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The Falaise Pocket 1944: The Mission To Free Paris | Battlefield | War Stories

Jun 22, 2024
Operation Cobra, the American breakout at Avon on July 25,


lifted the lid on the can in which the Germans were trying to confine the Allies after the D-Day landings in Normandy, 7 weeks earlier, until then, the German defense was hard fought and extremely costly had managed to hold the line against all Allied attempts to advance far beyond the beachheads and advance towards the rest of France. This was achieved despite the critical shortage of men and material and the impossible demands of Adolf Hitler, whose only and basic strategy was to never retreat, never surrender and fight to the last man after several failed attempts made at tremendous cost, the British and the Canadians had finally established control over the northern districts on 10 July, but the Germans were still holding out in the south and southeast and Operation Goodwood, the attempt to dislodge them had failed disastrously on 18 July, this failure caused a heated controversy within the Allied High Command.
the falaise pocket 1944 the mission to free paris battlefield war stories
There was strong criticism of General Bernard Montgomery, the British commander of the 21st Army Group that Goodwood had started, American General Omar Bradley believed. that Montgomery was going to be fired Montgomery remained, but at the height of the arguments, Operation Cobra completely changed the landscape: its success nullified all the advantages that the Germans still retained in France and made further defense irrelevant to the Germans. Germans, the imperative now was to escape and preserve. What they could of their hard-pressed forces to defend the Homeland The situation after the success of Operation Cobra was symptomatic of the Axis war effort as a whole, neither Germany nor Japan could match the industrial power of the Allies and their losses that The Allies were able to absorb were slowly strangling their war efforts after 5 years of a war that seemed to be their first spectacular victories, both Germans and Japanese were on the run, fighting desperately to prevent the enemy from approaching their home territories, the Japanese were being chased from a Pacific island. the next and fought with manic desperation.
the falaise pocket 1944 the mission to free paris battlefield war stories

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They often reacted to defeat by committing ritual suicide with seppuku. The target of the American island-hopping campaigns was the islands of Japan themselves, which to the Japanese were sacred land. For them, the fate of their Divine Emperor Hirohito was also at stake, but by mid-


, the noose was tightening rapidly as the Americans arrived at Guam in the Mariana Islands in the western Pacific. Guam was about 1100 M from the nearest Japanese territory, the Bonin Islands, and the Americans had those vital advantages: control of the air and seas of Europe, the Germans sailed east and south as well as west, In 1944 the Russians had advanced beyond their own borders to force the surrender of Germany's ally Romania and into the Bulgarian capital Sofia in southern Europe, despite the masterful defense of Field Marshal Albert Kessing the allies had captured Rome Riny and Florence and were pressing the German Gothic defense line under these immense pressures Hitler's ideas to avoid disaster had become strange his weapons of Revenge the unmanned flying bomb V1 and the V2 A rocket with a touch of fantasy and science fiction, the Vengeance, was Hitler's response to the Allied bombing of Germany, but the idea that V weapons could change the course of the war in Germany's favor was also present in England: the first V1 powered by a pulse jet.
the falaise pocket 1944 the mission to free paris battlefield war stories
The engine and carrying a one-ton warhead fell over London on June 13, 1944. The guttural roar of its engine, then the sudden silence as it stopped and the V1 fell to Earth was a terrifying moment for all who heard it. . The V2 liquid fuel rocket. 46 feet long and weighing 13 tons, it was able to fall from the sky with just a whisper as a last-minute warning that it was always late. The sheer madness of the V-weapons campaign no doubt played its part in a plot to kill Hitler that had been brewing since 1942. On July 20, 1944, one-armed veteran Count Clus Shank von Staenberg planted a briefcase containing a bomb of time under a heavy oak map table in a cabin at Hitler's headquarters in Rastenberg the bomb exploded at 12:42 during a high-level conference, but Adolf Hitler was not among the dead.
the falaise pocket 1944 the mission to free paris battlefield war stories
It seems that he was saved by the thickness of the table. The revenge of the skin was terrible. Around 200 people were tried and executed. Some of them had only been on the outskirts of the city. plot, but the implications were enough, several high-ranking suspects were forced to commit suicide, including Irvin RL, who was in the hospital after suffering a skull fracture when his personal car was machine-gunned on July 17. General Ludvig Beck, former Chief of the General Staff and Field Marshal. gun von clug, who took over command of rl after being wounded, clu was fired within a month for failing to warn Hitler about the bomb plot.
