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Raising 20,000 Chickens On Pasture [COMPLETE]

Jun 02, 2021
(uplifting country music) - Hi, I'm Christine Hernandez. I am the livestock specialist here at Heifer Ranch. Thank you for joining us in this video series about how we raised 20,000 birds on

pasture

. So we'll show you how we set up our brooder to take in chicks for our daily grazing duties and bring you to this end product of finishing up our poultry for the season. This is our brooder that we use for our chicks. Therefore, she needs a nice, clean, warm space, like a small chick nursery, for when her chicks first arrive at her farm. And this is the layout we decided to have here at Heifer Ranch.
raising 20 000 chickens on pasture complete
It measures 30 by 100. We have automatic water lines and automatic feeding lines, as well as feeders and waterers that will come out when the chicks first arrive. But probably the most important thing will be the heat. And we have six of these brooder hoods that we can control with a control panel. That is why it is very important that you keep your chicks at the right temperature. So when your chicks get here, you'll want the temperature to be between 90 and 95 degrees. They will be super cute and full of soft yellow fur, practically. And over time they will lose it and have their colored or adult feathers.
raising 20 000 chickens on pasture complete

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raising 20 000 chickens on pasture complete...

And with that, you'll monitor the temperature and start to lower it over time so that when it's time to come out of the brooder to graze, they get used to the temperature they'll be exposed to outside. This is the record sheet we use for all of our batches of chicken. It starts here when they first arrive at the ranch. And the important information that we keep is the number of mortalities that we have, the number of bags of chips that we leave on the floor so we can use that to know how much our lot costs at the end of the season. and then how much food we take out each day.
raising 20 000 chickens on pasture complete
And then we have a column for each day of the week and then also for each task schedule. So, our morning chore time and our evening chore time. And this starts with them when they come here to the brooder and then also goes out to

pasture

with them. And when they are grazing, we simply keep track of the number of deaths and the amount of food we give them for each task. This is the water system we established when the chicks get here. So, it's just a gallon of water that you can pick up at your local co-op or grocery store.
raising 20 000 chickens on pasture complete
We fill this with warm water and then we also put a handful of sugar in that water so that it dissolves. We want the chicks to come here and receive water with a little sugar to help them increase their energy. So when they arrive, they drink water and eat. We also have a water line on our brooder and these are just teat waters. Then, when the chicks are curious, they will go up and peck at this metal tip and a little drop of water will come out and we can raise it and lower it to the height of the chicken.
So as the

chickens

grow in the brooder, we can simply lift it up with this lever. And that helps keep the brooder floors clean. We don't have any water spills or anything like that. These are the shavings we use for our brooder. We get them from TLC, which is in Centerville, Arkansas. We purchase one truck at a time and receive full pallets. I think there are 35 bags of chips per pallet. That way we have this space in our brooder where we can store two pallets of shavings at a time so that the shavings are already here and it's more efficient for us to just grab a bag and put it on the floor.
We like these chips, I think they measure six cubic feet once you open them. But they're shrink-wrapped, so they're nice, small, and lightweight. And we like the chips that have bigger chips. Fewer bags are needed to cover the space. And then with these larger ones, the chicks are less likely to try to consume them. Previously we used shavings that were very fine and the chicks tried to eat them instead of the grain. These are the feeders that we place before the chicks arrive, they are called turbo feeders. They simply come in two pieces and one simply sits on top of the other.
And then we fill it with a little feed. And we use these feeders until they are empty, which usually lasts a couple of days. And then we move on to our larger red feeders and then to our feeding line, which you can see behind me. But the food goes down very well here. It's nice and low to the ground so the chicks can easily get to it and they're less likely to get shavings here with their feed the way this system is set up. We want the chicks to arrive for the first time, it is very important that they get food and water as soon as possible.
That's why we like to place our feeders and water outside so that no matter where the chicks go, they will turn around and run to the food or water. These are the large feeders we use. We introduced them to the chicks when they first arrived here and then they will use the same feeders for the seven weeks they are here on the ranch. There they will have 30 pounds of food. And so what we like about these is that you adjust them for height. So when the chicks first get here, it's nice and under the ground so they can reach their food.
But as the chicks grow in the brooder and on the pasture, we set it up so that we can move this S hook up the chain and that adjusts the height so it's at the proper feeding height for the chicks. at all times. their lives. So, with these feeders the feeding space is a little larger than with the turbochargers that we already saw. And so the chicks are more likely to get shavings here and climb here and eat their food. So with our tasks, we go around and make sure we get out the shavings that are here.
And then at the end of each batch of

