Leben wir in einem Schwarzen Loch? | 42 - Die Antwort auf fast alles | ARTEMay 09, 2022
there is so much to discover on our earth the building blocks that everything is made of are not only here with us but throughout the rest of the universe but where does everything come from at school we got an answer to that in the beginning the big bang was from a little dot arose space time and matter stars planets and galaxies formed but how sure is it that it actually tastes maybe quite differently we need a lot more information about the beginnings of our universe to really know how it happened back then and here you go at stake physicists who are currently discussing a model after the beginning of the universe has something to do with black holes in my opinion i believe that every black hole is a gateway to a new universe a hole shaped so our universe was born in a black hole that exists in a neighboring universe is that if possible we come from one or even live there r in a black hole or without realizing black holes are considered dangerous and voracious nikodem poplawski is a theoretical physicist and some call him the new einstein believes that at the beginning of our universe he had something to do with most mysterious objects in space with black holes the more than the closer we look at black holes the more we know about them that could prove or disprove theories about the early universe and enlighten us about how our universe came to be we don't know what's inside black holes i would agree he talks about the other side too because such maybe there's a space much bigger than the black hole itself nico dem platz ski thinks he can prove mathematically that humans live on the other side of a black hole and that's not the big bang the standard theory says our universe arose from the big bang with the so-called to rsion comes the model of the big rebound to the big points the big bang was actually the rebound of matter trapped in n a poplawski black hole contradicts the almost 100 year old big bang theory the big bang theory is partly the responsibility of this man the catholic pastor and astrophysicist georges lemaitre discovered in 1927 that galaxies are moving apart and the universe is expanding when he meets superstar physicist albert einstein, who laughs at him his calculations are correct but his physics is outrageous because a stone believes in a static universe geometry proves that the expansion of the universe also has an origin and he thinks he can deduce that it arose from a single point calls this point the primordial or also the cosmic today it is called the singularity which is the birth of the big bang theory and lo and behold albert einstein is impressed gives his mistake and name If it is said that the biggest mistake of his life with space and time from the Big Bang arose at the same time, this idea has a great advantage because the question of all questions about what really happened to before the Big Bang can be answered very easily. many researchers are skeptical about the big bang theory and i also have to say that i don't think we know enough about the beginnings of our universe companies very little data at the max planck institute in heidelberg researchers are investigating how black holes get to the center of galaxies, how they form and how they develop there and it's also about the events in the early universe so when the universe was still very young of course the big unresolved question is what was really at the front , where is the where does the point come from and why is the energy there and where did it originally come from, what's out there where is that why the Big Bang theory is really just a rie theory, which describes a lot of very very things. alright there are alternative theories too its just me about running that there will be another crash and another cog and yes its a very successful theory describing the development of the universe but it also has its limits the big problem revolves around the singularity from which everything is supposed to have arisen and from which one does not know where it came from or if it even exists nico dem poplawski also does not believe in the emergence of space and time from a singularity this man knows something else that nobody knows claims that our universe arose from a black hole according to him the matter and energy that the black hole swallowed accumulated extremely densely together to form a kind of seed that sounds very similar to a singularity but is something different matter accumulates in the seed that will eventually explode imagine the seed is ever Now, here, where everything is tightly compressed and space-time is so warped that even time stands still, whether we really came from a seed in a black hole or not, black holes are essential elements in the blueprint of our universe, their importance is indisputable, but what do we know about you, cr I see that you can't understand galaxies without looking at black holes and studying their development, so galaxies and black holes develop together and also influence each other, that's why it's the DNA of our universe, almost all galaxies, the accumulation of stars, planets. and the gas has a super massive black hole in its center and they also exist outside the center these are not stars by the way but around 25,000 black holes that you could already locate a kind of google maps for black holes google maps for black holes that's it i think that the hasid class of memory had come with all many states on it but in reality it is these enormously massive objects supermassive black holes this map is not suitable for browsing because it shows only four percent of the northern sky how those maps are created and shows the actual gates to other universes more on black to find out about the holes researchers look as far into space as possible by the way the best way to do this is to use one of the largest mobile radio telescopes in the world which is find in effelsberg in the eifel looking for black holes the black holes were placed with the help of a 100 meter wide container made of 32 00 tons of steel don't get swallowed by all the stars and a lot of dust blocks the view, the images are created here using radio waves, but to create a hole portrait you need more than just a big radio telescope since a few years ago, the network of telescopes from the event horizon has been looking for black holes eight telescopes around the world They are interconnected with this trick, you simulate a giant telescope that spans the entire world, so we get a much higher resolution than we would with the work of fs, a resolution corresponding to the diameter of the earth and with that we can get close to the vicinity of black holes, but what we see then is not the black hole itself because it is invisible, but the hot matter that flutters around the edge and now At the latest, the black hole shows its true self, a demonic being that devours the mass of the universe. the black hole could suck us in too that shouldn't clean you up I think people are afraid of black holes because they think they're giant vacuum cleaners that can suck in stars but they don't, yeah you can put it away right away because that's how black holes work, I am afraid that now you will also be able to sit on the earth from the nearest s to be attracted by the black hole is not so relaxation on the subject in the universe everything rotates, including the matter from which the direction of the hole comes black so its hard to bring matter in not what else to bring in ok black holes aren't like vacuum cleaners black holes have no effect but how do they work?
