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Plimoth Plantation: Virtual Field Trip

Plimoth Plantation: Virtual Field Trip
welcome everyone to the first Thanksgiving we're coming to you live from Plymouth

Plantation

the extraordinary living museum here in Plymouth Massachusetts and during today's

virtual

field

trip

were going to travel back in time to the year 1621 just a year after the voyage of the Mayflower and about a month after the now-famous feast we'll be visiting the 17th century farming town built by English colonists in the midst of the Wampanoag homeland we're going to learn more about
plimoth plantation virtual field trip
the Wampanoag people the natives who originally inhabited the land and we're going to learn about the first permanent English settlement of colonists better known as the pilgrims we'll also compare and contrast the daily lives of the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag people how they lived how they gave thanks and the food they ate and of course we'll learn about the 1621 harvest celebration that we know today as Thanksgiving so there's a lot to get to in the next 30 minutes and here to
help guide us through today's

virtual

field

trip

is the director of education and public programs here at Plymouth

Plantation

Kim van wermer and the education manager Randy Joseph sorry who's also a member of the Wampanoag nation Oh welcome it's thank you for letting us visit today night and as our Google Earth map is showing students exactly where we are which is in Plymouth Massachusetts belt with a why and we're at Plymouth

Plantation

spelled with an eye and I want to make
sure our viewers understand that that isn't a misspelling no it's not we decided for our museum to spell the name of the museum in the way that they spelled it most commonly in the 17th century in the 17th century though there weren't any spelling rules so people spelled words however they sounded today sounded like Plymouth and they spelt with an eye yeah now Kym tell me what will people find at Plymouth I mean how does the museum tell the story about what really happened during
this very important period in history well it's a museum of people so when you come here you see you get to meet people who are portraying the English colonists and you get to meet people who are Native American that will tell you about the the Wampanoag that lived here ok Randy let me turn to you for a minute the native people as Kim mentioned or the whompin odd they inhabited this land long before the pilgrims arrived in the early 17th century for about twelve thousand years I understand
what can you tell us about the Wampanoag well for us we were gatherers and hunters we cared for the land and we believed that the Great Spirit Kiat on blessed us with everything to live a healthy successful life in return we honored that we wanted the two leg of the four-legged the water beans father sky a mother earth all right well I'd like to bring out the warrior counselor who was the go-between for the Wampanoag and the pilgrims and his name is hubba mock and I want to welcome you hubba
knock hubba mock sorry how are you lanique II suck tell me what is wampa nog the word Wampanoag mean wampa nog means people who see the first light people of the morning people of the dawn since we are fathers 'if we can go we are the ones who see the monning fast so tell me a little bit about what your daily life is like on the land well fast when sun break we fish hunt hunt for birds according to time of year season oh wow wash key tom pand man hunt and fish the thomas us a woman had farm
farm from at at home prepare meals meets us right and meat such food food and I watch English Chuck walk why inan new comments with settlers right yes like speaking of the settlers now for so many centuries you lived alone on the land and suddenly you were cohabitating what did you think of the English colonists when they first arrived did you befriend them well womp anak knew to be cautious of new English right due to past bad English both experiences yes not good yes but not all wampanoag want
English but as long as I stay here and watch it's it's good it's okay speaking of them I imagine when they first got here they needed help learning how to survive on the land did you help them how did you help them learn to survive here mostly one test quantum help English teach how to plant corn harvest con an econ but not all wampanoag want to help English not all wampanoag want English here you you were good you were ok with it I master saw it told me who Sumiko and who is
Massasoit of womp anak told me to watch English Kim how about mock is just telling us that the Wampanoag had a thriving culture here before the English colonists arrived what do we what do we know about these colonists it just it's an interesting thing to think that they would leave their land leave their homes give up everything their well-being really to come to this New England they called it yeah they must have had a really good reason and the reason there are several really the main one
