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World War 2 Explained | Best WW2 Documentary | Part 1

May 30, 2021
Ladies and gentlemen, let me draw your attention for a moment to the words of Winston Churchill in World War II: all ties between man and man must perish. The crimes were committed by the Germans under the domination of the Hitlerite right to which they allowed themselves to be subjected, which are unequaled in scale and evil to any that has darkened human history: mass slaughter through systematized processes of six or seven millions of men, women and children in German execution camps surpasses Genghis Khan's brutal carnage in horror and is reduced to pygmy proportions in scale. The deliberate extermination of entire populations was contemplated and pursued by both Germany and Russia in the Eastern War.
world war 2 explained best ww2 documentary part 1
The horrible process of bombing open cities from the air, once started by the Germans, was rewarded twentyfold by the Germans. The increasing power of the Allies found its culmination in the use of atomic bombs that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. This video is sponsored by Skillshare. The first 500 people to use the link in the description will get their first two months free. Skillshare. is an online learning community you can use to broaden your horizons with thousands of classes in design business technology and more. Skillshare has something for everyone, from how to take the

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world war 2 explained best ww2 documentary part 1

More Interesting Facts About,

world war 2 explained best ww2 documentary part 1...

Premium membership gives you unlimited access to these high-quality classes so you can improve your skills, unlock new opportunities, and do the work you love and have ever since. Skillshare is sponsoring this video. The first 500 life guide viewers who use the link in the description will get their first two months free. Click the link in the description and start learning today. It was a simple and noble policy to keep Germany unarmed after the war. the fighting of the First World War and the victors sufficiently armed for vigilance, but mistakes were soon made the failure of the United States to enter the League of Nations the weakness and lack of resolve of Western democracies to confront the growing force of fascist dictators in Germany Italy and Japan and Following the economic turmoil that allowed these events to trigger and be based on reflection, it is very easy to see and understand how this tragedy could have been avoided, but those in power at the time did not They managed to see the approaching storm.
world war 2 explained best ww2 documentary part 1
The origins of World War II can be found within the confines of the Palace of Versailles. Germany's surrender in World War I was a shock to both the international community and its people militarily. Germany had been successful on the Eastern Front. The troops were deep in France and Germany itself was intact; However, on November 11, 1918 at 11:00 a.m. m., the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month, a ceasefire went into effect, an armistice was signed, and the war to end all wars had come to an end. Finally the proud people of Germany had been defeated the victorious allies after four years of suffering and untold casualties wanted Germany to pay to ensure that something like this would never happen again an international institution should be established in the hope of creating a new

world

of Collective security later seen in the form of the League of Nations, in early 1919 the Germans were summoned to Versailles not to negotiate but rather to hear the terms they would have to implement.
world war 2 explained best ww2 documentary part 1
David Lloyd George of Great Britain Woodrow Wilson of the United States Georges Clemenceau of France and Orlando of Italy all attended with the aim of weakening Germany The First World War had radically altered the European political map with the defeat of the Central Powers including Austria Hungary Germany Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire, the German state that emerged from the Great War, were also going to experience profound changes and suffer serious territorial losses. Germany was to lose a

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of its eastern land, creating a new Polish state and establishing a Polish corridor between Germany and Eastern Kasha, giving Poland access to the sea, the port city of Danzig, the largest.
The coastal city was given to the League of Nations Mabel in the Baltic was given to Lithuania Alsace-Lorraine to France and the mineral-rich Rosalind would be administered by the League of Nations for a period of 15 years and the Rhineland would become a demilitarized zone that would provide France with additional security the German colonies and Africa were distributed to the British in the French and their South Pacific colonies would be handed over to Japan in addition military clauses were added to the treaty the German army could not be larger than one hundred thousand soldiers They were not allowed air force, tanks or heavy artillery and the German Navy could not have more than six warships without submarines or submarines.
Added to the insult was a war guilt clause in the treaty that forced Germany to accept all The responsability. France and Britain had started the war as creditor states but had ended up as debtor nations and wanted to be repaid. The sums requested from Germany in reparations were large. times more than they could pay, created a heavy burden on their economy that later contributed greatly to economic instability and hyperinflation. John Maynard Keynes, the chief representative of the British Treasury at the time, said: I believe that the campaign to secure Germany's de

part

ure. The overall costs of the war were one of the most serious acts of political recklessness for which any statesman has ever been responsible. .
The German people believed they had been bitterly betrayed by the high command and treated unfairly by the international system. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the preceding Great Depression, the

