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The Tide Turns For The Allies | Battles Won and Lost | Timeline

May 30, 2021
each battle is both a victory and a defeat, it depends on which flag you find in each theater of World War II,

battles

won and

lost

, determines the position of the territory, the resources and the strength to continue fighting in some of the

battles

, because the victory that What most influenced the future course of the war for others was the defeat. This is the story of the battles won and

lost

that decided the outcome of the greatest conflict in history. Every war sees new tactics, some inspired, some desperate that attempt to influence the course of the war.
the tide turns for the allies battles won and lost timeline
Battles in World War II were fought against non-military targets in an attempt to destroy morale. Suicide missions were launched when traditional weapons failed and forces retreated rather than fire on their compatriots. These are the battles won and lost that rewrote the rules of an archipelago of almost a thousand islands. The Solomon Islands are in a critical position off the northeast of Cape Australia. The Japanese called the main island guttural Corrado. The Americans called it cactus after its name. es Guadalcanal Japanese troops landed there in April 1942 as part of their sweep of the western Pacific the

allies

were moving from a defensive to an offensive mode they had not done so yet they still lacked resources there was a great discussion in the corridors of power about that Europe was the dominant theater of war and the Pacific The attack on Guadalcanal was the first of these offensive moves.
the tide turns for the allies battles won and lost timeline

More Interesting Facts About,

the tide turns for the allies battles won and lost timeline...

After the naval victory at Midway, the American General Staff devised a three-phase campaign to wrest control from the Japanese. Admiral Nimitz would lead the offensive to retake Tuilagi and Guadalcanal. General MacArthur's objective would be established before moving on to the rest of the Solomon Islands and finally MacArthur would advance on the rubble, the Japanese base in the southwest Pacific would begin operations on August 1, but on July 5, intelligence information was received that changed the plan and promoted one of those place names in the history of war. , particularly in the history of the US Marine Corps, it was noted that the Japanese were building an air base on Guadalcanal and from there the airfield on which they based aircraft that could cover the entire Solomon Islands and, further south , the occupation of Guadalcanal provided Japanese air cover for that entire region, which meant that any plans they had for that region could be covered by those planes, which became the first priority. of the counteroffensive and on August 7, American forces landed on Guadalcanal, it was the first landing of American forces in the Pacific.
the tide turns for the allies battles won and lost timeline
The Marines who landed at Red Beach were the 1st Marine Division under Major General van der grift. Their main objective was the landing strip that The Japanese had been building. Their task was codenamed Operation Watchtower, but there was so little time for planning and so few resources to build the invasion force that it was nicknamed Operation Low Number. The aircraft carriers of Task Group 61 would provide the only air cover to the 1st Marine Division. It would enter with only half its vehicles and a ten-day supply of ammunition and the landing would be preceded by a single rehearsal.
the tide turns for the allies battles won and lost timeline
The invading force evaded Japanese patrols, but Japanese ignorance was matched by that of the Americans who had no real idea of ​​the size of the defensive force that awaited them just after dawn on August 7, the Marines landed with the intention to attack the airfield and cancel the threat of any land aircraft that were there, since they were going to discover that the Japanese force established on Guadalcanal numbered 2,200 there. They were mainly construction workers and were taken completely by surprise. The Americans captured Henderson Airfield very quickly. They occupied it on August 8 and from that moment Henderson became a thorn in the side of the Japanese.
This is the airfield on the island of Guadalcanal. In American hands, the Solomons has become a vital base for financing Japanese warships and convoys. The night after the initial landing, a Japanese naval task force of seven cruisers and a destroyer trapped an Allied force steaming through the 15-kilometer-wide channel between Guadalcanal. and saves the island that sank the American and Australian cruisers with the loss of 1,270 Allied sailors and 34 Japanese dead after the Battle of Tsavo Island, the US Navy withdrew leaving the Marines on Guadalcanal without support, but the Japanese missed their opportunity. They did not bring reinforcements until August 18.
The first Japanese counterattack occurred on August 21. Nine hundred men commanded by Colonel Ichiki attacked at the Battle of the Ten Irune River. The Americans lost thirty-five men. The Japanese were annihilated. Colonel Ichiki committed a ritual. suicide and crocodiles are said to have feasted on Japanese corpses at the end of August. Continued naval action in the waters around the Solomon Islands further tipped the advantage in favor of the Americans, whose fighters were already operating from Henderson Field. The