Hitler had always harbored a deep hatred and jealousy towards the class of Prussian officers to which von Staenberg and other high-ranking conspirators belonged. and he came to believe that the entire vermar was full of them. He was not wrong either. The German army had been the focus of several plots to assassinate the Fura since before the war the army officers for their part despised Hitler and his fanciful ideas. The military strategy that had already brought disaster and shame to the German army in Russia, the fear of suspicion and the fear that Hitler's revenge could fall on someone at any moment, was a corrosive factor in the plight of the commanders.
Germans in France, even more so when their task was to save what they could of the remaining forces and get them out of the Allied trap that began to close after the American operation Cobra. General George Smith Patton Jr was an impetuous and selfish commander, but whose capacity for aggression made it impossible for General Eisenhower to dismiss him. Patton's behavior gave Eisenhower many opportunities. The incident in Sicily when he slapped a young soldier suffering from battle fatigue brought Patton into the spotlight. He did it again a week later, although he apologized. Patton was relegated and spent almost a year kicking his heels before.
He was given command of the US Third Army in January 1944, but Patton's stern war face and his mask of callousness and self-confidence hid a man with too many emotions and too many doubts to justify his own concept of a commander. effective military. The war said that the pattern is very simple, direct and ruthless. It takes a simple, direct and ruthless man to wage war. In this context, Patton's performance as a tough bully was impeccable. Not surprisingly, he aroused opposite reactions. He was hated and admired in equal measure. The contrast between the bellicose Patton and the self-confronting General Omar Nelson Bradley could hardly have been more complete, while Patton was always hot news for the war correspondent.
Bradley's low-key command style provided little copy. Bradley failed to distinguish himself at West Point or in the first 28 years of his career. His military career was frustrating, his assignments kept him home in the United States, and he once commented that he spent the years between World War I and World War II apologizing for his lack of combat experience, but those years were far from in vain. as a tutor at West Point. Fort Benning and Lenworth Infantry School Bradley developed his tactical skills and his own comprehensive style of troop management in 1943 Bradley was transferred to the North African front where he served as an advisor to Eisenhower and finally saw action when he led the second core of the 7th Patton.
Army in Sicily the following year in Normandy Bradley commanded the first army on D-Day and later accompanied them in the long and laborious fight to overcome German resistance on the Kenan Peninsula. At last the war correspondents had something to write about and noted how much they admired Bradley. journalists called him by his troops soldiers General Field Marshal Gunter Hans Von Clug was one of the eldest statesmen among the German military commanders in the Second World War his career had begun as early as 191 later, Clues was in command of the Army Group Center, which challenged but failed to defeat the Russian defenders of Moscow in the winter of 1941.
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of this remarkable era by registering via the link in the description in July 1944, when Hitler fired Field Marshal von runed. Clug replaced him as commanding general of the German forces defending France, but by this time Clu had realized that Hitler's strategy meant the destruction of the army.
Clu became extremely pessimistic about Germany's chances in the war, but never discovered whether his prognosis was correct. Hitler suspected that he was involved in the July 20 plot. He was relieved of command on 17 August and ordered to return to Germany two days later, while en route he committed suicide at Mets, in northeastern France, at the end of June 1944. Colonel General Paul. Hower was given command of the Seventh Army despite the protests of Irvin Rmel as Clug. Hower came from a long-established military family. He was 64 years old and a convinced Nazi, which RL was not. Hower had seen service in the First World War, but his defeat in 1918 left him eager for the chance to restore Germany's military reputation.