chickens

, we also take them out, clean them, and sanitize them so they're ready to use for the next batch of chickens. So 1,600 chicks just arrived here at the Heifer ranch. You can see they arrive in these blue boxes. There will be approximately 100 chicks per box. When they get here, we take them all inside and close the door so we can keep them as warm as possible here. And then our job is to simply take each chick and dip its beak in the sugar water we talked about earlier and then place it next to its food.
So now she has had water with a little sugar and now she can go ahead and start eating and walking with her other friends. So we get our chicks from a local hatchery here in Arkansas. So these were hatched this morning, our driver picked them up and delivered them to us here, just a few hours away. You can also receive chicks through the postal service. It will be delivered directly to your local post office. It will take a few days to reach you. But what you are looking for when your chicks arrive is exactly what these chicks are doing.
They're drinking, they're eating, they're active. They're already scraping off the chips and things like that. They look like very good, healthy chicks. (uplifting country music) So we're back at our brooder with our batch of 1,600 birds. They are now about two weeks old. And we've just been keeping a close eye on them, making sure they're comfortable in their environment and have clean food and running water daily. They will come out to graze here in about five days. So today I'm just going to walk you through our most disturbing daily tasks. The first thing we do is enter and walk among our flock.
We were looking for someone who wasn't thriving. So maybe he's not able to walk very well and is much smaller than the others, if there is any mortality. So we'll do a quick overview of that every time we get into our brooder, then we'll go ahead and make sure the water height is at the right height for the birds. As you can see here with our water line, what you want is for the chick to just have to lift its head a little bit to reach those nipples and peck at them. We need to make sure the water height is appropriate for everyone on our plot.
Some birds will be larger than others, so be sure to adjust their height as they grow. Secondly, there will be, thirdly, our feeders. So on our main red feeder line, you can see that the chicks have to jump to get in there. We make it so that when the chicks are scratching, which you can see them doing now, that's their natural behavior, we want them to be able to exhibit it. They're scratching for bugs, looking for divided food, anything like that. It's just that when they scratch around the feeders, we want them to be high enough so that shavings don't get into their food, otherwise cleaning the shavings from those feeders would be another chore for us.
Okay, the height they are at right now is the perfect height for birds of this age, which are about two weeks old. And then the second feeders would be these red hanging feeders. We incorporated them into our brooder from day one because they are the red feeders that they will use on the schooner, so we want them to be used to using them and familiar with them. We adjust the height of these with each morning and afternoon task. We want the feeder tray to be level with the chicken's shoulders so you can see where the neck and body meet, that's where we want this tray to be.
We want the chick to have to stretch a little to get food. If it is too low, the chicks will stand inside and kick the shavings. We'll have to clean them. Too high and the chicks, all the chicks won't be able to get there or they will have to jump here to get food. So we just fastened it with simple S hooks and chains hanging from the rafters. We will fill them with our feed in buckets, varying each time our main feed line running down the middle of our brooder is fed through a hopper system connected to our grain bins so it fills automatically.
And then, at the end of the chores we will also review and leave more shavings. We want our floor well covered to cover any large manure spots and that usually happens around the feeders where the chickens spend a lot of time. And then also along the water line, we'll cover any split water or something like that with our chips to make sure our floor stays nice and clean. And then as these chickens grow, they lose the yellow fluff that they had. And they're actually growing these white feathers that you can see on them. So after his first week in the brooder, we will start changing the temperature inside.
Then, we will begin to gradually lower the temperature so that the birds are acclimated to the outside temperature and ready to be exposed to it when we put them out to pasture at around two and a half to three weeks of age. And one way to do it is with our most breeding wingers. We have two garage doors at each end. So we simply took a panel the length of the garage door and tied some chicken wire to it. You can use a screen or any other material you have lying around. We hooked it up to the pig panel so we could open the garage doors, let some air flow through, and let the outside temperature in.
And then the chicks can't get out of the brooder and no predator can get into the brooder. We close those doors every night, just as a precaution so things don't try to get in here and get to our chickens. So if you're working on a smaller scale or smaller batches of chickens and we're here and you don't have the automatic system that we have, you're still going to have to change their water twice a day, making sure they have fresh water. water, checking their feed, probably filling more feeders like this one, making sure there are no shavings or manure in that feed so the chicks can get as much fresh feed as possible.
