Sitar (19 strings that aren't as complicated as they seem... well maybe.)
when i first saw it i thought how on earth can you play this many
stringsat once but of course you don't you don't you don't do that we fake it just scare people of it yeah yeah hey everybody letting you know that this video has been sponsored and paid for by betterhelp you really bend into the moon on that thing five notes we can do wow the most intense bends i've ever seen i think on on this
maybea step and a half yeah and then anything like that it's gonna be yeah yeah we're here with the peak mukherjee in new york which is why you could probably hear some construction outside the window that is just part of uh part of the scene here today yeah tell us about this atari what's a
sitarthere's a lot of controversies with the origin of it's not a very old instrument 1730s in india it has developed from an indian instrument called veena this instrument what you see is a very modern style this part is made of gold the edible good we eat so that's the sound box and these are the bridges generally we used to have deer horns sometimes elephant tusks ivory bridges which are not found anymore nowadays bridge are made of fiber this one is particularly made of delrin this is a new type of bridge and which gives a lot of sustain all the bridges that i've seen are like this where there's just one singular point right but here it curves off yes curvature is very important it's part of the design that the string smacks against...
exactly exactly this is part of the design these are the frets where we play like doremi fasolation and we have got a ring then we can move this frets this is a b so once we move this it becomes a b flat according to the ragas that we play we move the frets ragas are the melodic representation of uh emotions and it has got a composition which is fixed and played with tabla or sometimes people used to play with pakhavaj the bigger drum yeah and the rest is all improvised so you tune it for the particular tune that you're playing that was something that when i first saw the
sitarlike this must be impossible to wrap your head around because how many
stringsdoes this have this one has got 13 sympathetic
stringsand six main
stringsbut 13 sympathetic
stringshave nothing to do with the playing mainly it's for yeah so the mode of the raga you are playing it's tuned to that so this one has six
stringsand those six
stringsare the ones that you play and the sympathetic
theygive you the richness of the adds to the richness of the sound so once you play like you see that little yeah what's going on that's what the sympathetic
stringsdo without that if i block this it will sound very weird blocked sound just sounds like one string and that's what gives it that beautiful like rich sound to it and when i first saw it i thought how on earth can you play this many
stringsat once but of course you don't you don't you...
don't you don't we fake it look how many
stringsi'm controlling that's the point yeah to scare people away yeah and you can change the tunings you can get a minor so the mode of the raga you are playing you can change the tuning accordingly yeah and these two are the drone
stringsfor to playing the rhythmic aspects like so in many indian movies you will find this part which is called chala being played when there's a happy ending specific names for this this is called this is called through which the string passes similarly the
stringsgoes through this we have to make a loop and pass it through and then uh pass it through the there are holes in the tuning pegs and then you start tightening it up yeah sometimes we add chalk to it to give it a grip yeah or sometimes water also helps a little bit of water my moisture so that once it's there my skin so that once it's there all right let's relax a bit talk about our sponsor better help so if you think you might be feeling depressed stressed anxious or overwhelmed you're definitely not alone you better help it's here to help how's the camera it's covered in water so i'm better help reach out i wasn't sure if i wanted to like talk about any serious topics on this channel but after giving it some thought i felt like normalizing therapy is definitely a positive thing it's definitely been a positive thing in my life better help offers licensed therapists that are trained to...
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really really cool these fine tuners yeah i've only seen these on
sitarit's such a cool system it's so simple yeah minor adjustments can be done here very nicely yeah we're just pressing this yeah and then on the other side your main string here you have this little dove that yeah has the same purpose yeah so cool and some guitars like floyd rose you have really fine tuners here like cellos will have fine tuners but
theydon't look as nice as that one such a cool system that actually goes through the string and pulls it up so what are these called these
seems like if i were to travel with this instrument that's what i do when i travel i i take these things out these are the cooties through which the
stringspass so essentially you have six
stringsthat you actually play 13
stringsthat are sympathetic
stringsthat are just vibrating along give you that sound exactly and it
seems if i'm not mistaken you're mostly fretting on two these two the jaw string and the main string this is called the main string because obviously we play on it that's right the curvature of the frets to get that five note bent like so to get that bend you need that curvature you got the harmonics on there that too lovely getting those bends on oh that was nice the whole step on this is as far as i can go yeah all with the construction part of the yeah we can try something in mine on now the legs are falling asleep how many
stringsdid you tune to go down to...