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was plunged into economic turmoil and Germany was hit hard. American banks withdrew loans they had made to Germany and the economy collapsed overnight due to such large reductions in cash and capital banks struggled to provide money in the form of credit, so in 1931 there were runs in the German and Austrian banks and several of them closed their businesses at an alarming rate and in 1933 unemployment had reached 6 million, many people were left homeless and thousands of children died of malnutrition due to lack of resolution from the government and, Filled with desperation, many turned to alternative leaders and political parties in the hope that their problems would be resolved.
One man in particular attracted a lot of attention for his moving speeches and this man was Adolf Hitler. Hitler's speeches. presented clear culprits for Germany's problems: the November criminals who signed the Armistice that ended the First World War, the liberals and socialists who signed the Treaty of Versailles, the communists who threatened revolution in Germany and, finally, the Jewish bankers who conspired to undermine and destroy the German state. The Nazi and Communist parties clashed violently and Hitler claimed to be the only one who managed to impose order and end the Red Plague as a powerful and talented public speaker.
Hitler was able to capitalize on the public discontent of his party, the National Socialist German Workers Party. The Nazi Party grew to record levels in September 1930, the Nazi Party had increased its representation in the Reichstag, the German parliament almost tenfold, gaining one hundred and seven seats and just two years later, in 1932, they gained 230 seats, becoming the majority in parliament that Hitler had found. the failures and misery of the Great Depression in his favor, declaring the harsh reality has opened the eyes of millions of Germans in the elections of 1932. Hitler also ran for president and, although he lost a decorated war hero, Paul von Hindenburg, his rise in popularity gave President Hindenburg. had no choice but to appoint Hitler on January 30, 1933 as Chancellor of Germany, head of the German government, just a month after Hitler was sworn in as Chancellor, a young Dutch communist started a fire in the Reichstag and then used it to paint. all communists as enemies of Germany using article 48 of the constitution the Reichstag fire decree was passed that abolished civil liberties such as freedom of speech and freedom of the press shortly after Hitler created a secret police known as the Gestapo that helped him suppress any and all opposition as Chancellor also tripled the size of the German army in violation of the Treaty of Versailles banned all rival parties killed political opponents and banned Jews from working, voting and occupying public spaces after the president's death von Hindenburg in 1934 Hitler declared himself Führer of Germany The absolute dictator Hitler believed that the world to come would be dominated by four major superpowers.
Germany was to be the main hegemonic power of continental Europe. The British would maintain their international empire. The Japanese or the Eastern Aryans, as Hitler likes to call them, would be the main ones. Power in Southeast Asia and the Pacific and eventually the United States would dominate the Western Hemisphere. Part of Nazi support was his opposition to the Treaty of Versailles, and upon coming to power, Hitler promised to return Germany to its rightful place in the world. Hitler's objectives were clear in the economy. He needed to be self-sufficient in what the Germans called the economy. All of Türkiye could produce its own goods and not depend too much on imports.
This was essential to resist a British blockade of trade, a policy that had damaged Germany in the First World War. He would also need Lebensraum or living space to accommodate the growing German population. The Lebensraum was in the east and this meant that Germany would have to expand into Poland, Czechoslovakia, Ukraine and the agricultural regions of the Soviet Union. For Hitler, this new German Reich that was to be created was to be racially pure containing only the Aryan race. free of Slavs and Jews of whom they have to leave or be eliminated and it was also Germany's mission to launch a crusade against Judeo-Bolshevism an ideology and enemy that at home took the form of Soviet power.
Union a war that it thought would inevitably have to happen the international system that had been envisaged was not able to cope without the support of the British and the United States absent following a policy of non-intervention ISM France was left alone to maintain and enforce the Treaty of Versailles some think he could not and would not do it alone Held in Geneva Switzerland the disarmament conference provided a preview of how Hitler operated and what future Nazi policy would look like Hitler ordered his representatives at the conference to declare that Germany would would completely disarm if and only if France, Great Britain, Japan and the United States did the same.
