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History Of Ancient China | Dynasties, Confucius, And The First Emperor

Jun 06, 2021
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china

is big most of your stuff probably comes from there and has a form of solar farm like a panda, but the most interesting thing is that China is old since people talk about

history

, there has been a China 2.2, so how did China become the oldest continuous civilization in the world? What is the dynasty? Who is Confucius? Is it okay to bury people alive? OK that's fine.
history of ancient china dynasties confucius and the first emperor
Oh, China was born along two great rivers, the Yellow and the Yangtze people began growing rice and millet here around 8000 BC. C., the cultivation of silk would continue around 3000 BC. C. and silk would remain a Chinese trade secret for thousands of years, but these early farmers. had a problem, the Yellow River, which had a nasty habit of discharging everyone to death, enter you, well, no, not you, but like you, you, the engineer, spent 13 years traveling the earth fighting against floods, so dedicated was he to his task, but He passed by his own house on several occasions, but never entered to visit his wife or his newborn son.
history of ancient china dynasties confucius and the first emperor

More Interesting Facts About,

history of ancient china dynasties confucius and the first emperor...

He built canals that carried excess flood water to the fields or the sea and thus stopped the floods. Everyone was very impressed with you. They name him King. and so it begins with the

first

dynasty of China, the Shiite dynasty, what is a dynasty? You might ask: a dynasty is a family that ruled China if the family dies or is overthrown a new family takes over eventually China would be ruled by

dynasties

from now until 1911 C. II, in some ways it tells you a lot about Chinese culture that one of the greatest heroes is a hydraulic engineer.
history of ancient china dynasties confucius and the first emperor
The Shah is said to have reigned from around 2589, which is not wrong, but not really correct either. We have evidence such as bronze tools and remains. of cities and tombs near Ito and Yan Chi that point to an urban civilization that existed around 2100 to 1600 BC. C., but it was probably not a real unified state, but rather a collection of culturally similar cities and towns; It was once believed that a distinct Chinese culture spread from the rain to the rest of China, but examples of dozens of Neolithic cultures ranging from Manchuria to Guangdong have now been unearthed.
history of ancient china dynasties confucius and the first emperor
It is known that it is actually more advanced than the others. Chinese civilization seems to have been forged by the mixture of all these cultures, but the 16th century BC. C., the Chinese had learned to mix tin, lead and copper to form bronze warriors who wrote a new Eurasian import called a chariot, took these elegant bronze weapons and beat the Shire to death. These people discovered that the Shang dynasty, which was like a royal dynasty. Sorry, but you weren't in the bright capital of a yang. Archaeologists have unearthed tens of thousands of so-called oracle bones. The priests would carve questions for the gods into these bones and then apply heat to them, the heat would break the bones. and those cracks would be read as a response from the gods.
The incredible thing about these local bones is that the questions were written on them. The Chinese independently invented writing, something that has only been done about five times in human

history

. These bones have recognizable Chinese characters. we can still read a good amount of them this writing on the oracle bones is the ancestor of the modern chinese the last of the three pre-imperial

dynasties

is des l, who overthrew the brilliance around 10:45 BC. They would still be there almost 800 years later. China's later dynasties would not last half as long. The zero came from the Valley and were vassals of the Shang, but, tired of it, they called a charge, their armies marched into the bright territory and shouted them at the Battle of Nooyi, the bright king defeated. he fled back to his palace, cried a little and then burned the palace with him inside, this raised a question for the Chinese who ruled the Shang because heaven had given them the right to rule, how could the Zhou just come and overthrow them surely the Zhou were wrong here fortunately the zo had an answer heaven had abandoned the Shang why well, according to

ancient

Chinese historian Sima Qian, the last shanking may have hosted some festive orgies and written some extremely pornographic poems and tortured a group of people and maybe he just built a giant lake of alcohol and inside the aforementioned alcoholic built a meeting for us.
Heaven frowns upon that kind of behavior, this resulted in Shang losing the mandate of Heaven, which Heaven was happy to transfer to more virtuous people like him. From now on, Zhou Heaven would release storms, earthquakes, and peasant uprisings. He had rulers who he considered inadequate if the rulers did not listen to and change the Mandate of Heaven, which fell from their hands and passed to another. Heaven commanded became central to Chinese politics as different dynasties lost. and claimed rule for the next few thousand years under Zhou. China's

