Top 5 Weird WW2 German Prototypes That Actually FlewFeb 27, 2020
during world war 2 four
germans built a lot of planes some we are familiar with like 109 they only built about 34,000 of them it is one of the most built planes ever the
germans built wheeled planes too such as Blohm & Voss BV. one three eight of which built around 300 of this video will focus on German
prototypeswhich, if you'll pardon the pun, didn't get off the ground due to other choices in design direction or lack of resources to build more aircraft these are my 5 Weirdest German Prototypes: He Actually Flew Fordyce's List There Are Only Two Rules: The Plane Had To Exist And It Had To Have Completed A Flight Which Means No Paper Blueprints And No Premade Models Or Mockups Without Further Ado , let's keep going.
Coming in at number five on the list, the Blohm & Voss BV 40, this little glider doesn't look too aggressive, doesn't seem out of place as a recreational glider, maybe something one would take out at the weekend on a nice warm summer day. summer. Separating the BV 40 from a standard glider is a set of twin 30-millimeter autocannons, each equipped with 35 rounds, bringing the BV Forties maximum ammunition up to 70 rounds. i cannot stress how strange it is to have guns on a glider the bv 40 is the only glider fighter ever made in history. This is further emphasized by the fact that the weapons are twin 30-millimeter cannons.
Look at this comparison between a 30mm shell and a 50 Cal bronzer. The reason the BV 40 was needed as firepower was for its role as a bomber interceptor Germany needed an aircraft that could take on the bomber tower attacking deep in the heart of Germany. The BV 40 was intended to be an alternative design direction for offensive aircraft being designed at this time during 1944. Germany was looking at all sorts of different aircraft such as jet aircraft like the me-262 and the horton 2 to 9 I was also looking at rocket planes like the bakkum ba 3 4 9 and the me-163 rocket and jet.
Aircraft, even the simplest designs, are expensive and complicated to manufacture. They involve precision engineering and rare metals, both for which Germany was running out of fabrication workshops. The workshops were under threat of attack, as daytime and nighttime bombing raids destroyed German industrial centers. This resulted in very high competition for designers to ensure limited manufacturing changes, but the BV 40 was a cheaper alternative to jet and rocket aircraft. It was cheap. Three main factors were put. Its lack of complexity, so unskilled labor could assemble most of it. His small form. Very few resources were needed. used to produce a wooden design, the airframe was made mostly of wood that could be obtained in Germany, the ideal combat mission was two BV 40s could be towed by a single BF 109 would be 109 being a single German fighter engine after takeoff the BB 40 would ditch its takeoff carriage for the 109th to tow the gliders to a height above the attacking Allied bomber formation at height th The BV 40s had a tow line parted and they were they glided freely into the bomber formation, but the glider could reach speeds of up to 900 kilometers per hour in a dive. potential energy and ammunition per glider would return to the runway landing on its fixed skid another strange thing about this glider is that the pilot had to lie face down in the prone position to operate the glider this photo is of a German Crone Pilot for another plane.
It can't have been nice to fly the plane like that. The flights would not have been too long, so it shouldn't have been a big problem. of the glider, besides the advantages we talked about above, there are other advantages of making the glide small, one of them is less drag due to the small surface area, it allows two gliders to be flown by a single engine fighter another advantage is that the small shape makes the glider very hard to hit. Defensive gunners would have a hard time hitting such a small aircraft. The first test flight was made in May 1944.
Blohm & Voss received an order for nineteen
prototypeswith an additional order for 200 for production. The program was later dropped with only seven prototypes being built all prototypes currently built are not accounted for no one is quite sure what happened to them at the end of wall number four for heinkel he1 xi z this plane looks kind of photoshopped bad for its class the plane you see in a thumbnail with some sort of clickbait title for a Qi 111 Z is exactly what it sounds like it's 2 hg 111 bombers joined together busy in the designation means swilling which means twin in german, each side of the heinkel 111 z was raw the main pilot
flewon the left side along with a mechanic a defensive gunner and fixed his navigator for co-pilot
flewon the white side along with another flight engineer and a defensive gunner 12 z vari The ants were built, the hey chief 111 z was not the only experimental twin-fuselage aircraft made by Germany, there was also an experimental BF 109 twin called the bf 109 Z, remember e the C stands for twin 4 prototype was destroyed by allied attack and project abandoned other countries also had their own experimental twin fuselage aircraft Russia made the DB LK only one of them was built Italy had the SM 92 only one was built America they had f82 twin Mustangs only 270 were built for f82 was built to be a bomber escort had a two man crew one in each hole pilots took turns during long flights controlling the plane to reduce fatigue that comes after long flights periods of time and finally after almost 60 years in 2017 we have the newest Twin-fuselage aircraft launched for the first time an aircraft designed to launch rockets into space from high altitude.