This was an offer that Hitler correctly assumed would be rejected, so he returned to the German people and showed them that this conference was not about disarmament but rather disarmament. keep Germany subjugated and that is why in 1933 Hitler withdrew from the League of Nations and the disarmament conference with the support of his people. In 1934, to the surprise of the international community, Germany signed a non-aggression pact with Poland, taking away an ally from Poland. France and weakened in France its military position as Germany was now free to the east in March 1935 Germany revealed that it had been built into an air force and the Luftwaffe again broke the Treaty of Versailles with the justification that Britain, France and Poland had an Air Force. and that Germany also needed to defend itself a week later Hitler declared his intentions to introduce conscription to form an army of half a million men once again the League of Nations protested but no action was taken the Disarmament Clause described in the Treaty Versailles had been destroyed in June 1935 to the horror of France.
Britain had signed a naval agreement with Germany, the Anglo-German naval agreement in which Britain recognized Germany's right to strengthen its Navy, they would be allowed up to 35% of Britain's surface tonnage. Britain had reached an agreement and in doing so had given up Versailles, had given up on disarmament and had begun to show Hitler that a policy of appeasement must be pursued. A year later, in March 1936, German troops were sent. in the demilitarized Rhineland the matter was referred to the League of Nations which once again did nothing the remilitarization of the Rhine was the final nail in the coffin of the Treaty of Versailles in the international order the treaty was now officially dead France in response to the German occupation of the Rhine built a Maginot Line along its eastern border;
However, the fortification stopped in the Ardennes forest and was notspread across the Belgian border. Where Germany had entered during the Great War, the French were preparing for trench warfare and were Stalin unprepared for the motorized divisions that made German blitzkrieg tactics so effective. At this time, threatened by German power and aggression, he entered the Soviet Union into the League of Nations and also signed an agreement with Czechoslovakia stating that he would come to its aid if attacked, but only if the Western Allies left. first in its defense, this would be to prevent the West from trying to push German aggression eastwards.
Hitler wanted all German-speaking nations in Europe to be unified, especially his native homeland of Austria, under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. They were prohibited from unifying as the allies had not fought for years to see a greater Germany. Austrian President Schuschnigg, knowing that he would receive no help from Italy and that France and Britain would not interfere with Hitler's plans, resigned and two days later German troops marched into Austria. Unopposed, Hitler had successfully annexed Austria under the pretext of national self-determination as a justification after the successful great occupation of the Rhineland and the annexation of Austria.
Hitler turned to Czechoslovakia, of which three million people in this rude Aten Lander of German origin, the Czech government. He hoped that Britain and France would come to his aid in the event of a German invasion, but British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain , he intended to avoid war. He made two trips to Germany in September and offered Hitler favorable deals, but the Führer continued to increase his demands for power. On September 30, 1938, Hitler attended a meeting in Munich accompanied by Britain, France, and Italy, all of whom agreed. Agreement that Hitler should have the Sudetenland as long as he promised not to go any further, the Soviets and Czechs were not represented at the meeting and realized that Czechoslovakia was not forced to hand over the Sudetenland to Germany after the meeting.
Chamberlain went to Hitler and asked him to sign a peace treaty between Britain and Germany, to which Hitler happily agreed upon his return to Britain. Chamberlain delivered peace in our time speech before crowds cheering people at that time Neville Chamberlain was a great champion the Munich Agreement had won peace and war was avoided but from this Hitler Saul Europe is weak and not is willing to face their demands Winston Churchill one of Chamberlain's greatest critics said you were given the choice between war and dishonor, choose dishonor and you will have war. Churchill was proven right when just half a year later, on March 15, 1939, German troops entered Czechoslovakia once again.
