed

William

acclaimed to have captured 500

knights

on the tournament field

William

also followed the young king in an abortive rebellion against his father henry ii in 1173 according to his biographer

William

Knight of the young king during the rebellion after the rebellions end

William

continued as Henry's tournament manager until the young King died of dysentery not long after making an oath to fight in the Crusades the dying young king asked

William

to go in his place Henry even gave

William

his cloak to take to the Holy Land after two years of crusading

William

returned home and he came back just in time to join a civil war which pitted king henry ii against his two surviving sons John and Richard who had allied with king philip ii of france during this war

william

defeated Prince Richard in battle when Richard begged for...
mercy

William

instead killed Richard's horse only to punish the prince while still sparing his life after the death of King Henry ii in 1189 Richard became King and repaid

William

's mercy by giving the 43 year old knight a 17 year old bride Isabel declare heiress to the fabulously wealthy 2nd Earl of Pembroke the penniless horny Knight became one of the richest men in England while King Richard went on crusade

William

rebuilt his new castles using designs he saw in the Holy Land

William

also served on the Council of Regency that ruled England and Normandy in King Richard's absence he even took the title

marshal

of England in 1194 however fortune changed again with Richard's death in 1199 and the Ascension of King John John proved an utter disaster as King first John lost the ancestral homeland of Normandy to the French then John overtaxed England for 10 years to pay for the reconquest of Normandy indeed John attempted to see some of

William

's estates in the eastern Ireland to help fund the war effort

William

spent several years in Ireland fighting off the King's Men and looking after his interests there yet after all those taxes John still lost to the French in 1214 small wonder that

William

Marshal

l lent his support to the Barons becoming one of the creators and signatories of Magna Carta which curbed the powers of the monarchy and established the principle at least in theory that a man should be spared arbitrary punishment however no sooner had John...
signed the document then he declared it null and outraged the Barons invited Prince Louie heir to the French throne to become their new king that was a step too far for

William

had

William

joined Prince Louie it would have surely ended the Plantagenet dynasty instead

William

Marshal

l became one of the few notables to support King John his task became much easier when King John died in 1217 leaving his nine-year-old son Henry the third S King with the hated John out of the picture English Nobles began deserting Prince Louis at the age of 70

William

Marshal

l led the Royal Army in one final battle against slinkin personally charging the Franco rebel army and crushing them afterwards

William

prepared to lay siege to London where Prince Louis pulled up however

William

never had to lay siege as the princes fleet was destroyed in the English Channel with no hope of resupply or reinforcements Prince Louie left England peacefully for the last two years of his life

William

ruled as regent for the child King Henry the third during that time

William

pardoned the former rebels to restore peace reissued Magna Carta under his own seal and made peace with the French

William

died two years later being invested as a knight Templar and interred at Temple Church in London where his effigy still rests

Knights

hailed

William

Marshal

l as the

greatest

knight and the flower of chivalry while many royal courts had an officer called

Marshal

l across Europe

William

Marshal

l was simply known as the...

marshal

and that wraps things up for this episode of the legendarium I hope you enjoyed it if you liked what you saw press like if you want to see more press subscribe and if you've got anything to say let me know in the comments section thanks again for joining me and I hope you have a great rest of the day