China v America: who is in charge? | The EconomistJun 17, 2021
a global crisis needs global leadership for most of the last 75 years that leader has been the united states are no longer leaders they held an online summit today committing billions to develop a coronavirus vaccine conspicuously absent from the meeting where there was trump administration officials i am instructing my administration to stop funding the world health organization the us withdrawal has left a void at the top every time the us steps back it is an opportunity for
chinato step Step up and present yourself as the champion of the world order China has seen an opportunity to steal a march on the United States and use the soft power of global diplomacy to accelerate its rise as the world's leading power There is one thing we must learn is a The world is a world where we all need to get along and it is my opinion that this great Republican leads the way.
As World War II drew to a close, plans to keep the peace were put into motion, the United Nations and other newly created institutions realized the backbone of a rules-based world order, and America was the chief architect and leader. The United Nations has been working for eight weeks to produce a charter on which the future of world peace will depend Since its creation in 1945 The UN's membership has grown from 51 countries to 193 Its activities and those of its specialized agencies span almost all With all aspects of life, we have before us the opportunity to forge for ourselves and future generations a new world order, but after successive presidents committed to leading and shaping the world, president trump has led
americain a very different direction on the future does not belong to the globalists the future belongs to the patriots the future belongs to the sovereign and independent nations under the presidency of donald trump the united states has renounced international arrangements and institutions, as well as the withdrawal of funds for world health UN agency president Trump pulled the United States out of the Paris agreement on change climate.
The nuclear deal with Iran and he left the trans-Pacific partnership. The giant trade deal that was nearing completion. I think this is all part of America's first idea. it has taken a particularly strong shape under donald trump you know what i am i am a nationalist ok
americais so central to an order that has actually been very useful to the world for 75 years if america pulls out everyone else is extremely concerned about what will happen to maintain this order in their absence and whether the rules of the game will really be played in the future the country that has filled the vacuum left by america is
chinachina is becoming more and more powerful on the economic front technologically and increasingly geopolitically In addition, over the past two decades, China's contribution to the regular UN budget has increased from 1 to 12, while the United States has remained the same.
China has been methodical. and increasing their influence in existing institutions, in particular, the chinese citizens of the un now had four of the 15 specialized un agencies the americans lead only one china has become in recent years um more and more assertive in the way in that it advances its interests that it is no longer afraid to use fairly strong tactics it is not afraid to use its veto in the security council security council vetoes can tell us a lot about the balance of power in the u.n.u. during the cold war the united states used its veto regularly but in the last decade only china used it, on the other hand, it has increased its use three times, but the country that has exercised its veto power the most in recent years is russia.
It seems to be an alliance of convenience between China and Russia. Both share an interest that Western countries do not become too busy. on their human rights for example to be able to act uninhibited in their rather authoritarian ways whether in the long run that's tenable is debatable because russ after all ia is a declining power compared to china which is a rising power rise, and russia may come to find clearly uncomfortable its adoption by china in march 2018, france proposed that the un security council hear a briefing on human rights abuses in syria, but russia and china opposed the session the provisional agenda was not adopted because the required number of votes were not obtained the meeting was adjourned china managed to avoid it by exerting strong pressure on the former french colony of the ivory coast which switched sides at the last moment and that is the kind of small incidents are wake-up calls to the west that china's influence is really beginning to be felt;
Furthermore, Chinese officials have been inserting favored Chinese wording into UN documents phrases such as win-win cooperation phrases that refer to the strip and highway phrases that take a rather Chinese view if you like human rights cumulatively. it can have the effect of creating a Chinese-friendly environment for t These multinational institutions China has also been building channels of influence outside of the institutions the United States designed. It has established the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank encroaching on World Bank turf and created the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, an eight-member group that includes Russia, India and Pakistan. it is not obvious that china really wants to use the role of serp america in the sense of assuming broader responsibilities for the global order, but it certainly wants to make the world safer for chinese expansion, this has worried westerners, especially about china's attitude towards human rights if china continues its rise in western withdrawal then i think human rights would be in trouble and one of the secretary general's criticisms is that it has not put human rights front and center and he has defended them as prominently as he could have you can see antonio gutierrez the un secretary general responding to this and other questions the questions posed to him by the
economistclicking on the link above there has been some pushback from the us in january , the State Department appointed a top diplomat, Mark Lambert, to counter the so-called malign influence of China and others at the UN, but there is a sense. that the United States may no longer be as trustworthy as it once was.
There is talk of countries coming together to try to maintain this liberal rules-based order. It's not easy to do this without the real impetus that comes from a power of the size and weight that the United States can put behind it, but the smallest efforts can at least make a difference kovid 19 has shown that bigger problems cry out by international efforts climate change is a challenge that no country can face alone the same is true for organized crime and cybercrime a new president in the white house might give america renewed interest in looking out again but the The UN and other global bodies also need to reform their 75-year-old structures.
It is not designed for a 21st century world, perhaps it will take a crisis of sorts for this to happen and to give countries the push they need to modernize institutions, the coronavirus pandemic has hijacked the global agenda, it also presents a opportunity, the turmoil could stimulate countries. in strengthening the liberal world order, but if the United States does not reaffirm its global commitments, China's diplomatic power will continue to grow. I have written a special report on the United Nations 75 years after its founding and how it is struggling to adapt to changes in world power, especially the relationship between America and China you can read it by clicking the link opposite thanks for watching
If you have any copyright issue, please Contact