The Falklands War – The Land Battle Part 1 – The LandingsMay 10, 2020
from north to south the Atlantic Ocean extends along the 8,000 miles that separate the United Kingdom from the group of is
lands known as the Falk
lands, to the east the fortunes lie the uninhabited islands of South Georgia and the South Sandwich group that together with Fulton themselves make up the British Falkland Islands Dependencies The main islands just over two-thirds the size of Wales, lying 480 miles north-east of Cape Horn, this is Port Stanley, the main city, in fact the only city in the Falkland Islands on April 2, 1982, a large and well -equipped Argentine invasion force landed here and besieged the governor mr.
Rex hunting in this is the official residence of the government house. The Governor had less than 24 hours' warning of the invasion and 68 Royal Marines made up the only Defense Force at his disposal after several hours of determined resistance when it became clear that the invaders were landing in overwhelming numbers. the governor surrendered by broadcasting his decision to the 1800 Fulton Islanders over Fulton Islander radio dear friends, I am afraid you are not giving me time to say goodbye to all of you as I would have liked to speak to each of you personally, but the new Argentine governor has given me permission to send you this last message of good wishes and thanks for all your support in the two years that I have served here.
I will never forget you and I hope that we will meet again one day in
particular - and I would like to say goodbye to all the staff of the government house whom we could not see today goodbye and may God bless you all at home the Argentine government had a noche He won the enthusiastic support of the Argentine people because he had given them the Malvinas, as they call the voters, and he had done so in a daring display of military might. Britain was convinced that it was no longer interested in the Thorntons and would accept a consummate
party with little more than a token protest in London.
The response from the British government was eagerly awaited and it came when the House of Commons met in emergency session. the following day the British sovereign Tennessee has been invaded by a foreign power during several days of increasing tensions in our region Argentina the armed forces of that country attacked the Malvinas Islands yesterday and established military control of the islands the government has now decided that the large task force to set sail as soon as all preparations are completed the sailing of the task force stimulated a great release of national pride and determination an act of aggression had been committed on British soil and Argentina must be persuaded by force if necessary for w thdraw there was little idea of â€‹â€‹war at this stage no idea in the mind of the public view of what the task force might have to do was enough that the Falklands were eight thousand miles away it seemed prudent to shorten that distance without delay meanwhile intensive efforts to obtain the Argentine withdrawal by diplomatic means were pursued with the utmost urgency Sir Anthony Parsons, our ambassador to the United Nations, put our case in the strongest possible terms and lobbied for the Security Council to accept Resolution 502 that an act of aggression had taken place could not be denied and it was this use of force by Argentina which, when it arrived on the ship, to Argentina's surprise and dismay, caused many of its friends in the Security Council to vote against it, consequently Resolution 502 was now passed as news. of the task force and Resolution 502 tempered celebrations in Buenos Aires diplomatic pressure was applied to the Galtieri government Leopoldo Galtier had come to power just five months before the invasion as commander-in-chief of the army led the three-man military hunter dealing with a inflation rate of one hundred and fifty percent and with a serious internal discontent and bitterness as a result of a ruthless anti-terrorist campaign that had divided and terrorized the gaudi population in the area, saw in the long dispute with Great Britain for the sovereignty of the Falklands a form of to unite the people and secure his own power base and was almost certainly committed to the invasion either deliberately or under the pressure of events from the moment the Argentine flag was raised on the island of South Georgia, some 700 miles east of the Malvinas, where on March 19 a party of Argentine scrap dealers landed without authorization to dismantle the abandoned whaling station at Leith the following day, the ice patrol ship HMS Endurance sailed from Port Stanley with a party of Royal Marines to investigate she and arrived outside the thickened net on the 24th in time to observe the landing of over a hundred infantry of Argentine navy in Leith on the 26th, now intelligence reports showed that the Argentine fleet was converging on the Falkland Islands invasions suddenly became a real possibility in response to the British government ordered three propulsion fleet submarines nuclear power plant in the South Atlantic on Monday, March 29, despite maintaining an average of 23 knots on its long voyage south, the first of these formidable vessels did not reach the Fulton area until eight days after the invasion on that fateful Friday, April 2, when General Galtieri was able to announce the seizure of the Malvinas to the delight of the Argentine people.