is because they wanted to better their lives and England was pretty crowded they want they thought they could come over here and get land of their own and this would be a place where their families could prosper which was a reason a lot of people move I think but there are also people among them that had sort of an argument with the Kings Church with the Church of England and they wanted to live on English soil which they considered New England to be because it was claimed by the king but so
they wanted to live on English soil but still be far enough away that they wouldn't have to worry about being persecuted for following their own religion we know them today as the pilgrims where they always call the pilgrims know if you go down to our English village today and ask someone if they were pilgrim they might look a little bit confused it wasn't until the 1800s that a scholar read some of the works of William Bradford and saw there was one passage that said they knew they were
pilgrims and he said oh they were the pilgrims and it sort of it's stuck and people started to call them that since that time right now we have two I'll call them settlers with us today good wife Elizabeth Hopkins and her stepdaughter Constance they're both with us welcome hello good day I recover constant sector Southdale good wife let me begin with you when did you and your husband Steven Wright Steven arrived in America we arrived it at 1620 in the month of November we had been
preparing in June got on the ship and Julie sail it under such anchor 11 November the 11th think I and did not find Plymouth and begin to build our houses until Christmas Day the five and 20th of December I want to I want to ask you a little bit about the voyage because I know you gave son to gave birth to your son Oceanus at sea which is I guess an appropriate name that's it is the military his birthday tell me a little bit about what the voyage was like for your family it was wretched
awful you know we was all quite ill from the pitching and rolling of the ship and or everything in our bellies did not stay there very long at all it was very dark we were below the decks and so many beds 102 people that we could not move about chiefly we sat upon our bed together in the dark and told stories and slept and prayed very much for we were I feared how long was the voyage oh it was more than two months did did your father say 65 66 days it was I it's a long time to live in those
plimoth plantation virtual field trip
circles conditions indeed constants you were only 15 when you arrived here with your family what were some of the biggest adjustments you had to make truly it is just on the lack of civility in this new country for we have um it is so wild and we did come from London with many persons much bustling in such things and in this new country we must are we have no laundress so we must launder her own clothing and spend many much hours doing such we have no butcher baker and all these things we are to
be hunters and and such which is things back in England that none of us to do but try to and you had to sell your own clothing you had to do all of the things that I'm teaching her of it we saw things such as this yeah our aprons and our chefs and such things we do we must keep these cloven until we get more supplies back from England or we no not I know not how to make it good Wi-Fi it's obvious that your lives changed pretty dramatically when you got here how well do you and your
neighbors get along with the native people we we spoke briefly about this - hubba-wha gang what were some of the biggest challenges that you faced in your day-to-day life with them right now there's a Treaty of Peace with these folk for which we are very grateful and this man Hubble mark he lives in our town and is helping us with relation between the great king massive sort of the Pokanoket people grateful are we for that relationship there's others though in this area who do not wish
us as well and we are a bit of feared of them indeed there are men watching our town every night to be certain that other neighbouring folk who do not wish us well do not cause us any harm it is a great comfort to have that relation though that I imagine that's a good relationship to have right so we're learning a little bit about daily life what it's like for both the settlers and for the native people here and I'd like to do a little bit more comparing and contrasting these
lives some of the basic elements from both of your perspectives so let me begin with you Good Wife let's talk about housing I know you'd like to give us a little tour dwelling so tell us a little bit about it my hosts here in New England is very different than in England our houses here are covered with wood on the outside that is very expensive in England and no hosiah over livid and was covered with wood the roof is that like many in England but here we have thought you did with reeds
and cattails from the marsh and not with straw as we might have at home some houses have got reeds in England most have straw the inside here is one room saw you can see and the corner here is a bed which goes to the floor for Constance and her brother also has a bit to the floor at the night this over here is an eel pot with which we catch eel in the River English favor eel roasted eel eel pie is actually good food and here is the bedstead upon which my husband and I sleep the children as I
