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Waffen-SS Mountain Divisions and Brigades - origins, development and deployment (1942-1945)

Jun 08, 2021
welcome to my channel in this video I will explain the

origins

,

development

and

deployment

of the Waffen-ss

mountain

brigades

and

divisions

during the Second World War before starting with this period, I will first delve into the history of the Balkan region where most of these units were there. deployed to have essential basic information. I will start in 1683, when the Ottoman Empire attacked the heart of the Habsburg Empire and the siege of the capital, Vienna, in a great battle, the siege was broken and the tide turned in favor of the Habsburg Empire, which we conquered. In most of historic Hungary, the genius behind its military success was Francois Eugene pres de Savoie, a French prince who was banished from the Royal Court of Versailles and had sought employment in the army of Austral Hotspur, where his name was shortened and Germanized in engravings or a However, the newly worn territories were devastated by war and disease and to repopulate them settlers were brought from Germany who colonized much of the Bernardo.
waffen ss mountain divisions and brigades   origins development and deployment 1942 1945
There were also territories that already had centuries-old German settlements such as Transylvania in the mid-19th century. century the OPP's Burg Empire was formally divided into an Austrian and Hungarian part as a compromise between German and Hungarian speakers. The cronuts in Hungary were unhappy with this arrangement because they were hysterically closer to German speakers, rather than the Slovenes being unhappy with the discriminatory policies. In a German-speaking part, the Berlin Conference of 1878 caused further problems with disaffected Slovak subjects due to the incorporation of Bosnia-Herzegovina into the Austro-Hungarian kingdom. In June of this conference, the Ottoman Empire in Europe was largely dissolved and the new Balkan states gained their formal independence.
waffen ss mountain divisions and brigades   origins development and deployment 1942 1945

More Interesting Facts About,

waffen ss mountain divisions and brigades origins development and deployment 1942 1945...

In Bosnia, the sizable Muslim minority feared the pursuit of nationalism in the Balkans, as they enjoyed a good life in the Islamic Ottoman Empire. In Bosnia there were three main religious groups: Muslims, Christians, Catholics, Outdoor Christians were Serbs who were attracted to independent neighbors. state of Serbia the Roman Catholic recruits who longed for a unification with the Brothers in an NGO being part of Austria-Hungary and a possible state the last thing the Austro-Hungarian Empire wanted was to ignite a Slavic feeling between the different religions, so in Its place to try to foster a regional Bosnian identity, this did not really stick with the Serbian Orthodox and Croatian Catholic populations, but with the Muslim population, the affection with the Austro-Hungarian Empire was mutual and its rulers decided to enshrine the Muslim character of Bosnia in the new coat of arms by representing an armored vehicle armed with a scimitar that had an Islamic connotation the armored arm with the Swart in the hands symbolized preparation for battle the Austro-Hungarian Empire apparently placed high hopes in the new subjects and created Bosnian infantry regiments in which Muslims could wear the red Fez with a tassel, which was the standard headdress of the Turkish army.
waffen ss mountain divisions and brigades   origins development and deployment 1942 1945
Muslims became loyal subjects of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which in turn protected them from growing Serbian nationalism. In this context, the assassination of Crown Prince Franz Ferdinand by a supernationalist in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, was a significant event in many ways. Bosnian Muslims were embarrassed by this and it inflamed tensions with Muslims rampaging against Serbian communities in this devastating First World War. The Muslims of Boston proved to be loyal and good soldiers. To the Empire, some even considered it an elite force. In 1916, the Austro-Hungarian Empire managed to conquer the Balkans, but they had clothing problems and turned to religious ethnic minorities such as the Kosovo Albanians to help them with the occupation of Serbia, in the Legion's opinion.
waffen ss mountain divisions and brigades   origins development and deployment 1942 1945
The war conditions and the inability of the Austrians to gain full control of the conquered territory led to banditry and violence between communities with short relations between different ethnic and religious groups. After the war, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was practically divided by the annexations of neighboring countries and The emergence of new countries such as Czechoslovakia, Poland, Yugoslavia and Yugoslavia was the realization of the Slavic dream, which was most prevalent in Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia. Muslims were much less enthusiastic about the new state and there were strong separatist feelings among them after Germany's invasion of Yugoslavia. Italy and Hungary in April 1941 parts of the country were annexed by the warring parties the victims also decided to appease Croatian nationalism and create a creation state that included Bosnia the Catholic Croats were hostile to this Serbian Orthodox Christian population in Bosnia but considered to the displaced Muslims although they were viewed with suspicion and treated as second class citizens.
German domination of the Balkans in the summer of 1941 brought a significant number of ethnic Germans within the reach of the Waffen-SS, most notably the Bernard Yugoslavian Germans, the so-called volksdeutsche. a people of German origin who did not have German citizenship were now available for conscription and were considered an untapped source of manpower because the German regular army was focusing on conscription in Germany in the spring of