Quay nazar is a riotous mirth that replaced the fiery anti-government rants of just a few days earlier not until 6pm. m. the same Friday that Foreign Secretary Lord Carrington and Defense Secretary John failed to hold a press conference to confirm what the world now knew and give the government's first reaction to it and thus a military option at a time when there are such distances it is extremely difficult I think it is not possible even if you have the most brilliant intelligence system in the world to read the minds of the other side all I can tell you is that earlier this week there was a naval exercise in this area we did not have any clear evidence that it was going to be directed against the Falkland Islands and at the time the Foreign Secretary was contemplating moves in the United Nations and among our friends that it would have been a mistake to send a large task force before it we were absolutely certain that last night we became aware that an invasion was imminent as these words were spoken.
As the First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sir Henry Leach, had the m With the mobilization of the largest naval task force this country had assembled since World War II, he was determined to sail the first group on their 8,000-mile journey south the following Monday, delay might have allowed for a more orderly loading of the ships, but of greater importance was the need to give the public at home and the rest of the world the clearest possible evidence of the determination of the British government; nothing could have done this more effectively than the sight of men and ships sailing into the South Atlantic just three days later.
The first Argentine troops landed at Port Stanley was the immediate subordinate Commander-in-Chief of the Lords First Seed, Fleet Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse, the overall command of the task force film and it was from his headquarters at Northwood that appointed Rear Admiral Sandy Woodward later to command the 1st Destroyer and Frigate Flotilla serving in the mid-Atlantic as commander of the Naval Aircraft Carrier Task Group one of the ad Miral Woodward's first and most demanding duties in his new role were to deal with uncomfortable questions from the press and television journalists accompanying the working group. No one in years has been in a position like this.
You have great strength. power how you feel when exercising it and dinner how much power wealth I felt very exactly if I have a lot of firepower yes I mean no now I know what to talk about yes but a lot of fat and if one is given the authority to use it and I will use it in the best way that I can with the training I have received and with the assistance and skills available to me while the main elements of the Task Force sailed south. it still represented in the eyes of many a means of strengthening Britain's diplomatic hand rather than a force intended to fight the invading Argentines if it came to a fight, yet it was clear from the outset that the decisive
battlewould have to be fought on land not at sea a vital force therefore where the men were the 3rd commando brigade comprising the landing force under the command of Brigadier Julia Thompson, the brigade was organized with three commanders who are the equivalent of the non-mechanized infantry battalions that it would support was the nine commando light regiment armed with 105 similar weapons and then there was a sapper squad and a logistic regiment which is unique indeed in that all brigade logistic units were under one command in the regiment Logistics The training of the brigade was unusual in two respects, one that the training of warfare in the Arctic mountain It's unusual, we've meant that a lot of men were used to working in cold wet conditions and were equipped for that and many had spent up to nine or ten winters in Norway and the other side that was a bit unusual was Phoebius's training where particularly the staff and brigade leaders had quite a bit of experience and amphibious operations which turned out to be very useful of course because training getting a man to jump in and out of a landing craft or helicopter is relatively easy which takes time is training staff and leaders to put together their own pack of figures to make it just the day putting together the shipment was more of a problem than getting the chaps back because no one seemed to believe how many shipments were needed and it's not so much the shipment for the men but sending for combat supplies without which there is no point in sending many men to fight unless we have bullets for to shoot and beans to eat and the brigade was expanding because we had three to join us who were the spearhead battalion and we are very happy to see them we knew a lot of them good to have that law with us It is also very good to have the tea bats, an air defense battery joining us and troops from the Braves and Rawls with their scorpions and scimitars, but this meant you needed more ships to move them early on.