first

classical texts were written. Irrigation and foot controls arose along with extensive bureaucracy.
A network of canals was built to transport food and luxuries. No elite family could live in elegant walled cities. and enjoying poetry and silk clothing or commanding great armies and taxing peasants to death was a time of immense change. Iron appeared in China around the 9th century BC. C., about a thousand years later than in the Middle East, but the Chinese quickly became experts in Europe and the Middle East did not know how to cast iron and was forced to use wrought iron, which is terrible, but in the century IV a. C. the Chinese used heat-resistant clay in their ovens, which allowed them to reach temperatures of more than 1500 and 37 degrees.
Celsius to be able to liquefy the iron and melt it into moles. This technology would not reach Europe for another 1,800 years. This gave the Chinese much more powerful tools and weapons that could be produced on a large scale. The trade began when the population skyrocketed to 15 million and cities became manufacturing centers. Chinese silk was discovered as far away as Germany in the 6th century BC. C., suggesting that the famous Silk Road was already emerging. The zoo began using money, a novel idea at the time. It was shaped like knives or shovels. It seems like an inconvenience, but you know, they were figuring things out.
The Elk Kingdom had a problem, although it was very decentralized, it was a feudal state, so the king gave his lands to the Lords, but these local Lords began to accumulate more and more power and Zell began. to lose control of his own kingdom in 1771 BC. C., the zel capital was sacked and they fled to a new capital in the yang. The zou still had about 500 years left, but at this point they were just puppets: they are much more powerful. vassals this end of the Western Zhou period and began the Eastern Zo period This period is divided into two parts, both named according to the historical texts that record them the Spring and Autumn Annals and the Annals of the Warring States at the beginning of the Spring period and fall 148 All the states were fighting to be the best, this was reduced to about 30 and in the highly volatile Warring States Period he reduced it to seven and then three and finally won, but hard times bring new ideas about the same time as the city at war. -the states of

