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Lützen 1632 – eine archäologische Spurensuche

Jul 21, 2022
not a tomb but a chimney a king fell here in a great and bloody battle near lü

tzen

in southern saxony-anhalt the scant information points to one of the darkest chapters in our history this rock behind me came here from sweden during the ice age and was found here symbolically it stands here today for the death of gustav adolf the great swedish king on 6 november

1632

there was a massive battle between the swedish and imperial troops involving almost 40,000 soldiers And it resulted in 6,000 deaths, including the King of Sweden, right where the stone was. looted bloodiest dragged from horse the corpse was found gustav adolf much else where we no longer know exactly where first he received a musket shot to the left arm then a sword stab then a pistol shot to the body and finally a shot to the head The head that he surely finally killed already in 1633 reaches the first position of the fallen king by Merian, looted at the feet of his horse, a representation that is then repeated over and over again until the romantic era and the 19th century, then he always draws the doublet of yellow leather, the death of the king to the present, giving rise to speculation until

arch

aeologists examined the battlefield in the church you can see how the remembrance works because his fateful weakness was not only for the Swedes at that time Scottish fins and The Germans fought against the Emperor and the Catholic League until the end of

1632

.
l tzen 1632 eine arch ologische spurensuche
The King of Sweden was their most dangerous opponent as commander of the army named successfully venerated revered by all protestants we are standing here in the gustav adolf memorial chapel in the style of a norwegian stave church, consecrated in 1907 in the style of a norwegian stave church behind me you can see the altarpiece which clearly shows how gustav adolph was seen throughout the centuries he is the only protestant saint next to martin luther the ransom he and the guardian of the true faith show just how bloody the fighting was in pamphlets of the time. The newspapers were not yet distributed throughout Europe.
l tzen 1632 eine arch ologische spurensuche

More Interesting Facts About,

l tzen 1632 eine arch ologische spurensuche...

Images and texts must report as quickly and authentically as possible what happened on the battlefield. the soldiers in lü

tzen

the big opponents are called gustav the second adolf and albrecht von wallenstein we are here in the welfare castle a beautiful little renaissance building that wallenstein as demigod chose for the battle of lützen if we now go through the gate we see the tower, which is of crucial importance, even if wallenstein no longer expected a major battle against the swedes at the end of 1632, the terrain advantage is clearly in his favor on this day, it was certainly important for the decision to move in wallenstein for the headquarters h the great tower of the old watchtower from the 13th century this tower allowed him to see into the distance or the battlefield and, above all, he could optimally observe the advance of the Swedes from here on the morning of November 6, 1632 , the battlefield itself was outside the city gates and was about three and a half square kilometers in size the road to lützen divided the staging area 375 years of after