Command of the Seventh Army was a poisoned chalice. He was already in a parlor state after a month of desperate defense in Normandy and in the subsequent retreat through the Fet Aanan Gap he suffered further losses. in men and material Hower was one of those who managed to escape by riding to safety in a Panther tank, but he was seriously wounded and had to relinquish command. Hower, who appeared as a defense witness at the Nuremberg trials, was a long-termer. A survivor of World War II, he was 92 when he died in 1972. The Allies' strategy after the Normandy breakout was completed on July 31, 1944, was to converge on the Germans attempting to escape France through the gap. between aenta. and if the Allies could eliminate the main German armies in France, it would serve as a mortal blow to remove them from the scene.
When the Allies advanced towards the German border and invaded the Homeland itself, the Allied Forces certainly seemed capable of such a feat at the 1 General George Patton, commanding the Third Army, was part of the new US 12th Army group commanded by General Omar Bradley, who also It included the First Army led by the taciturn Lieutenant General Courtney Hodges Patton. In the position to the right of the Allied line, the British were on the left, comprising the 21st Army Group which had been expanded to include Lieutenant General Henry Kera's First Canadian Army. To the right of the Canadians was the British Second Army commanded by Lieutenant General Sames Dempsey with military power. of these proportions against a critically depleted German army there was talk that the Second World War in Europe could end before the end of 1944 the gap between the oent and the FES was the obvious way out for France and the 7th and 5th armies German, formerly Grupo Panza.
The West headed there in the hope of evading the Allied pin movement that was about to form against them. The best the Germans could do now was to somehow break through before the Allies closed the gap. The top German commanders were pessimistic about their prospects, but among the lower ones. ranks that probably knew less about their real situation Hope was not yet lost some weak hearts had deserted more than 1600 were executed in 1944 but others still had faith in the brilliance of their leaders and in their own fighting spirit it was not impossible either The Germans could count on more mistakes on the part of the Allies.
The same mistakes that had already plagued their assaults on K. Allied strategy around the core had proven flawed and costly, and there was also a strange torpedo boat afflicting some of their units, reducing their battle effectiveness on paper. , so it seemed as if the decimated German defense had little chance on the ground, the picture was not as dark as it might suggest, even before the D-Day landings in Normandy on June 6, 1944, Allied commanders had reached believe that wherever Allied forces were found they confronted the Germans withsomething resembling the same force, the Germans were going to prevail, from this it followed that, to triumph in Normandy, the allies had to create the most favorable conditions possible for their forces;
These conditions depended mainly on the overwhelming size of the invading armies and given the vastly superior numbers of their weapons in this rather nervous scenario, the Allies would have to fight their way to success or not succeed at all; However, by July 1944, the steady if slow build-up of Allied capability in France was creating the gigantic military force that the scenario required. By the end of June, 875,000 Allied troops, 150,000 vehicles and 570,000 tons of supplies had arrived in Normandy, and replacements exceeded casualties by more than 177,000 fresh troops. There was now no doubt that the Allies and the Germans would face each other on equal terms, even if the Allied Air Dominants were not included in the equation.
The 103-foot wingspan American Boeing B17 Flying Fortress was a giant among Allied aircraft of World War II when it was first introduced in June 1939. The B17 was the most advanced heavy bomber in the world and became the 1939 model, most predominantly used by the United States between 1942 and 1945, had to be improved several times and equipped with additional armor to meet the challenge of the German LT shock absorber. This requirement produced the final Flying Fortress variant, the b17g and 8.630 were delivered. to the United States Army Air Force in Europe in April 1945, when production ceased, the b7g Flying Fortress was manned by between six and 10 aircrew powered by four 1,200-horsepower correct Cyclone engines, The bomber could reach a maximum speed of 287 mph and had a ceiling of 35,000 feet with a full bomb load of 12,800.
