Fighter Pilot Guided Tour of the Naval Aviation Museum - Pensacola, FloridaJun 01, 2021
we are ready to start work we are good my name is Lou Humphrey and I am the ghost chief Wow and from 1968 to 1973 I was a
pilotin the United States Marine Corps I flew principle therefore I found in the a4 Skyhawk an example for the shape that's hanging there with the bombs and the white underbelly by the way the sky hawk is the kind of plane Arizona senator john mccain was fine when he was shot down knowing i'm a vietnam vet and i want you to know that you have walked into one of the top 3
museums in the world here the other two would be air in space which is part of the smithsonian concept and the master F west
museumright at Patterson air force base in Dayton, Ohio, but we've got a few things to make us unique, among which I'm going to let you play pretty much everything I showed you today, even if the boss at the Smithsonian doesn't like me and the Air Force has to simplify playing their plan, probably.
If you wear sunglasses, we have a very unique upper level in this museum that has two life-size dioramas and you'll probably make it there during the last 15 minutes of the
tourand the reason for this is that we ripped an optical landing system right out of the cover of an airplane character called forgotten lapse which will allow me to explain to you in quite some detail how he does it we can put that hook in about a square meter at night in hey do you have any questions before we get going? about exploring the use of aircraft shortly after the Wright brothers first flew and in 1903 and the Navy as a result developed a relationship with a fellow upstate New Yorker by the name of Glenn Curtiss, the sophisticated whiteness reports Curtis here and Curtis had a 25 year old Civilian Demonstration Pilot by the name of Jeannie Lee and Mrs.
More Interesting Facts About,
fighter pilot guided tour of the naval aviation museum pensacola florida...
Jean Neely and damn it, Jean Healy is a civilian who did the first takeoff and landing on a navy ship. The first takeoff occurred in Hampton Roads, Virginia, in November of 1910. We had a ship that looked pretty much like this one that we put up. a temporary wooden platform on the front of that pup and the pitti had been intended to be going when ely launched it helped the plane fly well to make a long story short the weather deteriorated easily he said you know i better keep going go ahead and take a good look because they weren't on their way they really didn't have enough what we call final speed or flight speed and it settled at the very end of the ship it sank into a cushion of air we call ground effect which is about half as high as the wingspan on any given plane, always and he really hit the water, damaged the propeller kind of a spin back into the nearest air through a very short distance and landed on a sandbar and the Navy said well if that it's takeoff we're probably going to have to work on that luckily we've gotten much better than Simpson and two months later in San Francisco Bay we took the USS Pennsylvania, we put a temporary wooden platform on the back of that thing and put some ropes with sandbags on the drawhook. on the plane it's hard to feel like he didn't like the first landing as a result of that landing ely said well the stunt wasn't that hard I could probably show up nine out of ten times luckily the Navy in the brain cooks and we go up nine of every ten times, so we bought a couple of planes from Glenn Curtis and a third plane from the Wright brothers, put up Naval Aviation 1911 and San Diego California and about three days later we repurposed this facility here at the first Navy Air.
Station and when there were five of them from left to right represent World War I where half of Korea Vietnam in the present time next to the statue of World War I is the statue of a little dog why the dog well these early
navalaviators thru gh open booths with no heating where the temperature could be zero degrees or so and even though they wore those long leather coats it was still cold so a lot of these guys on the dog and when they were going to fly they take that little dog and then stuff it down the front of that leather coat and that's how they keep the core temperature going now as a result of litigation between the White Brothers and Glenn Curtiss these early
navalaviators ended up having to fly with the British and the French and to a lesser extent the Italians in WWI a plane very similar to this new French 28 foot you don't have to be an aeronautical engineer to look ar this French plane that looks a lot like a kite and figure it out pretty easily. it probably hasn't been as capable in planes like the Fokker d7 which is above us for the red nose, in fact I personally think the Fokker d7 is the best plane to come out of WWI why a month of August 1918 d7 closed? down n 565 now it takes five aerial victories to become an ace which by the way is a French concept and one of the German
pilots who flew the d7 in WWI actually became famous Wolff in WWII , his name was Fermin Glory, yes when he to air victories and led the Luftwaffe for Adolf Hill the d7 was so good that when we signed the Treaty of Versailles ending WWI we had the Germans hand them over everyone to the war, more than 100 of them we brought back to the United States.