said take their beds to the floor on this table is where we eat and we gather I prepare my foods here and in this area this is my kitchen and so here is the fire where we cook all of the things that we eat or cook it over a fire and this is my host New Plymouth quite a simple habitation it is it is and it looks very cozy actually and hob amok I know you're home a wee - I think it's called it's very different can you describe a little bit of it Nucky's yes womp anak wheat to OSH
is allow me is all tree bok tree tree skin yes is not flat more round round as peace a sua da small da much smiled or a smaller door right Nicky's yes you have to crawl in actually yes right more clear open much warmer much warmer speaking of warm it looks kind of warm I want to talk about clothing right now obviously there's some striking differences as we can see clearly I thought maybe you might describe what you're wearing like my daughter and eyeballs are wearing a waistcoat on
petticoat of wool that is the warmest thing yeah we also wear things of linen such as this my apron and we do have stockings held with Garrett oh yeah Julie and the coif up on my head and I have a hat for witnesses outside to keep the Sun from your face it is very proper to be wearing a hat also it's got one undergarments that goes from our Nick to our knees so that is an leather Xuan of course yeah and leather shoe and do you wear the hats indoors as well or only when you're outdoors or
not usually but you always cover your head yeah it is proper it is more practical when one is working to have one's hair covered it is not the law but it is how everyone such as ourselves in England there are noble and wealthy people who leave their hairs down or uncover it but we are not that sort okay hub mark will you describe what you're wearing please I'm Nicky some ah headdress edges yes from Panisse waka Warriors mm-wha pinnock warriors and leather dear ethics dear dear Lola
English Chuck walkway Mancala stocking stockings moccasin Yosh made from moose moose the keys and uh Oh mommy all is dear and all of that you're wearing around your neck is this all handmade the keys yes yes um can I walk Chuck walk ski honk for winter very well it's very warm actually um I wanted to turn a little bit now to giving thanks I know everyone there are many different ways of giving thanks and many different reasons how and why we give thanks I'm curious about how the
colonists and the Native people expressed gratitude are there specific rituals and celebrations that you follow of course every day we give thanks at all times always when we are eating and when we are cooking we are thanking God for what has been given to us and for what we have to eat so every time we eat we pray we pray through the day to thank God because anything good that we have is far the goodness of God for which we must always be grateful and always remember and humble mark are the
rituals that you perform to express gratitude now Keith yes when wampa nog hunt yes before dying and after we pray we give thanks before we eat meats ash needs a sheet mhm we we pray we give thanks before Sun comes up we pay give thanks or Sun Goes Down we pray give thanks you're grateful for the day every day I'll tire the food that you eat right I just want to ask him of those rituals continued into modern day customs with the Wampanoag most definitely I'm with the Wampanoag on
Confederacy a nation the ceremonies throughout the summer and spring spring is our New Year's so that's the time that we would have ceremony and give thanks also the first berry that ripens of the year is a strawberry we have a strawberry Thanksgiving part of our harvest we have a green corn Thanksgiving and then also the fall the cranberry is a last berry and we're well known in a wing with four cranberries and so we have ceremony then and also for the winter which are called nekoma
plimoth plantation virtual field trip
because with the time is a time that the snowfalls are called medicine and then when it melts everything's brand new again and I love hearing that strawberries are the first to heart to darvis and cranberries are the last that's interesting and everything in between right I'm speaking of food that I wanted to ask you it's food a part of your daily thanking ritual will truly win as a tone we give thanks right it is a day that we do not eat at all we fast our elder may say Plymouth
we will give thunks for something wondrous good which has happened it and we will not eat all the day but pray because even our hunger will remind us of our thankfulness for what God has given us and so for us a day of Thanksgiving is a day when we do not eat at all you don't need is very different for us today it's food a part of a ritual then obviously when you are hunting it must be yes according to time we give thanks and we feast we first a lot of the berries strawberries
cranberries it's all wha me it's all meets us it's all in the meat sauce right no I want to turn to the first harvest meal we've talked about the Year 1621 when this occurred when the Plymouth Plymouth colonists and the whompin odd people shared an autumn harvest feast that I think is acknowledged today as one of the first Thanksgivings in the colonies I know there are a lot of uncertainties around it but what do we know about what actually happened well we are lucky that we have
