Film Theory: Encanto, The Madrigal Family SECRET!May 28, 2022
located in the middle of the columbian mountains the magical
madrigals in kanto is a perfect place there is no war there is beautiful weather there is plenty of food there is just one problem they are probably inbreeding too whoopsie don't dive today folks because this gene pool is shallow but what How bad is it to forget to grow plants or change the weather today? I'm asking the question is the real miracle of charm the fact that they've been avoiding genetic defects for generations hello the internet welcome to movie
theorywhere i'm waiting on a miracle the miracle of you hitting the subscribe button so remember that time a few months ago when i made a
theoryafter watching charm one too many times with my three year old, well we haven't stopped and months later i'm still trying to force myself to see more and more detail in the animation to try and stay sane.
For example, I'll be the first to admit that it took me an embarrassingly long amount of time to figure that out. the
familyside wears blue tones and the other side of the
familywears orange tones and that the people in the middle like mirabelle and bruno have these strong green accents but there are also a lot of smaller moments like here in the opening song where is? this bridge comes from we are in the middle of town and luisa just takes a random bridge what does a full bridge do in the middle of the road speaking of inconsistencies can someone answer me this because it takes me to us every time i watch the movie or the first set of cracks that mirabelle sees real after antonio's ceremony she sees cracks in the wall but when the family arrives they are gone, were they real or just a dream because mirabelle cut her hand? a broken tile so it had to be real but then the casino fixed itself or was it actually this guy have you been here patching the cracks?
Oh, no, no, no, all the patches were made by Hernando, who is Erna, I'm Hernan. do and i'm not afraid of anything there's also these cool character moments too like here i love how dolores is uncomfortable with antonio riding a jaguar just a funny little blink and you miss him look talking about characters being uncomfortable well we'd wait for isabella being annoyed by mirabelle and she's clearly in pretty much every scene, aunt peppa also gives her her fair share of dirty looks throughout the movie, mirabelle is very unpopular in the family but seeing it as many times as i have, actually i think grandma is the one who gets the best character beats like here after this moment he wants five babies wonderful grandma who always focuses on appearances removes the one flawed flower from isabella's hair is also here where she is sweeping the flowers from her earlier conversation with isabella or here where she subconsciously adjusts her earrings when she talks about having to meet r to the other family because again it's about looking perfect but as you can probably imagine listening we don't talk about bruno too many times he starts doing funny things in your head and my mind started doing what it always does it went dark somewhere after the 45th viewing it really started to sink in that the people in the magical gathering have been living there unmolested for 50 years no one has gone in and no one has come out you know the mountains around the camp are pretty high and we know this for sure because Co-director Jared Bush has said multiple times that the family hasn't left and that the new additions come from the existing charm community, which can only mean one thing in parenting as there are only a small number of people in this isolated village and since it's been 50 years of them being stuck there is a genetically stagnant population do they have to worry about inbreeding h it has happened it will still happen well i researched it because of course i did and for as stupid a question as this may not seem on the surface the answer ended up being fascinating because it seems to have big ramifications for the end of the movie and puts the return of magic in a new light so get ready and let's turn up the volume because now it's time for a theory recap as a quick refresher or for those of you who never watched my episode on earl chocula on the theory of food inbreeding It is the mating of people who are closely related through ancestry.
It is a practice that is probably most associated with wealthy, high-driven families in the old days, such as the Habsburgs, who interbred as a means of keeping their bloodlines pure. , ensured that no new DNA entered the family, why would this be a problem? Well as most of you probably know by now there are dominant and recessive genes that dictate what traits a child gets and many genetic diseases are recessive traits this is usually not a problem when we out breed what we are really doing is mixing our DNA to make s Sure there's genetic diversity that way, even if we have a recessive genetic disease, our partner probably doesn't want to say the child is protected.
However, consanguinity does the exact opposite of these blood related people having similar DNA, greatly increasing the chances of both partners. carrying a dangerous recessive allele and passing it on to their offspring, so while inbreeding was used historically to keep bloodlines pure, the practice actually amplified problems floating around in DNA strands generation after generation, tending to to result in each generation having reduced stamina, size, and fertility at the same time as the amount of infant mortality increases, but inbreeding isn't just a problem for wealthy noble families trying to stay pure since the dawn of time. A worldwide example of this can be found in the isolated atoll in the western Pacific called Pingalap, also known as the island of the colorblind, the population descends from 20 people who survived the typhoon that hit the island in the 18th century, one of the survivors was a carrier of color blindness, a rare recessive disorder that causes total color blindness at such a small size. the gene pool that remains today one tenth of the island's population is totally colorblind, in contrast here in the states colorblindness typically affects 1 in 33,000 Americans with 1 in 100 being carriers rather than interbreeding to potentially cause recessive alleles to disappear from the population, inbreeding makes those things more common, so knowing all this it stands to reason that perhaps the people within the charm could share a similar fate, they too are an isolated people with A small town, did any of you have to read One Hundred Years of Solitude in English? the class was actually an 11th grade summer reading requirement for me anyway it's a 1967 novel written by author gabrielle garcia marquez stop if you've heard this one before the book is about the buendía family a family that lives in a small remote town in colombia the book is full of magical realism a surprising amount of yellow butterflies and inbreeding considering that charm it also features a small remote colombian town with magical powers and yellow butterflies it stood to reason that maybe inbreeding also coincided, just saying if the genetically undifferentiated shoe fits you wear it to start off i wanted to get an idea of how many people actually live in the charm first of all i mean it looks like a small community but then again i might be misjudging things after watching a few key group scenes, i was actually shocked by my count, i first counted everyone who attended the ceremony gifts from antonio in the stage directions of the script says the whole town is there it's also the time when most people are introduced in one place so it felt like a good indicator for the size community total i also counted the number of people that appeared during the family i did the gal opening number but i quickly learned the number would not be exact since we see a couple of people multiple times i also did my best to count the number of people who came to rebuild the house at the end of the movie after doing all these counting and calculations while trying to eliminate as many confirmed duplicates as I could my best estimate of the number of people living in the town is somewhere between 310 and 320.