Hitler had broken an agreement between France and Great Britain. He then guaranteed Poland's security and Britain also began rearming and installing a top secret radar system along its east coast. On August 23, 1939, the Germans and the Soviets signed a non-aggression pact that sent shockwaves throughout the world's diplomatic community. Hitler ended the prospect of a two-front war that would allow for a further takeover of Poland, but this gave Stalin time to rebuild the Red Army he had purged. When the last days of summer arrived, there was a feeling in Europe that the war was over. imminent and the feeling was correct: the blitzkrieg or blitzkrieg revolutionized warfare and allowed an attacker to destroy an opponent even before he was mobilized through the use of tanks or Panzers.
German forces were able to quickly crush the border defenses and encircle the enemy troops that needed to be supported. Thanks to tactical airpower, the Luftwaffe, which provided close air support to ground operations using this tactic, Germany was able to quickly knock out opponents, allowing them to conduct operations without full mobilization of the economy and society, much like how World War I had required World War I. It was one of attrition, something Germany was not in the current position to win or endure this new mode of war, therefore it was one of speed and efficiency on September 1, 1939.
Germany with 52 divisions and over 1 million of men attacked their way into Poland. through the north into the south destroying the Polish Armed Forces Great Britain responded with an ultimatum to Germany to cease military operations, the ultimatum was ignored and so France, Great Britain, Australia and New Zealand declared war on Germany and Neville Chamberlain broadcast the radio announcement of the German attack. It was led by five armored divisions containing 300 tanks each, followed by four motorized infantry divisions carrying their artillery and equipment with cover provided from the air by the Luftwaffe, believing that the invasion would be stopped by British and French intervention.
The Poles were slow to mobilize and badly. prepared to face the German attack after mobilization, the pole had 1.3 million men, however, it had obsolete equipment and only a few tanks with the German armored and motorized divisions outnumbered the Poles 15 to 1. The Equipment was so scarce and obsolete for the Poles that cavalry squadrons were seen as being loaded onto heavily armored German tank divisions, the invasion had worked with greater speed and efficiency than planned and by September 8 Warsaw had been reached, the Polish capital, once Germany had broken Polish resistance. Stalin moved troops into Poland with the desire to regain territory that had belonged to Russia before the 1970 revolution, Poland was now going to fight a war on two fronts that some Nika could not win and so, on September 27, 1939, Polish commanders negotiated a ceasefire and the last Polish military unit surrendered completely on 6 October.
Poland lost 70,000 soldiers against the German invaders and another 50,000 against the USSR, with one hundred and thirty-three thousand wounded, the Germans taking more than 700,000 Polish prisoners and the Soviets another 300,000. 150,000 Poles managed to escape, many reaching Britain and enlisting in the armed forces. forces for Hitler the invasion of Poland was his third successful annexation of a foreign country, he had gotten what he wanted and the Western powers had once again done nothing. This period became known as the Phony War because Britain and France took no military action despite declaring war. The blitzkrieg against Germany had been a great success and for the next few months Hitler continually said that he did not want a war in the West three months after the invasion of Poland.
Stalin feared that Finland would fall under German influence like Leningrad. It was only 20 miles from the Finnish border, the Soviets demanded that the Finns conquer the territory on the Karelian Isthmus to put Leningrad out of danger, the Finns refused and so the Soviet Union launched military action on November 30 In 1939, the Soviet army outnumbered the Finns. They were outequipped 50 to 1 and in almost every way, but the Finns fought with great tenacity while wearing white uniforms to blend in with the snow and outmaneuvered the Red Army. Finland resisted Soviet attacks for more than 2 months and inflicted considerable damage after the Soviet army reorganized and adopted different tactics.
They continued their offensive in February by overcoming the Finnish defenses. The war ended in March 1940 with the signing of the Moscow Peace Treaty and Finland handed over 11 percent of its territory to the Soviet Union. The terrible performance of the Red Army and Finland encouraged Hitler to think that an attack on the Soviet Union would be successful and confirmed to the Western powers that the Soviet army was not the

