YTread Logo
YTread Logo

Soviet TU-160: The Supersonic "White Swan" of Russian Aircraft

Jun 10, 2024
Hello and welcome to another mega projects video guys, it's never too late to realize you're missing out on a lot of my content. Do you know that this channel publishes three videos a week. Well, so do the sister channel's side projects. I have profiles on strange plane projects that failed horribly shipwrecks that caused huge explosions strange mysteries of the natural world and a bunch of other things and we post videos on that channel every day we don't post videos here so that's Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday , I take a break. on sunday because otherwise i would die of exhaustion there is a link below if you are interested in subscribing if you like this channel you should probably get into it the

white

swan

has come back bigger, faster and heavier than ever this is a plane that comes with a variety of names formally known in Russia as tu-160, as blackjack for NATO countries, but with the actual title of

white

swan

, this is an

aircraft

that has been breaking records since its deployment more than 30 years ago, the Americans can maintain their stealth. bombers can keep their b-1 spears on the tu-160 the

russian

s have the fastest and heaviest mach 2

supersonic

bomber currently on the market why stop there?
soviet tu 160 the supersonic white swan of russian aircraft
It is also the largest and heaviest fighter

aircraft

, the world's fastest and largest bomber. and the heaviest aircraft with a variable-sweep wing design to ever take to the skies, and yet it is also an aircraft with a complicated history, first introduced 10 years before the collapse of the Soviet Union, but not It did not fully enter service until 1987, when the Tu-160 began its life. At exactly the wrong time for any fledgling piece of Soviet military equipment, its production soon stalled and with 19 of the old Soviet Tu-160s parked in what became the Ukraine it once again seemed as if the White Swan story was not to be. more than a brief but dazzling cameo in today's video that story as the cold war turned into the biggest, greediest and possibly stupidest arms race in all of history, I mean, it was because there were nuclear weapons involved, the United States and the Soviet Union were anxious.
soviet tu 160 the supersonic white swan of russian aircraft

More Interesting Facts About,

soviet tu 160 the supersonic white swan of russian aircraft...

To gain the upper hand before things got to the point where they could push the button and launch a series of intercontinental missiles that would effectively wipe out humanity as we know it, both nations saw high-altitude strategic bombers carrying thermonuclear bombs as the best way. to destroy. An enemy city in the Soviet Union Planning for an aircraft capable of