The range of the flying fortress was 1100 thousand for defense. The bomber carried 30 half-inch machine guns, some of them trained on the forward turret. The flamethrower was one of the terror weapons of war capable of engulfing and incinerating an enemy's position and everything else within a range of approximately 50 yards or more by their very nature flamethrowers rarely inflicted the type of minor injury that would allow an enemy to continue fighting under fire from the flamethrowers, the enemy was more likely to be severely incapacitated by Burns and too agonizing to initially counterattack the flamethrowers served For different uses by the British and Americans, the Germans had already used these weapons in their Blitz Creed campaigns of 1939 and 1940 and the British Expeditionary Force in Western Europe was well aware of their punishing potential.
The Americans, on the other hand, realized very early how fanatical the Japanese enemies were in the Pacific, always willing to die rather than surrender and fighting in a manner equivalent to suicide in the Pacific Theater, the flamethrower was used. against pillboxes and Japanese block houses. In this context, the flamethrower was not so much a direct combat weapon but rather a shortcut to avoid the carnage that would ensue if the Japanese were allowed to deploy their full force in more conventional ways. Most flamethrowers used in World War II were one-man portable weapons, their range was of course limited, but the reward was the astonishing effectiveness of the flamethrower.
The British 3-inch mortar and the American 81mm mortar were basically the same as the mortar. Fairly simple 3-inch caliber weapon that required a team of three men: one to carry the short and stubby barrel, another to carry the base plate, the third carried the bipod that was adjustable, all in addition to several three-round ammunition holders, the mortar that had a characteristic thud. when in action a percussion was fired and each shot had to be reloaded after 7 weeks of almost suicidal defense, the German military capacity in France was on the verge of collapse in mid-July 1944, the Germans had lost more than 96,000 men but had received only 5,200 to replace them they had lost 225 tanks with only 17 received entire regiments had practically ceased to exist the remains of four of them formed a battle group within the second parachute corps whose manpower did not exceed 3,400 riflemen the division of The elite Panza Lair was reduced to 40 tanks and just over 2,000 men, this bird force was further weakened after 1,500 bombers from the US Army 8th Air Force bombed the panzer positions.
The attack took place on July 24 with poor visibility and several bombs fell on the front-line American troops so that Lair Panza was practically erased from the face of the


, almost all the remaining tanks were lost and barely 700 of his men survived. Basically, the German 7th Army in France had been reduced to zero formations and all they had to back them up were four battalions. of the 275th Division, all of them weak and barely able to contain the Allied attack, the Yagged Panther Tank Destroyer was an amalgamation of two extremely powerful weapons, the powerful 88mm Pack 43 cannon was mounted on the basic chassis of the tank Panther complete with its original powertrain and lower hull, the yagged panther which had an mg34 machine gun on the front weighed over 100,000 and was capable of reaching a maximum of 28 mph.
The armor was up to 4 inches thick. The Yagged Panther was a late development in German weaponry. In World War II it became available just in time for the Germans to oppose the D-Day landings in June 1944. 44 By this time, the German arms industry was already so pressured that it could only produce 382 Yug Panthers before the war came to an end. ended in 1945, but although comparatively few in number, the Y Panther had a deadly effect on Allied armor in Normandy, the Panther yag could maneuver with ease through most types of terrain, although the Normandy Bage with its Network of small fields surrounded by RS considerably thick hedges.
It reduced its effectiveness, but that applied to all tanks and self-propelled artillery that ventured into this tortuous maze, but in favorable terrain, the Panther yag could stay out of range of most Allied tank guns firing from close range. From 1,100 yards away, the Panther Yag was capable of destroying Allied tanks virtually at its leisure. German hand grenades were designed primarily to kill by exploding on or near their targets. Unlike the Allied grenades, there was only minimal fragmentation, so hot, deadly fragments were not expelled by the explosion when the grenade detonated the hlat 24 style the s24 was such a grenade it was activated by unscrewing the base and pulling the detonation cord attached to a wooden stick was relatively simple to use and had a particularly effective pin mechanism the s24 was about 16 inches long weighed about 14 oz and contained just under 6 o of explosive this grenade was an adaptation of the 23 hand grenade called a potato masher by Allied troops the stealthy nature of anti-personnel mines has always made them a greatly feared weapon and minefields They were widely attacked by the Germans during the Battle of Normandy, when The British and Canadians captured North Cor, finding it to be full of mines and the area remaining dangerous for some time before they were cleared.
