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The Warsaw Ghetto | DW Documentary

Jun 07, 2021
there is nothing here that reminds me of my birthplace once upon a time there was a beautiful morinovsky square i remember trees and benches i was born in


in a traditional jewish family i went to a preschool for jewish children where they taught polish at home we spoke yiddish but i had no problem with the Polish language. He had this trick where he pretended to sew his fingers with a needle. Of course, it made a big impression on us. The children would be horrified to have a daughter named Lonya who was a friend of mine. sister, sometimes I can see it more clearly than the Warsaw around me today in my memory, it's still the same in the morning, they handed me hot pretzels, they were called bagels, you won't find bagels like that anywhere these days, you could have one and unscrew it.
the warsaw ghetto dw documentary
My parents were alive at 49 years old. It was what it was called. I remember we had to recite prayers. Some children said they didn't know the prayers. I was sitting in a sandbox and my mom came up and said there's a war. What are we? what it is going to do is the special quality of the nazi system the people who had the energy to develop something had the power to do it when mr dengel came to power in


at the beginning of december 39 he had the idea of ​​inviting hubert cross to come to warsaw and build a german growth by baufa vailton following the advice of mr dengle developed the dream of reducing warsaw to almost nothing on the screen is the visualization of one of my projects is based on fascist plans for the construction of a new german city the neues this is a virtual reconstruction of that new warsaw this is the center of the city it is a relatively small city the entrances had to be guarded by watchtowers on all sides these are the main buildings of the new german university of the german state of warsaw was to be a district for the poles to be slowly exterminated the new german city of warsaw was to be inhabited only by germans there was to be no jewish population with respect to warsaw the führer has decided that the reconstruction of that city as a major polish metropolis the Führer's decision is absolutely out of the question.
the warsaw ghetto dw documentary

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the warsaw ghetto dw documentary...

The wish is that, in accordance with the plans for the development of the territory under the general government, Warsaw will be reduced to the level of a provincial city according to the diary of Governor General Hunts Frank, once When the Germans arrived, the terror began almost immediately with various official announcements and notices. Jews were forced to wear bracelets with the Star of David they offered it to me in my mind this was a form of degradation at any time they could humiliate me in the spring of 1940 consultations were started with a view to creating one or more Jewish housing districts within of the city of Warsaw in the end, however, it was decided that a single district should be established in the area where Jews were traditionally the majority dr.
the warsaw ghetto dw documentary
Friedrich s s untersturmführer division head of the regional planning office of the governor of the Warsaw district where the Jewish quarter was In Warsaw there were Jewish quarters, yes, Lefke Novolipki, where almost everything was Jewish, but when you are a third of the city, you are throughout the city and interaction with non-Jews was a normal daily event that came to a halt with the construction of the Warsaw Ghetto wall that runs through the heart of the city and divides Jews from non-Jews, since they were never divided before the wall did not suddenly appear, pieces of wall began to be built from April 1940.
the warsaw ghetto dw documentary
These were sections of wall or barriers with barbed wire that appeared in various places. I had no idea I was Jewish, so I first asked why we have to move and then what it means that I'm Jewish and why. We had to leave our homes. Yes, when we arrived at the


, the first thing I saw was a horrible sign. I didn't want to be like the Jew on the poster and was distraught at being forced to live there. I thought that all Jews had to look like that I felt terribly humiliated by all this I told my mother that I no longer wanted to be Jewish that I wanted to return to the martial street and why was all this happening anyway notice by order of the governor of the district and with immediate effect an autonomous Jewish quarter will be created in the Warsaw district with a view to preventing the spread of diseases in the city of Warsaw a boundary has been established around the Jewish quarter all border streets from there will be closed on both sides of the following way from gielna to krulevska and zwata from zwata to jielna and jalasna from tuvada to jalasna and srebrena from srebrena to tavada and miyajana from miyajana to srebrena and kajimiresh square so we already lived in the area that was now the