supersonic

speeds began in 1952. The first design to emerge was known as Project 108, an aircraft designed to be able to take off from the USSR and fly to the United States. a bomb and then return home before the Americans knew what had hit them, the Americans would definitely know what had hit them before returning to Russia because a city would have been destroyed, this soon became the most advanced 135 project , but while things were progressing smoothly in the USSR the introduction of the Nike Hercules surface-to-air missile and the Delta Dart interceptor in the United States now formed a fearsome protective shield across American skies the Soviets now knew that strategic bombing would probably would fail and both projects were shelved which would have been really expensive.
soviet tu 160 the supersonic white swan of russian aircraft
When ICBMs burst onto the scene, it seemed as if time had run out for a long-range strategic bomber before it had really started, but while ICBMs were excellent to hit specific targets thousands of miles away, which they could do. What it needed to do was act as a show of force, which was vital for both sides. I don't know, blowing up one of those and landing it unarmed in the middle of some city in the middle of a street, that would be a pretty solid show of force, although they're probably going to launch armed nuclear missiles in retaliation and things are going to end badly.
soviet tu 160 the supersonic white swan of russian aircraft
That's why I'm not a general. Also, that would be a bad idea. Shortly after the Cuban missile crisis, Soviet leaders decided that they did, in fact, want or need, depending on how you look at it, a series of high-altitude strategic supersonic nuclear bombers, even if they never If they were used to attack an enemy target, their speed and power would amplify the glory of Soviet power. That may sound completely absurd, but we're talking about the Cold War here, it was all absolutely absurd to give you an idea of ​​the ridiculous extremes of brinkmanship. You need look no further than the detonation of the SAR bomber in 1961, the largest nuclear explosion in history and perhaps the greatest display of nationalist strengths ever to emerge from the Soviet Union, and fortunately for you, we've covered it recently, so why not take a look at it after this video?
Suddenly, strategic bombers were back in fashion and, by the way, the saab ombre. That thing was only detonated at half its potential output and I mean, even at half it was crazy, suddenly strategic bombers were back in fashion and to make matters worse for the Soviet Union, the B-1 Lancer American was in development and nearing completion, as it was. Often the case in the USSR, a series of competitions were held aimed at pitting various design bureaus against each other to design an aircraft that could match and even surpass the B-1. In 1974 the Tupelov Design Bureau was chosen and commissioned with design and construction.
What would eventually become the Tu-160 then the links were quite simple in the most wildly ambitious Soviet style: it would need to carry a wide variety of missiles both nuclear and conventional and would be capable of high-altitude and supersonic intercontinental travel. speeds that the plane would need to be able to take off and take off from a relatively short runway and also be able to penetrate air defenses at low altitude. The Soviet authorities not only wanted to have their cake and eat it, but also to be able to drop a bomb on the bakery from 16,000 meters above sea level to ensure that no one else got any cake, it was a dizzying series of requirements that seemed insurmountable and so they couldn't It is surprising that more than 800 different design bureaus, scientific institutes and production plans were involved in the planning and construction of the Tu-160.
The first aircraft was built at the Tupelo plant in Moscow and had several hugely innovative features, including the new fly-by-wire system, a computer-regulated semi-automatic system that gave the aircraft the feel of being an agile jet fighter and not a bulky bomber, the heavy traditional controls included in bombers would change the more maneuverable fighter command, Said to be a big hit with younger fighter pilots, the Tu-160 had over 100 different onboard computers controlling everything from altitude and thrust to individual missile controls and radar detection, it also came with a lifting body configuration, meaning that the fuselage contributed to the lift of the aircraft and not just the wings as usual.
This is actually a type of aircraft design that first appeared in 1917, but was frequently rejected because its lift was insufficient at lower speeds, this meant that the aircraft came with a fairly large but aerodynamically smooth center fuselage section. which had the added benefit of being able to carry a lot of fuel. Another striking design difference was the plane's swept wing. design means that the wings point slightly backwards rather than straight, a feature almost all supersonic aircraft have, as that is the optimal design. High speed, the wings can be used in two different positions, swept pointing further back for faster speeds and extended, a more traditional design for slower speeds.
Takeoff Speeds and Landing The first test flight of a Tu-160 took place on December 18, 1981 at the Fly Research Institute and was considered a great success shortly after the project was given the green light to begin production. production on a much larger scale. The plan was to build about a hundred of these planes, but as Bob Dylan sometimes sang, they are changing. One change made to the Tu-160 quite early was its apparent similarities to the American B-1 Lancer, especially after an unauthorized image of the aircraft parked at Sakopski Airfield in November 1981 was published in a foreign aviation magazine.
If the Soviets had somehow stolen the B1 design well, let's be honest, it won't be the first time something like this has been attempted and it wouldn't be the first time either. Lastly, but while the B-1 and T-160 may share some structural similarities, they are two very different aircraft, as much as the Americans would have loved it if they had simply copied the B-1, the Tu-160 was significantly better. In many ways the t-160 has gone through several modernizations more recently as last year we went over some of the aspects of the aircraft and they were all correct around 2005 and we will see later in the video.
Explain some of the more modern changes, so this powerful high-altitude strategic bomber comes with a crew of four, a pilot, a co-pilot, a bomber and a defense systems operator. Measuring 54.1 meters long with a wingspan of 35.6 meters when swept and 55.6 meters when conventionally spread, it is powered by four Samara NK321 afterburning turbofan engines with thirty thousand nine hundred foot-pounds of thrust each. one dry and fifty-five thousand foot-pounds with afterburner to give you an idea of ​​the difference with the b1 lancer. The American engines put out the same power when in afterburning mode as the Tu-160 does when running dry, and the NK-321 is widely believed to be the most powerful jet engine in operation today.
The plane has a maximum speed of 2,220 kilometers per hour, which is equivalent to Mach 2.05, and a service ceiling of 16,000 meters, that is, 52,000 feet. It comes with a range of 12,300 kilometers, although this is considerably reduced if deployed in combat. The aircraft comes with five separate fuel compartments located in the fuselage or on the wings and can carry a total of 171 tons of fuel, that sounds like a lot of fuel, but the T-160 burns fuel like there is no tomorrow and is commonly refuels in the air for longer missions, the plane itself has an empty takeoff. It weighs 110 tons, almost exactly half that of a 747 airliner and is 23 tons heavier than the B1.
As you can probably imagine, the plane lands at high speed and requires three parachutes to slow it down that deploy out of the rear. Nearby to the aircraft is the Baikal onboard self-defense system, which detects and blocks radar threats if necessary. It could also use a series of thermal decoy flares to deflect the scent of incoming missiles in terms of its own arsenal. -160 comes with two internal weapons bays capable of holding a combined total of 45,000 kilograms of ammunition and two internal rotary launchers, each capable of holding six Roduga Kh55SM missiles or 12 AS16 short-range nuclear missiles.
Good lord, that's basically an arsenal if you can find it. bother Russia, this is not the plane you want to see entering your airspace now, as I said right at the beginning of the video, the T-160 became fully operational in 1987. although it is unlikely that many would have guessed that the end of The Soviet Union was only four years away from the union, it was already a bit of a difficult time in the USSR, but things started well for the new aircraft, even as the USSR began to implode, they were displayed profusely at events in 1989 and 1990 and no less than 44 world events were established. speed flight records in its weight class the gradual collapse of the