Sine 35 was one of the smallest German mines. tall and 4 inches in diameter inside its concealed casing, the S35 concealed up to 18 ounces of TNT with a firing charge of 360 steel balls. It could be activated in several ways, either by using a pressure trigger, using tripwires, or by triggering it electrically. Before flying the S35 would jump 3 to 5 feet into the air by means of a propellant charge to render the S35 harmless, the firing wires had to be cut and the igniters neutralized, then the plugs were removed so the mine could be unarmed removing detonator 15 July 1944 victory RL warned Hitler that the time was rapidly approaching when hard pressure German defenses would crack the moment came 10 days later, on 25 July, delayed by rain, low clouds and poor visibility.
Cobra eventually took off, although it stuttered rather than came to life in a preliminary attack that hit American forward positions. More than 100 GIS were killed and nearly 500 more injured; However, the prestigious panel division was practically destroyed and the way was left open. for a full-scale Allied advance The attack brought the usual artillery fire from the German defenders, who gave their performance more than its due when friendly fire from their own air force caused the Americans to hastily abandon their positions and the Germans assumed that they were withdrawing. Meanwhile, in front of their weapons, there had been another distraction.
Another attack was launched in the spring operation on 25 July. A British and Canadian effort against German forces south of K. The Germans responded quickly and forcefully. The 1st and 9th SS Panza divisions counterattacked. so strong that within 24 hours the attack had to be called off. Operation Spring was, of course, a sideshow, but the Germans were under the impression that it was the main Allied attack. This was not surprising considering the balanced state of their intelligence and poor communications, but while the Germans were busy with the spring Cobra gained unexpected time to get underway before realizing his mistake the delay proved invaluable in clearing the ground. of appreciable opposition on July 25 the US 7th Corps had advanced more than 2 miles towards the German positions on the 26th The US 8th Corps had joined in and the Germans were driven back four more miles.
These successes created the conditions for the US 2nd Armored Division, known as the Hell on Wheels division, to storm Open Country on July 27, the following day. The US 7th Core arrived at Couton, by then the Germans had finally realized what was happening and shifted the 2nd and 17th SS Divisions to pose a threat to the US flank, but it was too late, The Germans managed to block the road to Couton for a few hours, but by nightfall they had been driven back and the Americans were in possession. On July 30, General Patton's Third Army seized the important road junction at Avon and the southern extent of the Kantan Peninsula.
By then, the Allied forces had advanced 37 miles. Covering more ground in 6 days than in the previous 7 weeks, the Normandy countryside that now lay before the Americans was a most welcome sight, they finally emerged from the bokage, that obstructive maze where even their Rhino tanks, tanks equipped with shovels to Cutting through Hedge's ranks had made only minimal progress by August 2. The Americans also encountered a 5-mil-wide Open Country sweep at Avon, where Allied Air Forces and Patton's four armored divisions were holding a gap open for them. The Third Army passed through Avon on 3 August, cleared the bokage and emerged onto the plains of Normandy.
They did not encounter any serious resistance. The German defenses had broken just as Roml predicted they would. More than that, the Seventh Army was disintegrating into small, scattered battle groups. no larger than battalion size. Columns of men wandered through the field looking for a way out. Most Germans were short of ammunition, especially for their anti-tank guns. The tanks ran out of fuel and were abandoned on the side of the road. The Germans were constantly hit from the air and suffered enormous casualties on August 6, 1944, they had lost more than 144,000 men and the replacements when they managed to get through were less than 20,000, it was a scene of chaos and desperation, but as so often happened with The Germans, it was not the whole story where they were able to regroup and mount a defense, even when they could only mobilize a few tanks, they were still able to prevent the Allied advance.
