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History of Chess - From the origins of chess (Chaturanga) to the greatest Chess World Champions

History of Chess - From the origins of chess (Chaturanga) to the greatest Chess World Champions
despite we know as a matter of fact that india was the place where the ancient game of

chess

was born it's hard to date this discovery

chaturanga

was flourishing in northwestern india by the 7th century and is regarded as the earliest precursor of modern

chess

unlike other games known at the time

chaturanga

was unique each piece on the board had different moves and rules and the victory was based on capturing one piece the king however those were the only rules which resembled modern

chess

according to some historians

chaturanga

was played with dice and according to others it was played by more than two players at a time the word

chaturanga

derives from sanskrit and it means a battle formation involving specific types of troops infantry cavalry elephantry and charity it seems indisputable that in the course of

history

those pieces on the board have simply changed name and shapes according to the areas where the game was played and nowadays those four troops are porn infantry knights cavalry bishops elephantry rooks chariotry within a few decades from its invention

chaturanga

started to spread in every direction of the

world

thanks to merchants and traders who traveled for business from india to persia china and the modern southeast asia region in china

chaturanga

started to be played along the lines instead of in the squares of the board modern

chess

is still played this way in some rural areas on the other hand in persia and in the arab

world

chess

has been greatly...
history of chess   from the origins of chess chaturanga to the greatest chess world champions
welcomed by the noble class and soon evolved towards what nowadays is the modern game of

chess

a new piece was added the counsellor or virzan as it was used to be called at the time which will be later on our modern queen the most valuable piece after the king it was also in this period that the name changed from

chaturanga

to chatranj due to a mispronunciation by the inhabitants of the ancient persia the credit to have introduced

chess

to the western

world

certainly goes to the arabs who after conquering persia commends to spread the game throughout the newly formed caliphate from persia to the modern tunisia throughout saudi arabia and egypt the whole muslim

world

was entertained by this new game that was so funny but so challenging finally chatranj reached europe when the southern part of spain and part of sicily were conquered by the caliphate in the 11th century

chess

was introduced to europe with the name of shah a persian word for king as the arab

world

used to call it the word shah has been remodulated and mispronounced in different regions scotchi in italian in french shakun in dutch shach in german and so on in many other languages different ways to pronounce and spell the same great name which soon became popular amongst europeans as well

chess

had a similar destiny also in russia where it was introduced approximately in the year 100 directly from arab traders of the caliphate becoming extremely popular amongst all social classes moreover the

chess

board commenced...
history of chess   from the origins of chess chaturanga to the greatest chess world champions
to be coloured adopting the typical black and white pieces and squares together with the growth in popularity

chess

caused widespread different reactions in several european countries around the 13th century the church and a few monarchs were afraid of the widespread growth of

chess

throughout the lower classes where several murders had been connected to fighting

chess

players as it was an opportunity for gambling on the outcome of a game despite the king of france trying to ban

chess

in france due to the association of the game to gambling the popularity of

chess

was unstoppable and any attempt to stop it was in vain on the contrary intellectuals in europe were delighted by the game and promoted it to the point that playing

chess

regularly became an essential requirement for upper classes or high military officials the main sponsors of the game in europe became the royal family of england and the monarchies of spain and russia soon

chess

became synonymous of royalty power and wealth in the 14th century the rules of

chess

continue to change and to look closer to what the game of

chess

appears to be today for instance the counselor was replaced by the one square movement queen renamed as queen since she was starting beside the king and in order to increase the speed of the game pawns were allowed to move two squares as their first move thanks to this amendment pawns were in a position to collide and capture earlier quickening the core action of the game however if a pawn was...
history of chess   from the origins of chess chaturanga to the greatest chess world champions
closer to an opposite pawn the two-square move was not allowed later on this issue was solved introducing the on paso rule in addition each piece commenced to be clearly distinguished by others on