States and hand poem ended up with trainers with the United States at Quantico Virginia that's why German planes so what we have here is a Kurtis for D for Jenny if you were a Canadian pilot in WWI probably you would have had about a 95% chance of training on this plane you can see it was a biplane which means it had two wings and by the way if we had computers these days we quickly realized that when you have multiple wings like this to lift the wings so it's exactly better one way r than two a little counter intuitive but that's how these drums work and these cables work for strength we had seats for two the engine was not Very reliable and notice the suspension system, its bungee cords are now just as important as these planes were for training purposes in the world.
In the first war they actually became more famous after the war with the US the mail service and the Barnstormers you know the Barnstormers or the guys that would fly all over the field sitting in any farmer's field and, they usually throw in a little temptation and hang a sign that says plane rides maybe 30 minutes for a dollar or less among those early Barnstormers was a guy named Charles Lindbergh who, of course, in 1927 would cross the ocean non-stop alone. Atlantic for the first time and that guys like Lindbergh would just put the hammocks here between these cables at night that's where they were sleeping now this is let's call it 1915 tech The Phantom I flew was we'll call it 1960 tech so we're talking about the kind of Suntory so get in this plane of the one and hear the difference in performance takeoff and landing at 40 miles per hour - family cruise 165 at 60 miles per hour the Phantom is appro Approximately 5:30 top speed 80 miles per hour of the Phantom is 1450 which is 2.3 times the speed of sound initial rate of climb after take off 200 feet per minute the Phantom is at 41,000 feet that's a third of a century 33 years now if you trained in one of these you could have flown something like this british soft whip get more this plane is in this museum because david is nineteen ingalls this handsome rascal here became first marine base or one finds this type of plane from the Pretty good first plane had hundreds of aerial victories for this type of plane during the war but the trick was you had to be pretty good and lucky enough to learn to fly this thing we had 400 men killed in action on this plane me and 400 dead in training learning to fly why so many in training we will see how fat it is in front that made it very unstable in the pitch axis those short stubby wings made it It was very unstable on the axis of the world and it had a motor that, believe it or not, actually rotated with the propeller, now that's a lot of weight spinning around and that will give you what we call a gyro.
The precession of the image basically meant that this plane could turn like a bandit to the right, but could barely turn to the left. The engine had no control either, so the Apollo doctor controlled the speed of the plane. lubed with castor oil now when i grew up in southern maine my grandma gave me castor oil for two reasons laxative and punishment if you've never tried it it basically tastes like rotten fish ok there is a laxative i could take a teaspoon 15 or 20 minutes to do their job well in the course of an hour of flight because above the castor oil mist that came out of this engine the pilots could ingest up to a third of a cup of castor oil and that's why they began to wear the scarf the scarf is not a fashion statement keep this cold mouth notice it says texas on the side of this thing after the wool we bought a bunch of these through the grits we put tupperware wooden pallets on top of the main gun turrets on t Battleship Texas and we launched our aircraft that way for a very short period of time because, frankly, one of the worst ideas in the Navy.
Soon after, we started making aircraft carriers for a specific purpose and that turned out to be one of our best ideas now. behind you at about a 35 degree upward angle is a 126 foot wing which by the way is six feet further than what the Wright brothers first flew in 1903 and that wing is attached to one of the most famous planes on the face of the planet let's go for a spin okay if you build four monstrous free time control bombers they were called NC one two three and four more affectionately known as Nancy's box and well right after we did this investment we clothed the watering hole we I'm talking about 1919 pretty much all of it, so the Navy said you know what, we're just going to get to know a little bit, we're going to fly across the Atlantic Ocean.
