Pequeña minería: el oro responsable de MACDESA (programa completo)Feb 21, 2022
not beating the chocolate or why three years ago two words caught the attention of a group of responsible gold artisanal
miners from Arequipa. They found out what it was about and discovered that if they organized, made an effort and made the decision to work responsibly, they could even get a fairest price to tell this story we have had to travel to the province of caravelÃ in arequipa there in the district of chaparra a group of small
miners who settled more than 15 years ago in the four-hour populated center wants to tell us how the change began I am in four hours, which is the name of the town next to the thickest mine.
I have come to look for Carlos, who is a founding partner, and he is going to tell me a little about how it was before and what has changed in the mine now that they have been formalized. Afternoon doctor, right, I'm looking for Carlos, get there, I'll go, how long have you been working in the church, well, when we came, most of the members were single, my wife sa also came in case we looked at all the places but they didn't get together they met here we are with the streets because I got here good for giving work an improvement since in these times the farm was not enough for so many people and it gave us a lot also only work and the best line of income for me has been mining when we started this was a donkey corridor so it only existed more than as a farmhouse it was the point who says the workers work each one lived on little stones and almost primitively here are some photos like come, there are photos when he parades, let's go, the photographs kept by carlos ortega represent a stage that the miners of the community have overcome with a lot of work and effort. here we see, for example, the chapel did not have many visits from authorities, only the man who is here is the governor this was the way in which we were distributed also among the women we mixed it so that they distributed it to us by cans in sacks they pour cava pul So there were no crushers and we pointed it out and we turned it three times in this shot, as we said, we have the burrito, these are the ones that bring minerals back, there were no roads, there was nothing, to see it is to go back more than 15 years through forgiveness 14 in the price Exactly what it feels like to see these old photos at that time.
If we had had a better mining experience, we would have had more talks. Perhaps we would have done this sooner. polito and yesterday in a disorderly way there was no beauty from anyone except ice they are with carbide lamps today we have to enter the tunnel but first we have to have a pity to take the induction to be aware of all the security measures that we have to have Before entering the friend, good morning to everyone, all new personnel who enter the mine always go through security, their induction, the first concepts of security. or what you have to know before entering me what can happen is the first thing is the blasting gases that is, it is the blasting we have to wait an hour to be able to enter another danger that we have in mines are the disbelief rock as we know at level Nationally, every year 40% of sports accidents are reported on Calle de Rock.
In a few minutes we will enter the tunnel and Juan explains that we have to use a security team to be able to enter. teach a little how I have to put on the security items first here we have the lamp which and in this case it is already on this is the battery so I have to charge it throughout the day they are rechargeable once already placing you in the part like a normal strap in this way asks how it was lent already in the lamp we have one is what is her low and the other the strongest visual has her first as her second low for everyone but she always his lamp before entering the person who tropes and when we do it, not here you have to see it, it is very important in, for example, there is support and here the procedure that we are carrying out is with pure wooden squares like green, it is not to avoid, not to for the roof to breathe more and better to have it there, entering a hole is not easy, it means entering the interior of a mountain feeling claustrophobic and knowing that the light will disappear after going through the first few minutes and now, for example, in the tremor he mentioned that as you can see there are many stones that I bring something small but with the clear that seems to you the protector although wood enough that it is a resistant way and if here generally what we use is eucalyptus wood eucalyptus eucalyptus until a few years ago the artisanal miners entered without any protection and there was no a security infrastructure inside the mine today we will verify with Juan how the panorama has changed until we don't have what is signali This is what this asks of us for the pipes, in this case, everything that is water is marked with a green color. in our first aid salvage station, yes, but the key exists, it's here, but you just said that the key is super accessible so that anyone who needs it can grab it and open it in the first aid kit, and here again the most important thing when we take is a mask implemented with band-aids and what happens if you cut it there and of greater dimension, the bigger we have the gauze pads, the oxygen is there, too, or personal oxygen that is used, the more we move away from the entrance, the more security measures are increased, the road becomes liked, but the signaling system reassures us for refuge and this refuge chamber tells us they previously agreed in Chile- a landslide happened then par We have also implemented a bed of shelters for them, but that never happens, but we are also prepared there because there were steel grates that Juan shows us are distributed throughout the tunnel and are used to remove rocks that could detach and cause an accident.
We have 4 and 5-foot rods for sale necessary and that is why we implement the wheelbarrows, for example, the rock rises constantly due to the shots, detaching it, it does not release little by little, which tells us that it already seems that the exclusion is going to win us, there are 11 and 39 of the 11 45 detonate and we all have to go out due to mine rules so we are looking for the rest of our companions and here you have to see the oxygen walks low the oxygen if it goes outside normally it says that it is 21 percent for cain Our maximum permissible limit of 19.5 percent of aid ends.