arch

aeologists from sweden england and germany hope to find evidence of the battle they have chosen an area south of the road i.e swedish staging area and after just a few minutes the time has come it will be according to Schur based on the caliber i would say a pistol or possibly also a carbine, both weapons used by cavalry horsemen, I suspect from the imperial side, because the Swedes had cavalry reserves behind the infantry to decide if it was their Swedish or Imperial kuge It was difficult but exact knowledge of the sources and lucky to find help battlefield archaeologists now have a total of about 17,000 individual finds, all individual measured coordinates of which the approximately two and a half thousand lead balls can certainly be assigned to battle and then, fired about 1000 other finds, mostly button buckles.
l tzen 1632 eine arch ologische spurensuche
While archaeologists continue to try to piece together what exactly happened here, historical sources show a lot of fighting along the road with musket guns and artillery, so each bullet that cleared the battlefield has a special significance. The clue becomes evidence when individual footprints are found. It shows, for example, if the bullet missed the target or just hit the target. The discount can be used to determine which troops were fighting there. I once had a lot of bullets ricochet off the armor and then I know god the troops were fighting wearing the armor back then there wasn't any uniform weapons and equipment but every type of ammunition horseman or foot soldier is archaeologically detectable in the battlefield but in hotly contested places like the road to leipzig the assignment is difficult the route is largely historical however no graves have been discovered so far individual reports speak of bones that the peasants have collected that is why the state archaeologist decided in 2011 search the area right here at this point here on the beneficiation battlefield archaeologists found a mass grave in the mass grave lay 47 men and most of these men had such pistol bullets in their heads a total of 24 pieces were hit, we assume that the mass graves were arranged very practically along the road, also along the line in which they were atri nchered the imperial troops and where the hardest fighting took place and therefore the most of the dead lay to imagine what happened at that time n have another look at the battle during the fighting in the center of the street, there must be several thousand dead this is exactly where the cut is made and a dark discoloration really tells archaeologists that the ground was disturbed here a pit stands out but there really are dead people from the battle lying there when it looks pretty something special is going to happen here for sure, the question arises how to deal with the unique find it is November and an early winter is approaching, therefore a special decision not to expose the tomb on site, but to recover it as a block, but it is four by five meters in size because no one knows how many layers are expected in the tomb, if you go to a depth of one and a half meters the giant blog weighs 54 tons too heavy for crane and truck ion for the tomb to be shared each half still weighs 27 tons when the first block hangs on the hook after weeks of work everyone involved knows that something is going to be completed here big house brought in while the first part of the tomb is already in on the way to the state museum for prehistory in halle, the second part continues to be welded.
l tzen 1632 eine arch ologische spurensuche
Not only safety but also precision is required because the door of the restoration workshop in which the mass is located The tomb will be examined in the next few years. It closes with only three meters wide in May 2012. It is finally ready. Both blocks are freely set up and for the first time the big murder can be seen head on. 10 Not only that all the bones are fine. preserved here you get an idea of ​​the suffering and death in battle of all involved it is clear that only the utmost care and the most modern methods can lead to reliable results nicole nicklisch anthropology at the university of mainz has been there from the beginning she will help clarify forensic and scientific questions for this purpose samples will be taken, finds will be made and many indications will be carefully recorded the mass grave in lützen gives us something new Glimpses into the everyday life of simple soldiers that do not appear in the history books On the morning of November 6, 1632, everyone believes that he would return home, he found himself days later in the simple pit that this group dumped, supposedly to reveal more secrets, for example, where the soldiers come from and what the 220 bones finally died of. of each individual are recorded and marked accordingly, knowledge that has proven useful in other mass graves, but First of all it comes down to the find for guy 14 is a ball in the mouth unlocked for guy 16's earring looters say many of the dead have wounds like number 17 with a broken forearm or sword to the head but what more revealing are the gunshot wounds and associated bullets, that means as the next step we have to remove the skull from the other side and also look at individual 3 is taken with others to the university clinic in halle for an x-ray an x-ray is created file for each individual in number 6 this drawing is important because it shows a number of special characteristics the deceased was 1 meter 74 tall healed ribs and lower leg fractures the load mark on the spine and on the knees point to the life of a tough soldier when he dies from a shot to the head from a horseman's gun he's no more than 26 that's right you can see he came to the factor on the other side too yeah ace í that you can even determine the direction of the pass quite well I would say yes it dried up in that direction yes here it was a carbine others were shot from pistols because a surprising number of soldiers were hit in the head some of those from side or from behind everything points to hand-to-hand combat in how many then with bullet holes in the skull so a total of about 114 pieces are produced at the end of the investigation of the fact that about half were killed by shots in the head, the question arises as to how exactly the fights went, it is important that you now look at the skeletons from behind again and that, in principle, will complete everything again, so that really all the data is available and then you can make concrete statements to be able to prepare skeletons freely from below both blocks have to be flipped this is a first to expose a block as big on both sides than ever before the long-awaited view of the basement of the common grave had been seen, it once again has some particularities one of the dead was thrown face down into the grave and right next to it there is more metal the small bundle could belong to a hook that held the pants together while block 2 is checked for the last time, block 1 is prepared for the reverse twist and the bones are covered with material again, that is just a mistake made of earth and glue and it is no longer about archeology but about restoration, it is worries about preparing the exhibition but three years after its discovery all the secrets of the tomb have really been revealed for the last time the interdisciplinary working group meets to discuss theirs presenting the test results evaluated and discussed together it all revolves around to the question of what happened on November 6, 1632 and after the test results are available for all 47 individuals, and yet a new one is added information this time is a special caliber because they had and weight of 34 patients it is not only interesting for archaeologists to see which weapons belong to the bullets found, the weapons specialist brought with him a whole arsenal of replicas faithful to the original, so with a weighing more than 20 kilos, the king's weapon was lighter and more expensive which made it popular as loot than what after the battle a bplayer might see in a painting the prisoners were interrogated and to extort the surviving horses driven to the field the dead vest and the weapons removed in the end remained naked on the battlefield one last question is open where did the dead from the mass grave come from? answer stable isotope measurements of strontium and oxygen? all the data that has been collected tends to indicate that we mainly have soldiers who come from northern Germany, possibly also some maybe from Scotland or southern Europe, in principle we can now determine the pattern of injuries and that also the causes of the spectrum of death in relation to the reconstruction of the origin of the dead already make very good statements confirming that probably a large part of the dead in these mass graves come from this Swedish infantry and because, of course, it must be said that these urban infantry in actually a german elite unit was made up of germans how many germans fought on the swedish side shows the pattern lists of the old blue brigade from the war archive in stockholm but besides the germans who fought on both sides there are also some swedes in the pit common so all important questions seem to be answered who created the contra not one after another ordered very close but you can see they were thrown into the rhine this mass grave was dug and filled by people who you have to say were not used to doing something like this it might have seemed like farmers from the area around lützen made the battlefield famous and Investigations into the mass grave have shown something else, namely that there are only losers in war, but battlefield archaeologists can gain new insights from the interplay of disciplines until now only the place where a man was found was known. gustav adolf was the discovery of the mass gr abes clarifies the events of november 6, 1632 we marched 12,000 imperial soldiers on the other side behind today's bushra 18,000 swedes marched and from this side came 2000 Pappenheims to change the battle to change the battlefields of modern times are huge, sothe task of battlefield archeology is also very complex.
It's important to know that before we've done battlefield archaeology, we never know exactly where the battlefields are because people's death often moves them to different places from where the battle is. actually took place the benefit is the authentic place of the battle how modern research has changed the image of it the war exhibition shows an archaeological search for traces

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