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U-Boat Tank Killers - Battle of Hamburg 1945

May 12, 2024
One area of ​​the campaign on the Western Front that receives almost no attention today is the British and Canadian advance into northwest Germany in

1945

, but it was a campaign that saw very intense fighting as the British pressed to capture the ubo construction facilities and Germany's naval bases. Also in big cities like Hamburg, the main ubot bases were Keel and vilims Haven. There were also huge ubot yards in Hamburg, the largest city in the region, and Cooks Haven was the home of the German Navy's minesweeping service. All of these places have been heavily bombed, including the cities. of Breman and bemah Haven and most of Germany's large surface warships were abandoned or sunk on March 19,

1945

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u boat tank killers   battle of hamburg 1945

More Interesting Facts About,

u boat tank killers battle of hamburg 1945...

The large production yards continued to build Hitler's SeaWolves until virtually the end, including quantities of the revolutionary new Type 21 and 23 electric

boat

s that could have posed a serious threat to the Allies if enough of them had ever seen combat. time before the end of the war; However, destruction caused by Allied bombing and supply problems meant that both new Electro ships and more traditional ones under repair were often wrecked. before they could be sent to sea, this, along with the degradation of Germany's surface warship fleet, left thousands of sailors effectively unemployed, a process had begun some time earlier to relocate surplus sailors along with the excess of Luft Faffer personnel in the German army and in the Vafan SS divisions.
u boat tank killers   battle of hamburg 1945
To maintain manpower on the three fronts in which Germany participated, particularly at the end of the war, the grenadier divisions that were a feature of the Battle of the Bulge from December 1944 to January 1945 contained large quantities of such personnel as well as civilians. Eliminated from the industry, the Navy's high command was unhappy with this arrangement and took steps to obtain Hitler's approval to form naval infantry divisions that would obviously remain under naval command. The first unit of this type was founded, the first Naval Infantry Division was founded with 10,000 troops. in February 1945 in Flansburg and sent to the Eastern Front.
u boat tank killers   battle of hamburg 1945
However, most of the Armed Forces were unemployed. Crews that were often highly decorated. Veterans of the Battle of the Atlantic and elsewhere were formed into a highly decorated second naval division created at Sches Holin in March 1945. Ubot commanders were placed in charge of their regiments, although all sailors had of course become familiar with the weapons and had also received a brief period of infantry training prior to their initial naval training. These men were not marines, but simply submariners who were forced to become infantrymen, not very good ones. tactics, however, they would be noted for their bravery, tenacity and stubbornness and were highly valued by the British forces who fought against them.
The 2nd Naval Infantry Division was tasked with slowing the British-Canadian advance on Germany's remaining naval bases in the west, why, although the UOTs were now struggling to operate effectively from German ports and many of the operations were transferred to Norway. Grand Admiral Carl Dernitz, head of Creeks Navy, had carried out a massive maritime evacuation effort codenamed Operation Hannibal from the Soviet-besieged Kurand. East Prussia West Prussia and Pomerania. this operation had begun in January 1945 and would last just after the German surrender using all available Creeks Marina surface ships and merchant vessels. Convoys of German troops and civilians were progressively evacuated to Germany and Denmark, facing a group of Soviet submarines and aircraft, thus escaping Soviet captivity. and the brutal reprisals that the Red Army was taking, particularly against civilians, made Hannibal their priority and ordered that the Western Allies be denied northern German ports for as long as possible, so most of the ubot men would now be used to try to maintain control.
Hold the line against the British to buy time for Hanbal to continue and hopefully complete the evacuations from the East. The 2nd Naval Infantry Division numbered about 7,1500 men with moderate artillery support and some attached tank destroyers entrenched along the Vasa. and Lona and also around the town of Rtim on the river, all between Breman and Hanover, in early April 1945 their positions were assaulted by the British 11th Armored Division and the 53rd Welsh Infantry Division and the Fighting was very intense, but the German sailors managed to completely stop the British at several points, dramatically slowing the British advance on these river lines and inflicting significant casualties.
It proved to be an unequal fight and, in the face of enormous Allied air superiority and enormous artillery attacks, the regiments of the 2nd Naval Division finally gave way. The British were so impressed with the fanatical fighting skills of the Ubot men that they nicknamed them the Blue SS, comparing them favorably to the fact that another fanatical group of German soldiers, Himler Faanes, most importantly for Dernitz, the large port city of Hurg, had to be held as long as possible if Hurg fell, the Hall of Schik Holin would fold from where shipping was carrying out evacuation operations from the Kuran pocket and other parts of eastern Hur.
It would contain a very mixed local garrison, some popular home guard units, some Hitler Youth, a single Army Garrison Infantry Regiment. Luft faffer Flack batter IES on a large scale and some destroyed SS vafan units, the most complete being the 12th SS Training and Replacement Battalion of the 12th pan SS division Hitler yugant the battle commander was mayor luer gal Alvin Vols commanding the 3rd Flack Division there were also several small tank hunting units made up of ubo men, the main one was the first naval anti-tank regiment made up of ubot men who have been waiting to man the new Electro

