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Secret Brazil: amazing aquatic wildlife | Animal documentary - Part 2/2

Secret Brazil: amazing aquatic wildlife | Animal documentary - Part 2/2
a remote

aquatic

wilderness hides an incredible array of

amazing

animal

s we're all creatures dance to the rhythm of water each year epic floods drown the searing drought forcing conditions so extreme survival is at risk and winners become losers giant river otters risk their lives to protect their young while Caymans turned on their own kind Knight has a thousand eyes and the Thousand Eyes belonged to what may be the biggest concentration of Caymans on earth ten million of these scaly
secret brazil amazing aquatic wildlife animal documentary   part 2 2
beasts inhabit the Pantanal one of the world's greatest wetlands they've survived another dry season to luxuriate in the coming rains it's time for the male's to show who's boss from deep within their eight-foot frame come sound waves too low for human hearing they impress females alarm rivals two of the largest males face-off the winner will attract new mates but it's a free-for-all caimans of both sexes swim together rub their backs and share touch its a reptilian orgy
as both males and females enjoy multiple

part

ners soon after mating they will disperse as the waters rewrite the map of the Pantanal in their favor and a new generation will soon be on the way

Brazil

's Pantanal is about to show why it deserves its title of the world's largest unaltered wetland the flood-prone basin is ten times the size of Florida's Everglades streams and rivers snake across its flat-plane sanctuary for thousands of species of exotic plants and

animal

s and now
it's about to undergo an

amazing

transformation the annual deluge begins in the coming months nearly five feet of water could fall rivers swell their levels rise up to sixteen feet an area the size of Pennsylvania drowns in its place a vast labyrinth forms swamps Bank waters and lakes all linked together in just two weeks rains double the size of the lagoons the Caymans have fled to find prey elsewhere fields flood and fish spread out far and wide more than 250 different species now swim
were only days before land

animal

s scurried their new freedom takes them out of East reach of the Predators and makes them harder to find these are lean times for the giant river otters the Ponte now is home to whole families of these rare creatures the biggest otters in the world the floods dispersed their food the muddiness of the water forces them to use their ears their sense of smell and touch as well as their eyes to find something to eat this family must feed its young they return to
the precarious shelter empty-handed and vulnerable to predators summer dens dug into the banks are flooded now the de

part

ure of their prey is a serious blow to the family giant otters need to eat frequently to power their active lifestyle up to nine pounds of fish per day soon older unattached members of the family may follow the fish spreading through the Pantanal basin that may be their chance to leave and start families of their own the fish have fled for a reason the mass exodus is an
annual spectacle kurama's and parappa tangas are making their way upstream to reproduce like Salman larger species will travel as far as 300 miles baku and dorado abandoned the narrow confines of the riverbed to range more widely the fields offer new hiding places safe shallows and fresh grazing for many fish smaller rivers often come to an end and warm pools many fish settled in these dead ends to spawn they scrape out a home in the riverbed some parents were there young from other
predatory fish catfish dig nests in the sand to hold their eggs but the numerous species of piranha are looking out for any opportunity to eat the eggs rich protein the armored catfish is injured now she risks nirvana she's outnumbered and can only abandon her eggs the ferocious piranhas attacked the sick injured and weak the piranhas have eggs too now it's time for the thief to ward its own offspring a few weeks here will produce the season crop of new young piranhas the wettest
months in the Pantanal foresee turning of the tides fortunes reverse even the most dangerous creatures must adapt or die the anaconda spray has spread wide in the floods the giant snake must leave the water to search out something new to eat if it finds a large