best

equipped or organized, something that would not be fully proven for another year. 15 months with the German army. Launch of Operation Barbarossa in April 1940 Adolf Hitler made a huge strategic gamble: his plan was to send the entire force of the German Navy along the Norwegian coast from Oslo to Narvik to protect the coastal waterways.
The Swedish iron ore could then be safely transported to Germany. The blast furnaces and German control of Norwegian waters would make the Allied blockade of Germany much more difficult. British discontent over the Norwegian campaign and an Allied withdrawal rule led to the resignation of Neville Chamberlain on 10 May 1940. His successor was named the same day. man who throughout the 1930s had spoken about German rearmament and Hitler's threat to the world a man who called himself Winston Churchill May 10, 1940 Germany launches an attack against France Belgium Luxembourg and the Netherlands The troops The French quickly positioned themselves along the Maginot Line and the rest of the Allied soldiers positioned themselves along the borders of Belgium and Luxembourg, since Belgium was neutral.
Allied soldiers could not enter the country and prepare a defensive position and would therefore have to wait for Germany to invade. Germany began its offensive in the early morning, with more than a thousand fighter-bombers and dive bombers attacking Allied airfields destroying their air force on the ground before they could even take flight, something that would be crucial in giving the Luftwaffe superiority. air during the rest of the offensive. Three hours after being attacked, Belgium allows Allied troops to enter the country due to the high mobility of the German Panzer and motorized infantry divisions, the Allied forces never had time to establish a practical defense and within the day Luxembourg is captured looking almost two and a half.
Millions of men, the German invasion worked with great efficiency. Three army groups would be used for the invasion. Army Group A B and C. Army Group B was tasked with defeating the Netherlands and then advancing into Belgium to hold the Allied forces in place. Army Group C was Attacking through the Maginot Line keeping those soldiers in place and protecting the flank of the Army Group, consisting of 750,000 soldiers. Army Group A was by far the largest they had to break through the Ardennes Forest, a naturally fortified area, something the French did not expect. be entered or breached, forty-one thousand vehicles managed to pass through the Ardennes Forest, the Germans then crossed the Meuse River and on May 15 captured the sedan and then headed west cutting off and surrounding the entire Allied army that had advanced towards Belgium in this unexpected pursuit. that our hideout would force the Allied soldiers out of Belgium and they would have to retreat to the port of Dunkirk to protect their flank with the Allies completely surrounded by German forces Winston Churchill launches a plan to evacuate the British Expeditionary Force from northern France 400,000 Allied troops are stranded on the beaches of Dunkirk and on May 26, Operation Dynamo begins by air, the Luftwaffe constantly attacked the soldiers stranded on the beaches and sank many ships, and on land, the German artillery fires on the coast, the Royal Air Force In response he launches a counterattack to protect the ships and soldiers.
The beaches at Dunkirk were shallow and even at high tide the destroyers could not get within a mile of the coast, so the troops would have to be transported in small boats. May 31, hundreds of civilian ships. known as small boats cross the English Channel to evacuate soldiers fishing boats lifeboats salt barges ferries and supply ships all do their part to bring soldiers home the British Expeditionary Force had survived but almost all of the heavy artillery and equipment were left behind, by June 4, 1940, 338,000 soldiers had been evacuated, making the events of Dunkirk a miracle and the largest evacuation in military history.
France's surrender came about three weeks later, after Mussolini declared war on France and German troops marched towards Paris sealing off France. Destined in just six weeks from May 10, 1940, German forces conquered France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands at the end of June. Hitler dominated the European continent with a victory on a scale never seen before, which Germany had not achieved in four years in the Great Patriotic War. The war had taken Hitler only 35 days, which later became known as one of the most notable military campaigns in history. The future of the free world hung in the balance.
Britain was facing a dangerous situation after the fall of France and everything that separated the Germans. another victory was the English Channel, the isolationist United States was an ocean away, which left only one man to make a decision that would change the course of human history, with the fight for Germany they began toconsider ways of resolving the question of how to deal with Britain. Hitler hoped that Churchill would come to his senses and sign a peace treaty, but if the British refused, Hitler's only option was to invade Churchill and then gave his "We will fight on the beaches" speech.
This famous speech transformed Churchill into a world statesman he described unequivocally as he never would. make peace with Hitler but war was coming Germany had to plan an invasion of Britain the invasion of France and Poland had taken months to plan with every intricate detail of the battle thought out carefully but the invasion of Britain with orders from the High Command was to be ready on 15 August, giving them just a month, the British began digging into coastal defences, coastal defenses were built across southern England, signs were removed and replaced to confuse invaders, fields were They tied up barbed wire to deter airborne troops and established a home guard full of those who were illegible or too old to fight as Hitler began his plan for the invasion of the British Isles codenamed Operation Sea Lion.