tide

is certainly turning against Japan's supply. Imperial Japanese Army troops on Guadalcanal were limited. The Japanese eventually began calling Guadalcanal Hunger Island.
His men were short of food and of course ammunition due to the inability to cross ships during the day. They turned to what was called the Tokyo Express, which was a destroyer. at great speed carrying troops and supplies through the next significant attempt to move the marines was led by General Kawaguchi the battle of Bloody Ridge in mid-September was fiercely contested the Japanese were repulsed with 600 dead our main mistake the Japanese made in that sense it was to launch repeated frontal attacks against American defensive positions that suffered very heavy losses, but they did so constantly and repeatedly.
There didn't seem to be any variation in those tactics. By the end of September, the naval force under General Vandergrift had increased to 23,000 and the Japanese. Recognizing the fighting they faced, they had sent Lieutenant General Yokota from the rubble and increased his force to about 20,000. The Battle for Guadalcanal lasted from mid-October until the final Japanese evacuation in early February 1943. In November, fighting took place on the high seas, where 2/9 became known as the First and Second Battles of Guadalcanal at night. On the 12th, both sides suffered heavy losses in a naval encounter in which the American forces came out worse but seriously disrupted an attempt to reinforce the garrison.
The next night, the Americans fared again. worse in terms of losses, but in this war of attrition it was the Japanese who could not afford to take advantage of their lessons at sea. The Japanese were successful quite often against the US Navy. The Japanese were exceptionally good at night fighting, defeating the US Navy on several occasions. and they never pressed their advantage at sea, they never pressed and it has been an interesting aspect of the naval battle that if the Japanese had been more aggressive and put more pressure on the U.S. The Navy may not have been able to hold its position in that controlled area at sea despite having caused more damage than it suffered.
The Japanese Navy was unable to reinforce or resupply Guadalcanal, where troops were now starving and lacking everything needed to continue the battle in During the first two weeks of December, the 1st US Marine Division, seriously weakened by six weeks of fighting and the depredations of tropical diseases, it was relieved by three marine divisions of the Fourteenth Corps, General Alexander Patch Patch, began offensive operations almost immediately, and by early January Japan realized that their position on Guadalcanal was not bearable losses from hunger and disease far exceeded losses from enemy action evacuation was ordered troops were taken to New Guinea on January 23 the vital High Point Mount Austin fell to the Americans and in On the night of February on the 1st the Japanese began to evacuate the island, a total of 11,000 soldiers were withdrawn by the Tokyo Express and the 9th general patch noted that the Tokyo Express was no longer a terminal on Guadalcanal, but also American soldiers, sailors and marines had shattered the myth forever. of Japanese invincibility by the time Guadalcanal was secured, 1,600 Americans had died and up to 32,000 JEP ENI had been lost due to military action or disease.
The Japanese lost a large number of highly experienced troops during the Solomons campaign. From that moment on, the Pacific War became a war of defense for Japan and for the offensive