And then you also have the option of not adding fresh shavings every day. Some people opt for the deep litter method, where they simply place a few inches of shavings when their chicks arrive and don't refresh them until the next batch arrives. Those are simply different preferences and you do what works best for you and your growing method. I just wanted to introduce you to our Prairie Schooner. This is the structure we have in the pastures in which we raise our birds once they come out of the brooder. So this is a 20 by 40 metal structure. You can buy the kits and assemble them yourself.
So before you take your chicks out to pasture, you need to make sure you have a plan in place for where you will move your structures. If you are using a structure this large or somewhat smaller, you still need to make sure that the pasture you are using has a nice terrain without streams or large ditches running through it. You want to make sure you place your structures far enough apart so that if you have to turn them around and start heading back in the other direction, the chickens don't pass through places they've already traveled. This isjust one of our schooners that we are preparing to take out our batch of 1,600 birds.
You can see there that we are using the same big red feeders from our brooder. We use the same ones in the pastures so that the chicks are already used to eating from them. We have giant little red water bowls and the water system that we made ourselves and that we will be able to see more of once the chicks are there. The schooner is covered with a nice thick canvas. It's a billboard type tarp and the sides can be rolled down and up so you can adjust them depending on the weather. So if it's raining, we'll lower the sides.
If it's a nice sunny day, we'll roll them up. The front and back of our schooners is a piece of wood. And then the bottom part of To do this we have screwed the vinyl material of the bathroom baseboard. And that gives the front and back of our schooner the ability to adapt very well to the terrain of our pasture and then we can also put other things in there so the chicks don't come off the schooner. That's why our schooners are covered with PVC coated chicken wire, which is a little stronger than regular metal chicken wire.
And on top of that, we also have metal mesh wiring as a stronger structure to prevent predators, local dogs or anything like that from entering our schooner and potentially trapping our chickens. We chose this pasture here to raise this batch of chickens. We have never raised chickens on this pasture before, but looking at the soil tests, this pasture needs some fertility, so we will raise our 1,600 birds on this pasture without having to go over this land again until next year. (uplifting country music) So, this structure is 20 by 40. Therefore, we will be able to fit 500 to 550 birds in here at a time.
When we get the chicks out here they will be about two and a half weeks old and a lot of that will depend on the weather. If the weather is going to be quite unpleasant, we will keep the chicks in the brooder for a little longer so that it will be nicer outside when the chicks come out here. We will advance this schooner one full space toward fresh grass every day. We chose to do it in the morning. And the way to do it is with a metal cable connected to any of the schooner's skids. And we just hook this up to a tractor and drive it forward.
One person is at the back of the schooner helping the chicks move forward. And the chicks learn very quickly that when the tractor is here and when we are here, that means they get fresh grass and they automatically come to the front of the schooner and try to be the first to catch the bugs. This is the hose we connect to our main water line with just a quick release and the water will go to our home water system. We like the hose inlet to be at the back of our schooner, so the opposite direction that we are moving, that way the hose stays out of the way and the possibility of any bits or pieces passing through.
On top of that it is non-existent. (uplifting country music) So today is graduation day for our chickens from the brooder. Today they are three weeks old. So we will pack them up and take them to the schooner and there they will be grazing for the next few weeks until they are ready to be processed. So we're going to show you how we do that with our chickens. The first is that we will establish a smaller aisle inside the brooder so we can walk and herd the chickens into the smaller section. And then we'll load them into boxes from there.
It is less stressful for the chickens if they are in a smaller place. It's faster and more efficient for us instead of having to walk around the rest of the brooder to pick them up and put them in boxes. Then we used our larger yellow boxes to make the alley smaller. You can use anything else you have on your farm to do that. But we don't put the smaller chickens in those cages. We actually use these boxes for smaller game birds. We buy them in 3T products. I think they're out of Minnesota. What we really like about these is that the floor of the cage is solid and there is actually a bit of texture that helps keep the chicks from slipping in there.
It prevents them from putting their claws through the larger holes found in the yellow boxes. It is easier for one person to transport this with 15-18 birds rather than the hassle of larger yellow boxes. This box also has two different types of doors. The first door is a hinged door, and that's how we get the chicks in and out. And I'll demonstrate it here a little bit. The second door is a hinged door. We don't use it as often, but it's still there to use if you want. (uplifting country music) So we're on our first schooner full of chicks.