1942

, the Waffen-SS They were converted with the formation of a division made up of German volunteers from the Balkans. Despite an initial search there were not enough volunteers and the SS had to recruit in the Bernard to fill the ranks.
The ethnic Germans were trapped in a death spiral because they were singled out. as collaborators which forced them to seek protection and pushed them into the arms of the Waffen-ss, the division was again called Pinto after the formation of the 17th century Austrian general and the division was to be formed as a

mountain

division and off to flaps flaps leadership was a senior officer who had extensive experience with modern troops originally in the Austro-Hungarian Army and after World War I in the Romanian Army where he became a flaps general originating from the German community in Transylvania and when he took command of the new SS division.
He brought in several experienced mountain officers from the same region, such as Myka the Arm and Stefan Healy. The mounted troops of the Waffen-ss were organized on a solid basis by founding a mountain warfare training camp in the Austrian Alps. It is double that of

1942

, where the soldiers learned. survival and mountain climbing skills, the Waffen-ss not only organized their own mountain warfare training, but also had their own mountain warfare inspection and insignia which were marked on a green patch, where the Waffen-ss had a black Edelweiss patch with its slightly different. A wa sign on the marked path would also be placed on his cap, while the

waffen

-ss and a device made of cloth would be sewn onto the cap.
However, it occasionally happened that SS men wore Wehrmacht Mountain shoulder patches in the spring of 1942. The formal design of an SS Mountain Division was established and was as follows: two mountain infantry regiments with one free battalion each, an Artillery Regiment with two Mountain and theory battalions and two filter theory battalions, in addition the division should have a reconnaissance battalion and an engineer battalion. anti-tank battalion and anti-aircraft battalion and an assault gun battery, all this was in theory due to the composition of an SS Mountain Division, but the reality was a completely different matter, as we will see in the fall of 1942, there was two mountain

divisions

. the volunteer aircraft division or again operated in the Balkan mountains and the northern division in arctic conditions in northern Finland the northern originated as non-combatant formations and was in the process of wild expansion became a mountain division at least in The role it was only as a Mountain Division that was committed to the invasion of Soviet Russia.
Impressions Are Again in Other Hands was deliberately raised as a mountain vision, but due to forced recruitment in German communities in the Balkans and the fact that it was equipped with mainly captured equipment, it was not considered suitable as a front-line unit; instead, it was deployed for anti-partisan operations in Serbia and Croatia; there was an urgent need for military assistance to grow Asia because the significant Serb minority was running a guerrilla in a Muslim minority in Bosnia was caught between the guards and the Serbs. A mixture of National Socialist appreciation for Islam in the memory of the loyal Bosnian regiments of Garan's Austrian army inspired the Waffen-ss to create a Bosnian Muslim mountain division in early 1943 to reinforce the anti-partisan forces in the former Yugoslavia, the The problem was however that the Croatian government did not want to foster a separate Bosnian Muslim identity and, as a compromise, the vision was formally stated as a Croatian division from the beginning, however, the Croatian identity was downplayed in its Muslim identity.
Muslim identity was reinforced by the adoption of the hansha the German word for scimitar in these coats of arms a remnant of Goering's Austrian coat of arms for Bosnia and affairs to emphasize the military integration of Muslims into the SS as well as the Austrians The German Empire had done with their Bosnian regiments. It should be noted that divisions formed from non-Germanic recruits were not, strictly speaking, divisions, but were instead designated as an SS division. For the sake of simplicity, I will continue to talk about SS units. Despite all of the SS's best efforts to make Boston's Muslims feel at home in the Waffen-SS, including the blessing of the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, morale among those men remained fragile, which meant that any