allies

, which is why Guadalcanal and the Salomon campaign have been described, I think quite rightly, as the turning point of the Pacific War. In 1932, British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin declared that the bomber will always survive. Between the world wars, the belief grew that bombing would be a decisive weapon that would destroy civilian morale and, therefore, the will to continue fighting. Bombs were dropped on civilian targets in the Italian invasion of Abyssinia, the Japanese invasion of China, and in the Spanish Civil War. had not brought the population to its knees, despite which all combatant nations in World War II continued to believe that attacking the population would disrupt the war effort and hasten collapse.
That belief was a mistake because nowhere did the bombing of civilian targets significantly impede area bombing. The ability or willingness to continue fighting the strategic bombing campaign originally emerged as a strategy of desperation. Almost France falls and the Netherlands, our fallen Britain, is essentially alone with the support of the Commonwealth, all its European allies. I am gone and need a way to counterattack Germany partly to raise the morale of the city's population partly for diplomatic political purposes I have seen that the United Kingdom once supported the United States in the war wants to attract them to war you need to prove that you are still a viable ally that is still fighting, so you need to take the water to get the Germans back inside us.
This is something that should matter. Protect yourself by dying your flight at about 7,000 feet or 10,000 feet, that is. about the best protection, but they didn't do this, the only thing we had to deal with was just raw recruits who bombed Jeff, the goal of those raids during the summer of 1942 was the deployment of the man who had done it on the 23rd of February. Air Marshal Arthur Harris, whom popular history will always remember as Bombardier Harris, has been appointed head of Bomber Command. A turning point for Harris's strategy was on 17 April when 12 Lancaster heavy bombers attacked the German city of Augsburg, seven were lost and Harris concluded that the daylight attacks were too costly, quite ironic really because Britain , which managed to defeat a German bombing campaign through a very well-integrated air defense network, then rather naively walks away to try to attack German industry, without estimating how costly it will be within a week of the bombing.
The campaign against Germany had switched to nitrates. Tonight's change to bombing reduces accuracy, so to maintain the bombing campaign and try to have an effect on the German industry and to compensate for the fact that they cannot hit precise targets, there is a change to area with the idea that if you buy areas you will attack the population working in the factories on May 17 Arthur Harris received Churchill's approval for a raid that would push his resources to the limit the first raid with a thousand bombers codename millennium now is not the time to relax in any way, but it appears in what in fact perhaps others think the final push the objective was the city of Hamburg the objective was to destroy the city Paris managed to assemble more than a thousand planes but bad weather Ruled out Hamburg, Cologne, the alternate target felt the force of an attack that lasted 75 minutes.
A day later, just under a thousand planes attacked Essen and three weeks later, a thousand planes attacked Bremen. The camaraderie was excellent. The acceptance of losing a friend was great. It was never ever a question that we shouldn't be here, we shouldn't be doing this, let's never buy more, losses in aircraft and aircrew were mounting and the evidence that such massive attacks were having a significant effect was slight, there would be no more. thousand sorties over two years, but bomber Arthur Harris was rewarded for his questionable strategy. On June 14, 1942 he was knighted. The strategy continued throughout the war andat great cost, not only an enormous loss of civilian life, but also figures that point to attrition. rate among bomber crews which was certainly in the British Army higher than anywhere else in the Armed Forces, the campaign, particularly the British, my time here in the bombing campaign and the most offensive monkey command, one of The most controversial and debated parts of the signal, the bomber could always pass, but did not seem able to influence events.
The British did not completely undermine German morale and Germany continued to fight. The division of France after its capitulation was territorially complex. A line snaked through France separating the German-controlled area. occupation of the area under control of the collaborationist government centered on the spa town of Vichy so that Marshal Pitta and General Vigo could reach an agreement with Hitler and the rest of the brave Frenchmen chosen to continue the fight alongside Great Britain chose the objective is The leader of the Free French is the personification of French freedom, but he only got French troops evacuated from Dunkirk, so what Degaul desperately needs is to bring part of France's colonial empire and its military resources into the fight against Germany that the British were decided that such an important weapon should not fall into German hands and, at Mers-el-Kebir, on 3 July, joined the battle against the Vichy fleet in the port, which had resisted those called to surrender or sail to a neutral port.
Honorable conditions for return were offered, with several alternatives, including safe conduct to Martinique, conditions of which a few were met and then a fateful duty was performed. More than a thousand French sailors were killed. The focus was on the French colonies and, in particular, the port of Dakar in French West Africa. De Gaulle depends a lot on this: he has to persuade French sailors and French admirals in West Africa to come out in favor of the Allies and not Vichy France, a large Royal Navy task force to which They joined an Australian heavy cruiser and eight thousand soldiers, including the Libre.