animal

it may survive through the difficult months ahead it smells something living a nest carefully constructed above flood level with nothing moving nearby worth investigating but the risk even to this super snake is deadly caiman
secret brazil amazing aquatic wildlife animal documentary   part 2 2
mothers are fiercely protective there's no chance to ambush her unawares the Anaconda moves on to find an easier meal the flood shows no sign of abating the giant river otters are ranging far afield in search of food their dens are awash and when suddenly one spots danger they have nowhere to hide they raise the alarm a hungry Jaguar could make a meal of an otter the Jaguar watches as its chances disappear this time they beat a hasty retreat a long and tiring swim brings the otters to a
lagoon sometimes they travel as far as ten miles to find food trapped inside a blind alley their prey can't escape at last the Otters find something they can catch in their mouths they corner fish in the shallows and scour the bottom to find more the floods fringes reached the ranges that bound the plains Mountains edge the flat bowl of the Pantanal here mountain falls joined the waters of the low-lying basin below the surface Springs feed the streams the fish thrive in the
nutrient-rich pools one species here is especially unusual the parappa Tonga the parapet unga's practice a neat trick they leak on swollen streams to flood low-hanging branches high above flood level safe in their nest the caiman eggs are starting to hatch if the leaves have kept them hot they will be mainly males if the nest is cooler they will be mainly females they make a sound to summon their mom the mother is very attached to them she has boarded them for 10 weeks she won't
leave them now she's not going to eat them but help them as gently as she can her jaws can wrench off limbs but now she eases the hatchlings out of their shell she carries them to the nearest water one by one she has almost 40 eggs so this labor of love takes her all night the first days of her offsprings lives are the worst the tiny Caymans are born hunters but while they are small plenty of

animal

s want to eat them next morning peccaries the Pantanal wild pigs come down to the water to
drink they will eat almost anything this mother won't let danger come near her babies if she can help it she can keep her eye on those that stay close but some slip away to explore and the giant storks seize their chance curiosity kills the croc almost all young Caymans die before their first birthday that's why Caymans have so many eggs the falling water level brings the anaconda back to the streams it prefers it can hunt the hordes of fish as the return or

animal

s coming to the
banks to drink a good meal will last it for days or even months if the prey is sizeable hidden in sacks by its lungs Mina can stay below the surface for 10 minutes at a time it senses vibrations ahead on the stream bed it hasn't eaten for weeks and will tackle a caiman if it gets the chance the giant snake just needs to get close enough for an ambush it hasn't given up yet so many fish back in the rivers mean good times for those who depend on them for food like otters and Caymans any

animal

that relaxes its word will pay with its life crocodile e'en vs giant constrictor is a battle that has raged for 60 million years after four months the flood is finally receding there's a mass exodus from the distant pools fish begin to travel back to their home rivers and lagoons now the branches are too high for the jumping fish to leap instead they found an ingenious way to make the fruit come to them by following the monkeys Capitan's are messy eaters the braava Tonga
tracked the troop to gobble up whatever they drop but they must be where the prowling golden Verado it will snap up a small fish if it can and small fry must also watch out for another Asian predator cut off from its ocean bound relatives more than 20 million years ago when the rivers ran West the sea before the mountains rose the Pantanal stingray has evolved on its own in freshwater cut off from its seagull relatives passers-by respect its deadly sting and leave it alone a pair of Oscars
secret brazil amazing aquatic wildlife animal documentary   part 2 2
know to keep a wary eye on their neighbors if they want their eggs to survive caution is especially worthwhile for a catfish the neighbors are piranhas turn your back and they'll gang up on you they prefer to eat other fish and don't mind which bits if they are provoked or starving they will turn on anything they have for Asia's appetites they're sharp triangular teeth interlock to shear off flesh their feeding frenzy can strip even large prey clean within minutes the shrinking
floodwaters concentrate the fish into narrower streams and pools once again fortunes reverse now the massed prey turns birds into winners in the lottery of life in the Pantanal they'll even hunt with the Otters driving the fish towards each other the giant otters are enjoying winning streaks now - surprisingly less water means more food fish are plentiful the Otters can find them more easily in the rivers than when their prey was scattered far and wide in the flood the fast-moving hunters
eat mainly fishes they fish by day and even when they are out and about its otter family etiquette - wait till everyone has finished eating before moving on once fed the youngsters have energy to spare for play the riverbanks reappear as the level drops the parents can dig new dens for the family a warren of connecting tunnels and chambers with several entries and exits they need somewhere safe for the new babies they will soon have the temperatures rising and they even enjoy some time out
storks and Caymans are coming back into their home the also profit from huge numbers of returning fish born in the distant pools of the flood season murky conditions are ideal for ambush Camus can't chew that they can bite and swallow and they are determined not to let any lucky strike be the one that got away the growing hours of Sun recharged the Caymans batteries they bask on the shore to warm up when they are too hot they open their mouths to cool down meanwhile leeches and
bloodsuckers have a free ride and a drink in the shade of their jaws the flood is a distant memory where fish swam only in weeks before is now dry land and anteaters browsing for termites this anaconda has just left a shrinking stream in search of better hunting grounds it has to find safety before the Sun shrivels if the snakes can the giant snakes journey takes it we're only a short time ago fish swam now it's the domain of the rares and other land

