15 tecnologías antiguas que la ciencia no puede explicarJan 02, 2022
15 Ancient Technologies That Science Cannot Explain When you do a google search on ancient inexplicable artifacts you are led to hundreds of sites that show you puzzling things, some related to aliens, time travel and paranormal activities however once you understand When the grain is separated from the pac, a few objects remain, real and very old inventions discovered by archaeologists or described in the chronicles that they continue to deliver to scientists and historians, not because they are alien creations but because their use is unknown or their formula was lost in the past. classic examples in greek fire and roman concrete greek fire burned even under water and it is not known how they did it but it contributed to the domination of the seas by the byzantine empire the recipe for roman concrete was also lost and science has struggled unsuccessfully to establish the formula of this material that already exceeds 200 0 years long in many existing works of imperial rome in this video we have selected the 15 oldest inventions devices and technologies that continue to amaze science and that prove that ancient cultures did very advanced and amazing things before we got into background don't forget to subscribe to our channel and turn on notifications to stay up to date with our updates number 1 roman concrete lupus falls lie yoma was a roman building material with the appearance of concrete that builders in ancient rome made on foot of work mixing lime mortars with volcanic ash and pebbles was used as formwork material and as filler between two walls and has been the key to the durability of legendary works such as the pantheon of Agrippa and the basilica of Maxentius also several Roman dikes have resisted the ravages of the sea for more than 20 centuries thanks to this concrete of unknown recipe The Fabrizio bridge that goes from one bank of the Tiber to the Tiber island and the hexagonal port of Trajan where the ships that supplied the imperial capital unloaded continue intact while modern concrete constructions do not exceed 200 years the commitment to conquest and The civilizing process of the Roman Empire led him to build 85,000 kilometers of roads with an infinite number of bridges, aqueducts, ports, amphitheatres, baths and other works that were only possible with Roman concrete, the exact formula of which could not be unraveled. number 2 Greek fire, a fire that not only cannot be It was extinguished with water but was capable of burning over and even under the sea.
It must have been the most coveted technology by the powers that rivaled the Byzantine Empire. This infernal fire was fired from one ship to another and burned the enemy ship and its crew members. Greek name because its invention is attributed to Kalinic or a 7th century Byzantine Greek inventor and is also known As a Roman marine war fire and liquid, its use helped the Eastern Roman Empire to dominate the Eastern Mediterranean, although it was also used on land and allowed Byzantium to repel two Muslim sieges. The Byzantines threw it in the form of an incendiary liquid through pressurized siphons and the European crusaders were so stupefied when they found out about it that they attributed it to witchcraft.
It was the best-kept military secret of the Byzantines and the recipe was lost without being known, with speculation that it contained petroleum, sulfur, lime, and saltpeter. In 2002, National Geographic produced a version mixing petroleum and resin. pine number 3 damascus steel almost 1000 years after its invention steel specialists continue to debate what was the technique for making damascus steel, also called damascus and damascene at a time when facilities for sharpening a sword were not abundant, much less in the battlefields that your weapon never a will lose its edge that gave it a formidable advantage was a crystal steel made in the Middle East that took the name of the capital of the Umayyad Caliphate and the swords made with the material became famous in Europe for its almost eternal edge flexibility and great hardness these swords were made between the 10th and 18th centuries and the crusaders were very impressed when they saw that they could cut a piece of silk in midair open a rock without dulling it and bend 90 degrees modern metallurgy with all its advancement has not been able to establish the manufacturing formula of damascus steel little is known is that the carbides precipitated forming bands of micro particles giving the blades their characteristics of hardness and flexibility number 4 antikythera mechanism in 1901 some marine sponge fishermen were surprised by a storm and they took refuge on the Greek island of antikythera once there they decided to try their luck with their fishing but they forgot to the sponges when they found a ship, a leader, and a treasure trove of coins and valuables, but the most valuable thing they found, at least from a historical and scientific point of view, was a gear mechanism that has intrigued science for more than 120 years. piece of bronze had such a number of gears and teeth in each wheel that it seemed impossible that it had been built in 87 BC - the year in which it was dated the antikythera mechanism is called the first analog computer in history the investigations throughout Throughout the 20th and 21st centuries have allowed us to establish that it was used to follow the movements of celestial bodies and predict eclipses.
It has not been completely unraveled since it is not complete and it is believed that some of its pieces are still at the bottom of the sea number 5 stainless iron pillar of delhi in delhi india there is an iron pillar of more than 1600 years old that has astonished specialists for centuries it has a height of 7 .2 meters and a diameter of 41 centimeters at its base and tapering to its top is excellent testimony to the history of steelmaking and evidence of the high level of mastery and sophistication reached by ancient Indian metallurgists, particularly in iron casting. The main characteristic is that it is not affected by the relentless phenomenon of oxidation, despite having been outdoors for 16 centuries.