So That's the current population, but to see how the population has grown over the last 50 years, we also need to know how many people entered the charm in the first place. gar, the best place we have to calculate this. the number is this scene near the end of the movie when we see pedro mandirgaal leading a group of refugees away from their homes, we get to see a wide shot of them as the group crosses the river and although I don't show all of us, you can definitely count 55 people consisting of 24 men, 17 women and 14 children, 9 girls, 5 boys. them from a distance the group rushes across the water and hides in the woods while pedro stays behind to protect the group as alma says goodbye we see the villagers running to her side as allman pedro was leading the herd at first it means that literally everyone in the group had to get past them during the 20 seconds of screen time it takes for the riders to reach them, as such it doesn't really seem like there are hundreds of people in this group as there are several people who i don't see during the river crossing running past alma and pedro as he kisses the babies, i added an additional 20 which puts our starting population here somewhere around 75. once you subtract the 14 kids, the additional men and the 10 in the group who have F fertility problems, which is the number decided by the national institute of health.
I think that in a perfect world scenario, it is safe to assume that there were a total of 25 couples in this initial group who are now able to have children over the age of 50. The population went from 75 to 300 and that may seem like a big jump, but in 1950 the average number of births per woman in Colombia was 6.4 to be fair in 1900 Colombia's infant mortality rate was estimated at about 42 percent , which means that almost 42 of all children born would not survive past their fifth birthday due to ailments such as pneumonia and tuberculosis, however, this town also has juliette
madrigal, who could probably take a break carrying people covered in thorns cactus to save the lives of some sick babies. of conflict and a source of clean water we would expect most if not all of the children to survive I mean that is the point of the charm after all it is meant to be paradise Also while we are on the subject , no, Juliet is not a cheat code to solve consanguinity, it does not seem to be able to cure genetic problems because, as we clearly see in the movie, it is capable of curing the symptoms of Augustine's bee allergy, but not the actual genetic causes behind the problem she can cure ailments like bloating but not the underlying genetic problem so no inbreeding still at play ok knowing all this information charm people have to worry about inbreeding well into the 1980s.
The main idea in species restoration theories was the so-called 5500 rule. The idea behind this is that 50 people capable of creating children could prevent the immediate risk of inbreeding and 500 help They would fight genetic drift. It's over so the madrigal people are getting dangerously close to the line. It's also not helping your case that many more recent articles claim that the numbers from the 1980s are too high. o The new low estimates range from 98 to 150 to 160 to 10,000 and 14,000. Other articles suggest that the appropriate ratios here should be 505,000 instead of 5,500. Finally, in a Science Focus article titled How do they cope with small and isolated tribes? inbreeding states that there are tribal customs to prevent inbreeding, but cites that consanguinity only becomes a serious problem when the population falls below 50 or more, basically reading the relevant scientific literature there seems to be no consensus, which sucks again because the charm town is right there. the bubble, so I had to call in the bigwigs.
I asked my friend austin from the show the science over in game theory to design a computer model that would simulate the mating patterns for the charm village and then trace the gene combinations that were spreading to the offspring. from there, we would program into populations the size we calculated for the movie and create best and worst case mating pattern scenarios to see if and when inbr The need would occur because there were so many hypotheses at play that I felt it was best to keep it simple by maintaining a 50 50 ratio of males to females being born after running a few dozen rounds of the simulation.
What we found was shocking. since the charm was that inbreeding would be guaranteed, the best of the best cases was that consanguinity would take six generations to complete.starting to be inevitable assuming about 25 years per generation the computer said it would happen sometime around 129 years but in order to get even that remotely you would have to be very careful who married whom to get even with oh my god , i have spoken with the guzmans about mariano's marriage proposal to isabella, he wants five babies, wonderful, such a good young man with our perfect isabella will bring a new generation of magical blessings and make our two families stronger they knew that at least grandma knew that this is why marriages had to be arranged in this world like isabella married mariano to make sure everyone stays genetically diverse is to make the family stronger literally the only way to make it six generations participate in this without any inbreeding is to carefully track and control genetic diversity and mating patterns grandmother was l a puppeteer except they can only last so long even if everything is perfectly controlled there are only a few generations left to go here when we join the mirabelle story they are sitting at the 50-year mark almost halfway through the best of cases three generations deep by our calculations each generation's planning increases in complexity squared which gets increasingly unwieldy it's lucky then that the magic died and the mountain broke in half when it did it allowed the insiders to leave and, more importantly, it allowed new blood to come in.
It's almost like the magic wasn't dying because the family was breaking up. Maybe the magic was dying instead because the family was getting too close. but hey, that's just a theory, a movie theory cuts you short
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