So black holes for beginners, the basics so to speak, you need a lot of mass and you bring it into a very small space and then you create an incredible gravitational force. and that means nothing can escape from the black hole more information cannot be nothing and therefore a black hole is dark and everything that comes close to the black hole will end up in the black hole and will come out again black holes were predicted by the theory Einstein's general relativity over 100 years ago explains gravitation so that space and time depend on each other and see matter can be curved matter curves space and time other objects feel this curvature and have to move accordingly a black hole on the other hand has such a huge mass that it not only bends spacetime but also creates an actual hole in the ground like a trapdoor this is where physical laws as we know them are suspended for better understanding if we live in a black hole let's take a closer look at black holes first there are probably four nights of black holes the sm
allest ones are micro black holes they are infinitely small Stellar black holes have a mass from 3 to 160 solar masses.
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leben wir in einem schwarzen loch 42 die antwort auf fast alles arte...
They form when stars collapse. Moderately massive black holes have up to 10,000 solar masses and supermassive black holes can be several billion times the mass of our sun, so there are different theories and one theory is that they form from the same processes as stars. so If they simply arose in the early vienna universe in super massive stars, the other theory says that they collapse directly out of a lot of matter in the early universe and these two processes have different masses instead of, according to poplawski, almost all holes blacks can give birth of universes, but around that to prove it, we would urgently have to search in a black hole ourselves, it probably won't work from earth, but couldn't we just fly there?
After all, there is a black hole at the center of our own galaxy, the Milky Way, in the supermassive category; it has four million times the mass of our sun a star is called sagittarius and has a diameter comparable to the distance from our earth to the sun, but how far is it to get there we want to travel to the black hole in the center of the milky way is where we want to go ok so let's introduce ourselves we have here the sun is in the center of the soccer field and the earth is going as far away as you the average height of jewish 175 then it comes more to a distance of 2.2 meters and the outermost planet in the solar system neptune is then at a distance of 52 meters which roughly corresponds to the goal line our entire solar system in a football field the closest star to us is by the way near paris the black hole is in this scale but still at a distance of 75 times around the earth actually that's 26 thousand light years we could travel at the speed of light and 300,000 kilometers every second we would be there in 26 thousand years years the first thing we would see of the black hole would be the ring of fire that surrounds it material from the galaxy is accumulating in an accretion disk around the black holes and the disk aggression feeds the black hole in our imaginary journey we fly to the so called horizon of events for light rays to behave here unknown a number of strange visual effects occur when you get close to a black hole it gives the illusion of being further away than it is quiet closer i am still a long way away you are safe but it is actually closer than you think it's secret it's hidden behind the event horizon maybe a new universe now we'll write the edge and from here there's no going back we don't know exactly what it looks like in the black hole but this could be a model feel so that the coin starts at a relatively large distance, so to speak, at the event horizon, then enters the whirlpool of the black hole and somewhere m The moment will be there so
fastand so far away that it then disappears into the singularity as you get closer and closer to the center of the black to the east gravitational forces so strong that one is pulled more and more in the direction of the center to the p point where almost everything is torn apart by gravitational force we are spaghetti that really means if there is a singularity then now we will be part of it and disappear forever maybe we will also be pushed together and then we will be part of a new universe according to poplawski there are very likely universes in black holes and that we live in a black hole its derivations are based on einstein's theory of catan an extension of einstein's general theory of relativity and on the work of other theoretical physicists even though it all works on paper it sounds pretty crazy you style shines on the go and your brain stale if i think that is a very important point with black holes so that get an idea and then ideas come and i think science fiction can do an incredible amount with black holes start blowing up the black hole it has long been our imaginations the 2009 star trek movie by james takes it to the extreme the black hole he is depicted here as the ultimate villain and the image of a powerful foe is set in the universe before christopher nolan's 2014 interstellar is different than for the first time a movie goes back