There are just over 500 chicks here. So when we bring the box full of 15 chicks here, we put it on the ground. You tilt it back slightly so you can open the hinged door and then you can gently tilt the cage forward so the chicks can slide out of the cage. It is always important to check the inside of the cage and make sure there are no chicks hanging in there. What we have now is that this is our last batch of the year, so it's a little cold out here. So we went ahead and put some hay around the edges of the inside of the schooner so they can get in there and help keep them a little warmer tonight.
The first thing we did when we brought this schooner here was to make sure there was nowhere for the chicks to come out. So we made sure all of our final boards were in place correctly. That there were no holes or ditches in or on the schooner. If that happens, we can fill them with hay or we have some tarps or some bags of shavings that we use in the brooder just to fill those holes to keep the chicks in and not allow them to get outside. It is important that when you lower the red feeders here they are still at the proper height, right at shoulder height.
We have always noticed that the first day the chicks go out to graze their food consumption increases a lot and we want to prevent them from scratching it. All of our schooners are also equipped with four T-poles hanging inside and a large canvas. And they serve a purpose if a big storm or strong wind is coming, T-poles are already here on schooners. We can just take a T-pole driver so we can secure the schooners and then a tarp in case you need to put it over either end if it's really rainy or windy, just as extra protection for the chicks.
So, as you can see, the chicks have immediately started going to the grass, scratching it, eating it, looking for some insects, that is their natural behavior. That's why we love to see them and see them start doing it right away. For this reason, each schooner is also equipped with a simple water repair kit. There is everything you would need to fix a water leak or a hose or something like that. We like that each schooner has the water kit, schooner or T-poles and tarps so you're not running around having to look for these things when you really need them.
It is more efficient if it is already on each schooner. Each schooner also has a scrubbing brush. That's why we clean the waters every day. And it's just a simple brush to make sure we get any spilled food or dirt out of the water or anything like that to make sure the chicks have fresh water every day. Some of the things we include in our water repair kit is a box cutter. So if a hose needs a new end and has a puncture, we can simply cut it off and replace it with a female or male hose end.
We always have extra rubber washers. Some Teflon tape. A screwdriver that can go from Phillips to Flathead and helps secure the water clamps, tighten them. And then in all the giant little red water bowls, we just bought extra bike valve cores. And then the little tool to put them back. They just get old and have to be replaced from time to time. These are Firewood and Ross, our livestock guard dogs. This is the structure we house them in at night and is just one of our old chicken hoop houses. They upgraded us to one of the schooners you see behind.
So we let our dogs out during the day to roam around, interact with the chickens and things like that. Although they are still a little young, we lock them up at night until they mature a little more. But there they have food and fresh water. This is moved every day with tasks to also give them fresh grass and a cool area. They have a nice tarp to protect them from the elements. And then when it starts to get a little cold outside, we'll go ahead and put some hay in there too. (uplifting country music) So today our chickens are four weeks old and I'm taking you to do our morning chores.
So we'll fill our buckets with grain to take to our chickens and then we'll move our schooner and set them up for the day before doing other projects. These are 10 ton grain bins and we have two of them filled with our broiler ration. So the way we get the feed from our containers to our chickens is by filling five gallon buckets and transporting them with our UTV or in a trailer. And then we just put our bucket on the hanger, lift the door and fill our bucket. (grain rumbles) We fill the bucket to a certain height and thus we know that it weighs 25 pounds. (uplifting country music) So we are getting ready to begin our morning chores and that involves taking our tractor to our schooners, hitching each schooner to that tractor and moving them individually.
So one person drives the tractor and then there are one or two people on the schooner. And when they're on the schooner, they use a tarp or a feed bag or a bag of shavings just to have a little bit of noise and movement in there and that helps keep the chickens moving forward with the schooner while it's on. Moving. And so the people on the schooner, their job is to keep those chickens moving toward the fresh grass. It is always good to have some signals with the tractor driver. So if the tractor needs to stop so the chickens can reach it, they simply raise their hand.
Once we have reached all the fresh grass and have left yesterday's grass, they simply give the driver the go-ahead so he knows he can stop, reverse, unhitch the schooner and move on to the next one. So the way our water system works is we have a quick release unit that connects our hose that is out in the field to the hose that connects to our water system inside the schooner, so that when we are out Getting ready to move our schooner, we can just quickly release the tube and then we won't have to drag the hose behind the schooner.