The idea had been to put at least one command. r in Hermes, but when people thought about the problem in more depth, they realized that Herman's primary task was going to be to provide most of the air support for the task force and therefore he couldn't cram their covers, fill their holes and compartment. up with the marines of course the main priority was to go south as fast as possible to show the resolve of the country now this meant a lot of things were hinted at as fast as possible no insults to the people who gave the tip because omg they worked hard it meant a Lascelles came south with 18 inches in there loading marks with horrible ammo mixes like fuel and ammo etc all in the same hold and so a certain amount of sorting from the head to do when we got to the ascension and that time we had there was very useful for its purpose Brigadier Thompson as commando a 3rd commando brigade was one of three task force commanders the other two being Commodore Michael Clapp Commodore amphibious warfare and Admiral Woodward, Carrier Task Group Commander Admiral Fieldhouse, as Fleet Commander-in-Chief, exercised overall command of operations from his headquarters in Northwood, advised by three service deputies, Vice Admiral David Halifax, Major General Jeremy Moore and Air Marshal Sir John Curtis, while Northwood's staff grappled with the complexities of an off-site operation. of the area greater than any undertaken since Brigadier Thompson of Suez and his staff joined the assault ship HMS Fearless by helicopter on 6 April as the task force made the best of speed towards Ascension Island for the men of the 3rd Commando Brigade an unexpected taste of luxury for their journey south on their troop transport ship the Canberra ocean liner Admiral Fieldhouse seizing a last chance to consult with their Task Force commanders called a council of war and ascension which took place on board HMS Hermes on the 17th of April in that castle war, I was told that the two paratroopers had e been available to join us at Ascension, this was good news as far as I was concerned.
I knew that H Jones had been the BM to an assistant under him who had served in Northern Ireland and there were some good lads. in that battalion I knew so it was great news that they came to join us at the same time the general mÃ¡s asked me what force we needed to carry out the objective in the Falkland Islands suppose we were to land and invade the islands and run a campaign down and I said maybe, albeit flippantly, notit would be a bad idea to have a similar number, which meant around 10,000 men, which meant another Brigade rarely and then I was asked if I thought my brigade headquarters could handle command of, say, seven or eight battalions, over that my answer was negative.
I reckon five was all we could attack on our own, so of course I think it has led to the decision to take down another brigade headquarters after council. of war the rest of the ships that had sailed at the same time as us or after us, the fastest ones made it to the ascension and it was particularly good to see the very large white shape of the camera sailing with its 42 commando 40 commando and three stop and i visited her as soon as i could get away and it was terrific to see the heart where the troops were in particular a great space to train and keep fit on this very big ship and this was a big plus for me regards because I knew well from my experience what a problem it is to keep men fit on a boat for long periods and here is a boat where if you run along the boardwalk once they are portable you do team marches that don't shoot anything like now the The mood in the brigade was one of intense euphoria, especially among the younger guys I thought well this is what we get paid for and this is what it's all about I think among the older members it was perhaps a little bleaker when we realized or began to realize what the odds were, particularly the odds on the air side and also some of us who had been to that particular part of the world with people like me, Captain A&E Higginson, who had actually played rugby against these guys and said they were all the same sometimes, yeah, like we realized maybe they weren't.
I am not going to trace the towel that easily because after all they were there not far from their own country they had a superiority and they said why should they speak Italian so me personally and some of my top officials believed they would fight from From the outset, in the days that followed the meeting, a dissension between the admiral's lodge and his hospital commanders, it became clear to all concerned that with the Argentine airlift men and supplies in Port Stanley around-the-clock, even a heavily strengthened 3 Commando Brigade could not be expected to single-handedly defeat our well-equipped and well-entrenched already occupied at least double their numbers, even if, as was known, many of his men were conscripts with a minimum of training Admiral Fieldhouse therefore decided to amend the mission given to the Commodore by applauding Brigadier Thompson for the recovery of the pillboxes to the pla planning a landing with a view to recovering the Malvinas to fulfill this task.
These were the land forces that had now committed to landing and establishing a beachhead in the Falkland Islands 3rd Commando Brigade under Brigadier Thompson comprising 3 Commando Brigade 44 2 Headquarters and 4 5 Commandos Royal Marines two troops Blues and Royals 2 9 regimental commander Royal Artillery a battery of rapier missile launchers two blowgun troops five 9 independent commandos a Royal Engineers squadron 2nd and 3rd battalions the parachute regiment 3 commandos or Brigade Air Squadron and the regiment South Georgia, the island occupied by Argentine forces on the pretext of protecting a group of illegally landed scrap metal dealers, though strategically unimportant, was now significant as evidence of Her Majesty's Government's determination to retake Georgia from the south.