a we do have a source edward winslow wrote a letter to a friend back in england describing the event and so he does give us a lot of facts we know that it lasted three days we know that they had wild fowl that they went out hunting for fowl we know that there was feasting and sporting and we know that there were about 50 Englishmen there and more than 90 wampa dog so the lump and I were there yes but the thing is also if it's some type of gathering you'd probably bring women and children
Massasoit comes in Pokanoket we believe that he stopped at every village coming down towards from Rhode Island down to here and gathering Panisse --is the relationship was still new between these two cultures at that time because a treaty was signed in spring so anything could really happen at any point but as the document is written we know that Massasoit sent out five warriors to shoot five deer so we also saw it was the leader of the Pocono coconut yes and he sent those men out and Native
ways when you're gifting somebody we know that everything is in a good way and so as it a gift at the feast you would bring food for the settlers right okay that's much like what we do today I guess right we all bring food over for our big Thanksgiving meal speaking of you mentioned feasting can you tell us a little bit actually Constance can you maybe tell us a little bit about the food that was eaten at the first harvest meal yay truly I did help my mother to repair the food and I did
help her to prepare the that we did have um we've roasted the dock father shot that day he was falling and he shot her down the dock we drafted that together yay we did have some of the native car and of this country yay we had some of that in the under Pompeian that's a pumpkin that is needed that's a standing dish yeah we eat that all the time this time of year yay those are some of the things yeah very good leaf things and hubba muck what did the Wampanoag contribute to the feast
us Panisse walk the Warriors mm-hmm rot I talked well it deer deer venison yes this morning you mentioned so I'd love to know what what events took place with sporting events took place so we stoolball that sort of thing and the pitching of the bar where the men take a great beam and see how far they can cast it and which man can cast at the farthest to good test of strength for them in the tow and they favor that and and of course that exercising their arms and there is always entertaining
for us to see them in shooting off their guns and practicing their military skills because it is important for us to go to our safe but also very it's a good entertainment to watch them do that and they did that that day also and today meant hoist a big leather pigskin and they throw it up in the air at Holiday time we call it football you throw it with your hand and yes we throw it with our hands that's right communities um like I know a lot of our students watching today have so many
questions and so I've been asking all the questions and I think it's time that we hear from some of them so we had so many submissions we only have time for a few and the first one comes from a kindergarten class at del Sur elementary school in San Diego California let's watch this question what do kids have the toys and games like us so here I like his hairdo kids he's asking do kids have toys and games like us that's something yes do children have that's right children
Oh true the yay we do have a puppet it is our made of linen stuff in with wool and such things yay a cup and ball I should not try to do it for I should surely miss hey Jules is this is a bowl it is made of leather suffered with much wall that it should bounce very tightly pakad and I do have in my pocket here our marbles that we do play with also so many games yes yes on boards moving pieces on boards and we have also and did you bring any toys that the whomping our children play with yes um
and the same ball ball and Cup looks like it's made of bones though right yes yes ok moose balls yep the soca Kohi Oaxaca ball all gages ball yes dear lava and spot Oh Thor is on the inside Nucky's yes and an adult dog very wants to say very much the same all right so the next question was submitted by Palm Avenue School in San Bernardino California and they asked where did you stay when you first came to the new world before you build your homes we were on the ship that the Mayflower
that come over come over here and anchored and once we found Plymouth the ship could only come one or two miles from shore because the harbour is so shallow that great ship could not come in which means we were living two miles out in the ocean sea in December January February very cold and very crowded down there and the men were rowing in little boats to build their hoses everyday and then rolling back for to sleep on the ship and the people got very sick that winter and many of them died as a