It has never been done before. It won't be done for another eight years. so I'm not soft we're talking May 1990 and the plan was to take three of these on one ship and fly from New York to Nova Scotia to Newfoundland to the Azores the ports are passing at an angle that is about 2000 188 miles through very cold water and a good part of that flight will be at night, why at night, well we didn't have anything to sail with anything reliable right? So the Navy said listen guys go at night and we'll put can busters about a fifth every 50 miles or so across the Atlantic Ocean and you should be able to see your players and put up lights and reflectors and they like to help you to sail through the water no its misty fog its filthy weather north atlantic ended up getting lost two of the three actually unexpectedly had to get into drink one of which sank luckily there was a greek freighter Of all the things that went through to pick up that crew, the second one that went into the drink couldn't fly anymore but not if.
So, the crew of that second plane ripped all the fabric off the wings, formed a big sail, and I did it again. click on that plane 200 miles or so it was like a cell phone in the NC for this plane right here it actually did the first trip now it took 19 days on a half line but I personally think this flight in that aircraft is arguably as important to the evolution of
aviationas spaceflight was in the 1960s, a very famous aircraft owned by the Smithsonian. and every once in a while those Rascals up there sent this thing to us in about 20 semi-trucks, they're not likely to come here and take back this little plane with a red hose that typifies the 1920s and frankly there's still a lot wrong during this notice period aviation still got two wings giving rise to those struts and those wires for power all they do is slow us down i'm sitting in the open cockpit up there which means if it's raining they tell me comet landing the gear is fixed which means it doesn't retract which slows me down the engines and weapons are not designed and we have a lot of fabric on this thing which is ok but not as strong as we would like it to be now we have to fix all these shortcomings which, by the way, included the fact that guys like me were under training and because we corrected those deficiencies in the 1930s, we called the 1930s the golden years of naval aviation it's not the golden years because yellow paints yellow the paint is neutral colors like this upper wing this is how we painted our plane between the two world wars or training planes like that the which is sitting on the second tier in its golden years due to technological advancement we will eventually get rid of one of these two rings which in turn get rid of the handcuffs on the struts that helps our speed lets put flexi glass on top of my head we are going to retract thelanding gear tires and engines are going to be better we are going to start the transition from fabric to aluminum and I get better training and it all started with DP this plane we call our Fifi because it is a FF a first combat version here we have to use f4 Grumman because Goodyear had the G already around this is our first 200 mph plane that has a similar luminance ID and on it and we've got plexiglass over my head we're going to test the landing gear on this thing now to give you an idea of how rare some of our aircraft are this plane found sitting upside down in a junkyard and nicaragua in 1961 by a crop duster from Oklahoma who luckily knew what it was so he bought it from scrap they were doomed if didn't fix this and fly it while on contract oh yeah meanwhile executives at Grumman Aviation in Bethpage New York got wind of this they wanted it back elta, so they talked to Oklahoma, Scott Duster, but they took it to Bethpage, New York, put it on. in this condition in 1967 the plane flew from LongIsland New York to Pensacola and this is our first outdoor display plane and by the way it's the only FF left on the face of the earth and it was upside down in that depot scrap didn't happen agra now i talked a bit about leroy grumman leroy was one of the first naval aviators, he died a long time ago but his company survives today.