The French under de Gaulle sailed south from Gibraltar some of the ships that had escaped from Mers-el-kebir and found safety and had departed too long for French West Africa days before Admiral Somerville led his force H towards the Atlantic that had under command the aircraft carrier Ark Royal two battleships five cruisers ten destroyers and transports was quite a spectacle waiting for them there was a garrison coastal batteries two cruisers and three destroyers the ships that had escaped from too much time and an incomplete battleship Patricia the first The action was carried out by aircraft from the aircraft carrier Hermes, the first ship designed as an aircraft carrier.
Her swordfish attacked Tricia Lear at her mooring on July 8. The damage to the battleship immobilized her, but she remained an important weapons platform force. H sailed south past Hermes and now joined. by HMAS Australia and anchored in Freetown Sierra Leone de Gaulle was confident that the Vichy garrison under the command of High Commissioner Pierrefonds Mild Wausau would join the cause of the Free French de Gaulle was an immensely charismatic figure, he is tall, he is persuasive and he thinks he can persuade the French admirals to come to his side, he shows up with a British fleet and uses his rhetorical magic on them and fails.
On September 23, a Fleet Air Arm plane flew over Decker dropping propaganda leaflets and the next day planes were operating. The Ark Royal landed at Dakar airport expecting a welcome and the beginning of talks were immediately taken prisoner. A ship carrying de Gaulle's personal representatives entered the port of Dakar where it was attacked and forced to withdraw, it was evident that De Gaulle had miscalculated feelings on the ground, they would have to fight for the keys to the city later on the 23rd, the first attempt to land troops south of the city was repelled due to fog and intense fire from well-prepared positions. , quite abruptly and unexpectedly, the mission to bring Dakar into the Free French fold had become a battle force H was powerful but was not equipped to force a disputed landing the admirals and indeed the sailors had a deep resistance to fire on the French in the French were allies these men were not Germans My feeling is that the hearts of the British sailors are not in this operation, the resolute defense did not falter and with de Gaulle saying he would not be responsible for the French killed the French, Force H was forced to withdraw and returned to Freetown, so the car is a great humiliation for all the concern for the Royal Navy for Cunningham for De Gaulle and for Churchill who instigated it so Dakar It is one of those British operations that is not talked about much because in reality it was a total failure.
Here is Leningrad, a city of death-defying heroes willing to die on their feet because they do not want to live on their knees. The former imperial capital of Saint Petersburg was in state. of siege from September 8, 1941 in January 1943 the Iskra operation was launched in Leningrad and volkov fronts managed to open a land corridor that increased the supply to the city during the long and harrowing months of the Leningrad ordeal, the people It was often left without the most basic necessities of life, bread, coal, clothing, but the city's supply of courage was never short, but the siege continued until January. 1944, when the Soviet Leningrad Novgorod strategic offensive of the Leningrad and Volkoff fronts with the 1st and 2nd Baltic fronts entered the final hours of January 13, 1944, long-range bombers of the Baltic Fleet attacked the main German command points on the defensive line and The next day, the offensive began when the 2nd Shock Army, which had held on to the Iranian bomb bridgehead throughout the siege, attacked again and again and threw itself against the invader, pushing him inch by inch, the next day after an artillery bombardment throughout the entire territory.
At the front, the 42nd Army launched from the south, although fog slowed progress for the first few days, the 42nd had joined up with the 2nd Shock Army on the 19th, at the same time as the Volkhov Front south of the city had begun to advance towards the German 18th Army crossing. a frozen lake and threatening the 18th southern flank, the 19th 2nd Shock Army captured Rupture and the 63rd Guards Rifle Division, part of the 42nd Army drove the Germans out of the cell krasnoye Oh, on the 22nd. Phan Coiler, commanding Army Group North, asked Hitler for permission.
To withdraw the 18th, which was in danger of being surrounded, Hitler rejected promising reinforcements, but when the 1st and 2nd Ukrainian Fronts launched their assault on the German salient beyond Kiev, no troops could be saved from the attacks. with the second shot and the 42nd armies had cost the Germans around 21 thousand casualties captured 85 artillery pieces and pushed the Germans back 60 to 100 kilometers the day after the Ukrainian fronts advanced on January 26. govorov The Leningrad Front in a general advance cleared the Leningrad Moscow railway line of enemy troops on January 27, 1944 872 days after the siege had begun the lake was lifted and in Leningrad this claim is only the first of many half a million Axis soldiers were casualties, almost three and a half million Soviet troops and a million civilians of Leningrad had died in the more than a thousand each day with what pain they mourn their dead victims of German torture and massacre, the number of dead at Kaliningrad alone it was greater than the combined total of British and American losses for the entire war.
Stalin declared that the city had been relieved and Leningrad celebrated with a red, white and blue salute from 324 Katyusha rocket launchers Leyte Gulf The Second Battle of the Philippine Sea was a decisive defeat for the Imperial Japanese Navy it was its last defeat in an action to set piece The Japanese Navy on paper was quite formidable I They still had a number of aircraft carriers, a number of battleships, what they didn't have was a naval air arm. He could barely muster a hundred aircraft in the Carrier Strike Group, but he had been totally desperate not only at Midway but in a whole series of actions to compensate for the desperation.
The weapon made its first appearance in the engagement. It was called divine kamikaze wind because the Japanese had lost most of their naval air power. They resorted to kamikaze tactics in which pilots deliberately crashed their bomb-laden planes into enemy