It seemed impossible that they could retreat and the Allies tended to take it for granted, but it was reckless, just as it was 4 months later at Arden, when the Americans were surprised by a last armored defense. The Fury still hoped to transform German fortunes in Normandy with a brilliant last-minute attack and, however pessimistic their own views, their commanders remained Duty. intended to try to make Hitler's dreams come true on August 3 Hitler ordered a counterattack operation to be carried out on Avon 3 days later the purpose of the operation was to isolate the American Third Army, turn north and crush the head from Normandy Beach.
Of course, excessively and even criminally ambitious, the Germans had to gather the necessary forces from what remainedOf five Panza divisions between them, they only had 185 tanks and their mobile armored attack would inevitably attract the attention of Allied aircraft. Irvin RL, who knew about such things, would never do it. He had approved it, but at the time he was out of action and in disgrace he was under suspicion for complicity in the July plot to kill Adolf Hitler. Hitler's grasp of military realities had always been shaky and no one else seriously believed in the success of the Counterattack, but it was dangerous to contradict that the further LK pressed on, the German assault would begin on Morta, which had been captured by the 7th core.
American and the positions to be attacked were those of the American 30th division. Hitler's purpose was to divide the American forces in two by taking control of the road network around Morta and then driving towards the coast. However, ultracodes intercepted German radio trans


s and warned Allied commanders of German plans. The bellies managed to capture Morta, but it was of no use to them. with no control of the road junctions to the north that were blocked by the Americans at La Blanch, the strategic hill 314 cited in The High Ground east of Morta also eluded the Germans, the hill remaining in the hands of the American 30th Division who used it to plague the Germans with artillery fire, but the Germans were not intimidated by the difficulties, they continued to attack Hill 314 and at one point an SS officer presented the Americans with an ultimatum to surrender.
The Americans refused to accept this denial. This refusal was met with even more vigorous attacks in which several Americans on Hill 314 had to resort to their artillery to rescue them, but the sound and fury of the German assaults were hollow and their successes were short-lived. The Americans sent tanks to hunt down their infantry and early. On August 7, Allied fighter-bombers arrived and hit them so hard that half of their tanks were destroyed. Then a 5-mile advance by the Bellies toward American lines came to an ignominious end when they ran out of fuel. The German armor received so much punishment.
They only had eight of their 88mm tank guns in left field. Marshal CL and Colonel General Hower were so dismayed by the waste that they dared to protest when Hitler ordered the bellies to remain in position on August 9, as the usual protest proved futile. Hitler issued orders for a new attack on August 11 in the direction of Avon, 20 M west of Mortan, for this purpose all available German armor was to be concentrated in a new formation of the panag abak group. General Hans Ebach in command of the new group understood the scratchings of those forces that had been able to survive, but the German attack on Morar had valuable uses for the Allies.
The doomed German attack on Morar fit perfectly with General Montgomery's plan to envelop and trap the enemy between sandta and fet the Germans had received orders not to make him retreat from morta and this placed them right where Montgomery wanted them. On 6 August, Montgomery issued a directive requiring the First Canadian Army to attack towards FES and then turn east towards the rivers, while the British Second Army would move towards Aanta and also turned east, the 12th Army was ordered American to continue his advance eastward and then head for Paris, the German counterattack at Morar and his subsequent failure in Retreat while there was still time meant that his entire B Group army—the remnants of the force assigned to defend Normandy—were among the jaws of Montgomery's trap.
The encirclement was modified on August 8 when Patton's 15th core received the order from Allenon to cover. In the southern sector of the Trap, 3 days later, the Canadians received new orders to capture both FES and Arenton, while the US Army 12th Group completed the entament by advancing towards Arenton. On paper, everything seemed simple, but as was often the case with the Germans, the reality on the ground was different. Instead of encircling and mopping up an exhausted and disheartened enemy, the Allies were met with fierce resistance. One of the great strengths of the Germans was their ability to change Guns And Men armor from one place in immediate danger to the next and do so quickly.