That could cause significant damage and you would be going through many more hoses than you should. When we have below freezing or near freezing temperatures, we will turn off the water during our nightly duties, that way nothing in our system will freeze overnight. So after we move the schooner, we'll come back and bring our hose to the schooner, reconnect it so we can clean those waters. We'll take our chicken feed buckets and make sure every feeder inside that schooner is filled to capacity. And then we'll walk around the schooner making sure there are no big holes or anything like that where the chickens can get out.
If there are any, we will fill them with a tarp or feed bags or a little hay so that the chicken stays in the schooner. So with our water bowls on each schooner, after moving them, we take the water bowl, shake it, and dump the water out. And then we'll use our scrub brush and just scrub the inside so we can get all the dirt and food that's been washed off of the chicken's beaks so they can have access to fresh water. Then we bring our records from the breeder and take them to the pasture, so they are on each schooner.
We are still keeping track of how many mortalities we had and then how much feed we give to each chicken schooner. So today we had zero mortality and fed our chickens five buckets. As you move through the pasture, the terrain will most likely change. That's why we always go in before filling the feeders with grain to make sure they are at the right height. We've talked a couple of times about how you want the edge of your feeder to be even with the chicken's shoulders. Or since you can see chickens walking around, I can walk under the feeder because we have a little dip in our schooner.
So we just use our S hook here and lower it down to where it will be on the chicken's shoulders to eat at the proper height. What this dive is going through our schooner, there is a little mud and a little water on the ground. So we're going to go ahead and take a few handfuls of hay and cover this area so the chickens don't get dirty. So you can stay warm nowthat the temperature today is not going to be very high. On each schooner, we have a 30 foot piece of plastic drainage tile. And we have it on one side of each schooner and we just hold it down with a few bungee cords.
And the reason we have this here is so that when we get to the end of our pasture and we need to turn around, we can just start turning our schooner at an angle and this keeps the chickens from getting close to that bar. and potentially get another toe or foot trapped under there. When it goes against some of the woody plants, it's actually kind of nice because it makes a noise that stops the chicken from getting close and keeps the chickens away from that side that's turning. During our tasks we also want to pay attention to the behavior of the chickens, how they act and how they look.
If you take a look at these chickens you can see that their feathers are a little ruffled. It's cold here today. And so on, but it's a beautiful sunny day, with no wind. That's why we raised our hatch on the south side so the chickens can have access to the sun. And you can see that most of them have started coming here to the sun to warm up and go to bed. When it's also so cold, we put some hay on the ground so they can come in and warm up. If it was going to be windy or rainy or something, then we would leave the sides down and still put hay on them.
As you can see behind me, we have two of our schooners sailing side by side, but you can tell there is a big gap between them and we do it on purpose. If you remember, our schooners are 20 by 40. So we want this space between our schooners to be at least 20 feet so that when we get to the end of our pasture and have to turn around, there is plenty of fresh, free water. grass between the schooners so that one of them gets there and then the other schooner will just go to the side. So we put this hay bell here a few days ago and we put it right in front of the schooners and between two of them so that when we have to put out hay, we are close to two schooners at the same time.
And it just makes putting out the hay more efficient and then we have to walk less. (uplifting country music) So we were on one of the last steps of our batch of chicken. I'm going to explain how we prepare to have our chickens ready for processing, how we load them, and what we do next. So we load our birds into cages and take them to the processor the day before they are scheduled to be processed because they will start on that very early in the morning. Then at least 12 to 18 hours before the chickens are scheduled to be processed, we will remove the feeders so we want their intestinal system to be clean of feed which will help decrease the number that will be condemned for contamination.
And then, we want them to have fresh water nearby but without access to food. Then we will remove all the feeders, feed the feed to the other chickens from other flocks, and wash those feeders so they are clean for the next flock. We will, to prepare for processing, we will have all of our yellow boxes here on the farm for the number of birds we will need. We work with seven to eight birds per cage, depending on their size. And then at night, after the sun has set, the chickens will go to sleep. They will be nice and calm.
It will be a less stressful environment for them. We will put all the boxes around the schooner. So I'll explain how we load our birds and then maybe another scenario depending on what works best for you. So with our schooners, the wooden base on each end we can remove. And so what we've been doing is taking our yellow boxes and placing them around the edge of the schooner. We will remove those wooden ends and we can place our schooner on top of our chickens so that the chickens are free where the schooner was but are still contained in the wall of the yellow box.