because moronowski square was within the area the Jews who lived outside the ghetto had to move and the respondents who lived in the ghetto had to move, this led to very painful situations for people who left their homes, left their furniture and possessions carrying only a few small packages With them, the ghetto became very crowded.
We have all seen the images of the expulsion of the Jewish community. Something similar happened the other way around. There were also tens of thousands of people like us, I remember sitting in a car full of our things. Apartment 110. The measures imply resettlement. Of around 700 ethnic Germans 113,000 Poles and 138,000 Jews the Jewish housing district of Warsaw is a closed area isolated from its surroundings by walls, fences, etc. Movement of people and goods in and out of the area is only with special permission dr. Friedrich Golett s s untersturmführer division head of the regional planning office of the warsaw district governor the jewish population always looked for contacts but my mother put aside the potatoes and her feelings for her later lania stopped coming. and my father simply ceased to exist I don't remember any goodbyes or any of the circumstances maybe my memories suppressed him because it was too terrible the center of the city was isolated and stopped functioning normally when you see what part of the city was the ghetto you realize Note that it was really the heart of Warsaw if you take into account that the Germans also took a piece of it.
What was left of Warsaw for other residents was only a small part. The German housing district was created for the protection of the German population, at the request yours, the police cannot guarantee Germans living outside this district the same degree of personal security as is provided to those living within it hans fliegner light nazi party star warsaw night and day by train in cars and buses the Jews arrive here from Polish cities and towns the individual disappears in this enormous human mass the people are crowded into individual faces are unrecognizable the German army and civilians must in any case be protected from the Jews immune carriers of diseases the separation of the Jews from the rest of the Polish population as well as ethnic Germans it is a moral and political imperative that traffic in the center of Warsaw has also been minimally affected by the creation of the Jewish housing district in the interests of the Wehrmacht and the economy.
Great care was taken to ensure that certain main roads remain passable without obstacles to traffic valdemarchon s s standard fura director of the resettlement department warsaw district governor's office the german planners divided things up each managing their division they even designated which streets a tram would travel to shorten its route the ghetto that created two ghettos everything was a terrifying mixture of evil wadna street ended up dividing the Jewish district the district was divided into two parts by the important tram line that ran through the ghetto was divided into two parts a small ghetto and a large one so that the Jews could move back and forth between the small and large ghetto, it was necessary to stop the flow of traffic at intervals, as this was inconvenient for the Germans.
Jews were given permission to cross as infrequently as possible while walking. along jalajna i watched from afar the crowd milling around the corner of kodner, people moving restlessly in place waiting for the german police to decide when the traffic on kwatner was light enough and the crowd on zalajna thick enough As if to justify letting Jews pass across the street, when the time finally came, the police cordon would part and the impatient crowd would advance in both directions, pushing each other in panic to distance themselves from the dangerous German presence and merge once more in the depths of the two ghettos. a line on the pavement shows where the border of the ghetto ran how the ghetto fit into warsaw it was not an isolated island surrounded by the unknown it was embedded in the city on each plaque there is a marker showing where we are the parts of central warsaw that were torn off are elevated and my intention was to show the ghetto in real space what it was like and where the limit was who didn't have much money or didn't have a pole who was his friend he had no chance there was nothing he could do he only cared about what what he would eat the next day and what he would give to his children.
About 80% of the food in the ghetto came from contraband, not from official suppliers authorized by the Germans, if someone had money, they could get it. things in the ghetto somehow i once witnessed a tram passing through muranowski square and as it turned the corner the objects were thrown it couldn't stop in the ghetto this was how commerce was carried out in some places the walls of the In the pavement, at regular intervals, there were openings at ground level through which water flowed into drains that ran along the sidewalks. These openings were also used by children for smuggling.
Small dark creatures with legs like matchsticks would converge on these openings from all sides. Terrified eyes darted from the left. to frail straight legs dragged through bundles that were often larger than the small smugglers, so be aware that any Jew who illegally leaves the designated housing district will be punished with death; the same punishment will be applied to people who consciously protect said Jews or in any way help them warsaw november 10, 1941 dr. fisher governor is a very important street for me this is a street that used to scare me and i still do to this day.
