Geschichte(n) aus Stahl, Folge 9: Liebling der Massen - der PantherMar 22, 2022
this is the
pantherfrom the german panzer museum today we will look at the history of this vehicle and a
pantheris a great way to see how there were arguments as to whether retrofits should be accepted the concepts tested there should continue 19 37 the builder he had to kniepkamp of the tester arms am 6 considered that new tanks should be built, panzer 3 and panzer four were state of the art at that time, but he said that we have to think more about the future, we need new models for the future kniepkamp made a ranking of the three classic factors of tank building tank builders from firepower to armor and mobility and dropped the ranking was very clear said firepower comes first, speed comes directly second and third, as unimportant , the armor because the firepower is the center of the speed of the tank brings firepower to the enemy d the protection of the The edges of the armor is only necessary but not central which by the way makes panther the ancestor of leopard 1 not tiger because leopard 1 works on the same principle mobility and firepower armor protection on the back what they were war there were ideas about it, he has said that the next tanks will definitely need large rollers instead of the small ones that have been used so far and he said that the rollers should be nested inside each other if possible so that a large surface area is created of contact but the transmission of the shafts has the researchers in a very smooth operation and a long life of the different components of good controllability and secondly there should definitely be a twist-start suspension, which means that big metal bars run through the vehicle at the bottom of the tub in which the wheels are hung and suspension is created by the s metal rods that twist together a lot of modern lady principle but they are also not that tried and tested so these ideas are available and companies apply 938 daimler benz starts and develops a vehicle in the 20 ton class which was the goal at that time and uses both things that are specified to build Both the big wheels and the rotary suspension are not really convinced that these principles work really well and leave the project again.
Use the suspension. Kniepkamp is now very upset by this reluctance from the German industry and turns to Emma Andy himself, who is a leader in rotary starting. technology right now and now they're building a tank that's basically a little panther you can see everything that comes after it the big rollers because the shafts drive three phase current you can even see even the canted armor that makes the panther so feature after 1941 times german empire and soviet union fall and wehrmacht hit g t 34 and kv tanks experience so called panzer schreck tanks are very hard to destroy german tanks suffer first time heavy casualties and wehrmacht says that we urgently need new models and they have certain ideas about them and for this purpose series of songs to ensure the panzer commission not in front of a hero a conference what problems German tanks have and what kind of a solution and one of the criteria is required plants is that now we need a 30 ton tank we need bigger tanks that can carry bigger guns and more armor engineers get tired and daimler benz and mrn are back to work and now they are developing such 30 ton tanks daimler design benz is very fascinating daimler-benz people build n basically the t 34 after that they used new and old fashioned concepts what is new is that you want to use a diesel for the first time what is also new is that in this vehicle the engine and rear wheel drive are normally in german vehicles always the engine in the rear and in the drive train it transmits the power to the front where it transmits to the sides of the chain this goes out on the daimler benz concept and the tower sits at the front basically you can see a clown t 34 only made in germany focuses The story differently at GM remains classic with the engine engine remaining in the front-wheel drive rear drivetrain but twist-start suspension and rollers are installed. large, which means that here is a different combination of old and new concepts at the beginning of 42 is that the daimler benz design of this t 34 clown has almost imposed itself on politics is convinced that it would be better for both the Minister of Armaments and Ammunition of the Reich as for the f the leaders themselves say well that it was good so there is no rejection that is said to be good it is Soviet Bolshevik or even a Jew of the time said what I said that is the concept we would like that but then the minister he died in a plane crash the successor will be albert speer albert speer has karl otto sauer in his luggage his office boss and he is a lobbyist for the draft for the shoot he died and box in the tank and he gets another commission set up to check again which of the two drafts is now better and this commission comes to the conclusion that the most modern design in the sense of the undercarriage which is always more relaxed wins the contract and that also happens then the argument is just this modern undercarriage with dre died suspension and big wheels then really the smooth running and launch safety in the battlefield in the ring the firepower is really reliable g se get closer to the enemy you say explicitly even if repair and technical difficulties entail and then labenz is knocked out of the race and so mrm's 20 ton tank becomes a 45 ton tank it's getting bigger and harder and harder making a decision later should have devastating consequences an interesting detail even the bidders managed to beat daimler benz then it will be repeated later in the 60s in the same way with the reconnaissance tank search for the bundeswehr in the game panzer lux we will return exactly to the wheel suspension gears and the much like the panther is applied on the Generally considered to be one of the best d designs you designed better balanced armor cubes of ww2 and let's now look at the elements mobility firepower and armor protection mobility the panther has had some problems and the main problems were with the engine and both sides introduced the fire engine first The engine actually caused constant problems throughout the life of the tank.
