Graham Hancock - How Was The Great Wall Of China Built? | Blowing-Up History: Seven WondersSep 06, 2023
Many people don't know that the ancient Chinese were even more advanced in many areas than today and Chinese
historyhas a big gap, an unknown period that is very mysterious because many famous experts in the field, including Randall Carlson, think that these Chinese La People in this period had very advanced technology that has been destroyed and this lost technology is much more advanced than what we have today and there are many scientists who suggest that these lost technologies were used to build the Great Wall of China, so let's explain how this historical technology. and mysterious structure on which the Great Chinese War was actually
built, for example, Graham Hancock suggests that a now-lost ancient civilization existed in pre
historythat demonstrates a degree of technological prowess that far exceeds traditional historical understanding of ancient China such as we know it, which was a cradle of human civilization and a source of countless innovations and inventions, from papermaking, gunpowder, the compass to printing technology, China's contributions to global knowledge and technological advancement are indisputable.
In line with Hancock's thoughts, we could assume that these technologies and architectural feats were not the solid product of gradual development, but possibly influenced or originated in an advanced prehistoric civilization. Hancock's work also frequently invokes catastrophism, the theory that the Earth's geological and biological history has been shaped by sudden violent events. He proposes that an event as catastrophic as a giant flood thousands of years ago could have wiped out this civilization. Advanced civilization that only leaves traces that survive in myths Legends and megalithic structures around the world in the context of ancient China One could point to the legend of the
greatflood that traditionally dates back to the third millennium BC.
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graham hancock how was the great wall of china built blowing up history seven wonders...
C., which Hancock could consider as evidence of a catastrophic event that could have resulted in the loss of knowledge and advanced technologies and Graham Hancock suggests that there are several lost technologies that were used to build the
wallof China and these technologies were lost due to Although these catastrophic events and the construction of the Great Wall of China do not involve some mysteries and controversies, particularly with respect to the logistics and workforce involved, among its grandiose array of historical treasures, the Great Wall of China stands as a symbol of the past. of the nation, evoking a sense of wonder and intrigue among scholars, researchers and tourists, stretching approximately 13,171 miles the Great Wall manifests China's ancient architectural prowess and military strategy the Great Wall of China is often mistakenly thought to It is a single and continuous structure, it is a series of fortifications, some in parallel, others in series,
built, rebuilt and maintained between the 5th century BC.
C. and the 16th century. B.C. To protect the Chinese Empire from various nomadic groups of the Eurasian passage, the war construction was a huge project that required an extraordinary amount of manpower and resources. Scholars estimate that up to a million workers could have been involved at different times and places in the The workforce was primarily made up of soldiers, convicts, and slaves, many of whom lost their lives during the harsh working conditions. The materials used for construction varied in different sections of the
walldepending on local availability on the vast plains. Ram to Earth was often used with layers of gravel and ham to earth, offering a cost-effective and long-lasting solution;
However, in other areas, particularly mountainous terrain, stone and wood were used. The Ming Dynasty 1368-1644 marked a significant change in construction techniques, where brick and stone became more predominant materials. Advanced techniques such as As the use of lime mortar, a type of sticky paste that binds bricks, was introduced during this period, this innovation allowed for sturdier and more weather-resistant construction. The wars contributed significantly to the preservation of the structure we see today. The forced labor theory suggests that a significant part of the Great Wall of China was built using forced labor during the reign of Emperor Shin Chi Huang of the Shin dynasty 221-206 BC.
This theory is based on historical records and archaeological evidence, although the exact details of the workforce involved in construction is not entirely clear under the role of Emperor Shinshi Hung. China was unified after a long period of fragmentation to consolidate its power and protect his empire from external threats the emperor began ambitious construction projects, including the Great Wall. It is believed that hundreds of thousands of conscripted workers, including soldiers, peasants and prisoners, were forced to work on the construction of the walls, according to historical accounts, the workforce involved in the construction of the Great Wall was immense, the workers had to Enduring grueling physical work, often in harsh conditions and rugged terrain, they were responsible for tasks such as quarrying stones, transporting construction materials, digging trenches, and assembling walls using various construction production techniques, workers face challenging circumstances that include limited resources. , lack of advanced tools and machinery and adverse weather conditions.