turns

. This combined Japanese military ethics with pragmatism because it was the best way to use Japan's increasingly scarce resources in aircraft and aviation fuel and the poor quality of its pilots, given the sophisticated and dense defensive measures that protected the American fleet. , required minimum training for all pilots. What he had to do was take off, fly straight and level, and launch straight toward his target.
The kamikaze was an innovation, but it was necessary due to the failure of the Imperial Japanese Navy to prepare for the new era of naval warfare. The admirals of the Japanese Navy were schooled in the The extraordinary success their predecessors had enjoyed in crushing the Imperial Russian Navy forty years earlier had been a victory for battleships and encouraged belief in the value of the capital ship in a naval battle, by which Admiral Toyoda, commanding the combined fleet, devised a plan that would exploit the power of his battleships and cause the US Navy and its invasion fleet to return from the Philippines.
The problem here was the complexity of the Japanese plan. In this case, the aircraft carriers they assumed the Americans would be looking for and in fact they were. being a decoy using the remaining aircraft carriers, Toyota, would lure the US 3rd and 7th Fleets into a trap he set between two groups of battleships drawn from the first strike force, but on October 23 the group of attack was attacked by American submarines that reached. the approaches were too late, our submarine searching deep enemy waters surfaced just in the middle of the Japanese week, two cruisers were sunk and this, instead of bait, attracted the attention of Admiral Halsey of the Third Fleet, he turned to the south and was under attack from ground-based aircraft.
Operating from Luzon, they sank the aircraft carrier Princeton, but she sailed into the first engagement. Admiral Kurata was going to bring the big battleships, including the two largest in the world, the Musashi on the yamato pictured on the right. Main force holes These planes sank the battleship Musashi in an action known as the Battle of the Sea Beyond the Sea. Admiral Carita divided his force and the second attack force now sailed south to turn towards Leyte Carita passed through the narrow San Bernardino straight before turning north towards the mobile fleet the bait that had not been taken the Admiral Shima's second force was sailing into the jaws of Admiral Kincaid the Seventh Fleet which simply destroyed two battleships fell Fuzhou and Yamashiro now Halsey, who had turned towards the mobile fleet, learned that the American invasion fleet was being pressured by Carita, had to make a difficult decision whether to go to the rescue and ignore the surprise from the north if he held his ground and let our small Samarra force fight against overwhelming weapons.
Halsey let his carriers say they sank all four. of the bait carriers in the mobile fleet and turned to deal with Carita, the Japanese admiral returned to his course and headed back to the San Bernardino Strait, allowing the landings to proceed once those troops arrived, shortly Afterwards there were only 20,000 Japanese troops on Leyte to counter the 200,000 soldiers who had landed in Leyte Gulf. It was the first time that all the major commands in the Pacific came together, so MacArthur approached this specific area in which Admiral Halsey had been fighting through the Solomon Islands and the Solomon Islands.
Central Pacific Zone Nimitz's crossing of Pearl Harbor, all united in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, cost the Japanese three battleships and left the Imperial Navy without an aircraft carrier. The first encounter with the kamikazes had frayed nerves and sunk and damaged ships, but none in Leyte Gulf or any subsequent engagement could turn the