They would deploy 20 divisions to the southern coast of Britain through the use of amphibious landing craft, however the English Channel was not easy. to cross, the Royal Navy was still the largest in the world and, despite the Empire's commitments, the British fleet of ships still far outnumbered the German Navy, the German naval chief, Admiral Erich Raeder, did not believe that could seize the English Channel long enough to achieve The German army achieved a successful invasion of Britain, therefore Germany would first have to gain control of the sky. The Luftwaffe far outnumbered the Royal Air Force in June 1940.
The British had fewer than 700 operational fighters against 2,600 German fighters and bombers. The odds were grim. Both sides sported some of the most advanced aircraft of the time, the British with their Supermarine Spitfire and the Hawker Hurricane which shot down most of the German aircraft. These faced the German Messerschmitt Bf 109 and would be used to escort German bombers. The use of radar was crucial to the British during the Battle of Britain and was the world's first integrated air defense system placed along the southern and eastern coast of Britain. These tall masts could detect aircraft within a range of 120 miles, indicating their distance, direction, height and numbers.
This information would then be sent to RAF Fighter Command led by Air Chief Marshal Hugh Dowding and the nearest RAF airfields would be alerted. On July 10, 1940, the Luftwaffe began attacking ships traveling through the English Channel, but this was not their main objective. General Goering, head of the German air force, focused the German assault on destroying the RAF in the sky. Its airfields and aircraft production factories When the initial assault was launched, the airfields were heavily bombed, but none had been put out of action. British radar gave them plenty of warning. and were able to shoot down enemy aircraft in long-duration aerial combat that consumed the sky.
The Luftwaffe had lost 46 aircraft to only 12 British two days later Goering launched the largest attack of the entire battle on August 15 waves of German bombers destroyed the British airfields 42 British fighters had been destroyed at the cost of 90 German aircraft over the The next 12 days Gowen's plan continued and the fighters on both sides were suffering, the Royal Air Force was exhausted and the German fighters were demoralized as the British They seemed to always be waiting for them, but British losses soon began to increase rapidly, many men were killed and planes and airfields were being destroyed at an alarming rate.
If the battle continued in this regard, a German victory would be imminent. Goering realizing this also began. to attack at night however a big mistake was about to occur on the cloudy night of August 24 a group of German bombers lost their way and accidentally bombed the city of London the following night. 81 British bombers headed for Berlin in retaliation, an act that demonstrated that Britain could attack and defend. Hitler was furious and began a bombing campaign of London on September 7. Bombers attacked London's East End. 450 people were killed and thousands of homes destroyed, but this was a crucial mistake in focusing on London rather than the airfields.
Our AF bases were relieved of pressure and had time to repair and rebuild their aircraft a week later. On September 15 and what became known as Battle of Britain Day, the Luftwaffe embarked on an all-out attack on London that they believed would break the resistance of the fighter commandos and pave the way for a successful invasion. The RAF successfully fought the incoming wave of Luftwaffe formations. The destruction of 61 aircraft, the highest losses the Luftwaffe had suffered in over a month, as the RAF only lost 31 aircraft, on 15 September can be seen as a crushing and decisive defeat for the Luftwaffe: they had failed to obtain air superiority over Britain and in September. 17, just two days later, Hitler postponed Operation Sea Lion with the help of foreign pilots, especially those from Poland, France and Czechoslovakia, the Royal Air Force was able to repel a Nazi invasion to show their gratitude to all those who fought.
Churchill said the following never in the field of the human country but not much old by many cannot cope with the invasion of Britain no longer possible Hitler turned his attention to the forests of the east Germany would now concentrate on the largest military operation in the history of humanity Operation Barbarossa the invasion of the Soviet Union the fighting had not ended, however, the Blitz had already begun. British cities were bombed in night attacks and London was attacked every night for 57 consecutive nights but one and on 10 November 1940 a 14th century Gothic cathedral in Coventry was destroyed.
The children were evacuated to the countryside and the people. Those living in London spent most nights sleeping in air raid shelters or on the London Underground. A blackout was imposed after dark and all light sources had to be covered to prevent the Germans from gaining access to towns and houses over the course of the bombardment, which lasted eight months and five days, It destroyed just under 2 million homes, killed 40,000 civilians and seriously injured 87,000, but most importantly the bombing had failed to demoralize the British into surrendering. Now the full force of the German war machine was about to arrive. would turn against the Soviet Union this war was going to be won to the death a clash of two ideologies two forces of civilization in which only one could be victorious Hitler hated communism and victory over the Soviet Union would provide Germany with abundant natural resources that allowing the German people to finally become the master race Operation Barbarossa was Hitler's biggest gamble, unable to defeat Britain in the West.