It is estimated that thousands of workers lost their lives during the construction process due to accidents, harsh working conditions, and disease outbreaks. The forced labor theory is supported by archaeological evidence. Excavations along the Great Wall have revealed evidence of tombs. The bricks and stones suggest the participation of forced labor; However, it is important to note that while forced labor played a role in the construction of the Great Wall, it is not the only explanation: the construction of the walls spanned several dynasties and involved various construction methods and labor sources. construction site. The use of recruited labor during the Qin dynasty was probably one of several strategies employed to complete the monumental task of building the Great Wall of China;
On the other hand, the advanced architectural complexity displayed by the Great Wall of China indicates a high level of expertise in geology and engineering. Consequently, some scholars speculate that the ancient Chinese possessed construction methods that have since been forgotten or lost throughout history. Furthermore, according to historical texts and archaeological findings, Chinese wars were built using various materials that largely depend on the geographical region in the arid desert regions where wood and stones were sparsely domesticated. The rammed earth method was popular. It involved compressing layers of sand, clay and gravel between wooden planks to create firm, compact walls.
This method resulted in strong and durable structures, as evidenced by sections of the wall that have endured for thousands of years. For years, in contrast, areas rich in stone and wood resources, particularly mountainous regions, saw extensive use of these materials. The stones were carved into rectangular shapes and laid in orderly patterns, a practice that further ensured the wall's stability and longevity. Additionally, kiln-fired bricks that were stronger and more uniform became increasingly popular in later dynasties, especially during the Ming dynasty 1368-1644 AD. Technological advances enabled mass production of breaks, Chinese construction spanned several centuries and dynasties required a colossal workforce and systematic labor organization, the mobilization, coordination and management of such a massive workforce was nothing less than an impressive administrative feat that involved elements of stage logistics and social organization.
The magnitude of the construction project required a substantial workforce. Historical records suggest that millions of people contributed to the construction of the war over different periods. the workforce was largely made up of soldiers who not only provided manpower but also served as on-site security against potential attackers; However, most of the labor came from the peasant population, the corvae system of feudal China dictated that each adult male must dedicate himself to it. a certain period each year to work on state projects, these labor taxes were often used on important projects, including the construction of Chinese wars. Prisoners and slaves also made up a significant part of the workforce, especially during the Qin dynasty.
Emperor Chin Shi Chang is reported to have deployed hundreds of thousands of prisoners to work on the wall. It was a form of penal labor in which individuals were sentenced to work on the wall as a form of punishment. The organization of the labor force was another. critical aspect of war construction given the large scale nature of the project, a hierarchical work structure was implemented to ensure efficient delegation of work and overall management of tasks. Typically, workers were divided into groups or teams, each led by a supervisor who would supervise their work and to whom the supervisors in turn reported. higher level officials, this chain of command helped maintain order, discipline and efficiency in the work process, in addition, certain teams specialized in specific tasks according to their skills and experience, for example, there were teams of bricklayers who were experts in carving stone, teams of carpenters who built the wood. elements and teams of workers who lifted and excavated a lot, in addition, the role of the Great Wall of China is a strategic defense mechanism, it is an intricate tapestry woven over centuries of geopolitical evolution, invasions and the constant aspiration of Chinese emperors to safeguard their kingdoms in the early times. stages of its construction during the Warring States period, individual states built wars for their specific territorial defense, the goal was to protect themselves from invasions by neighboring states and maintain their territorial integrity;
However, with the unification of China under Qin Shi Hong in 221 BC. Towards the north, the emperor aimed to protect the newly formed Empire from external threats, particularly from nomadic tribes of the Eurasian Passage, such as the Shongnu, the defensive wars of individual states were demolished and the Efforts were redirected toward building a unified fortification along the Empire's northern borders. Empire The strategic design of the Great Wall evolved with each successive dynasty, transforming from simple rammed earth constructions to more sophisticated structures. The Ming dynasty was particularly instrumental in these improvements as they recognized the growing threat from the Mongols, they undertook a significant renovation of the wall, integrating watchtowers, garrison stations and beacon towers for smoke or fire signals with the aim of creating a early warning system and a series of defenses that could slow or deter invaders, giving the Empire time to mobilize its troops.