deployment

outside the Balkans was out of the question. the deployment to France training in 1943 even led to a small scale mutiny this fragility was aggravated by the lack of officers and the fact that the officers were predominantly German the composition of the 5th SS Mountain Corps in the autumn of 1943 increased their weakness lack of officers the pins again The Division only had about half of its officers and NCOs and the Hanshaw Division was even worse with its lack of officers and NCOs the new SS Mountain Corps personnel put another pressure on the officer group and non-commissioned officers and only had about a third of its required officers and non-commissioned officers.
By the summer of 1943, the two mountain divisions in the Balkans had evolved from the initial 1942 organization of an SS mountain division, each regiment of mountain infantry had an additional infantry battalion and a field artillery battalion was replaced. with the mountain artillery battalion, the assault gun battery never became an independent part of the SS Mountain Division and the assault guns were reverted to the entertainment battalion. The most significant change was the addition of a separate cavalry detachment of two squadrons, this was planned for both printings or again. and the hunter division, but it never materialized for the hunters in the case of Queens or again the cavalry was finally integrated into the reconnaissance battalion, meanwhile the personnel problems of the impressions divisions are again in Hangzhou improved somewhat in the spring of 1944 despite the growth of the printing staff.
Once again, the division slightly improved its officer to non-commissioned officer ratio. The division saw a decline in its formal establishment as we sell it later and as a result a marked improvement or by filling its ranks the number of corpse groups will increase and as a result. was struggling to fill its ranks, especially with officers, despite the problem of staffing SS divisions with officers in its organizational expansion. Himmler proposes the creation of two new SS men's divisions in the spring of 1944. Here is an overview of the 6th SS Mountain Division was still in the north. Finland, while in the SS Mountain Corps, where the command of our two flaps was fully deployed in the Balkans, consisting of the 7th SS Mountain Division and the 13th Mountain Division, in May In 1944, the 9th SS Mountain Corps was raised to command the cargo personnel of our ships.
Like the former commander of the hunter division, this new Corps would consist of the 13th SS Mountain Division and a newly created 23rd SS Mountain Division made up of Bosnian Muslims. The name karma would be known, which was the name of a small dagger used by the shepherd divisions of the Balkans. as the 1st 2nd Croatian SS Division as an indication of the origin of the division that would make the Army Corps formally also a creation as the Corps ofMountain a completely new project of forming an Albanian division in the spring of 1944 the core of this division was formed by the so-called Albanian battalion within the Honchell division.
The Albanians in Kosovo were in conflict with the local Serbs. That day they had benefited from the overthrow of Yugoslavia in a post-war Italian government, but in 1944 Italy was eliminated from After the war and, as a result, Kosovo Albanians were exposed to Serbian hostility, some Albanian leaders They sought and found German support, but the price of collaboration was a supply of manpower for Himmler's O'Banion division, although the Albanians in Kosovo were Muslims, the SS. Surprisingly, he did not invoke Islam but rather broader Albanian sentiments by adopting the names count obey and the double-headed eagle. The medieval bastard leader was a Christian, but he was still seen as an Albanian national hero and his two-headed family crest.
The Black Eagle on a red field has become the national flag of Albania. The hope of creating a combat unit echoing the Albanian Legion of World War I was thwarted by harsh reality. I wish Toba, the commanding general, would say this about his O'Banion. recruits he doesn't know and they look like full drills and target practice. Marksmanship is supposed to be a myth. He loves to shoot, preferably from cover and directly in the air with the figure on the trigger and constantly charging. The heroism of the Albanians also belongs. to the realm of legends if a light mortar you can chase him to the ends of the earth in any attack he advances until he finds something to steal or loot when he has conquered a goat, a plow or a sewing machine, the war is over for him and returns home on his own, the complete opposite of that heterogeneous trash.
Mountaineers with a so-called Yaga cast. This mountain infantry unit was founded in July 1942 as a company that was specialized to operate in a task called the geological gyre refers to limestone mountain ranges that are characterized by caves the mountains between Italy, Germany and Croatia in what which is now Slovenia are characterized as plaster, so it was a good hiding place for partisans. The cast Jägers were expanded to a battalion in 1943 and deployed in the karst mountains after the Italian surrender in October 1943. The Italian surrender led to a lack of labor access in the Balkans and subsequently an increase in partisan activity also in northern Italy. led to the acceleration of the expansion of the Waffen-ss mountain divisions in the Balkans in 1944, such as the expansion of the Jaegar caste battalion to a division, as a result, Kastigar lost its heat status and most units They were thrown into battle before it was over. training war in the former Yugoslavia I descended into a mix of German occupation in a civil war between different ethnic and religious communities in which SS mountain units resorted to brutal atrocities in a desperate attempt to control the struggling population life to almost 10% of Yugoslavia's population before the war The increase in SS divisions was accelerated by reducing the size of the new divisions in the Balkans to free battalion regiments and eliminating the entire aircraft battalion with 2 Corps of the SS Mountain Army and a staff of 5 SS mountain divisions in the Balkans, the prospect of an SS mountain army was on the horizon.
Vision continued fighting against Finland and within Germany and a mountain brigade was formed from Tatars from the Crimean peninsula on the Black Sea. Interestingly, the Crimean Tatars were Muslims who had also served in the Ottoman Empire. The SS mountain army never emerged because the tide of war was changing in the east and west. The communist supporters of Yugoslav guerrilla leader Tito were so strong. and confident that they announced an NST for collaborators on August 17, 1944 that pulled the rug of honor from the SS divisions with Yugoslavia and tore apart, with the exception of ethnic Germans, thousands of people deserted and before the end of the year only the division pins along with the caste yoga, which was reduced to a brigade in the At the beginning of

1945

there was almost nothing left of the SS mountain forces of 1944 after the flaps died in autumn 1944 and sabotage was removed from command after a dispute over whether Himmler's loss of commanders coincided with the loss of purpose for the SS Mountain Corps due to the dissolution of most divisions, with the exception of the ethically German Prince again and Castile, which was reduced to Brigade status, the Crimean Tatar Mountain Brigade remained a similar group in January

1945

and as such was no longer a mountain unit, no division appeared on the Western Front in In January 1945 the Prince remained in Yugoslavia again until the end of the war, in February 1945 the Castilla Brigade was again briefly elevated to division status and arrived in Italy in April 1945, in May 1945 the majority of the mountain visions of the SS dissolved or became a mere shadow of their former selves when they surrendered as the last word.
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