Type 10, the latest main battle tank of Japan Ground Self-Defense ForceJun 09, 2021
The Japanese Type 10 is one of the most notable land combat systems today. Naturally, it is confusing to design a lightweight
tankin a world where increasingly heavier armored vehicles are being developed in line with the growing need for ballistic protection, with the Type 10 being not the only one of its kind. , analyzing it will help us understand this different approach to
tankdesign as weapons detective we are investigating,
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The Type 10 is an attractive and very advanced tank, but the different characteristics of this main battle tank inevitably cause controversy before we begin our analysis. Let's take a brief look at the history and examine the technical characteristics of the
type10. The type 61 came into operation in 1961, however, a year later, Japan started a new main battle tank development program, the serial production of the type 74, which was the fruit of this. The program began in 1974. Two years later, a new tank project began. This project paved the way for the Type 90 which was introduced in 1990 and again Japan launched another program of a new main battle tank in the 1990s.
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type 10 the latest main battle tank of japan ground self defense force...
There were two main reasons for this development. Model first adopted by Japan during the early years of the Cold War, Japan feared a massive Soviet division across its northernmost island, Hokkaido. In this period, the USSR was developing a new tank that was superior to its predecessors. Every 10 years, Japan designed the type. 61 type 74 and type 90 against the t55 t62 and t72 respectively. The second reason was that NATO member countries were constantly developing advanced armor and automotive technologies against Soviet tanks. Naturally, Japan wanted to adapt these innovative works, so in the 1990s Japan began work on a new tank that could compete with the tids.
Also recently developed command control communications computers intelligence in short c4i systems were offering new opportunities and Japan It didn't want to lose these advantages so why did Japan decide to develop a new tank instead of modernizing its existing fleet? The answer was really simple: Japan's infrastructure was not suitable for heavy military vehicles, for this reason Japanese tanks were more compact than other examples in the world, so neither the type 74 nor the type 90 had enough interior space to install c4i systems through extensive modernization. the type 74 designed in the 1970s and had a 105 millimeter gun could not meet modern combat requirements even after its modernization the 50 ton type 90 was already too heavy for Japan's infrastructure the tank could only use 65 of bridges connected to roads in the Therefore, it was prudent to develop a new lightweight tank with a powerful main gun equipped with modern electronics after the Japanese government's technical research and development institute completed the study phase of the new tank.
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries began design work in 2002 on February 13. 2008 The prototype of the tank was not revealed on January 10, 2012 The first mass-produced Type 10 was officially presented at the Fuji School of the Great Southern Defense Force of Japan The three-person crew of the Type 10 consists of a gunner commander and a driver its hull length measures 7.9 meters, the tank measures 9.42 meters long, 3.24 meters wide and 2.3 meters high, depending on the armor package configurations, combat weight of the tank changes between 40, 44 and 48 tons. 1200 horsepower. The water cooled mitsubishi 8 v8 34 wtk diesel engine provides a maximum. road speed of 70 kilometers per hour the range of the tank is 500 kilometers the type 10 has active hydropneumatic suspensions it can negotiate 1 meter vertical steps 2.7 meter ditches and can ford at a depth of 1 meter the type 10 has a 120-millimeter caliber 44 and a 7.62-millimeter type 74 coaxial machine gun.
There is also a 12.7 millimeter m2 hp machine gun in the commander's hatch. Now let's look at the technical characteristics of the type 10. The previous type 90 has a Japanese licensed production model. of reinmatal's l44 cannon, but Japan favored the development of a new 120-millimeter 44 caliber cannon for the type 10. The name of this weapon is also type 10. So why did Japan decide to develop a new 44 caliber cannon instead of 55 caliber? The shorter weapon is lighter and easier to operate in tight urban areas and forests The Type 10 is 13 percent lighter than the correct methanol weapon The new chamber of the weapon is rein
forced to allow greater pressure in the chamber to that can fire the newly developed armor-piercing fin stabilized, discarding the sabol ammunition with a muzzle velocity of 1,600 meters per second, guess what this new ammunition is called: type 10 ii, so thanks to its high muzzle velocity, the type 10 has an armor-piercing capacity similar to that of a bullet fired with rhinemethal.
L55 pistol there is a muzzle reference system on the front right side of the weapon. This system is an electronic device that is intended to measure the current value of the tank gun band when firing the weapon, thereby improving the accuracy of the type's ammunition retention mechanism. The 10's autoloader is tubular, different from the 90 type, claw-shaped, so it provides a smooth loading function when the tank is moving on rough terrain. Additionally, it has a faster loading speed. Another factor that improves the combat capability of the titan is its c4i systems the tank has the function of automatic search for enemies after the sensors detect the target the computer automatically identifies it a type 10 tank in a platoon can detect identify and track up to 8 targets simultaneously the platoon leader can automatically assign the optimal target to each tank By pressing the auto assign screen, this feature prevents more than one tank from attacking the same target unnecessarily thanks to its network-centric warfare capability.