It's called Northrop Grumman Corporation. We've probably had an 85-year relationship with them. They do really hard things. the next plane I'm going to show you is the F 3 F from the Grumman F 3 F, it's the type of plane that most Navy and Marine Corps
fighterpilots would have been flying just before WWII in late 1930s and our example of that plane spent 50 years at the bottom of the ocean there is a young navy lieutenant named Bob Galen Cler he is practicing carrier thrusts out of San Diego on this plane has a system malfunction the engine q The suits you have to ditch the plane Bob went down in survived just fine 48 years later the Navy had a little unmanned submersible working for the Marine Corps helicopter Ken Compton damn if they don't find this thing sitting upside down in the bottom of the reciprocal involved in fishing is very rare, so along with the Bellboy Museum in San Diego, we are curious about its history, so research the office numbers there, the numbers in the queue, it was found that all military aircraft were obtained with aircraft, so the decision was made. to get it up it usually takes a couple of years to get the plane out of the booze no matter where they are, especially if it's someone like the California Coastal Commission, plus we had to raise the money we don't. anything about borrowing money in this place during which we were reminded that Bob Gale was still alive these are retired Marine Corps brigadier generals one star generals so doctor let's get this out of the drink I'm buying on Bob to the ceremony so they called him up and from what I understand they said Bob probably won't believe it we found the plane you put on the ocean floor it stood out standing which one didn't just put this one on the ocean floor ?
Had three planes bombed from below the mcdhh Waddle canal as part of the so called cactus air force during which he also received the Medal of Honor by the way and lost a fifth Marine Corps Marine Corps planes in Korea barely escape here's a photo of Bob when he was older on Guadalcanal this is the plane when he was taken out of the drink actually he was a little disappointed we couldn't find his wallet he had lost his wallet there is a little glove box in the cockpit of this thing that looks like his car and the Admiral was there he said, well, maybe it helps you to be disappointed, general, to know that we are not going to charge you for this plane now. speaking of charging hi m for the plane when this happened in 1940 the Accident Law Review Board actually wrote it down as pilot error with the suspicion that he had not selected his fuel tanks which actually had enough fuel In the attack that the military knows when we took this plane out of the drink, we found the dual selector switch right where it belonged as a result of finding Bob Galya being vindicated of that Accident Review Board conclusion half a century after the event, which is the longest vindication in history and a huge day obviously football game now on top of this plane that little black contraption has a gun camera and we need a gun camera for two reasons first we need gather information about what it is we're shooting, and secondly, we need to figure it out. discussions between guys like us just really realizing that we're going to shoot straight through the spinning propellers, how the hell would we do that without shooting the blades, what do you know what? exactly pretty simple we just put a mechanical interrupt here on the engine camshaft and that will shut off those machine guns whenever the blades get close to the barrel which by the way is an invention that was perfected by Dutchman Tony Polk the guy I designed that Red Nose b7 I talked about earlier along with another Grumman plane and this is the Navy's front line fighter in the Marine Corps during the first half of WWII and it was called the grumman f9f four o'clock front line fighter of the Navy, the Marine Corps during the first half of World War II, not as fast and maneuverable as the Japanese ro, for example, but much more resistant with 135 pounds of armor behind the pilot's head, it was quite important for drivers and had self sealing fuel tanks in the ground now that basically means the fuel tanks which were aluminum and rubber layers had a rubber layer cho that wasn't galvanized and of course rubber galvanized in the sun when it gets wet e xpands you have to fly the wing that ungraceful eye rubber is going to fill that hole and that is going to prohibit fogging or fuel transmission if you don't have that you probably won't get exposure it would be in later builds on this plane that Grumman would first have folding wings in this case the wings fold back against the wow that will increase the offset on the plane we can go up to aboard the ship, probably 30% or so, so that was an eighth-major of the nineteen naval aviators who received the Medal of Honor in World War II flew this plane as if it were a Marine pilot seven marines from navy Navy pilot with a guy named Butch O'Hare pretty much single handedly saved our aircraft carrier Lexington and on February 42 shooting down a handful of Japanese planes sadly killed more late in the war, but one of the interesting things, at least to me, about Butch is that his father was a lawyer in Chicago and for a long time his main client was Al Capone, the gangster.