minor the top one i tuned only this one for the rest i tuned this one this one that one and i changed the mood for quite a lot i just have to change one string to go to miner do you shift any frets yes i did i moved this one and this one and that one also all the ones around the whole yeah yeah yeah now i can get everything on my fret on the mode this is a mode called bhairavi which is a very popular raga you can use all the notes and so it's a very open to interpretation rapper many times when indian musicians jam with jazz musician this is the mood
theychoose yeah it's much easier to move into like we started getting a little bit metal there for a second this one is called a mid-rab a plectrum yeah a pointy end and it will go to the end of your uh fingertip you have to press it hard but there are different sizes for it so yeah this one this one's a bit small for me i think it's now on here permanently don't worry about it yeah yeah that also marks um oh wow yeah it sits very tight and then you develop calories for this the way you put it is this this one's a lot more comfortable i also use different parts to play like this is a and then you can do strokes like for a different tonal variation and from different places to get different tones you um oh i made the mistake of trying to do an upstroke with this and i really paid for it i just started going into my same muscle memory with the guitar pick and then the upstroke really got me really got...
me good with the guitar pick i'm usually you know like this from the side but here it's straight up and down which i'm not quite as used to oh i can kind of get it yeah i just got to change my angle wow oh i did it again i didn't think we'd be playing metal today that's not at all what i expected oh actually before we go into the other tuning oh it sounds so cool especially with the bends i would really like to try and play it can i try yeah sure hold the sitter in like a 45 degree angle it's better yes yeah and the thumb goes here right right on top yes and the thumb doesn't move it's fixed out there there are two strokes a da the upward stroke and a ra the downward stroke da and ra these are the only two strokes in sita is it supposed to rest on your middle part of the arm is the resting oh okay yeah so that's what keeps it up yes that's what keeps it in a position yeah because it is very neck heavy it is this is the first dough we call sa that's where we start from saree ah we preferably play with the first finger and the last note of a progression we play it with the second finger oh sorry are you only using these these two men that's it if you play place your finger on shah and play a da with the wing string and then the three chikaris da cha chi there you go and you can come back try not to move the thumb so that will give you the a strength of the notes yeah i'm so used to having the thumb yeah right right...
yeah i usually have it like right yeah but if i try to click it or my thumb gets fixed here oh yeah it's wild too to have this much of fretboard yeah and then have so much room to go right it can bend a lot that that that's a nice chord that you might not find very easily and get our other from this guitar player i'll do it all in one fret going from guitar to this the action here is so high above that like the the distance between the frets and the
stringsis so high and then there's all this space underneath them to fall into which is not something that i'm used to you know like it's really hard for me to not go to my third finger like all my muscle memory is telling me right i did a video called
sitarmetal where i basically played it like a guitar that's a really common thing with like distorted guitars nice palm muting the
stringsright we can do it on the
sitaralso yeah do you ponder it on it sometimes i do it it makes sense that you would just use these too because you have a lot more power but you're not doing like bar chords on this yeah and there's another part which is called kamak for this you really need the strength gamaks are a part of the fast passages that you play in siddharth that is awesome you're on that high string most of the time most of the time most of the time oh i saw you getting some of the sympathetic
stringstoo there that is very cool is that why you have a longer nail on your pinky for the...
stringsthat's the reason classical guitar players will often have you know long nails but you have it just on the pinky just for the sympathetic structure just what this takes that is so interesting it's wild to me that you're only doing that with two fingers yeah and you have to go across the whole length for playing are you just sliding up there no jeez can i give that a try and the right hand will move with a da and a rock both up and down or else you won't get the speed yeah yes now if you fix your thumb and make short movements it will be faster yeah the major up also doesn't fit that's another problem i play pretty fast with the pig but yeah yeah it's just all your finger i'm so used to bringing my wrist into it yeah yeah that's exactly what i'm doing i'm doing this i mean you can already see with my fingers are getting just like torn be careful oh my god yeah yeah the skin's coming out yeah i think that's where the shredding comes from a little bit of injury is just part of it when i hear
sitari always associate it with this drum yes this keeps the bass and this is the so oh so that's how you get these things yeah yeah okay yeah that is such a cool sound so this is pretty tough yeah that's a very different way of playing i never realized that's how you get by pressing into it that's how i get that sound i never knew that i'm so familiar with that sound but i didn't know...
it's so cool the tabla players have calluses over here shall we end with a fast jam where you can really shred and then land it on that hello my so