to theoretical physics and asks what a black hole would look like back to nikodem poplawski who is interested in exactly what actually happens in a black hole says that a lot of matter and energy accumulates there and a seed grain that eventually explodes, on the other hand the big bang theory talks about a singularity where everything at one point disappears never to be seen again is even smaller infinitely heavy andinfinitely small is a mathematical solution but physically it is totally unsatisfactory working on models that are free of singularities poplawski does not believe in the point of singularity where everything dissolves and has created his own model says that the phenomenon of torsion also called torsion prevents a singularity is formed here is a black hole and here is matter orbiting the black hole in a spiral motion whatever when matter enters the black hole inside the black hole matter spins
faster and faster and wants to reach the singularity now we have an angular momentum that we and the thing produce something called 1000 is expressed in an antigravity which is a force that counteracts gravity just before matter wants to become a singularity, the torsion becomes very strong and stops the collapse so that matter never reaches singularity.
Poplawski's idea is that no singularity arises in a black but, for example, through torsion a repulsion arises which then creates a quasi-new expansion of the universe that is a very interesting theory poplawski describes the explosion of a seed from a point at which an extremely large amount of mass is the theory of big bounce from the big point so here is the beautiful visualization of the picture book model in which the bottle is our unit the verse represents in that there is a black hole the black hole is symbolized by the connection between the two bottles and the bottle below is a new space in which the matter that applies to us enters as you can see if this model is correct then the big bang theory would be like this, since we learned wrong, then our big bang would have been just an exploding core of a black hole, there never would have been a big bang singularity, so black holes really are gates to other universes when you look the black holes. it is difficult to know if there is another within the black hole a new universe is created by a bounce, for example because the black hole is surrounded by what is known as the event horizon, which means that there is very little information or almost no information it comes out of the black hole, of course, you can fly into the black hole, but then you probably won't come out again, so that sounds a bit like science fiction of course, and that's just what we can't prove by looking at it, it's definitely a cool idea, a cool idea is something that's only being tested, let alone tested, or at least providing evidence to the contrary, is almost impossible, maybe cosmic microwave background radiation. it will help us it's kind of an echo of the time when the universe was young and it's still expanding a lot if we couldn't trace this echo back there's a time scale like that i had to move the universe very very fast to have it expanded with a lot of force and this phase of inflation shows up in the polarization of the microwave background and if we could measure that then it could be an interesting observation to support our there are models according to which gravitational waves could also have arisen during the big bang and that spread like shock waves, it spread throughout the universe, somehow we could m eat with it we learned more about our origins we are still in the early days of gravitational wave astronomy right now we are mostly learning how heavy are those black holes how fast do they rotate around their own axis and one also expects them to do so later, for example, you can discover how So small black holes get bigger and bigger black holes, but you could imagine building a much bigger gravitational wave detector in space with many satellites that are far apart from each other and then trying to measure gravitational waves. going through the size that this distance from the satellites is longer, the wavelength of gravitational waves can be measured and thus the range of gravitational waves can be covered with the measurements, for example, that it could have arisen from the big bang, but that is still far in the future we have to wait for those who don't want to wait i say hey the e the discovery of gravitational waves took 100 years black holes also waited 100 years until they were first sighted if i tell you that we have to wait 20 years to prove the torsion so that's much better so far your big bank theory if we can prove our support we probably have to continue to be satisfied with the big bank theory i think that will get us further in science but it's always so much more satisfying to have gardens that test everything so you know you're on the safe side, so right now I think e is a very good idea, but you have to verify it and then prove with data if we really came out of a black hole or if we live inside it, we won't. find out anytime looking for an answer shows us the limits of our knowledge to describe the inexplicable we always need new, maybe crazy sheets of theories that may one day be discarded or change the way people think
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