soviet

union occurred over several years, but really began in 1991 at which time 19 tu-160s were stationed in what once again became an independent ukraine In an instant Russia had lost a large selection of its new aircraft and Ukraine was playing hardball, they demanded 3 billion i.e. 5.1 billion current dollars in the mid-1990s for the return of the aircraft, which Russia considered it completely unreasonable and it's hard to argue with that, but considering what Ukraine went through during the days of the Soviet Union, you could say that some repairs were probably due, but without technical support and spare parts from Russia, the planes were of no use to Ukraine and sat idle as both sides closed in 1992, the new Russian president and heroic drinker.
Boris Yeltsin had canceled production of more Tu-160s with 35 aircraft under construction at the time, no doubt for financial reasons, while the new Russian state creaked alarmingly as it slowly got back on its feet as a single country onceMore in 1999 NATO began its bombing campaign against Yugoslavia and this seems to have stimulated the Russians to finally end the confrontation with Ukraine and a $285 million deal required eight 160s and three Tu-95 MSs to return to Russia. 449 million dollars in today's money at the end of 2001 the number of tu-160 remained at 15, which was soon reduced to 14 after an accident and the following year plans to modernize the aircraft were unveiled and it was around this time when the Russian bear once again began flexing its muscles in 2006, it was reported. that the t-160 had traveled undetected through us controlled airspace in the arctic region, now this was never confirmed nor denied by the americans, who will have to take the

russian

s' word for it in 2007, president putin announced that russian bombers would once again begin long range patrol something they had not done since the collapse of the ussr now remember what i said a while ago about the need for a sherf force well that's exactly what that Tu-60s have since appeared around the world, sometimes without authorization often not, and on numerous occasions have been escorted out of sovereign airspace by foreign aircraft, no doubt to the sound of laughter emanating from the Kremlin.
On June 10, 2010, two T-160s broke the flight record with a 23-hour patrol that covered a massive 8,000 kilometers flying along the Russian border and over neutral waters in the Arctic and Pacific oceans, as far as We know, the Tu-160 fleet was only used in combat operations in Syria. On November 17, 2015, several Tu-160 and DU95M began attacking targets in Idib and Aleppo, reportedly using the KH- air-launched cruise missile. 101 a total of 34 cruise missiles were fired destroying 14 targets. There were also reports that they were involved in operations against Isis, but that is much less clear considering that the design process for this aircraft began over 65 years ago.
Before it was quite remarkable that it had taken so long for them to get into real combat, in 2015 the decision was made to restart the Tu-160 production program and in January 2018 the Russian Ministry of Defense signed a contract for 10 new Tu-160 At a cost of approximately $270 million each, the first aircraft is expected to appear sometime in 2021. On November 3, 2020, the Russian United Aircraft Corporation tweeted that a deeply modernized U160M had just completed its maiden voyage using Its new NK 3202 series engines are broadly similar in terms of power to the older engines, but offer greater efficiency that apparently adds around a thousand kilometers to the bomber's range.
The flight is said to have taken place at an altitude of twenty thousand feet and six thousand meters and lasted approximately two hours and twenty minutes. Russian state news agency R.A Novosti reported that the plane was equipped with new onboard flight and navigation equipment, onboard communication system, modernized control system, radar and electronic countermeasures system, it is quite safe to assume that when the All new Tu-160 sometime in 2021, It will also come with this lot of new technology, so it would be a bit strange if they just used all the old technology, so the plane that went into service at the beginning of the decade From 1950 it is now preparing for life in 2021.
From what emerged from the Soviet Union during the Cold War, the Tu-160 was all about power and that indomitable X-factor, but it appeared on the scene at precisely the wrong time. , however, now Russia is giving it the great Soviet blast of the past. The tu-160 has finally found its place in the world for which it was designed during long, slightly threatening patrols and foreign airspace. A magnificent record-breaking deadly bomber in a world where fortunately there is not much to bomb, so I really hope you enjoyed this video one more time before you go, don't forget to check out the side projects of this channel's sister channel, to which I'll link below, thanks for watching.

If you have any copyright issue, please Contact