Its wingspan broke the latest world record and is 117 meters long, almost twice that of a 747 for H. The einkel 111 z was not designed to be a fighter plane or a bomber. It was designed to be a tow plane. to be a tow plane for the Emmy three two one also known as the G ant due to its size for me3 two one was a cargo glider for the world's largest cargo glider for the internal volume of the GN was similar to a standard German railway wagon its lift capacity was huge at 23 tons, the large internal space and lifting capacity allowed the transport of heavy items such as oil supply vehicles, light tanks and artillery pieces, it can even be used to transport 120 fully equipped soldiers there are various scraps again emme up to one airborne a ju 90 could be used to tow the me3 - one airborne but it struggled and wasn't really capable of the task the second way to do it was with a Heinkel 111z the third way was to use a trio of BF 110s to tow ropes to tow t he me3 - one to eight externally connected rocket boosters can be used with the Em mylou to one to assist in takeoff the rockets will be scrapped after the fuel in them has been used up about 200 miles the orchards were built none of the method to tow though they were really that good for ju 90 could barely climb because heinkel 111 z wasn't really that much more powerful on ju nighty neither for free towing bf 110s was an extremely dangerous setup one wrong move by either pilot turns the plane and the glider could end up in disaster which did happen there was a case where an m efreeti crashed shortly after take off to make matters worse the flight was set up to transport troops between the four planes there were 129 fatalities later the MU fruity one was redesigned with six engines and landing gear this redesign was called ME free - free for Heinkel he1 xi z no longer needed now the cargo glider now the cargo plane could fly only by its pr Medium opiums no longer needed to bother with complicated tow planes or rocket boosters to help with take off just because after 12 haters 111 Z survived the war the other eight were destroyed, seven from machine guns for Allied aircraft and one it was shot down during a towing mission sadly all four survivors have been scrapped number three rates allah if i win or free are reichenberg this is a manned v1 the same v1 that was being launched in england from launch sites in northern france For those of you who don't know what the v1 was, it was the world's first cruise missile, but the missile was powered by a pulse jet that will propel the v1 at speeds of up to 550 km/h on the way to its target.
It had a basic autopilot that removed the control surfaces in flight to stabilize the missile in a straight line around 30,000V was made during the war desperate times call for desperate measures which is where the FI comes in one of us unlike the system With primitive guidance, a manned missile would be able to hit a target very accurately so that the guidance system would cause the missile to land within 10 miles of the designated target, a human would be able to direct the missile directly at a friendly ship, even if it was at sea and on the move, but fi 103 would be carried under the wing of a heavy German bomber to a point very close to the target before being dropped, the pilot would do his best to direct the 103 to the target, it was suggested that the pilots could bail out before impact, but in practice it was almost impossible for the pilots as the cockpit was very cramped and this added to the diff The difficulty is that even if the pilot could get out, there's a billboard right behind them, so unless you can somehow jump out without hitting the jet engine, you were right, oh, and you're also flying 400 miles per hour. in a dive while this is happening, the chance of surviving a rescue was estimated to be 1%, even so, people volunteered to fly this aircraft knowing that flying would lead to certain death a training and test program was started of the plane with 70 students in a learn to fly program there were modified glider variants of the 103 son and also two seater variants for training purposes the program did not get off to a good start as there were several crashes causing injuries and deaths during flight characteristics tests in time the program was abandoned as it was decided that suicide missions were not part of the warrior tradition The German project was curiously abandoned in favor of the lost L project.