Germany's armies were deployed to the east, fortunately for Hitler, the Red Army, the largest in the world, had been devastated by Stalin's purges during the 1930s, tens of thousands of officers were shot or imprisoned (an inefficiency and A lack of coordination became widespread before the invasion began and to secure Germany's southern flank on April 6, 1941, Germany invaded the Balkans, thirty-three divisions entered Yugoslavia and six days later surrendered to Greece). then it fell and Athens was captured within three weeks. Operation Barbarossa could now begin. More than four million men would be deployed accompanied by more than 3,000 aircraft. Three divisions would also be used much like the invasion of France.
Army Group North would advance through the Baltic States and seize the Center of Army Group Leningrad was to advance towards Moscow and Army Group South would occupy Ukraine the Red Army was much larger they had two million men throughout the Western Front and millions more in reserve also sported 20,000 tanks against Germany six thousand although they were The older, less advanced Germany against the Soviet Union would therefore be a war between superior technology and speed versus numbers. On June 22, 1941, the operation began at 3:15 a.m. The Luftwaffe attacked Soviet airfields, beginning the ground invasion. Hitler's Panzers then advanced and within two days had penetrated more than 50 miles, the Red Army was no match and tens of thousands of Soviet prisoners were detained when July arrived the blitzkrieg was more successful than ever within a week the Panzers were in Smolensk, just a few hundred miles from Moscow.
Here the tanks would rest so that the rest of the army, which often relied on horse-drawn carriages, could reach prisoners who had been captured along the way. He also began heading west, toward a captivity from which two and a half million men would never return in the meantime. The German advance in the south was having problems, so Hitler ordered Army Group North to head south towards kyiv to provide aid, which his generals strongly opposed; It would prove to be a disastrous decision. The Soviet manpower seemed to be endless and the detained Smolensk allowed Stalin to mobilize more than 16 million troops and a new Soviet tank headed towards the front line, the T-34, which was faster than the Panzer Mark, the Remnants of Army Group North surrounded Leningrad, what is now St.
Petersburg. Petersburg, but instead of capturing the city, the Germans decided to starve it. The famine began and more than 11,000 people died in November and another 3,700 on a single day in December. The siege lasted more than two years and, at the end of 1944, more than a million Soviets. They had been murdered. Army Group Center was now preparing for an offensive on Moscow and on September 20, 1941 they began their assault. The Pans advanced and even more Soviet troops were captured, but Stalin was determined to defend Moscow to the last on October 8. Bad weather. stopped the German advance and were still 50 miles from Moscow Hitler would now pay the price for sending troops south instead of advancing towards Moscow earlier in the year speed that gave German blitzkrieg tactics the advantage was now obsolete winter came Soviet German forces were thinking the campaign would have ended in the summer if the engines of the poorly prepared tanks did not start, the weapons froze and the soldiers froze because they did not have the proper clothing and on December 5 Germany stopped its attack, Stalin He then moved his armies from Siberia to the West for more than 30 years.
Divisions broke through that were all well equipped and trained to fight in the winter. By December, more than half a million additional men were in place with additional support. The Soviets began a counterattack that drove back German forces for the next seven days. Soviet troops smashed into German forces no further retreat was ordered he told his forces they must fight and if necessary die where they were the German line held strong for the next four months the two sides fought and Hitler had not obtained quick results. that he had wanted or planned to attack his army, then moved south in search of oil and began a campaign to secure Stalingrad and thus began one of the longest battles of World War II;
The city had to be taken street by street, house by house, and room by room, but the Soviets also began moving troops and equipment south. More than a million men, nine hundred tanks and more than a thousand aircraft were moved into the battle zone and attacked the German flank. Now it was the Germans who surrendered in their Thousands of more than one hundred thousand men came into captivity and only five thousand finally returned to Germany. Germany lost three hundred thousand men in the Battle of Stalingrad and the Soviets lost approximately the same number, but the tide of the battle had begun to turn the Soviet army.
German troops continued their success and began to withdraw to protect their flank and the Soviet winter offensive saw them gain much territory over the course of a few months. Germany had lost more than a million men. The Soviet army mobilized further and pushed back the German lines at Kursk. never again with the German war machine launched an offensive in the east across the world on November 26, 1941 a Japanese aircraft carrier fleet set sail in the North Pacific its objective was a US naval base in Hawaii called Pearl Harbor which had been confined to a war mainlyEurope would now become the deadliest global conflict in human history.

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