tide

of the battle. The Imperial Japanese Navy was now completed as an effective fighting force. The dominance of the US Navy in the Pacific was complete. It was a heavy blow to the Japanese, but they were still determined to fight. By the end, on April 27, 1941, German troops entered Athens, Greek resistance against the initial Italian invasion had crumbled in the face of the German attack.
British troops sent from North Africa to support theGreeks had been repulsed until it was agreed that in an operation similar to Dunkirk, they should be evacuated and, as most of the equipment was lost at Dunkirk, it was, of course, thanks to the Royal Navy that the evacuation was possible. They had fallen on hard times during the battle, so the question of special rations was doubly welcome. Evacuation aboard cruisers, destroyers, and transports transported Force W to Crete, where they were formed as a Kree force under the command of Major General Freiburg. Their defense of the island would last a week on April 25 before taking Athens.
Hitler had issued directive number 28, Operation Mercury, ordering the The capture of Crete is an island in the Mediterranean, its strategic importance essentially being the ability to use it as a base to project naval air power across the Mediterranean. If you control the Mediterranean, you control access to the Suez Canal and then you are forcing ships to go. In the longer way, you'll also be able to apply that to the British position in North Africa and the Middle East, but capturing the island was no easy task. The plan deployed 10,000 paratroopers to drop on the island and another 750 to land. 5,000 gliders would be transported and another 7,000 to land by sea the assault would begin on 20 May opposing them Fryeburg would have a mixed force of 30,000 British, Australian and New Zealand troops he himself was a New Zealander with 10,000 Greek troops but his men were poorly equipped and had left most of his heavy weapons and armor on the continent, but he had an advantage thanks to the fact that the ultra-German plans had been intercepted and decoded so that Freiburg knew what to expect and when the beautiful landscapes of Greece the dictators brought all the ugliness.
During the war the greatest superiority was in the air and although Great Britain came to its aid, it was impossible to repel the enemy that overwhelming concentration of machines. On May 15, the Luftwaffe aircraft 650 for Operation Mercury began preliminary raids on Crete. Freiburg recognized that its own air defense was greatly outnumbered, so he ordered his aircraft to leave the island for Egypt to compensate for the complete absence of air cover. He pledged to disable all airfields on the island the day after the plane was released. On May 20, the attack began. The German paratroopers landed at four airfields the attack was a disaster The German airborne assault despite all its psychological impact in most places in Crete had difficulty getting started, the Germans did not have enough planes to do it all in one fell swoop, so they had to attack the west of the island. before attacking the east of the island, which of course gave early warning, after the forces deployed in the east of what was coming, the German paratroopers fell from a very low altitude, they came under a lot of fire of small arms and suffered greatly.
During the descent, all glider troops and four parachute battalions were destroyed before they could join the fight of the 600 men of the 3rd Battalion of the 1st Air Assault Regiment. 400 were killed that first day by the end of May 20, the German invaders had failed to secure any of their objectives and Hitler ruled out any further air operations. Convoys 20 and 21 sailing in support of the landing were repulsed by the Royal Navy in action in the waters around Crete. The Navy lost several ships and others, including the Ajax, which had figured in the Battle of the Río de la Plata, were damaged, but by rejecting the forced convoy D it destroyed half of the ships carrying troops and the only damage suffered by the Navy.
Armada went by what is now called friendly fire. The German command decided to gather and concentrate all its forces on a single objective, the Atma Lemmy airfield. Their job was made easier because, amidst a confusion of orders and disruptions in communications, the troops defending Mille Emme had withdrawn holding on to Malini and then had the ability to rapidly reinforce and reinforce themselves before the movement westward to then bring aid to the German troops fighting against him. Retta MO and Heracleum Fryeburg ordered a counterattack to retake the airfield but it failed because the Germans had undisputed air superiority.
Freiburg was criticized then and has been criticized ever since for inadequate defense of the airfield over the millennia, which now became a German staging post because the intelligence it had, perhaps forced it to be a little broader about the situation. that it did not actually form a mobile reserve for contingencies. What he did not see, and particularly once Mullaney airfield was missed, he had no real ability to respond to the German foot throughout the day of 22 May. A night attack was ordered that would neutralize Axis air support, but there was an inexplicable delay in giving the order.
The order turned the operation into a daylight attack that failed under the howl of Stuka dive bombers. Further attempts to land reinforcements by sea were thwarted by the Royal Navy, which forced a planned invasion fleet to turn back on 23 May. More naval reinforcements were sent from Malta joined the battle but has three destroyers: Kellie Kashmir and Kipling were surrounding the western side of the island, they were attacked by 24 Stalkers. Kashmir was reached, turned into a turtle and then looted. Kipling survived 83 bombs and Kelly, commanded by Captain Lord Louis Mountbatten, was hit and sank within two minutes the Germans were already landing reinforcements Atma Lemmy Fryeburg after all had not disabled all airfields on 27 May he decided that the battle Because Crete was lost, its commander General Wavell supported that view and London authorized an evacuation by then.
The Germans had superiority in all air artillery resources and pushed the Allies south with motorcycles and specialized mountain troops in force against them. despite Galant's rearguard actions by commando units and companies of the Maori Battalion. Only 18,000,600 of the 32,000 Allied troops on the island were taken off and many of them failed to reach safety because their transport came under air attack. The Germans were now scared. Now they had their airfields. They could now project naval and air power from that island across the Mediterranean. In the longer term, it also made the position in the Mediterranean much more fragile for the Allied forces, but the biggest victims of the loss of Crete were the island's inhabitants during the years of occupation.
Well-documented atrocities, including massacres of entire villages, exacted a heavy toll from ordinary people. of Crete for his resistance to the German invasion

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