A separate task force commanded by Captain Brian Young of HMS Antrim and consisting of squadron D SAS and company M for two commands was dispatched. M Company had with them reconnaissance troop and SBS mortar sections. April with HMS Antrim it was the RFA tide spring and the ice patrol vessel HMS Endurance the details of this operation do not concern us here suffice it to say that an Argentine submarine, the Santa Fe, was put out of action and surrendered on April 25 . of a force of 137 men captain alfredo estis signed the surrender document there were no british casualties on april 12 w ith the nuclear-powered submarine hms spartan on station off port stanley, her majesty's government declared an exclusion zone 200 miles maritime around the Falkland Islands when South Georgia was retaken on the 25th, Admiral Woodward's carrier
battlegroup spent only four days sailing from the exclusion zone while Brigadier Thompson and Commando Brigade 3 remained at aboard their ships off Ascension awaiting the arrival of the UK at PerÃ³n on the Norland ferry with the addition of the 2 and 3 commando brigade for 3 was a formidable fighting force when clearly once a beachhead they had established themselves , more troops would be needed to recover the problems if the Argentines decided to fight them accordingly.
The mod army alerted their force outside the area to the 5th Infantry Brigade with orders to prepare to sail to the South Atlantic, though they were unable to then. whether it would have a combat or post-op role will be known when the Fire Brigade joined the Commando Brigade 3 at the land beachhead for The CES, roughly divisional in strength, would then be commanded by General Mer , whose role meanwhile remained at Northwood providing military advice to Admiral Fieldhouse as we traveled south towards ascension and indeed while we were at dissension the landing force element was making its plans for what it wanted. to do when we got down there, i.e. where we would like to land for our souls to stand there and there were a number of considerations that had to be taken into account at that stage and the planning for that was done in this cabin here which is my my day cabin and I planned here with my R group when we got to the stage where we thought we knew what we wanted to do, we had to make sure it was what the Navy could really do.
This is a new point in a set. the operation of going ahead on your own ignoring the other half who has to get to their protector while you're there and support you being there now was easy enough because all he had to do to consult the Navy was go watch the war corner amphibian I called Mike Clapp, who was in a cabin next to mine, and I would just walk in the door and see him every time I needed to consult him. Mike, you remember as an essential animal field, he has told us. to bring us three options yes we did and as I recall the options were an orbital Herrmann Terrace covalent air bearing cap yes Sam: yes and then I preferred to have one to think and get into Berkeley science yes and now I don't remember what you didn't dislike about what did displease me somewhat.
I believe that you and South's lawyer had reported in the days of sailing that you had encountered quite strong swell there that would have made it difficult for the ship to move at all. Earth. particularly with the mixing flights as Admiral Woodward's carrier battle group continued south and Commodore Clapp regalia Thompson and his staff considered options for an amphibious landing there was growing acceptance in Britain and around the world that the carrier battle group Labor would probably have to fight to withdraw Argentine troops from the Falklands on the diplomatic front with the powerful support of UN Resolution 502.
Secretary of State General Alexander Haig The negotiated withdrawal from Argentina seemed increasingly remote On 29 April Admiral Woodward's battle group assembled just outside their maritime exclusion zone received a signal from Northwood in all respects prepare for war a By midnight April 29 the sea and air battle had begun on Saturday April 30 the 200 mile maritime exclusion zone around the bottoms was declared a total exclusion zone and a single bulky bomber from the squadron Attack Command 101 took off from Ascension Island, its target, the runway had stopped the airport by the time it had dropped its bombs early Sunday morning the ships of the carrier battle group were well within the total exclusion zone and a force Hermes's 12 Sea Harriers flew to attack the radar facility and airstrip of key enemy targets and Stanley and the enemy base when o Planned retaliatory enemy air strike did little damage with the loss of two mira spiders and the Canberra bomber on Argentinian casualties Versatility On May 2nd the Argentinian heavy cruiser General Belgrano was being followed in the vicinity of the total exclusion zone by the nuclear submarine HMS Conqueror the presence of the cruisers represented a clear and unacceptable threat to the task force and the submarine received the order to attack the sinking of General Belgrano surprised the Argentine Navy, which subsequently did not participate significantly in the campaign The Argentine reaction came just two days after an attack by a super 8 attack aircraft equipped with air-launched Exocet missiles, their intended target was one of the aircraft carriers, in fact they found the destroyer HMS Sheffield on their way on picket duty southeast of Fortnum, 20 miles ahead of the battle, Sheffield was burned down in the middle of the day. the ship and crippled, she was later abandoned when the undertow sank the loss of Sheffield with a single missile sortie having a profound effect on subsequent naval tactics forcing Admiral Woodward to hold his