This strategy had already been successful several times and now it was going to be successful again. The operation to total the Canadian advance at Fet began on 7 August but stalled 4 days later, the Canadian reserves and the Polish 1st Armored Division were fighting their first battle and proved unequal to the task of capturing Fet o drive to Arenton to meet the Americans on August 11, when the Canadians stopped. They were only halfway to filleting, after a 9-mile advance, the American 15th Corps, which including the French 2nd Armored Division, had little difficulty reaching Arenton, where they waited impatiently for the Canadians to catch up.
The next attempt by the Canadians, the treatable operation began on the morning of August 14 and this time they managed to break through to take positions 12 miles north of the Americans, however valuable time had been lost, now a formation was formed. huge


with the German Seventh Army, the Fifth Panzer Army and the Paner group inside it, the only exit was at Filet and on August 13 in a typically aggressive gesture General Patton had tried to persuade General Bradley to allow him close the gap by driving its 15th core north of Arenton. Bradley refused that the Allied line was too close to risk a German attack on both ends.
Bradley preferred to wait until US First Army troops arrived at Aranton to take the 15th Core position. Bradley was not alone in his caution, most Allied commanders, except for the fire pattern, were somewhat AED by German military tactics that were certainly superior. This was particularly true when his skills would likely be exercised in a corner as tight as the steak space; the allies also feared inflicting an unacceptable casualty rate on their own forces; Added to this was the lack of experience in carrying out a large encirclement and these inhibitions were going to limit the success that the Allies were able to achieve at Fet, of course, there was no doubt that the Germans were going to hold Fet's


, the point was how much of his decimated and exhausted army and remaining armor could escape as much as the Germans could.
What had to be done before the inevitable collapse was to hold on to every meter of ground. On August 15, a screen of German tanks stopped the advance of the Canadian armor. The 3rd Canadian Division was forced to withdraw from the village of Solangi by a vigorous German counterattack. The 2nd Canadian Division had better luck near Fet, the Germans retreated, allowing them to reach positions about a mile away. The Canadians entered the city where the latest style of German defense was again represented by a handful of Hitler Youth from the 12th SS Panza Hitler Division and outside there were around 100 men from the Mount Royal Fusers with anti-tank mortars and Bren aircraft carriers at the side.
In the end the riflemen took only four prisoners, the rest were all dead, but in itself it was a sea of ​​ruins and the rubble was so extensive that it was impossible to distinguish where the bulldozers had been placed in the streets to clear the mess. It took several hours before bulldozers could clear the way for the Canadian vehicles the day before. Field Marshal Von Clug reported to Army Headquarters that holding the breach at Fet was impossible this time and finally Adolf Hitler came to his senses and agreed to a withdrawal, but dismissed Von Clu, whom he suspected not only of complicity in the July bomb plot, but also negotiating with the allies behind their backs.
Von Clug was replaced. by Field Marshal Valta Modal, who found himself in charge not of an army but of a rabble eager to escape the extermination camps of Normandy. Time to escape was running out. On August 17, the 2nd Canadian Core and the 5th American Corps. They made advances that reduced the exit from the fet pocket to just a few thousand meters. The Germans fought desperately to prevent it from being reduced further at the village of s Lamb on 19 August. The Canadian infantry dueled all morning with the German defenders, who forced them to dig in. in the Germans mounted successive counterattacks so that the Canadians would not prevent them from keeping the escape route to the east open the Germans were being helped from an unusual location elsewhere the advance of the Canadian and Polish troops was agonizingly and inexplicably slow despite Under the frantic thrusts of Montgomery and Lieutenant General Guy Simmons, commander of the 2nd Canadian Corps, the Allied Air Forces pounded the German infantry and tanks now pouring through the gap still open.