result of that it was difficult we were so grateful when our host was completed were we not it was good to be by a fire and I'm sure you didn't have airplanes back then either knock hello you must have been so grateful to have your own oh we are yeah did you be by a fire and cooking over a fire I'm so wondrous good yeah and your feet steady on the ground just going okay our next question comes to us from Conway Grammar School that's in Conway Massachusetts how do you keep food
fresh if you don't have a refrigerator interesting question I piece through of the meat such that meat to meat the deer fish clams be all fresh every day so you eat the meat fresh yeah you don't have to sit right oh yes as we need right a con bestkuda squash pieces ooh fresh small a little bit fresh and rest wha me all rest grow old dry they dry and we can keep all a long time a winter spring for when we grow next year our next question comes to us from a third grade class from
Alpharetta elementary school in Alpharetta Georgia and let's watch what they ask hi I'm CJ and little Frankie here wants to know what did you miss about your homeland Frankie wants to know what did you miss about your homeland truly I do miss the markets in the fair that's the most for in London there are diverse markets selling all sundry things that you can see and much entertainment at see some at the fairs and such and I should miss those greatly and just the comfort of other
persons around you I am very much used to many persons always seeing diverse and not in this country it is uh mostly trees Yankee trees and there's only about 50 of you at that at this time right nearly half our company has died all right we have one we have time for one more question and it comes to us from a second grade class at Willow Grove School in Poway California and Kim I'm going to ask you this question how did the word Thanksgiving actually come about well I think it comes
from giving thanks because that's certainly what we do though I think that there are sort of two different kinds of Thanksgivings there's the one that Good Wife Hopkins talked about which to them is more of a religious celebration where there's not food involved but definitely a time for giving thanks and then there's the harvest celebration that we've been talking about that took place in 1621 that was also a way of giving thanks but was called more of a harvest celebration
well our own Thanksgiving is right around the corner um how different would you say that 1621 harvest was from today's celebration that's a good question I think well they didn't have parades or or Black Friday the day after all those and all of that the foods were a little bit different we don't know for sure if they even really had turkey back then no mashed potatoes so different foods different foods and and how much how similar would you say that the celebration might be what
are some of the customs that have come should have been preserved through the years well I think it's for all people that they're given thanks that day for family right loved ones joining together to make a meal that is bringing people together and you don't see uncles and aunts and cousins that much maybe once or twice a year and that's the time it sit down to celebrate and celebrate life family yeah I agree with you I think that's what makes this particular holiday so
special the idea of giving thanks transcends so much so many our beliefs our customs it's truly there's truly cross-cultural acceptance in giving thanks and I think we all make it our own I I was just reflecting when we're talking about food my own family I come from an Italian family and our turkey stuffing is made with provolone cheese and ham and pancetta bacon Italian bacon so it's a very different yes but I think everyone has their own traditions right and go speaking of
food I'm getting really hungry talking about it terrible about housewife I am if I do not offer you some food at truth we have some turkey pottage which is partly cooked up of the Indian corn which we keep dry all the year I under in Turkey so I've got a pottage here mix it up with Turkey and Indian corn and oh boy yeah Constance you may serve that to him so I is a basic dish to give him a in high I'll just you know what I'll just eat it right out it is generally easier right Wow
Thank You Constance a bit of bread for you master okay other things we might keep insult about that turkeys fresh something small like that we'll eat it fresh after we cook it all right master hop amok would say this is really good yeah thank you master this is very very good my husband says that Turkey voltage is very to datum it's very good I have to say I'm so grateful to be here today I'm so grateful to have gotten to know you all a little bit better to learn about your
customs the relationships between the two of you this amazing amazing museum if you've not yet visited Plymouth

Plantation

I urge you to do it with your families with your schools this is really this experience is more than just stepping into the time machine it's it's a it's a powerful history lesson and it's a history lesson come to life and it's a lesson in understanding how that history informs us today so from all of us here at Plymouth

Plantation

from all of us at
scholastic we want to wish you a very very happy Thanksgiving thank you for joining us today bye everybody