Long story short, you take a smaller plane to a bigger plane, it filled the big plane full of explosives, the small plane flies the big plane and directs the big plane towards one target, the small plane separates before impact and flies back home under 200 f5 103 ours were built and none of them were ever used against an enemy target. Several of these aircraft have been preserved in various museums around the world before moving on to the next plan. e on this list let's take a moment to take a look at the pacific theater at war here we have the japanese ocher cherry blossom another suicide plane but this one was
actuallyused in combat for oka appropriately named by the americans as a patron meaning idiot in Japanese but the oka would be carried by a Japanese heavy bomber close to the allied ships when within range of the oka it would separate from the bomber and glide very little towards the target near impact the pilot would activate the rocket boosters which they would propel ocher approximately 800 kilometers. per hour at that speed it will be almost impossible to shoot down with anti-aircraft weapons the payload was an explosive of 1200 kilograms the main disadvantage of the oka was its limited range it had an operational range less than the 103 are the launch system of the oka was its biggest disadvantage The American warships expanded their defense of aircraft displays to take into account the range the oka could travel through the skies over Allied ships.
The controlled Japanese bombers could not get close enough to drop the oka in the range of the American ships 850 oka were built and many are on display around the world number two the sack is 6 the sack is 6 while no fighter aircraft It's notable enough to earn its place on this list. It was developed as a proof of concept for Circular-winged aircraft. It looks Photoshop bad as a German UFO of the kind the old history channel was so fond of before it was released. became the logging channel and pawn shop the sack an s6 is named after its designer a sack its strange circular design was first seen when he entered a contest for remote control airplanes with combustion agents his first model with the circular wing design was the a s1 which unfortunately was just over 1 meter long because an s1 couldn't take off under its own power, however it managed 100 metersof stable flight after being thrown into the air by a sack for the current germany air minister attending the competition was interested in the circular shape and gave sak funds to continue research into its design. sak went on to make formal models, each one larger than the first design.
The AS6 was the first tender design intended to be piloted by humans rather than radio controlled. The first test flight occurred in early 1944 during which several design flaws were found, one of which was that the A S6 was underpowered, a more powerful engine could have given better flight performance for an S6 than it was using a BF 108 agent which was designed from the early 1930s and due to wartime shortages no more powerful engines were available for the prototype after several more flight tests the aircraft was shown to be a failure for his inability to barely get off the track.
Plans were proposed to take the aircraft to the next stage with the ME 600, the proposed ME 600 would have greatly enlarged the circular wing, it would also have the latest full engine design with fuel injection and a f our bladed propeller there will be other features as well , such as improving control surface responsiveness, repositioning the landing gear and redesigning the tail unit, there will also be an addition of a 30-millimeter cannon added, the ME 600 would have been capable of 800 km/h in flight this plan was never followed and was nothing more than a basic prototype design for an s6 it was destroyed lest it fall into the hands of the allies the wood was broken into pieces and the various metal pieces were thrown into an aircraft recovery area when the allies arrived at the airfield, the aircraft was already destroyed and therefore not recorded in the inventor seized elements for ao6 was not the first circular wing aircraft invented Not even the last of the first circular-wing airplanes invented was the umbrella kit since its design, it's easy to see why they called it an umbrella with its large wing located above the main body of the plane another circular-wing aircraft that the United States was producing at the end of WWII was the vault X f5u or by its nickname the flying flapjack unlike the as6 the flight characteristics of the flapjack were
actuallyvery good it was capable of high speed flight and could be armed with quad .20 cannons millimeters.
It could also carry bombs. The most attractive quality of this aircraft was its low stall speed which made it easy to take off an aircraft. d landing on the deck of an aircraft carrier, the Navy was considering mass-producing this aircraft, but opted against it because they saw that the future of aviation lay in jet propulsion and not outdated propellers number 1 Fedor Nia doe 3 3 5 also called Fierro but doe 355 was one of the maw piston aircraft of world war 2, its top speed and level flight is said to be around 850 km/h, although that speed was recorded in perfect conditions for the normal crew, the speed was around 750 kilometers per hour, although this is very impressive for a single seat heavy fighter plane, the key to achieving this kind of speed was to have two ancients in one fuselage, one engine pulling and the other pushed.
I'm going to go over the more technical side in a bit because the aerodynamics were originally designed. as a fast bomber but was redesigned during the emergency fighter program to become a fighter for the first prototype which took off in late 1943 with production models made in early 1944 for armament of t The first production variant was: 15mm machine guns with 200 rounds each. There was also a single 30mm cannon with 70 rounds fired through the propeller shaft, if necessary a small internal Bombay could carry bombs up to 500 kilograms and there were also external pylons which could add more bombs.