We have to remember that the panther arrives in Vienna in the summer of 1943 and in the summer of 1945 the war is over, which means that it will be at the front for two years and actually, all the time there are constant complaints about what kind of Faults this engine has had all the time, ranging from overheated engines to piston sticking, faulty fuel pumps, leaking seals, to the phenomenon of fuel entering the cylinders from leak points in the engine and igniting due to engine heat, which led to engine fires that were partly catastrophic when the Panthers were loaded from the railway carriages on their frontal debut at the Battle of Kurs haus driving alone there two Panthers burn out completely from an action of normal unloading of a wagon the problems with these engines got better over time they were partially resolved the wonderful thing was never fully resolved what is the panth always was afflicted with these diseases, the second major problem with this vehicle was that it was going sideways, which in summary is the mechanism that transmits power from the side drive train to the chains, which is why they had really turned and you are sideways and kept breaking. number of fractures presented on these pages also did not decrease but increased so this is possibly related to a general trend in German tank production because 45 had reported this to be the case with all Panther tanks but in any case already 43 44 very prone to this if you look at the numbers a panther engine should run free for about 100 hours of removal only then should it be taken out for maintenance or repairs this was almost never achieved and the pages presented had around 150 miles of performance per life, then it was assumed that they would also break n would be the third element of the tank's mobility, suspension and The undercarriage on the other hand were excellent, no arguing, the suspension for example can absorb unevenness up to 50 centimeters which just soaks up. because of these torsion bars this number was not reached again until the leopard-2 of the cold war manages to exceed this value afterwards, that does not happen in the middle, so fantastic 15 centimeters, a tiger for example was 22 centimeters long spring travel a Sherman even only about four inches the leopard 1 then comes with 15 inches but as I said the leopard-2 comes close and manages to get back into a panther that means vehicle mobility needs to be rated with mixed brand what it had was a very high top speed of 55 km/h later it was throttled to 46 because it was too strenuous for the engine but this is resisted by a tank in the second world war actually completely irrelevant because it was only in from You could get to r street but the tank fight takes place in the field as long as we want it marched on the railway and in the field a panther drives about 20 25 kmh more not exactly like everyone others tanks, but has good mobility for its very high weight of 45 tons overall, so a mixed rating in terms of engine power mobility plus mobility, armor protection and firepower are the other two determining factors of tank design. a tank also in terms of armor the rating of the panther is mixed the front the panel is the most important tank the part of a tank is absolutely excellent with the panther very thick very well made diagonally interlocking absolutely state of the art to the end of the war the sides and rear of the panther on the other hand are very lightly armored the tynes weapons program in oct '44 has already clearly established the bombing attempts they are actually all in league with more The tank can easily penetrate the sides and rear of the panther at normal combat distance and that is what happened later, which means that, unlike the tiger, the panther is not heavily armored all around, that was never the intention, but just designed for that with the mobility to get into the right position and use the front plate as a shield and keep the rear areas out of fire the firepower, on the other hand, gets a clear verdict excellent the 7.5 cm gun above ground at that time state of the art of the tank until the end of the war also very accurate very accurate very rich and very penetrating to bring in some numbers what accuracies mean right now over a kilometer when trying to shoot a target about two by two meters in size this gun has a hit rate of about 100 percent 97 100 even two kilometers is still 49 percent and three kilometers is 18 percent Ent where you already asked the question where you actually have 83 kilometers of free kick range these numbers drop significantly again in combat due to stress due to turmoil due to adverse circumstances especially due to the enemy sometimes having a say but these numbers are the hit rates that can be roughly achieved in wwii to determine how quickly it happens something like this do you remember when