This group of artisanal miners has had to dedicate many hours of work and part of their savings to fo Signing part of the responsible gold initiative we get out of the proven idea that we want to participate in the government and improve the standard of living of our family and at the same time contribute to what our taxes correspond to comply with the environmental, social and labor standards that demand the international market has not been easy for them what we always aimed at was their vision for the future here it was necessary to establish a company and not us as workers and shareholders and owners of the company to have a more future vision to improve our own family our own standard of living then aim we are going to have a secure job a job with our own effort but with all the compliance with all the laws required by the state and how was that change during the process of formalization or change in the economy of each one the social aspect of us tired of working as moles inside the mine so we had to have a vision of how best to ar and how to capture the total wealth by closing the circuit of what was produced we take care of the environment in a way that we comply with all the safety standards one in terms of what is plant we have the permits that are required of us and we comply there are constant inspections the incidents accidents are under control why so far a fatal science has not happened inside our mines we continue the tour as mere walls he shows us how the brave kim have been replaced by a plant where today they carefully process the ore so that it is start proceeding to the area they go to the area of â€‹â€‹the bone hopper we receive here while we save the prisoner and here this is our feeder for our system what is the crushing area what constitutes the crusher measure crusher the links reduce me in size mining not so that for the other system that the system surrounding reduce it in more or less to half an inch the size of the mineral for let the next one happen among others it is an area of â€‹â€‹pine dust I already made mud which is even more to blame for this ailment there is the gold inside there is the gold a system of tanks here in more than you to recover the gold I do not it makes a system of thongs visitors of activated carbon since what function does the carbon have or something that it does has a small hole capacity where the gold is going to get there that small particle of now that is being debated and traps the gold the liquid that What is left over is what we know as tailings and what has changed is that now they are concerned with preventing this type of highly polluting waste from coming into contact with the ground, just as they do so that these tailings do not contaminate the environment, why were there leaks from the land and the issue of contamination to the soil mainly but capable it would be the gold to go out and take the ball but since they take it out of the coal that is precisely why it is used the main one is the return a system is saved through pressure of garlic not only with thermal reactivation assets and what is the area in condition vision condition the part where we want to get out Luis Pineda takes over from Juan RomÃ¡n to explain to us how is the work in the laboratory in this space the results are obtained Responsible gold ingots We begin to crush their outline still has to be in small squares, as you can see, there is a scola that has to be adequate in the bright light, then we begin to cooperate that it is crushed, the lead has to be absorbed and only the gold will remain and the silver, which is what the lead is evaporating from, and from there how it stops in the silver of the gold and here it goes from the chemical attack to partitioning, first it has to be at a temperature of 100 degrees, we add it, it is a very rigorous technique that It allows them to recover both silver and gold.
This alloy is called hard and it is the product that will be exported. In this way, the gold that we recover here in the workshop will remain with me. as it is still contaminated and we still wash it twice with distilled water it can come out more it can come out bigger smaller there are different ways but gold not only gives work to the gold mining men 4th of January although it is always women have been excluded from this activity and even myths and legends have been created that associate their presence with bad luck today a small door has been opened for them in mothers women work selecting and collecting gold within the clearings they are Do you know how to stop since you were now your work contributes to the family economy, for example, look at what we do with quartz, everything that has quartz alive, yes, because there is cardio, gold, the association is made up of wives of miners, wives of miners, single mothers.
University and high school students on vacation, more than anything else, they were judged well because of their money and being able to study because in fact this work is not for us It is of use to you, it is not a family basket, let's say, well, this whole situation is not absorbed and they never felt intimidated by being surrounded by so many men who, before, did not even let the woman enter like that, yes, but thank God that with these people we have totally with great Maria accompanied by two of her colleagues explains how to detect which of these minerals has gold sometimes there are stones that come out as gold then gold sparkles then a little bit of salt was added and we do it so that it shines more in that, it is already clear what you tell me if you have puddles in america to talk about 123 francisco how much time do you have daily two hours two hours two hours of work because they are the two hours in which they do not work between the only star which is now they are leaving and they don't work anymore so we don't do that to avoid accidents like me button your mineral let the stones fall a man how were the many Thanks to the technicians, the change is easily perceived in the four-hour populated center.
The interesting thing is that it has not only reached mining activities, the partners of Mandes today allocate a percentage of their earnings to improve their quality of life, the best example It is the implementation of the medical center what kind of emergencies the rocks above require oxygen that is 90 days old what you have there this segregated garbage deposit yes, as the book says, red is not for putting syringes and ampoules, they have also contributed to build a section of the highway that leads to the populated center of the much larger project that has contributed more times has been in the construction of the highway the highway the road from the Pan-American highway to limits with 52 kilometer scales the 52 kilometers ours required a large budget I no longer had a budget, the merit of images is to have made a new road with a new cut, it is a new line that would be worth Orienting approximately two million years ago, I asked him why I say that a lot of fruit is produced here that is sold, it is limed and it looks wonderful, all this is green, no no no it does not look like a placecontaminated and a little green a pear and it is a healthy pear css definitely because the mining the extractive activity in the hills as you can see it is true there is no vegetation there is nothing in the clearings they are minimal it is not much that does not contaminate the problem is the processing the benefit of minerals processing was close before the population has now been relocated to an area it includes an environmental assessment by the regional government taking into account the course of the wind where is the direction so it seems to me that there is no longer that contamination that at the beginning, in some way, it felt like marÃas to people who have not yet formed, it is good that they do not be scared that it is not something from another world that obviously every change has is shocking but no I do not see it as difficult I do not see it so forceful that I have to 3 something that you too if it is formalized you have the right to pay the state you have to do it because nothing is free in this world in this life formalization ion you have this benefit of how the support if you can acquire credits you can also not all this you recover the better your bond as we are selling it today we export it we export it abroad to this since it has more Europe and that to Switzerland and it is obvious To think that one day we were going to sell it to Switzerland was something that we did not imagine.
We took our favorite and sold it here to the highest bidder. There is a work accomplished and a dream come true, a dream that perhaps we are not even going to reach, but we have achieved it this A group of small artisanal miners one day made the decision to change to formalization and since then the outlook for them has only been encouraging. They export their responsible gold to Switzerland, they can pay for higher education for their children, their home and surroundings have improved and on the way. They have stopped impacting the environment, as Carlos says, everything has a cost in life, but in the end, the reward that formalization has brought is greater.
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