Surprisingly for such an aircraft. big and heavy The pilots who flew it said it had good handling maneuverability A tight turning circle and good acceleration It's unusual for a heavy plane to have those characteristics and when I say this was a heavy plane I mean it was heavy, each engine only weighed a ton and produced 1750 horsepower the total weight of the arrow was seven and a half tons and that's not with the addition of bombs put it that way it weighed more than a BF 110 or a Beaufighter but it didn't suffer the mobility issues those planes had because Arrow had a couple more cool features that made it unique from other fighters at the time.
One of these features is that it was the first aircraft to have an ejector seat. It was more out of necessity than luxury due to the situation with the papilla ver. Rescue is normally a very risky experience. means you won't escape injury to help further increase the chances of pilots surviving a rescue. Explosive bolts were placed in the propeller view and also in the upper tailfin before rejecting the pilot could detonate these bolts. Propeller Another interesting feature is the tricycle landing gear, which was a new concept at the time when tricycle landing gear is taken for granted in modern aviation. takeoff most planes around the period in 1943 were taildraggers meaning the tail was resting on the ground it would be a bit difficult to have eller support at the rear of the plane if the tail was meant to rest on the ground a added benefit of the test landing gear is the pilot can see forward when rolling with his tail drag its much harder to taxi as the engine is blocking your forward view ok let's taxi on this come here for take off this is my first time on a tail tow so it's pretty exciting look at the other one the other thing I need to say to Steve I can't see. the window yeah i see that it is so i have to turn the plane to look ahead sorry folks wheel on the streak go back to the right wheel described and repeat the way we didn't run anyone over. bit or why this plane was one of the fastest propeller planes of World War II, his secret was that by having two engines in the main body of the plane, by doing this, it was possible to avoid the problems that most aircraft faced.
Classic twin-engined aircraft designs, typically twin-engined aircraft, have increased drag produced by the addition of motors in the wings, increased speed from drag effects, and negative displacement. Another advantage of having two engines sharing the same frost line is that if one engine fails it wouldn't throw the plane to the side, the plane would fly relatively. normal but the only change is the slower speed both four propellers were set to spin in opposite directions standard practice on any twin engined aircraft this is done to counteract the engines fighter jets at the time were very powerful ages for how much weighed if 100 % Power Applied at Takeoff an inexperienced pilot may find the plane jerks to the side basically rolling on its axis, the result is the plane would end up upside down in a ditch and the pilot would be the laughing stock of the airbase this is Due to the prop talk effect, a skilled pilot would slowly increase power while balancing the pool to one side using their control surfaces on the plane in high stress situations such as during dogfight a pilot can panic and power up to max and forget about counter pool.
Twin-engine aircraft are not affected by engine chatter because both engines rotate in opposite directions, balancing the forces. It was not all vanity. Arcs and sparkles. With the arrow, this plane did not have its faults. An initial problem was that the landing gear was not very strong, meaning there was a danger of it collapsing during a landing. Another problem was that the visibility from the cockpit was quite poor. This problem. it was not helped by the addition of the massive nose the plane had Ferraro was a very expensive plane to operate with its two engines that were very fuel hungry and needed a lot of maintenance all the extra maintenance cost to the plane which was only slightly better than the Fokker Wolff ta one five two four ta 152 was a late war German fighter aircraft, its speed and performance was only slightly worse than the Aero, it was also much simpler to produce compared to the Aero four Aero saw some use over the skies over Germany, though whether it ever engaged enemy aircraft or ground targets is disputed.
A memory of a French fighter ace was about a low-flying arrow, he and his companions chose to participate in the Hawker storm which they couldn't. reaching the arrow getting into attack range production of the arrow was halted due to manufacturing complications late in the war only 38 were produced this was a mix of different variants of the arrow some of which were training aircraft two-seater both -the seat was nicknamed anteater another variant was a night fighter had a second seat and radar team only built one of those remember those twin-body planes we talked about earlier they wanted to give the Aero the same treatment there was a plan to build a twin airframe version of the arrow the Dornier dou 635 whose purpose was long range reconnaissance that variant was never built only one arrow survives today and it is on a zero Varian currently in display at the National Air and Space Museum near Dulles airport in the US Well there you have it, those are my five
weirdGerman prototypes s that really flew, feel free to leave a comment on what you think should have been on this list.
I'm going to recommend you two videos, one of which is my top 5
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