battlegroup well to the east beyond beyond the scope of the air-launched exercise, and therefore beyond the reach of the Argentine Air Force as a whole, so that the vital air battle that had been planned would be fought and won before any landing was ever made. took place and air superiority a major assumption in Commodore planning applauding Brigadier Thompson was not achieved on 5 May, the day after the loss of Sheffield, Admiral Woodward pointed north that the task group could only remain operational for another month, the determining factor being Aircraft serviceability in the harsh conditions of the South Atlantic in winter the group of amphibious work was finally ordered to sail from the climb on May 9 the final confirmation of the mission was received by the commanders of the Task Force in tool 12 and with a view to recover the Falklands and in regards to the command of the landing force to achieve that mission had three possible tactical options and they were to land in cob a volunteer bay or kappa mentor salvador or san carlos now you will notice that there is everything in the northern half of east falkland and the reason was that i did not want to land anywhere to take me to Stanley from the southeast or the south because it seemed like the obvious way to get there and also get to the defensive position on the stronger side, so I was looking to get in the whole time. from the north or northwest I understand the first two options volunteer Bahia and the entrance to San Salvador became less and less attractive to me I wanted a place where I could hide from the exit to begin with, although they didn't I don't have much exercise I wasn't prepared to buy one of them San Carlos stood out as far as I was concerned from the beginning as my ideal he gave me protection from exercise he gave me some protection from conventional air raids and he gave me protected waters so about three weeks before the date Chosen landing party we put the SBS to scout the beaches for suitability and search inside for the landing force commander one of the quirks of SBS beach reconnaissance The role is the conflict between avoiding engagement and getting the as much information as possible and by that I mean that if the enemy knows that there are people watching their beaches, they have a finite number of places to look, so patrols must be extremely careful.
It may well be that the patrols can do half their job and get away with it and come back with information when if they try to do everything they can cause a compromise that would have all kinds of unfortunate results and in the area of â€‹â€‹San Carlos Sport San Carlos In particular, the brigadier was very clear that we were not going to be compromised if we had been made aware that our position is being compromised by swimmers being seen in the water making too long a radio transmission from the hillside and as a result if If the Argentines had moved a battalion into the area, the result would have been a disaster and that is the nature of the commitment in the SBS, the patrols always have to do the intelligence role of the beach, but in any situation like this there is obviously, There are three very different types of operations that Special Forces carry out in support of the main landing forces, the first being the collection of intelligence. strategic intelligence and the second are the operations carried out before the
landingsthat are designed both to deceive and to wear down the enemy forces and, finally, there are the ground operationsdirect in support of the
landingsthemselves and also in the operations that ich can take place after those landings in the first type of operation strategic intelligence gathering the SAS was deployed to six different locations which were rarely chosen all of that because it must be kept note that prior to the landings there was absolutely the mentioned knowledge and actual knowledge of where the enemy dispositions were and therefore six positions were selected from a map, faith in the East and West Falklands and the SS landed there with a repair of three Knights by helicopter from the night of 30 April to 1 May The first reconnaissance patrols of SAS and SBS began to provide valuable intelligence on the location and strength of the Argentine forces on East Falkland in the early of May.
They reported that the area around the San Carlos water was completely clear of troops on May 8. It was decided. to go steady on San Carlos as the landing site for the 50 miles worth of rough and hospitable swampy terrain that lies between San Carlos and the main objective, Port Stanley, however, was beyond the scope of the immediate landing plan first revealed to his commanding officers by Brigadier Thompson at a briefing aboard HMS Fearless on 13th May and what he wanted to achieve was first light to be on the high ground in reverse status positions ready to fly on the violators and weapons to repulse airstrikes and any ground counterattacks as soon as possible now to achieve that he had a three phase landing plan in phase 1 with landing craft at night he was going to land two paratroopers very closely because almost Simultaneously with the 40th commando in the settlement of San Carlos to Paris, the mission was to climb the Sussex mountain as quickly as possible to block any r possible approach from the strategic reserve which we thought was in the Darwin area getting to the 40 commando vertical settlement of the beachhead and then up to the high ground at the back of the settlement and then phase 2 which I planned should be again in the dark by landing craft simultaneously 45 commandos would take the Ajax Bay complex and then go up to the high ground to the west side while 3 for landed at Port San Carlos or rather west of Port st.