The absence of corrosion is attributed to an unusual purity of the constituent material, equivalent to 98 percent of metallic iron, as well as to the formation of a low porosity protective layer for more than a millennium and a half the iron pillar of delhi was declared a world heritage site and had to be protected with a low height fence from the superstitious fervor and the sweats and breath of the visitors who hugged him to capture his good number 6 seismograph the sun guen the first device to detect earthquakes was a metal vessel matt golden ca, externally ornamented with dragons and guarded by toads arranged around it, was invented in the year 132 AD by the multifaceted Chinese Zhang, in whom he also created a telescope and was also a painter and writer, the Chinese imperial court was astonished when He presented his invention that could detect earthquakes so distant that no one located closer to the epicenters even felt it.
It was an ingenious and cute device in the shape of a vase that had on its outer wall a series of bronze dragon heads. The dragons had the mouths partially down and inside there were small spheres also made of bronze earth disturbances caused the balls to come out of the dragon's mouth and fall into the toad's mouth depending on the location around the vase of the toad dragon couple that had passed the ball was known approximately the direction of the earthquake the device was a precursor of the seismograph and although not I could measure it from earthquakes it pointed out its occurrence and approximate direction number seven green golf swords that is the name of some 170 swords from between the 9th and 11th centuries found in Europe and that present the inscription of the fbi bert or slight variations of this over time the word ensign became a kind of trademark engraved on weapons for several centuries by Frankish warriors were made during the transition period from the Viking sword to that used by knights during the early Middle Ages and are considered the initiators of the medieval tradition After making inscriptions on the blades of the weapons, when the pieces were found, the specialists were surprised by the purity of the metal, whose manufacturing technology was thought to have only been available in Europe eight centuries after the weapons were dated.
It is believed that they could have been made by the Vikings learning the technique of metallurgists and blacksmiths who knew The production and forging of Damascus steel was in progress in 2014. The inscription for wing was found in a 9th century Viking tomb in the Scandinavian peninsula. This inscription has been considered a possible link between the Viking Age and the early Islamic world that would have reached the less until the manufacturing technology of swords number 8 disc de festa is a clay disc from the late bronze age that was engraved on both sides with graphic-type stamps in relief on the soft material and then hardened by firing it was found in 1908 by the Italian archaeologist Luigi Bernier in the Minoan palace of FestÃ³ in southern Crete and its spiral printed text could not be deciphered, remaining one of the great mysteries of archeology.
The piece exhibited in the Cretan Museum of Heraklion was not recorded in neither of the two known minority scripts, linear to linear, although 10 of the 45 signs of the strange alphabet can be assimilated to these forms of expression the hellenist gareth alone owens calls it the minoan rosetta stone and some experts attribute a non-cretan origin to it, possibly from the cycladic culture that developed in the cycladic islands of the aegean sea between 3,300 and 2100 bc the text contains 61 terms written with the 45 symbols of the strange alphabet and it is not even known if the spiral should be read from the outside in or the opposite number 92 of Roman paintings have been found throughout Europe and were built between the 2nd and 3rd centuries AD during the Imperial Roman times, although the Roman chronicles do not mention them, they are hollow polyhedrons with 12 faces with a large circular hole in each one.
These holes are of different sizes and the objects have a kind of leg cut with a handle at each vertex. Found about 100 throughout Europe, especially in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Hungary and Wales, most of them are made of bronze, although some are made of bronze. In addition to being made of thin stone slabs, an icosahedron was found, a 20-sided polygon with the same characteristics. Its use is not known and it has been speculated that they could be candlesticks since inside one were found remains of being other speculations of use suggest toward a water pipe gauge a multi base to hold the roman eagle and other banners of the empire a divination device or religious artifact number 10 stone spheres from costa rica scientists established that these huge stone balls were patiently carved by the natives who lived in what is now Costa Rica - during the millennium between the 6th century A.D. and the time of the Spanish conquest, but they ignore why they were made, it will probably never be known, among other things, because vandalism moved several of their original locations making it very difficult to evaluate theories that relate them to the calendar and that and the n navigation even make the credulous see they flew some stones with the illusion of finding gold or something else valuable inside the set is made up of more than 500 spheres of different diameters sculpted by the diquÃs culture on the plain of the delta of the river of the same name In the south of Costa Rica, what surprises the most is the spherical perfection of the stones, considering the technologies available at the time.