chess

boards played by arabs the pieces used to have minor features to distinguish each other and it could have been quite confusing europeans replaced elephants with a piece with the shape of a bishop the pawns were reduced in size and the king was finally wearing a crown by the end of the 16th century most of the modern rules were widely unified and accepted amongst others the queen became of the same size of the king and given full power to move in any direction as much as the player wanted this rule was described by many as the mad queen rule that soon widely became accepted in the whole

chess

world

the first professional

chess

player is usually identified as giocino greco an italian player who theorized and coded the

chess

strategy followed by francois andrei danica philidor a french player who compiled analysis of

chess

a bestseller book printed and sold in several countries another important milestone for the game of

chess

is represented by the london tournament held in 1851 not only is this tournament regarded as the first professional event in

chess

history

but also it had a new feature in the

chess

game time since a few players were taking too long to make moves at the london tournament the necessity arose of adopting a pendulum or a sand glass to make sure a game could be...
played and decided within a reasonable time limit indirectly the loss on time rule was adopted as well by the way

chess

lovers will remember this tournament also for one of the most epic games played between anderson and kizuritsky the immortal game for those interested in watching the game i link in the description the video of the immortal game from the agat mehta channel let me know what you think about that game by commenting below and don't forget to like this video and subscribe to his channel too meanwhile in the united states of america one of the

greatest

legends of

chess

was already born and he was ready to take over the entire

chess

scene

world

wide paul charles murphy from new orleans a

chess

prodigy from a wealthy family morphy learned

chess

on his own watching other people's games after stunning victories as a teenager against

chess

masters morphy was invited to play at the first american

chess

congress in new york at the age of 20 morphy became the usa champion defeating all his rivals at the tournament however to be recognized as the best player in the

world

morphy needed to obtain such success and praise also in europe which at the time had the best players in the

world

upon his arrival in europe morphe played and destroyed each player in london and in paris including anderson as mentioned before the winner of the immortal game and recognized as the best player in the

world

at that time just 21 years old morphy was widely recognized by the entire

world

...
as the best player that ever existed he had never officially received the title of

world

champion since the

world

champions

hip was organized only a few decades after however many commentators recognized murphy as the very first

world

champion of

chess

and arguably one of the best offensive players ever in the

history

of

chess

retired from

chess

a few years later morphy died still young at the age of 47 rest in peace legend to see an official

chess

world

champion we needed to wait until 1886 when the

world

champions

hip organized in the united states was won by the german wilhelm steinitz against johannes zuckertourt eight years later the crown of

world

champion passed from a german to a german surprisingly emmanuel laska won the title against steinitz in 1894. it took 23 years before another

chess

prodigy and cuban legend of

chess

could end the german reign raul won the

world

champions

hip in 1921 defeating laska in havana cuba kappa blanca's reign ended in 1927 when surprisingly alexander alekhine won the

world

champion title in buenos aires the surprise came since alekhine had never won a match against capoblanca until the

world

champions

hip allegedly due to alcoholism alekhine lost the title in 1935 against the dutch max ue to regain the title of

world

champion in 1935 until 1946 when he passed away under mysterious circumstances since the title was vacant the 1948

world

chess

champions

hip organized in the hague and moscow was a five player contest mikhail botfinik...
convincingly won the tournament becoming the sixth

world

champion in the

history

of

chess

and the first russian alekhine was playing under the french flag when he won the

world

champion title to reach such an incredible achievement the reign of botvinnik lasted until 1963 despite temporarily losing his title twice the first defeat occurred against vasily smithloff in 1957 to regain the title in 1958 the second defeat was against mikhail tal another legend of the

chess

universe what made tao one of the

greatest

players in

chess

history

was his attacking style combined with pure geniality and creativity on the

chess

board born in riga then part of the soviet union tal was often also called the magician of riga due to his unique playing style amongst his most famous quotes

chess

first of all is art thanks magician and rest in peace too legend after defeating tau in the rematch and to become again

world

champion botvinnik lost his title against tigran patrocian another russian player renowned for his defensive style in 1969 boris spassky another formidable member of the russian school became