Carlos cleared out the settlement then went back up to the high ground overlooking a settlement and my booking for those two phases was to be a 42 commando afloat in Canberra phase 3 was the first time we started using helicopters and we wouldn't start until dawn and then using helicopters and landing craft, I would land the commando batteries Richmond and bare tree Ricker still afloat the 42nd commando as my reserve on the 19th of May. The Commodore clap received the signal from the C&C fleet telling him cleared to undertake the landing at dawn on the 21st. Now the furriest total force available to the task force had risen to 35 thanks to the arrival of the container ship Atlantic compared to an additional. 12 aircraft, a further four from our AFG, our three areas were flown in from Britain via essential means, although they were to play a vital role in the remainder of the campaign providing both air defense and close air support.
It was during the most dangerous phase the landing and safety. of the beachhead that their contribution was going to prove crucial, the greatest threat to the success of the landings being that posed by the Argentine Air Force for To reduce that threat, Special Forces attacked an airstrip on Pebble Island a few days before the landings, destroying several Pokhara ground-attack aircraft based there only a short flight time from the San Carlos beaches after Pebble Island and another operation of this nature took place shortly before the main landings. carried out by a former SAS representation who was located at the time in the Mount Kent area and was able to observe over a period of time the incidentally continually changing whereabouts of the helicopter force which was used to provide mobility for the main strategic reserve for Argentine forces throughout the Falkland Islands by identifying exactly where the Argentines were hiding these helicopters at night, they were able to call in an air strike about two days before the main landings and totally destroyed the capability of the Argentines. to move their strategic reserve around the islands by helicopter when the possible amphibian entered Vu On the night of May 20, a layer of darkness cleared the cloud that had been solid all day, greatly increasing the vulnerability of the men and ships to air raids.
In we fought, the best they could hope for was local air parity over San Carlos in the proceedings, as a series of diversionary actions were planted, including a naval bombardment south of Stanley and a special forces raid a few hours to HR on the day. d an SS squadron carried out a very successful raid that landed looking for x' at night north of darwin and then raided Darwin, the aim of that raid as far as I was concerned was to hold this strategic reserve that we thought that in the Darwin era they were busy and not looking at what the Northland public were doing in the San Carlos water for a period of six or seven hours they were able to fool the Argentine forces into thinking that the minimum strength of a battalion in force h of British troops had landed in the Darwin slimy screen area and did so by massive use of their own squad fire, including mortars, rocket launchers, etc. it had been attacked by a battalion and then the SS cause rounded it up as they were coming out of it in the daylight they were attacked by planes and one of them was shot with a stinger so they had every reason to feel very part of themselves.
At the end of that, crucial for the security of the landing operation was the control of the high ground that dominates the entrance to the water of San Carlos known as Fanning head several days before, when they withdrew, the SBS patrols had reported fanning head as in any other place adjacent to the landing zone free of Argentine forces for the night of the landing this was no longer the case we had an indication that there was an Argentine force a probable subscription and a company: in one of the main characteristics of the hill and probably in the HED fanny feature, our problem was that we only had a few hours to find these enemies in an area not much smaller than about half of Dawa.
We were lucky to have just received from Warminster a thermal imaging camera angle, a team of experts could teach us how to use it and I believe this was the first use of thermal or ti in warfare, the special camera was mounted on a helicopter which proceeded to sweep the land from a height of about a thousand feet in the dark only hours before the landing when analyzed aboard the Antrim, the recording revealed the exact locations of the Argentine troops; in fact they were at Fanning head overlooking the road to the San Carlos water soon after.
In order to be taken by the landing craft, an immediate SBS attack was launched. The strength that rose to Fanny. HED carried with him a small handheld TI device which enabled them to exactly identify the men on the ground when the firing began and using the support of naval gunfire, we had our own one to a battery spotter with us, we were able to put down fire very Precise as he entered from his two guns into the bay, literally like the men in the landing force. we were getting into their landing craft and saving in the san carlos water the shooting was going on we knew we would be the first safe treatment and my section was told we would be the point section therefore i would be the first section commander sure we made it to get into the landing craft they were pretty full the way we were once we were in the Elias ooze it was a sense of relief mixed with anticipation relief or getting off the boat but the anticipation in the one you're not quite sure if the one you're going to go in and while we're there and we're floating in the water you can see the tracer arching through the long funny head where there was a battle course to the tune of the argentinians and the ship-to-shore fire was going on, which accentuated it, but look around you guys this time and you can see you're looking forward to it and there's a lot of humor flying around it.