And then we have open space to catch birds. We can walk in without having to worry about water or metal posts inside the schooners. So we'll take the yellow boxes and you'll want to take your box to your chickens instead of taking your chickens to the boxes. It will be much more efficient, you will have to walk less. You will be able to simply stand in one place and turn back and forth with the chickens in your hand, placing them in the cages. This is how we do it. Another way to do this would be to take the cages inside whatever schooner or chicken tractor you are using and use those cages to make smaller sections, so the birds have less room to get away from you and move around. .
That will make it more efficient for you to just take the birds and put them in the cages, your cages will be nice and close. But if you have another way that works better for you, you just need to make sure it's efficient, less stressful for the chickens, and is a safe environment for everyone. These are the yellow chicken cages we use for adult birds being processed. We will put seven to eight birds here depending on their size. And just for demonstration purposes, I'll show you these few chickens that we saved from our last batch. We want our new livestock guard dogs to continue to interact and be around poultry during the winter.
So we just keep these birds so the dogs have some poultry to be around. And we do this at night, like I said after the sun has set, depending on what the moon is like, it will be pretty dark out there. So when you use headlights, you need to make sure the light color is red or green. We don't want the white light to be on the chickens. So when you take your chickens to processing just as a precaution on your part, you want to make sure to mark your cages because you probably won't be the only one processing that day.
So we just used a simple indicator tape. We use the same color each time so the processor knows that the pink ribbon belongs to Heifer Ranch. We simply mark each box on the end so that when they are unloading they see which boxes belong to us. And these boxes have a nice hinged door on the top. So we have it open. And then, like I said before, you want to make sure your cage is next to your chickens. You don't want to go pick up a chicken and carry it back to your cage. You want to bring your cage to your chickens.
And that's why we want the way we capture birds to be as stress-free as possible. So make sure you have gloves on. And you're going to take your hands. and you are going to put them on top of the chicken wings so that they do not start to beat. If they start to flap, that could cause some bruising and affect the final product. So we'll put our hands on the chicken wings and then I'll trap their legs or thighs between my little finger and my ring finger just to help contain them and make them move as little as possible.
And then with your chickens, since you're putting multiple chickens in the cage, you want to make sure you put them inside the cage so that when you get to number six, seven or eight, you're not just stacking your chickens on top of each other. So that there is room for everyone there and they don't scratch each other's backs. So, once your cage is filled with the number of birds you want to put in there, take your cage to the trailer. And we always make sure there are two people carrying a box because they get very heavy with seven or eight birds in there.
So each person will be at the end; you will go and put it in your box. And then these boxes are really cool because they fit on top of each other. So you just have to make sure you hear that click. And then, when you place boxes full of birds on top of each other, always listen and pay attention to the noises of the chickens. Because there are big slats on the floor of these boxes and occasionally a chicken may have its toe curled in there. And as soon as they start squawking or making a lot of noise, just lift those boxes up so they can stick their toes out.
So we have officially entered our winter mode. We have shipped our last batch of birds of the year. And so we have our schooners behind us, ready for winter. We remove the white tarps from the top so we can store them and protect them from the sun and wind, which helps them to be used for longer; We'll get a couple of years out of them. We will take out the irrigation system and put it away. We will clean all feeders and waterers and put them aside. We will collect all of our water hoses from the grass to keep everything nice out of the weather and to get as much life out of it as possible.
We park all our schooners in a secluded place, at the edge of the pasture, so that other animals can still graze around here and they don't get in the way of anything. In other winter projects we will do, we will take soil samples from pastures that birds have been in and potential pastures that we need to put birds in, just to know where our soil activity is. We will also review the records of our chickens that we kept throughout the year to know how much we invested in them and how much profit we will make from them.
Throughout the year our schooners experience a lot of wear and tear, so one of our winter projects will be to check the schooners, make sure all the cables are connected, and fix anything that is broken. For example here, this end bar was bent when dragged through tall grass, so it will be one of the first repairs we make before the start of next season. (uplifting country music)

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