Watchtowers and garrisons were strategically spaced along the wall, allowing communication via smoke signals. During the day and signal fires at night, this network allowed information about potential threats to be transmitted quickly along the wall. Garrisons stationed at key points housed soldiers ready to fight any invaders, while the tall, steep walls themselves acted as formidable physical barriers. The war was not only a static defense line, but it facilitated the movement of troops through difficult terrain, allowing for rapid response to threats in various regions. The portions along the top of the wall allowed the rapid deployment of reinforcement troops to the attacked areas.
On the other hand, the Great Wall. China's role in economic control is a fascinating aspect of its long history. Demonstrate how the structure was used not only for military purposes but also to sustain and promote economic activities within the Empire. The Wall played an essential role in regulating trade, imposing duties and controlling. the movement of people that was vital to China's economic stability and prosperity the war straddled the historic Silk Road the critical network of trade routes connecting East and West this strategically advantageous position allowed the Chinese Empire to exercise considerable control over the passage of trade Across its borders, gateways in the wall served as checkpoints where trade caravans could be inspected and tariffs could be imposed.This helped ensure a constant flow of income for the Empire and facilitated the regulation of trade, preventing the entry of unwanted goods and ensuring valuable products.
Since silk was not smuggled out, the Great Wall played an important role in managing the movement of people. Its various gates along the wall acted as controlled entry and exit points, allowing Chinese authorities to monitor and regulate immigration. This controlled movement of people was crucial to maintaining internal stability, protecting the demographic structure of the Empire, and preventing potential sociopolitical problems that could arise from uncontrolled migration. The wall also contributed to domestic economic activity. The construction and maintenance of the wall over centuries required a massive workforce which in turn stimulated economic activities. While construction often used forced labor, including soldiers, peasants, and prisoners, it also created a demand for logistics, such as supply chains for food and materials, thus indirectly stimulating the economy.
The Great Wall of China is not only a physical manifestation of economic and defense strategy, but also a powerful symbol of the Chinese nation's enduring strength, longevity and unity, it embodied the power and might of the emperor and was a testament to the capabilities of Chinese civilization during war construction. Millions of workers, including soldiers, peasants and prisoners, mobilized, symbolizing a unified nation. effort, it is this aspect that made the Great Wall a national icon representing the collective spirit of the Chinese people and their ability to achieve remarkable feats. It was also used to delineate the boundaries of Chinese civilization.By separating aggregate Chinese societies from the nomadic cultures of the North, in this way the Great Wall served as a physical and symbolic representation of the boundaries of the Middle Kingdom, contributing to self-image and China's cultural identity and a crucial, but often overlooked, aspect of the construction of the Chinese Wars were the sophisticated logistics and support systems, as with any large-scale project, the success of the Endeavor relied significantly on these behind-the-scenes operations that encompassed supply chain management, transportation, and workforce provisioning.
Supply chain management was a key logistical challenge during war construction materials, such as stone, timber and bricks, had to be sourced and transported to construction sites, often across difficult terrain and across large distances. The production of bricks, particularly during the Ming dynasty when they became the main building material, was a big problem. scale operation itself. The kilns were established near construction sites to meet demand and reduce transportation difficulties. The challenge was also to ensure a constant and timely supply of materials to avoid work stoppages, so this required well-coordinated planning and scheduling, resource allocation and the construction of infrastructure, such as roads for transportation, supplying the large force labor with food and water was another logistical feat.
Workers stationed on remote sections of the wall required a regular supply of provisions, requiring the construction of a network of supply routes, warehouses, and storage facilities. to store and distribute food and water, and cooks and support staff were hired to prepare and serve meals to the workforce. The successful management of these provisions was crucial not only to the well-being and morale of the workers but also to the continuity and efficiency of construction. process Given the physically demanding nature of the work, injuries and illnesses were common among the workforce, therefore a healthcare system was crucial to maintaining a functional workforce and ensuring project continuity.
Traditional doctors and healers were an integral part of the support system that provided basic medical care, treated injuries and treated common ailments, medical care probably incorporated elements of traditional Chinese medicine, such as the use of herbal remedies, acupuncture and therapeutic massages, in In some cases, makeshift infirmaries were established near construction sites that served as places for sick or injured workers to receive treatment and recover. Medical care, although rudimentary by modern standards, played a vital role in preserving health and safety. workforce resilience, the living conditions of workers were another critical aspect of their well-being. Since construction sites were often located in remote and hostile landscapes, providing adequate shelter was essential.