Allied fighter-bombers flew up to 3,000 sorties a day and the carnage and destruction was immense, but still the Fet gap remained open and yet the fleeing Germans advanced despite the deadly gauntlet they had to run, the Poles had Seizing the high ground at Monto and had established machine gun positions from which they fired on the Germans passing below, they called in artillery to attack columns of German vehicles. As they passed the Canadians, as they fired on each group of Germans, they could see that the Germans were spread out running one by two from the cover of one forest to the next.
Some were quickly eliminated. Some fell to the ground, but managed to run. They lay wounded unable to continue, some simply gave up and raised white flags, but by then the ground was littered with corpses and the smoking remains of tanks and ruined vehicles. The gap between Aent and Filet was finally closed on August 21 when the Adams and Poles united in Cudar, the 3rd and 4th Canadian Divisions managed to capture Sun Lamb after two days of fierce fighting and the American 90th Division secured Shambo. 4 days later Paris was liberated by the French 2nd Armored Division everything should have happened earlier and the reasons why had not been disputed since the nature of the fighting in Normandy between July 25 and August 21, 1944 It seemed inexplicable the German forces were in a state of collapse they were outnumbered and outgunned they had no air cover and they were constantly hit by the Allied Air Forces their intelligence was poor and their communications defective Adolf Hitler his Supreme Commander issued orders that no responsible military man ever issued. would have rightly contemplated that the Allies should have been able to beat back their resistance and increase The depressing fact was that in all essential aspects of the war the German forces were tactically superior.
The German commanders were more skilled and more adept at making the most of it. of their resources, their men were better motivated, better led, better trained, much more determined and much more willing to sacrifice themselves for their cause among the Allied Forces, only the Russians showed the same drive to fight to the death when the battle ended for Normandy. While the Germans were being pursued throughout France, the remnants of the German 7th Army were in full retreat towards the bridges across the river. After the invasion of southern France on August 15, the German 9th Army was retreating in disarray across the river.
The river valley ran in a bold pattern-style initiative, troops of the American Sixth Corps under General Lucian Trusat managed to overtake the Germans and trap them at Montelimar on the east bank of the river on August 22, but Trusat was thwarted 6 days after. The second bellies counterattacked and did better than their counterparts in F. They kept the escape route open long enough for most of the German forces to escape. However, they left behind 15,000 prisoners and some 4,000 of their tanks and other vehicles were destroyed. There was no way to escape to safety. The French Resistance, eager for revenge, after 4 years of brutal occupation, sought and savored every opportunity to kill, torture or mutilate all the Boschs.
Entire units of German soldiers wandered around looking for Allied troops to whom they could surrender. The refuge of captivity could protect them from the fury of the French, while in the west, far from any possibility of leaving France, isolated German garrisons held out in the chest of Lauron sanaz lar roelle and in the Esty of the chest of Giron se They surrendered after a long siege. on September 18, 1944 and the rest a few months later except the lauron which remained in German hands until the end of the war the garrisons had remained in place by order of Hitler but it was a useless gesture they were nothing more than specks that remained of aonce powerful force that had invaded and occupied France since 1940 and the enthusiasm of that triumph had long since faded from the main pursuit.
Of course, it was in northeastern France that the Allies pursued their quarry toward the West Wall, the fortifications popularly known as the Seed Line. which protected Germany's western border, the British and Americans were still in pursuit well into September, but this was creating its own problems, the further the Allied forces moved from the Normandy coast, the longer their lines of attack became. supply and a new campaign was needed to displace the Germans from more convenient ports on the Belgian coast, while German forces that managed to elude the Allied clutches had the opportunity to entrench themselves behind the Western Wall, the fortifications popularly known as the SE line released were 3 Mi deep and had been built.
After 1938, to protect Germany's western border, in 1944, reserves were quickly moved to the Western Wall as Normandy survivors dug in. They were in a state similar to that of the wall itself, battered, deteriorated and weak, but their discipline and their will to fight were still intact. and its leadership headed by Field Marshal Von rad was of high quality if Normandy was anything to go by, the allies were facing another costly fight and the war was still a long way from over.

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