ancient

Greece gave of Socrates and the competing Vedic kingdoms of India Broadus mahavira and the Buddha in ancient China the most important philosopher in the history of East Asia is about to be born Master Kong or Confucius as we know him He lived a fairly quiet life, the life of a failed official who died in 479 BC.
C. without ever having exercised any real power or influence, but he had managed to gather a small group of followers who recorded his sayings in the Analects. Confucius's philosophy was concerned with the chaos that was destroying China. He wanted to restore order in a world that was falling apart to do this Confucius advocated a system of five hierarchical relationships the five relationships were ruler to subject husband to wife father to son elder brother to younger brother and friend to friend the youngest partner always you were to respect and honor the older or more masculine partner, yes Confucius as a man thousands of years ago was not really good when it came to women so keep in mind that most of these relationships were within the family and the father held the highest position at this time.
He led to a tradition of filial piety that is still important in East Asia today. Filial piety means being good to parents, respecting them, following their orders, and acting in ways that reflect positively on them. But it worked the other way around: parents were supposed to do it. providing the best possible care for the children and making sure that they were safe and that their future was secure within this system, family came before anything else. Confucius emphasized a concept called ren, which roughly translates as benevolence or humanity. This virtue was key for Confucius, his golden rule, which is do not do to others what you would not wish them to do to yourself.
Confucius believed that if everyone followed their role and acted with benevolence, then society would function perfectly, the ruler needed especially being benevolent because they were the ones who set the example for everyone else. They only stole or fought because their rulers were greedy and violent. Confucius said that when managing your government, what need do you have to kill? Just wish for the god, yourself and the common people, it will be good. Confucius was a fairly outspoken critic of the powerful of his time. perhaps his most revolutionary idea was that the government should work to benefit the people and should be open to everyone, not just the nobles.
This evolved into a new concept, the civil service examination, centuries after his death the Han dynasty government would establish examinations based on Confucian texts that all government officials would have to pass any man could take these exams this meant that careers in government were open to the best and brightest men this exam-based system existed in China thousands of years before anywhere else Confucius was not the only philosopher who traveled In fact, around China at this time was The Golden Age of Chinese philosophy, often called the Hundred Schools of Thought, saw the rise of a school known as Legalists who disagreed with Confucius in his view that human nature was good.
The legalists argued humans by their very nature. nature was bad and could only be improved through the guidance of strict laws, powerful rulers and a strong state, there was Amuro as the popularity founded almost at the same time by Lao Zhu or the old master, there was a masala, although accepting what is happening It is not action. but in the action called Wu Wei, Taoism considers it important that it is best to act in harmony with the universe and simply let nature take its course. These explanations of Confucianism, Legalism, and Taoism are far from complete. We just don't have the time, but there are some links.
You can follow it below to get more information. The state of Chin lay on the outskirts of what the Chinese of the Warring States era considered the civilized world. The Chin were semi-barbarians by their standards. The Chin lived in a dangerous world between Zhang's known nomads and warring states. This meant that military power was needed to survive. They adopted all the innovations they found. Siege weapons. Iron swords. Crossbows sitting on boys on horses instead of writing and with carts behind. The Qin adopted all of this and added their own innovations instead of being a feudal state.
The Qin lords created a highly centralized state, strict laws now regulated trade and harsh punishments, the entire population was registered with the government and peasants now paid taxes and contributed their labor and military service directly to the state instead of their lord. local in each home of the The state was grouped into groups of five or ten and each group was responsible for the actions of its members. Soldiers of the same group were punished as a group if an individual was currently disciplined, trained, armored, and armed with swords and crossbows. The new armies of the Qin were ready to face their era Enemies riding on Socratic chariots King Zhuang is usually credited with conquering all of China and creating the first Chinese Empire;
However, he greatly cured his great-great-grandfather, King Huai of Qin, who reigned from 311 to 338 BC. he skillfully diverted his attention from the drama of the warring states and focused on the weaker years, the rich states to the southwest, there, over the Qinling Mountains, stretched a land of silk and money. The central plain of Sichuan has been continuously cultivated for more than 3000 years due to its rich soil andbenign climate the Chinese call it t on foo the heavenly kingdom this was Szechuan today the fourth most populous province in China the warring states paid little attention to the isolated Szechuan kingdoms of Shu unbar they saw them as barbarians King Huai saw them as a opportunity, but getting there remained the challenge, according to a much later and rather amusing account.
He came up with a cunning plan. He had five stone cows sculpted to perfection with splashes of gold around the tail and hind legs and then placed them in the field where Shu's Final Voice could see them. Shu Qing was obviously excited at the idea of ​​these infinitely golden cows asking for them as a gift, but getting these gifts through the impassable mountains would be impossible until King Huai offered to build the road with this stone. The cattle track actually has some archaeological evidence. It is probably the first mountain road in China. Qin engineers made the mountains crossable by building gallery roads.
What is a gallery path? You can ask this. This scary thing is a gallery walk. They drilled holes in the mountainside and then covered them up. They with wooden planks made these things large enough to accommodate chariots and horses and chariots and stone cows along these roads of death in heaven as the historians called them the stone cows were taken to the king of Shu An unexpected x-ray was the thousands of Quin soldiers and the war chariots that arrived behind them in 316 BC. C., with soldiers now crossing the new road, the kingdoms of Shu and BA fell and Szechuan now belonged to the Qin, this truly was a land of silk and money.
Szechuan had enormous supplies of silk and enormous amounts of mined mineral wealth. Szechuan copper was minted into Qin coins and made them filthy rich, all promoted with Szechuan steroids that the Qin could crush. on the other Warring States, so when the young King Zhen came of age and around the year eight B.C. already owned half of his future Empire, he just had to put an end to it and in two to one B.C. he had eliminated everyone else. states at war with China under his rule, he adopted the title of Qin Shi Huang, the first