boat

s and other uots more traditional ones in repair.
Commanding the regiment was ubot Ace capan Z. Robert Geer had sung 25 Allied ships in eight ubo patrols and was bearer of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and the ubot insignia with diamonds obtained from his position as commander of the 25th ubot florella A training unit in Gon Halfen Gia took command of the new anti-tank unit. The first naval anti-tank regiment had a small staff and three infantry battalions, each composed of three companies. In total, the regiment had about 1,700 men under its command. Troops were armed with infantry weapons and their main anti-tank weapon was the PZAA, a hand-held grenade launcher that fired an 88 mm anti-tank charge.
Warhead that was lethal to most Allied tanks. The weapon was not a rocket, as some people think that the warhead was propelled by a black power to charge the hollow tube. Acting as an escapement, making the Panza a recoilless weapon, the warhead was fired at an angle with an effective range of 60 M or 200 feet. It was much more destructive in power than the American bazooka or the German Shrek spike rocket, but required the operator to conduct an ambush. enemy armor or on foot within a few dozen yards to ensure effective use of the weapon in the hands of brave and determined soldiers, the panf house was very effective and on all eastern and western fronts the allies constantly encountered these cheap and disposable weapons that were he rightly feared that the second battalion of the new regiment would prove its worth during the fighting for Hurg under the command of Kettin Capan Peter Kramer, another distinguished ubot captain, had received the knight's cross and was in command of one of the new electric boats type 21 u251 9 of Germany when he was sent to take command of the second battalion of the tank destroyer regiment.
Other highly decorated Ubot officers also participated in tank hunting units of the Battle of Hurg, including Cap Lant Gzv Harman and Coretan Cap Detain Carl Emmanuel, the latter formerly commanding the 31st Yubo Flotilla. At Hurg during the course of his career, Eman had sunk 27 Allied warships and was also awarded the Knight's Cross. The British operation to capture Hurg was led by the famous 7th Armored Division The Desert Rats. On April 18, 1945, the 1st Royal Tank Regiment captured Vela. while the 8th King's Royal Irish Regiment and the 1st Queen's 5th Regiment advanced to avoid Lalore Forest which was filled with equipment from House Panza of the 1st Naval Anti-Tank Regiment driving 5 miles to capture on 19 April to the queens and the eth. huzar captured Holland and British armor Entangled with 88mm flat guns used on the ground, knocking out eight but also suffering heavy casualties on April 20, Hitler's 56th birthday, the eth huzar and the first battalion of a company, the rifle brigade took Daro 8 thousand west of the port, a town located south of the city of Hurg and in fact a suburb of the city, Darto witnessed intense hand-to-hand combat to clear the city.
British artillery now began shelling German troops and trains across the Meanwhile, the Elbe River, the British 131st Infantry Brigade captured Venor 2 miles south of Harbour, then the British halted and began preparations to their main assault on Hamburg's enormous urban sprawl. However, the Germans took advantage of this opportunity to counterattack Kramer's second battalion from the previous days. the naval anti-tank regiment had proven its worth by destroying and damaging British tanks that lacked sufficient motorized transport. Kramer's three companies were on foot or, more usually, on specially adapted military bicycles, each sailor could carry two paner fasts on a rack at the front of the handlebars using ambush techniques Kramer's unit managed, according to German records , knock out 24 British tanks, as reported in Vermar's official statement of 5 April 1945.