I have never walked down this street without feeling fear behind this wall. I spent over two years in the ghetto with my family. When I first found myself here, I began obsessively searching for the hole my mother and I had escaped through. I stood there, going back in time, trying to figure out where that hole could be, but the hole probably was. In another place ahead I see two years of humiliation, prison, hunger, I still hope to see or remember something terrible there, so everywhere I could see handcarts and on them bodies of men, women and children piled carelessly on top of each other , I became aware of a strange smell, vaguely sweet and disgusting, but I had never smelled it before, a Jewish policeman explained that next to the Jewish cemetery there was once a large field and today it is one of the largest mass graves ever filled with bodies of Jews from all corners of Europe.
Could this? Be real, how is it possible that a flesh and blood human being has to die in such a pitiful way? The German occupation murdered 90 Jews here. It's heartbreaking and if you could imagine that the wall doesn't just go through the heart. of the city right in the middle of a street stops but on the other side of that wall the disease of hunger and very soon after the deportation to death for security reasons ordered that the Warsaw ghetto be demolished all usable building parts and others materials of any value must first be saved, a general plan for the construction of the ghetto must be presented to me, in any case we must ensure that the living space occupied until now by five hundred thousand subhumans and in no way suitable for habitation by Germans disappears completely and that warsaw this city of a million always a center of corruption and revolt is reduced in size heinrich himmler reichsführer ss at the same time that an organized resistance group was preparing to fight against the Jews in the ghetto where they were going I entered in that bunker in January of '43 and in April the uprising broke out my brothers left to participate in the uprising this bunker was built around a basement that had been dug deeper with the sides boarded up, the dugout earth was piled up around it and provided some kind of insulation When the fires started, everything in the neighboring basements collapsed and burned, but this bunker survived.
I remember that in 1943 I saw strange clouds of smoke rising from the north fighting in the ghetto. Something was happening there. There is no longer a Jewish quarter in Warsaw. It still hurts me that after all these years I was never able to mourn my family. I didn't even have time for that. I lost everyone. He had six brothers, a sister and parents. I'm the only one who survived everything. I was likewitness. Without me there would be no one the value of life is in bearing witness the street concentration camp was created to house the people needed to demolish the ghetto it was not only blown up with dynamite but also dismantled it was completely looted and that camp was a hell the people died there on the ruins of the ghetto the nazis wanted to create a park for the germans hence the demolition the area had to be covered with earth and converted into a garden paradise the intention was to destroy the capital of what was previously poland which was the intention The main thing was to destroy only the idea of ​​a capital because there was no longer Poland.
I spent almost a year on the Aryan side. There was a whole network of helpers. If things got dangerous, someone would come and hold your hand on August 1, 1944 the uprising broke out twice I lived through the fire of Warsaw around the walls were almost red hot and people were herded to both sides From the streets burning debris fell Warsaw was on fire and you could feel it. After the liberation in 1945, you couldn't really live in Warsaw and little by little we tried. to rebuild and then to be undermined again by Soviet occupation and oppression is difficult to imagine what was here before the war this area has changed so much certain streets and squares ceased to exist names were changed addresses were altered no more than a dozen original buildings have survived this area has many layers beneath the ground there is a second layer shown when workers dig to lay pipes and then the remains of the past are discovered in 1949 the architect created a housing development that was going to be a memorial space what was unique was that the bricks of the buildings were made of rubble on top from anything else that was in the rubble, including human remains, which stands out because Warsaw is a flat city, people call me and say there are spirits in my apartment, I'm in the old ghetto, can you do something right ?
I have this thing that is beyond my competence, but I went and said psalms because if one person feels like I can do them, if I make someone feel more at peace, then I'm happy to do it on this map. I have marked the location of your old house by superimposing it on the current image. It was on this street at the intersection where your house used to be. I born here. The memory of the ghetto is really beginning to return to the memory, to the soul. of Warsaw give people a chance to remember and they are likely to remember April 19, the anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising, as we move further away from the event, in fact the number of people coming is growing, that's a sign of hope.

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