Strangest Things Found In SiberiaAug 05, 2023
Siberia is huge and makes up 77 parts of Russia, but there are only 23 populated in these completely uninhabited places. Strange
thingshave been discovered and many mysterious and unexplained
thingshave happened, such as the Tunguska event, but scientists discovered something surprising not long ago: a prehistoric virus that has been sleeping underneath. ice for millions of years and now even stranger massive craters are mysteriously appearing in the frozen Siberian tundra. What have scientists
found? Should we be worried about these new discoveries? Siberia has many different regions but the largest is the West Siberian Plain, it has one of the largest continuous flat land tracts in the world
foundin central Russia this large region is mostly flat and swampy, But the northern parts of the plains are dominated by permafrost that formed gradually over millions of years.
In 2014, a team of French microbiologists from the University of Ex-Marseille were studying ice cores taken 100 feet deep in the permafrost when they found something amazing frozen deep in the ice for 30,000 years. An ancient strain of virus was found buried along with other frozen organisms. It belongs to a giant class of viruses found. 10 years ago and called pithovirus siberism, until this discovery no sample of the virus had ever been found that had survived or lived successfully. French researchers added pieces of ice core samples to amoeba colonies to see if viruses in the permafrost could infect them shortly after the single-celled organisms began to die, a sign that something in the permafrost was fatal to them.
When scientists examined the amoeba colonies, they discovered that the giant virus was a thousand millimeters long and multiplied inside the amoeba. More familiar viruses like the influenza virus have 13 genes and are about 100 nanometers wide, but in comparison, giant viruses like the pithovirus can be a thousand times larger and have more than two and a half thousand genes, but is that something What should we worry about? Fortunately, this particular virus does not infect. humans or other animals as far as we know, but their ability to survive after being frozen for millennia has raised concerns that global climate change and Siberian drilling operations could release previously undiscovered, potentially dangerous viruses into our atmosphere.
A similar scenario of this came true in 2016, when an anthrax outbreak occurred in the Yamalo Nenets region of northern Siberia, a heat wave during the summer months raised the region's temperature to over 95 degrees. Fahrenheit. The permafrost melted and exposed the frozen remains of an anthrax-infected reindeer. Anthrax spores were released. in the air eight people were infected and more than two thousand reindeer were infected and died. People living in the area were evacuated 40 miles from the outbreak and the Russian government sent troops trained in biological warfare to deal with the emergency. The bacteria were contained, but there is no telling when this could happen again.
The idea that a deadly ancient virus is awakening is a terrifying thought and the rapidly changing climate is a real concern in Siberia. Researchers say the entire northern Siberian region is warming at a rate two and a half times faster. than the rest of the planet since the 1970s, permafrost has receded and reduced in thickness with temperatures increasing by 2 to 4 degrees in the last 30 years. Could we see another prehistoric virus emerge from the permafrost? Only time will tell, but there is something else. It is an incredibly strange occurrence in Siberia and the discovery could endanger the entire planet in recent years.
Mysterious craters have been found in the Yamal Peninsula region of northwestern Siberia and scientists aren't exactly sure what could have created them. In July 2014, the first crater was found when Russian helicopter pilots spotted the mysterious hull in the permafrost that seemed to emerge from nowhere. This crater torn from the frozen ground was 65 feet in diameter and more than half a football field, Deep blocks of ice and dirt were thrown hundreds of feet. From the center of the crater appeared the open hole that quickly filled with water, forming a lake. Something very powerful had to create such a large explosion and leave such a large hole in the ground.
No one has seen an explosion or caught it on camera, but in 2017, a reindeer herder reported a loud explosion and smoke rising from the ground, then a crater 25 feet in diameter and 65 feet deep surrounded by large blocks of ice and chunks of earth, despite what you might think, the explosions coming from these are nothing. As you would see from a volcano, ice volcanoes are very different, these holes are probably created from the explosive combination of methane gas, frozen water and mud, but they don't actually explode enough to expel the material, like a volcano. that explodes with lava.
The mound begins to grow called a pingo when the pressure inside becomes too great, the pockets of gas under the mounds that come from the permafrost burst and melt very quickly and even small temperature changes of the sediments produce enormous amounts of gas methane. An important source of methane is organic matter. Made from dead plants and animals that have been frozen deep in permafrost for thousands of years, as the organic matter decomposes, bacteria eat and digest it and produce carbon dioxide or methane as waste. If the ground thaws, it releases carbon dioxide or methane. into the atmosphere and this is the big problem for the planet because methane gas can very efficiently absorb heat in the Earth's atmosphere and is 30 times more powerful than carbon dioxide, considering the size of some of the hulls, it would probably be dangerous If someone were around enough places where the gas could erupt, but since this land is not occupied then it is not a big threat to people.
Russian scientists say there are many thousands of these mounds and some of them appear to be growing ready to explode into craters. The last of these craters was found in September 2020 when a bubble of methane gas that had been swelling under melting permafrost burst open to form a large crater 164 feet deep. About 20 of these craters have been discovered so far, but these are not the only craters that have been found. There is something even bigger and more sinister. Massive depressions are also beginning to form and the largest of these is the Butter Gaker crater, known by locals as the gateway to the underworld.
Batagaker is the largest permafrost crater in the world and is located in the Tega ecological region of Eastern Siberia. The land here started to sink after the forests around the sea were cut down causing a permafrost thaw in the 1960s without the cooling effects of the trees the frozen ground started to melt causing it to collapse and sink now this huge pit has More than half a mile wide and 328 feet deep, the crater is always alive and growing at an alarming rate, about 30 to 100 feet per year. When the weather is warm, researchers can hear the constant crackling of melting ice and hear groans like large blocks of permafrost, some the size of cars.
They break and fall from the main wall like smaller craters. Butter Crater is also releasing previously trapped carbon dioxide and methane gases into the atmosphere, accelerating climate change. Researchers have been sampling the crater and the lower layers of permafrost are 650,000 years old. Remnants of ancient forests preserved for eons in permafrost can be found here and researchers say layers of sediment in the crater could reveal thousands of years of Earth's history as the crater expands. Scientists are discovering well-preserved plant remains. and animals that have been extinct since the Ice Age With all these craters discovered, scientists warn that the melting of Siberia's permafrost could become a major environmental disaster and now scientists have found a surprising number of 7,000 mounds or pingos that could be bubbles filled with gas.
Ready to explode at any moment. Work is now underway to try to find out which of these are dangerous or not. Scientists think they understand these craters, how they form and what problems they pose for the environment, but there is another mysterious crater in Siberia. and no one is exactly sure how it was created and where it came from the ptomsky crater was discovered in the ercusk region in southeastern
siberiain 1945 by a geologist named vadim kolpakov named after the potomsky river local residents called it the nest of the fire eagle The cone of this crater has a very strange shape with a small mound in the center that measures 130 feet high and 100 meters wide at the base.
By counting the three rings growing in the crater, scientists calculated that the crater is around 250 years old, but the strange thing is that the trees around the crater show accelerated growth similar to the growth seen in the forests around Chernobyl after the nuclear disaster. In 1986 since the crater was discovered many have tried to discover what created it some researchers have tried to link it to the tunguska meteorite which has not yet been discovered some believe it is the remains of some type of volcano but it has never been found volcanic material. In fact, the entire structure consists of broken gray limestone.
Modern geomorphologists believe that the Potomsky Crater could be a very rare gas volcanic event for large reserves. of underground gases, but the mystery still continues and there is no solid evidence of how it was created, maybe one day we will have the answers to this and more, so be sure to stay tuned here for more exciting and incredible things happening on the planet .
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