the vehicles stop to fire the turret also rotates very slowly at that time you have the images in your head of the leopard today during full speed rotates the turret rotates this turret depending on engine revs and that means that a 1000 revolutions this tom takes 46 seconds to turn around itself at 2000 revolutions it is about 23 seconds and at 3000 revolutions that in the end you were no longer allowed to drive because at the same time you can still see the engine i 15 seconds that means that the turret turns very slowly the vehicle drives slowly and the ranges are relatively short which back to the fight of tanks in the second world war the question now remains about the final evaluation of this vehicle saw action in the summer of 43 explains guderian the panther only in march 44 44 for front reif however the reports about errors and defects of the panthers they will last until the beginning of 45 actually until the war but in any case until the spring of 45 hundreds of reports about technical defects about failures continue to come in and there are reports that trust in the partner drops significantly, although it was previously very high, so that this immaculate image of the best tank was not as clear to contemporaries as it is today in the account and a point remains very high on allied tanks a lot of talk about how the man caught fire there is this saying about portfolio screens after of the lighter brand or the says for seven brothers the grand prix tank that was always on fire moderate writes after the front area of the screen wasduring the battle, of course, a Zeitler in July 43 that firstly the allied tanks the sides and back of the panther constantly penetrating and then citing usually the panthers immediately bursting into flames exciting quotes so this problem to see a vehicle full of fuel to see ammunition getting hit bursting into flames its nothing to concern the allies this concerns this best tank of wwii like they always say hagenau so the panther we raised german panzer 7 display it is a so called commando panther had many tank models commando types commando variations characterized by the fact that more or more powerful radios were installed due to the state of the art at the time you could easily recognize these commando tanks because they had to carry antennas additional ones, then panther can see you clearly from this antenna, which was installed additionally for From the ultra short wave device 5 and from this large bar antenna that is mounted on the rear of the vehicle to the medium type 8 second device that was even a disadvantage the ammunition of the vehicle had to be reduced because they needed their auxiliary generator radios what which in turn income from the spaceship that means a normal panther of the a versions had 79 shots with 79 large cartridges and then the panther commando could only carry 64 of those cartridges for this useful graz another problem was that the command vehicles were of course much easier to recognize through the antennas ie the club could see which vehicles were occupied by particularly important officers with leading officers our panther itself was built in feb 944 by mrn in nuremberg and that makes it in one of the last panthers of the versions after the next version was changed.
We do not know in which troops the vehicle was in use and we also do not know where it was in use. We know, but that can be found in France at the end of the war for what was apparently on the Western Front deployed the 19 46 vehicle then delivered to Sweden and the Swedish limits the 1961 back to the Federal Republic of recipients here in Munster is the 93rd tank battalion has this tank against and displayed for the first time in the barracks as a souvenir and the commander of the combat troop school. two here in Munster, the Schwerin regional then started the project to restore this tank and also to preserve it in such a way that it could be used for a long time as a teaching material, especially for the German army, but later by the museum tank and since January From 1980 to September 1981 this vehicle was restored at great expense and to say goodbye to General von Schwerin it drove again with the original engine and very ironic if you look at the tank problems or the tank engine problems in which those were also the last trips on the original engine the engine was not completely abandoned more to repair nor more to replace despite a long time trying to do that and that is why in 1983 it was decided that this vehicle is a diesel engine was installed by a tank Bundeswehr of cannon jag tanks so the tank of course is no longer original it no longer makes the noise that the normal Maybach engine did, at least it still c onduce and the museum exhibit is one of the best preserved panther type tanks on this planet
If you have any copyright issue, please Contact