emperor

of Qin.
The Qin Dynasty had already begun and the Emperor set out to turn China from a group of feudal kingdoms into a united Empire with the help of the new Li Si. prime minister everything was standardized standardized laws standardized weights and measures the length of cars carts roads swords walls tools everything standardized it was like a giant IKEA of East Asia the mining, wine and salt industries were brought under its state control all this was done To form China into a single cohesive unit Li Si set out to create a government where people were promoted based on merit rather than birth, making it extremely efficient.
He had the weapons of the Warring States melted down into giant statues so that no one would have any idea if they could challenge this new state, which is a Game of Thrones type thing. Qin copper coins became the standard currency of the Empire. There, a circular design with a square hole in the middle would last more than 2,000 years. People throughout China were using the writing system developed under the brilliance. In different regions people used different characters, which made communication difficult and was messing with the Empire's taxes, which just didn't work. The Emperor had each and every character, you guessed it, standardized.
This new small seal script created a written language that was common throughout the empire, regardless of the brighter spoken dialect; without this standardization today's Chinese legislators would probably need about the same number of translators as the European Union. All ideas that arose during the hundred schools of thought were banned as legalism became the state ideology that believed other schools of thought threatened stability and confused the common people, so in 21-3 BC. C. Li Si and the Emperor ordered the burning of all books that went against state ideology, preserving a few copies of each in state libraries away from public view. followed, somehow, by a purge of Confucian scholars who are executed or buried alive in an event called burning books and burying Confucius, which is the best public relations move considering that the Confucian people of Astana who wrote Chinese history at Northern Qin State was constantly pressured by the Xiong Nu nomads to defend the border; a series of walls were built covering a distance of approximately 10,000 Li or 5,000 kilometers.
Now, this is a great wall in China, but it is not the Great Wall of China which was built 1,500 years later during the Ming Dynasty, but some parts of the Qin wall are still visible. The Emperor's centralized conquest and constructions had created many enemies such as the ancient powerful families, the Confucians, and the common people, but he was apparently aware of all the people who wanted him dead, so he created a class of eunuchs, men who were a yin and a yang had been eliminated to be the close servants of the royal family, since eunuchs could not have families.
The loyalty of a eunuch was supposed to be more reliable, the rivalry between eunuchs and the other members of the royal family. The court would come to dominate Chinese history. The Emperor had ruled for about eleven years and was getting a little old, but he didn't plan to die anytime soon because death is for peasants. He began to consult with sorcerers to find an elixir of immortality. The potions prepared for him by immortality experts contained cinnabar and when ingested it has the unwanted side effect of death. The first

emperor

had a tomb built on a scale unimaginable to him until the Today it still remains open, but parts of it have revealed the famous terracotta army that reportedly required more than 700,000 workers to build, which brings us to an important point: all the wonders of these empires, the Great Walls, canals, tombs, palaces in cities were built with millions of hours and lives of force or almost forced labor, all of this depended on the explosion of peasants and slaves who tended to get quite tired of the Han, the Tang , the evil ones, and the Qing dynasties were overthrown by peasant revolts shortly after the Emperor's death in 210 BC.
C. II. The dynasty was paralyzed by rivalries and the oppressed peasants rose up four years after the dynasty was overthrown. His 15-year reign was the shortest in Chinese history, but the Chin's revolutionary act of creating a united Chinese Empire was a monumental event in world history. Previous dynasties had been small and decentralized, it was also the Qin that really gave rise to the idea of ​​China. I mean, from now on, China would change dynasties. More periods of warring states would occur, but China as a unified culture would remain constant. The Golden Age of the Han is about.
Until dawn they will invent paper, flying machines and earthquake detectors. Confucianism will become the state ideology where it will remain until now. Truly the famous connections with India and Rome along the Silk Road will shape world history. They will fight against the nomads and even against the Greeks while expanding from north to south and west, but that is a story for another time and when that time comes, the video will be published first and without advertising on nebula, a video streaming platform which I'm helping to build along with many other independent creators like CGP Gray. Lindsey Ellis knows Butter and many other creators.
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