The German counterattack was launched at 2:30 a.m. on April 26 with the 12th SS Training and Reinforcement Regiment supported by some of G's ubot tank fighter units, some Hitler Youth and police supported by 88mm guns and also a couple of tank destroyers. He headed against Vincedorf. The tank destroyers advanced towards the center of the village with infantry support. The battle raged throughout the day. British tanks appeared and managed to knock out the German assault guns and on April 27 the Germans withdrew after having suffered 60 dead and 70 taken prisoner. The British now assaulted the port using the 5th Royal Tank Regiment and the 9th Darham Battalion. light infantry and the first battalion of my company, the rifle brigade, the Germans continued a tenacious defense and supported the CED with re-fired 88 mm flat guns, the British had also during the previous days avoided many German units in the forests south of the port, including hunting parties for Ubot tanks and these were progressively eliminated or captured. 2,000 Germans were taken prisoners of war.
On April 28, 1945, the 3rd Horse Artillery Regiment began bombing the Phoenix Rubber Factory in Hurg and the Germans, now that the battle had effectively ended there, did not do so. There seems to have been no stomach for a house-to-house, street-to-street battle in the town of Hurg itself, which had suffered so much from Allied bombing, particularly its civilian population, that a delegation arrived at the British lines under a flag.of truce on April 29 to discuss terms of surrender with Hitler's death in Berlin on April 30 Duret, in command of all German forces in northwestern Europe and now president of the Reich, also ordered that the mayor of Gahal will vote to open talks with the British command on May 2.
Talks took place and the next day, May 3, Hurg was forcibly handed over to the British. The 11th Huzar of the 7th Armored Division entered Rex City that afternoon. However, many German troops had retreated north to the salient peninsula and also to Keel, joining the retreating German forces. From the Red Army in the East, the 7th Armored Division advanced rapidly to Lubec, but on 4 May the German armies in northern Europe surrendered to Field Marshal Montgomery at Lunberg Heath. However, it was not the end of the story for part of the first naval division. The 2nd Battalion's anti-tank regiment, reduced to just 16 men under the command of Peter Eric Kramer, was ordered to Grand Admiral Dut's headquarters to become his personal bodyguard unit because Winston Churchill allowed Duret and his Nazi government continued to exist after the complete surrender of Germany in On May 9, 1945, a video was made about this link on the final screen.
Kramer's men remained under arms until the British forcibly dissolved the Duret government on May 23 and Kramer and his men became prisoners of war, although not much information survives. how effective Captain Geer's ubot man anti-tank regiment was at the Battle of Hurg, the British noted several times the fanatical resistance and bravery of these and other German sailors both in defense and attack and his Panza was certainly knocked out o damaged quite a bit. several British armored vehicles in their last battle in northern Germany the commander of the first naval anti-tank regiment Robert Gyser returned to see the post-war in the first post-war navy of occupied Germany Forced the German military administration in 1956, joined the new Navy Bundas and was a German naval attaché in the US for 4 years and then commanded the North Sea division of the West German Navy and retired in 1970 with the rank of Lan Admal or Commodore in the United States. and Royal Navy G-rank systems died in 1989 at the age of 78.
Peter Eric Kramer became a post-war businessman and died in Hamburg in 1992 at the age of 81. Thank you so much for watching, please subscribe and share, and also check out my audiobook Channel War stories with Mark. Felton, you can also help support both of my channels on PayPal and Patreon details in the description box below.

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