Temporary barracks or camps were built to house the workers. These accommodations, while basic, offered some level of protection from the elements and provided a place for workers to rest after long and strenuous hours of work despite these provisions. It is important to note that conditions for workers were often extremely harsh. Historical accounts suggest that many workers lost their lives due to harsh, grueling working conditions or lack of sufficient care. According to some experts, one of the crucial technologies that made the construction of this colossal fortification possible. possible is tamping technology, this technology essentially involves compacting materials to create strong and durable structures.
Tamping or hanging technology, as it is known in China, refers to the construction process by compacting layers of soil or other materials. This technique has been used in Chinese architecture. since prehistoric times and played a crucial role in the construction of the Great Wall. Round soil techniques involve compressing a wet mixture with soil that may include clay, gravel and sand, often with an additive. Like straw inside a frame or mould, the mixture is then tamped to produce a strong, sturdy and firmly massive wall. This method, although labor intensive, was effective and economical as it relied on readily available local materials.
The use of tamping technology in the construction of the Great Wall of China helped overcome the significant logistical and resource challenges that such a gigantic project would entail. natural encounter given the immensity of the construction site which stretched over steep terrain and harsh climates sourcing and transporting materials were extremely daunting tasks the rammed earth sections of the wall were composed primarily of locally sourced Laos, a type of rich soil In silt and clay found abundant in northern China, this technique gave the wall much-needed durability and strength, given the experience and skills of Chinese builders in this technique.
The ram to Earth sections were built to a high standard, which contributed significantly to the longevity of the wall. These sections of the wall, even after thousands of years, are a testament to the effectiveness of the tamping technology used in its construction. Another advantage of the tamping technology was its suitability for the various geographies that the wall traversed in the mountains. Builders could cut stones to form the outer layer of the wall. The wall and interior were filled with earth using tamping technology in desert areas. Ram to Earth was often used alone due to the scarcity of other materials, regardless of the landscape.
Tamping technology offered a versatile solution for construction. The use of tamping technology in the construction of the Great Wall of China demonstrates the sophistication and maturity of ancient Chinese engineering skills. The implementation of this technique on such a large scale and on a variety of terrains is a feat of logistics engineering and construction in contemporary times. Ramping technology has seen a resurgence in popularity due to its sustainable nature as an eco-friendly construction method that uses locally available materials, rammed earth construction minimizes the environmental footprint, this ancient method of Chinese architectural tradition has modern implications for Sustainable construction practices and green technology, in addition, are a crucial aspect of war construction.
In local material theory, a method that employs indigenous resources that played a critical role in the creation of the Great Wall of China, local material theory is a construction philosophy based on the use of locally available materials for architectural and construction projects. engineering. This approach recognizes that variations in the environment. Conditions in all geographic regions that advocate the use of local resources to adapt to these variations. The theory emphasizes the sustainable and practical aspects of construction, as locally sourced materials reduce transportation costs. They foster a connection to the local landscape and contribute to the longevity and durability of the structure.
The construction of the Great Wall of China is an outstanding example of local material theory in action spanning a diverse landscape from the sand dunes of the east coast to the Rocky Mountains of the west and the builders had to adapt to a multitude of environments, resources and climates in the east. Plains where rocks and pebbles were scarce. The builders used rammed earth and reeds, causing wars between Tam and Earth. Some sections were even constructed from pounded rice flour, implying ingenious use of agricultural products. In the mountainous areas of the west, stones and rocks became the main building materials.
The use of local materials extended beyond structural materials even to the choice of binding agents in areas where limestone was abundant, it was used to make southern lime mortar, in contrast in desert regions, willow readings were used and twigs popular for stabilizing sand and in northern regions, ice. was used as mortar to join the stones the longevity of the great war underlines the theory of the local material sustainable aspects through the use of resources appropriate to the local climate and conditions the sections of the wall could withstand the specific environmental challenges posed by its environment, for For example, stone walls in mountainous regions are resistant to frequent rains and harsh winters, while walls in arid plains effectively withstood dry wind conditions.
The use of materials also significantly reduces the energy expenditure associated with transporting materials over long distances to construct the walls. a more sustainable effort for your time that's all for today subscribe to our channel and press the notification bell
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