animal

s like the anteater the
Anaconda would be happier to find

animal

s it's used to meeting and eating the anteater looks comical but has razor-sharp claws like the snake it has very poor eyesight and won't see a threat until it's very close the snake can sense its presence through vibrations in the ground and notice any movement it makes the anteater glimpses the snake when it's near it avoids a mistaken confrontation that could endanger either of them the snake continues its search for water or prey the
anteater is on its way to a meal of its own a termite nest it may not have teeth but its sticky tongue can pull up thousands of termites in minutes almost five months after the flood fish are confined to rapidly drying patches of land there's no escape any that didn't return to the river beds are now trapped the vultures will clean up for losers remains only the widest watercourses survive they give sanctuary to

animal

s lucky enough to find them the giant otters have set up home here
they have burrowed out several dens into which they can retreat they hide their new cub safely inside they mark their presence to warn others off wood rails eat any fishy remains the wide rivers still hold valuable stocks of fish the otters will attack any other otter family that tries to poach their territory after they have fed the parents send the Cubs to the river there are only a few weeks old but it's time for a swimming lesson the novices stay close to the bank for now but the
parents are not the only ones keeping an eye on the Cubs the otter spot the would-be attacker they let him know he's not welcome and warned the others parents quickly howl Cubs back to safety this time the big cat has lost the advantage of surprise but he may come back rather than risk that Jaguars return the otter parents abandoned this den they'll carry their precious cubs away to a riverbank where they have another home on the way a baby loses its mother it cries for help it
will be up to five months before it's mean but it will hunt for itself before a years out otters continue to live with its family for at least a year and a half for now this one has just helped us the heat continues to rise into the 90s Cayman hunkered down wherever they can find moisture they prefer not to waste energy moving to stay cool they'd normally move to shade and deep water here there's no shade and little water they wrestle themselves into the thickest mud as the heat
grows they risk overheating fatally starvation makes an otter bold he's after something to eat dead or alive even a small caiman corpse will do suddenly the hunter is hunted desperation drives

animal

s to extreme acts the once flooded plains extend their now arid expanses in every direction Caymans and tortoises gamble with their lives as they set out on long Overland tracks and the ashes search for water caimans crowd the few Oasis the award them jealously few fish remain but personal
survival may outweigh the preservation of a future generation hunger is what motivates them now and a hungry Kalin may turn cannibal predators cannot afford to miss any opportunity at one of their other dens that giant otters are relaxing they are playing with their young from its vantage point on the bank the Jaguar snoops on family life it aims to catch them off guard this time the otters go on the offensive locals call them water jaguars they make a fearsome team and their jaws and teeth
are sharp enough to slice through thick fish bones they're so aggressive even the fontanelle's top predator would rather back off and take them on away from the remaining rivers both the land itself as well as the cameras are suffering conditions are so harsh payments are forced to play their final trick go into suspended animation for up to five months heat and exhaustion silence the usually noisy capybaras any movement was an effort the pitiless winter Sun claims evermore victims
how long can this go on maggots and worms are the winners now the earth fries in the heat dry foliage ignites of the Sun wildfires break out just when all the creatures on the edge signs of hope rain down the drenching is welcome Rane once again irrigates the fields it spawns births blossoms and quenches thirst ironically the rising waters make losers of the otters the banks soon overflow water floods their den they shelter under trees once more their prey will scatter and they will
soon be forced to move on the flood reopens

aquatic

highways into the Pantanal it's lifeblood refills the arteries that connect to its fast heart caimans return to congregate in numbers revitalized lay turned back to procreation with renewed strength they will soon spawn a new generation now the Pantanal burst into life as the year begins again forcing the fates of the entire wetland a unique alchemy of fiery Sun and fierce flood transformed

secret

Brazil

's extraordinary water world