world

champion defeating petrosian however the name of boris spassky is usually associated with another

chess

tournament we're talking about the historic 1972

world

champions

hip when sprassky played against bobby fisher considered by many

chess

enthusiasts and experts as the

greatest

chess

player in the

history

of

chess

per se the tournament was not expected to be very exciting from a mere...
technical perspective fischer was way better than spassky and the result was rather too easy to predict however at the peak of the cold war between the two superpowers an american

chess

player was challenging a russian

world

champion a man from chicago dared to step into the russian turf and challenge them what they were best at the match of the century as the media renamed this

world

champions

hip tournament was by far the

chess

event most broadcasted in the

history

of

chess

and for the first time since paul morphy another american

chess

player made sure that each newspaper in the united states mentioned the word

chess

on the front page from july to september 1972 the attention of the

world

was on that

chess

board located in reykjavik where fischer became the 11th

world

champion of

chess

as largely expected to describe to non-

chess

players what bobby fischer represented for

chess

we can use the words of another

chess

legend it is difficult to play against einstein's theory mikhail tal after his first loss to fisher fisher's beautiful

chess

and his immortal games will stand forever as a central pillar in the

history

of our game gary kasparov on the death of bobby fischer thanks bobby and rest in peace you too legend due to the refusal of bobby fischer to defend his title anatoly karpov became

world

champion by default in 1975 and kept the honor until 1985 when a 22 year old gary kasparov won the

world

chess

champions

hip in moscow in the following years kasparov retained...
his title against karpov who was defeated for five times in a row commencing a journey which ended crowning kasparov as one of the three

greatest

chess

players ever by many

chess

enthusiasts kasparov was even challenged by a team of ibm to play a super computer called deep blue despite the fact he won the first match 4-2 unfortunately kasparov lost the rematch the following year however in 2000 kasparov was subsequently defeated by one of his scholars vladimir kramnik once again a russian was on the highest spot in the

chess

universe and such spot was consolidated in 2006 when fide the international

chess

federation decided to reunify the

world

chess

champion title in 2007 the undisputed

world

champions

title was awarded to viswanathan anand becoming the first indian to win such a title considered one of the

greatest

players in rapid and blitz specialities the lightning kid as other

chess

players used to define him since his young age due to his incomparable speed in front of the

chess

board was forced to seed in 2013 to the highest ever elo rated player in the

history

of

chess

magnus carlsen amongst other records carlson a legend in the making not only achieved the highest elo rating ever equal to 2882 in classical

chess

but also was the simultaneous

world

champion of classic rapid and blitz

chess

on two occasions 2014 and 2019 after defeating again anand in the 2014

world

champion rematch carlson retained his title in 2016 and more recently in 2018 in london his star seems...
to become brighter and brighter year after year with incredible victories regardless if the match is played under classic blitz or rapid time rules if there is a candidate to finally overshadow fischer kasparov and other legends as the

greatest

and brightest player in the

history

of

chess

each

chess

expert would bet on the norwegian who is the

greatest

amongst the greats is hard and often the reasons of the choice are personal we can't forget that

chess

is partially art and like every art what a person feels in front of some games played by morphe or tao or some moves made by kasparov or fisher is merely unique and private there has been rational method implemented to understand which player made fewer mistakes during his career based on computerized systems but once again we don't think that

chess

can simply be analyzed coldly by engines particularly for matches played in different eras there are always other factors which may disrupt the process i guess we've reached the end of our wonderful journey using the word of karpov this combined art science and sport called

chess

represent one of the most enchanting journeys a man can experience it wasn't our intent to discuss famous games played in

history

or teach

chess

there are other great youtube channels to do this we just wanted to tell you a story an incredible story of how a board of 64 squares and 32 pieces can reunite the

world

and make it speak a universal language

chess

we hope you enjoyed this one...
we'll see you next week in the meantime please comment like subscribe below and turn on your alerts we'll see you soon you