You get the weird joke that we're in a dumpster and dumpsters don't float very well and things like this then we sail to shore and you can see in the outline a silhouette of the islands getting closer and you wonder what it's like if It would be the first time you really got into anything and, as the Colonel informed us before we embarked on this venture, it would be something like Gallipoli, where they tell you what's going to happen and probably won't. way we could hear the shells from the frigates hitting their faces around the beachhead which is quite reassuring and kinda scared me too.
Do you think what was happening? My next task was to look over the bow and when we went to see if I can see you a member of the SBS team showing me some signs to let me know if London was going to oppose the beach was mined or not, unfortunately we didn't see any signs from me as BS and therefore we didn't know what act of deed was going to happen about 50 meters from the shore and when everyone was expecting the front to go down and you were expecting to run out and grab a piece of the Falklands, claim it and keep it in your pockets for the boat. for dear old england and things and ramps don't go down and suddenly find you're stuck on a sandbar despite encounters with minor obstacles like sandbars all four units had no difficulty securing their objectives in the north three for the high ground above the port of San Carlos in the east 40 command the high ground of the Green Mountains above the settlement of San Carlos in the west four five command the hills above the bay of Ajax and in the south two for the Sussex mountains blocking any advance by the enemy garrison at Goose Green dawn on d-day dawned reasonably to my satisfaction we were late in several areas but nothing too critical the seven escorts I had were deployed out of San Carlos three were in gun lines in ground forces support and they were essential until the 105th were in place and concentrated and I hope to provide a defense fee e In depth too, though I found that modern ship radars and other things don't work too well in confined water.
I didn't really expect you to work The way it did the airstrike did indeed come so I set out to shoot my life and went on unafraid on one end and revered on the other with the amphibious video She cells in the middle and to give them some protection against that crash and the escorts were organized outside this worked out pretty well and I was glad to say the Argentinians were drawn to the surface ships and not pressured it into a Carlos and they got the amphibious ships out and so on at the end of the day not a sing The amphibious ship was badly damaged and nothing had stopped.
The helicopters continued to fly. The landing craft continued to operate, saying that the essential task had still continued and the military was establishing itself. We take a pretty heavy toll. the SAS in its attack on Darwin sank because it was cut off and did not have enough ships to provide mutual support Antron was damaged brilliant was damaged Argonaut was badly damaged and was towed to a Carlos where it remained for about ten days preparing as an impetus on its platform I was told by defensive control that Canberra had been attacked I should think about a dozen times several ships sank three or four times I had no way of knowing who they were from different voice reports being broadcast from where we were in the theatre.
We got to see some other boats in Anchorage and we weren't in communication with the whole team. He was not in strict contact. erms in control it was impossible that we had made our plan and I had to rely on various captains to carry it out which they did without any prompting and the initiatives they took were exactly what I wanted them to take which was gratifying and kept going. way for the rest of the operation d day went very well on the hill and at the end i was very satisfied there was one or two small slip ups the second phase did not go into darkness but daylight and the reason for that was that the power took much longer to load into his landing craft from Norland than anticipated and this was caused by the Norland master drawing his lifeguard beds into mid-position, slowing the battalion's charge into his craft landing craft and of course the discharge was slowed down considerably by the air raids which continued throughout the day, but that did not stop the landing craft crews and helicopter crews from continuing, so by last light ofD-day I was quite satisfied that I had my five battalions. o ground commandos all my guns were secure my air defense was on the ground and my ammunition was starting to reach the ground and i was in a good position to repulse air and ground attacks by nightfall the beachhead was secured the commanders and parabattalions on the high ground around the San Carlos water consolidated their positions to their relief and surprise, there was no sign of an Argentine counterattack.
Brigadier Thompson had every reason to be pleased, but what next? How would the successful landing turn into victory and the recapture of Stanley? When would the ground forces leave their beachhead and lead the Argentine forces into battle? This was the concern of General Murr, who, having flown to the climb on May 19, was now steaming rapidly south on which, with five brigades, he was to be virtually cut off. for the next seven days and therefore unable to influence events, responsibilities must continue to fall to Brigadier Thompson according to the director. The cash he had received from General Murr on May 12, is to secure a bridgehead at East Falkland on which reinforcements can land on which an airstrip can be established and from which operations to recapture the Falkland Islands can be accomplished.
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