Information can be exchanged between the platoon and core levels. The fuel ammunition failure status of each tank is shared with different levels of headquarters in real time. The advanced fire control system of type 10 can drag the gun towards the weak point of the target automatically, its probable circular error at A range of one kilometer is approximately five centimeters. This fire control system can also determine the effect of the bullet on the target and recommends a new shot if necessary. The Type 10 has a variable geometry turbocharger which is more efficient in terms of of power and fuel consumption it is also equipped with hydraulic mechanical transmission the tank can move forward and backward with a maximum speed of 70 kilometers per hour because the drive group is sufficiently efficient the type 10 is equipped with a 1200 horsepower engine naturally it is lighter than those with 1500 horsepower the driver's equipment is not officially closed yet but some sources claim that the driver has a like a motorcycle-like handle with accelerator and brakes, so if true, the Type 10 will not has accelerator and brake pedals, many viewers may think that the ballistic protection of the Type 10 is low considering its combat partner, in reality this is not.
Very true, thanks to advanced metallurgical techniques, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries uses a more durable but lighter type of steel for the main frame of the tank. In this main frame there are modular composite and ceramic plates. These armor plates are removable, so depending on the characteristics of the mission, the protection. The tank level can be increased or decreased. In addition, a damaged part of the armor can be easily replaced under field conditions. This modular design makes the Type 10 lightweight, so it can pass more than 84 percent of Japan's highway bridges, as we mentioned before. The tank's load is 40,000 kilograms, its standard load is 44,000 kilograms.
The Type 10 has a combat weight of 48,000 kilograms with its full armor packages, but this configuration has never been seen before. Thanks to its modular design, the tank could be equipped with more advanced elements. In future armor packages there are laser warning receivers mounted on the four corners of the turret to improve survivability when an incoming missile is detected the tank launches its smoke grenades to hide however the type 10 does not have a modern type active protection we look at the technical characteristics of type 10. let's start our analysis according to the great southern
japan, survivability and ballistic protection are not the same, the current general acceptance in the world is that the main battle tank can fight for a long time on the battlefield, it should be able to protect its area or continue its attack despite the fire of enemy tanks and infantry.
The Japanese, on the other hand, take a more flexible approach. According to them, a tank should quickly enter the battle and cause as much damage as possible. the enemy and if it is no longer prudent to remain in the combat zone, you should be able to withdraw quickly. The Japanese consider it unrealistic for a tank to remain on the battlefield after many hits. If hit, the tank will leave the area. Change the damage sections and go back to fight again it is really difficult to track and hit a vehicle that is fast, agile and can accelerate quickly, however these capabilities decrease as the weight increases, the problem is not just about engine power, the high weight brings with it a large thrust, it is difficult for a tank moving at high speeds to respond to brake or maneuver commands, it drags hard, of course, this is also a problem for a tank between 40 and 50 tons, however, it is an easier problem compared to a 60 to 70 ton tank, the autoloader is a complicated mechanism, it is likely to become inoperable after the tank is hit several times but it significantly increases the rate of fire the autoloader is a good choice for a tank that will quickly enter the battlefield shoot the enemy as much as possible and quickly move away from the area when hit Japan is not alone in this concept the trace of the design criteria of the Type 10 dates back to the French Le Claire tank South Korea also accepted the same approach when designing the K2 Japan plans to have only 300 tanks in the future these tanks will be mainly deployed in Hokkaido a relatively light main battle tank means easier strategic deployment For Japan, as we mentioned in our type 16 video, as an island country, the true defenders of Japan are its naval and air forces.
If air superiority is lost, this country cannot win a possible battle in Hokkaido when Japan's air
defenseforce regains control. Air Superiority Japan's large southern defense force will require relatively light but high-speed armored vehicles to counterattack. We explain this thesis in detail with the success of the French division the gate in the 1991 gulf war for a more detailed analysis see our amx 10rc video. Many people assume that the Type 10 is a light main battle tank to deal with asymmetric threats. According to our analysis, this is an erroneous assumption. The tank has no explosive reactive armor or grid armor packages against shape-charged anti-tank systems with tandem warheads.
Its level of protection against landmines and improvised explosive devices is weak. The 12.7 millimeter machine gun is manually operated, while all modern tanks designed against asymmetric threats use remote control. controlled weapons station to protect the crew from nearby threats compared to many modern Western tanks, the type 10 is a system designed according to different geographical conditions, threat perception and operational requirements of Japan from this point of view, it has no It makes no sense to discuss whether it is better or worse than the M1 Abrams or the Leopard 2A7. It is certainly better for Japan's Great Self-Defense Force than the others.
However, it is a fact that the Type 10 can have serious problems when used outside of Japan or even outside of hokkaido thank you for watching our video and don't forget to subscribe to our channel and give us a thumbs up if you liked our video to receive notifications of our new videos click the bell button.
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