Likewise, the balls are organized in an abstract way, alien to any model of natural arrangement, the smallest are a few centimeters and the largest exceed 2.5 meters number 11 voynich manuscript in 1902 the dealer of old books on the unidense slope wilfried m voynich bought for next to nothing in the library of an Italian Jesuit college a rare illustrated book with drawings and incomprehensible texts all made by hand he did not doubt that some of its relatives could decipher it and indicate some value but to date it has not been knows neither the alphabet nor the language nor the author carbon 14 allowed dating the parchment between the years 1400 4 and 1438 and one of the hypotheses is that Voynich used some old pieces of skin to write the book and sell it as an antique Other versions point out that due to its written and illustrative style it was prepared in the 15th century in central Europe and it is stated that Rudolph II of Habsburg, Emperor of the Holy Roman Germanic Empire between 1,576 and 1612, paid 600 gold ducats for the manuscript.
It has been analyzed by cryptographers and linguists from all over the world concluding that it is a sophisticated encryption an unknown dialect a flagrant deception found in the beinecke library of yale university number 12 liquor glass this glass is the only object of the roman empire made of glass drik today with which a material is preserved that has the property of dividing a monochromatic light beam into several beams of different wavelengths a and colors the fourth-century cup turns green when illuminated from the front, changing to red when illuminated from behind it is considered the most spectacular glass object of imperial rome the glass body isCovered by a metallic cage made of figures that recreate the mythological episode when the Lycurgus king tried to kill Ambrosi and she killed him, becoming alive and imprisoning him between its branches.
It is also the only cage cup with well-preserved figurative art. The history is unknown. of the piece until the middle of the 19th century when it was bought by the rich European Rothchild dynasty in 1858 it was sold for 20 thousand pounds sterling to the British museum where it is exhibited number 13 the eu the battery this ancient device was the first steam engine in history and it is believed that it was only used as a toy the water was heated in a chamber and the steam transported by pipes to a closed waiting area except for two curved tubes located at opposite points the force of the steam rotated the sphere by newton's third law or The principle of action and reaction was devised in the first century by Heron of Alexandria, a Greek mathematician and engineer considered the greatest experiment. nant of antiquity, despite the fact that many of his texts and designs were lost, he was also built the first windmill and established the formula that bears his name to calculate the area of â€‹â€‹a triangle knowing only the lengths of its sides the eu lippi It rotated very quickly thanks to the narrowness of the agreed tubes, amusing people, especially children, which is why they were from Alexandria.
He was nicknamed the magician PerÃ³n. He also described the water organ of Silvio and the odometer, one of the oldest devices. to calculate distances number 14 nimrod lens is a piece of rock crystal 38 millimeters in diameter and 6 thick that is more than 3,000 years old and is kept in the british museum was discovered in 1850 by astin henry layard a traveling archaeologist British diplomat and collector at the North East Palace of National Action for the second Assyrian Emperor who reigned 800 83 859 BC- Henry Layard of he discovered the library of the urns and erna to read and measure and excavated in books next to the tigris in present-day iraq about 30 kilometers from mosul the ruins of nimrod were dynamited by the islamic state in 2015 the archaeologist's book rescued a large number of pieces including the lens which form the main part of the British Museum's Assyrian collection it is thought that Nimrod's lens may have been the component of some ancient telescope or astronomical observing device a sunray projection element or a large number 15 looper baghdad battery in 1936 workers from the iraq railway company found some strange clay vessels near baghdad that had inside a copper cylinder fixed with asphalt and inside this an iron rod that protruded the objects were dated in the cycle 3 later the german archaeologist wilhelm connect identified them as possible electric batteries later the device was related to or with other similar ones found in Mesopotamia and the specialists wondered if they would have been used 1800 years ago to connect them in series and generate an electric current of a certain voltage from an electrolyte in the mid-20th century william gray a general electric engineer made a duplicate of the supposed baghdad battery and filled it with copper sulfate getting a 2 volt current specialists believe that the ancient iraqis could have used grape juice or other electrolytic liquid available at the time to build an electric battery long before cali bolt and invent yours at the end of the 18th century which of these ancient inventions seemed most surprising to you?
Do you think our civilization is the most advanced in history or that in the past there were very advanced cultures whose evidence was lost? We hope this video will help you. it has been useful if you have something to add please share it with us in the d section e comments like this video and send the link to your family and your best friends so they also know more about the 15 ancient technologies that science cannot explain if you are new to our channel do not forget to subscribe do not forget to follow us in all our social networks that will be here below in the description remember a town that does not know its history is doomed to repeat it
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