I've always had trouble concentrating on a Medal of Honor winner whose father played a gangster. Joe Foss. The Marine Corps is the all-time leader. left the Marine Corps at the end of World War II, for example, founded the South Dakota Air National Guard, from which he retired as a general officer, was president of the National Rifle Association, was the first president of the The American Football League, which is now called the American Football Conference, which is half of the NFL, had a TV show that you might remember called the all-American jock, him and Phil Harris, the comedian radio host, and Curt Goudy, they used to go all over the world hunting and fishing at night and they would sit around the campfire telling war stories lies basically and Joe was the governor of South Dakota pretty fancy career now a few years before he died this was after on 9/11 he was invited by the Commandant of West Point to come and address the and when the invitation was given he was asked to bring his Medal of Honor thinking maybe he could let some of the s kids passed her, he told her about his WWII memories so he leaves for Phoenix Sky Harbor airport hipwood walks up to the Transportation Security Authority people and damn if they didn't hold him for forty minutes because they thought that the Medal of Honor and you can see a painting of one up there on the side it looks like a star the way those white rectangles on the Medal of Honor recipient citations for all of Naval Aviation history people TSA thought Medal of Honor was one of those ninja stars you see in the movies.
I guess that's our tax policy to work now in the interest of keeping walking to a minimum here today. I'm going to talk about some of these gray-gold planes. These are vintage post-Korean War planes so we don't have to come back here and just boil down this naval munitions test, these planes shared one common feature for the most part and that is airframe technology was far superior to airframe technology. the motor. These early jet engines have what we call a slow attack. throttle and you may not get much power response for several seconds, sometimes as long as 23 seconds from idle power to full power or 100% the ghost I flew, which was designed probably less than seven years later than the Most of these I Democrats could go from idle power, which is about 62%, to not just 100% power, but full afterburner. go from 62% to float burner and I'm going to get that full power response in less than three seconds so we've got a problem and we saw pretty quickly that it was also during this period of time that we were rted to sweep our wings back, note the swept wings on the mig-15 hanging over tokyo just ahead of us in this white house where the germans are thinking, at least initially, that we were going to have to keep our path straight because we needed better handling characteristics at low speed around the boat all the time engineers come in and say there are two things we can do to capture that slow speed handling characteristic but to give us more top speed and those two things are our stall fences which are just little pieces of metal that we're going to place perpendicular to the wing that airflow bubblers and the FL ATS leading edge slats their control surfaces that they're usually just supported by the wind back and forth or the speed of the aircraft and as you slow down those things will automatically droop and change the configuration of the wing which changes the lift characteristics of the wind so between the slats and the sta. ll fences we started sweeping those wings and one of the planes we did unsuccessfully was the f9f panther which in a swept wing version became the f9f puma about 168 or 70 miles an hour faster than straight of course here it is where he was commissioned, I'm just going to say we do winning ceremonies, we do retirements, we've actually done weddings and here believe it or not, and we do quarterly dinners for over 300 volunteers and very dramatic at midnight, which is the kind of plane that the Blue Angels reflected from 1974 to 1986 of course they fly closer than that some of them and more because ceiling weight considerations are based here and you probably misheard them they're practicing today it's free it's open to the public and this is one of the best places in the face of years of course to look at ranges a small plane in the far corner with 41 on the side up and say the world would train it call the encouragement what you They have this 41st on the side of honor George Herbert Walker Bush the 41st president of the United States the old man Bush who flew that same plane a couple of times was trained to become a naval aviator by the way when he got his wings in 1943 he was the Youngest naval aviator to speak of just shy of his 19th birthday, would have also flown the SNJ, the plane in this corner that has 132 on the nose that is the Navy's advanced trainer in the Marine Corps for WWII , but it was superseded in Pensacola by the North Example of the American t28 hanging just off the edge of the Mason away from us with that white and orange paint job - fighter jet type over our head here is the Beechcraft t-34 plane that has in turn been superseded by the Texan - the t6 do you happen to see a single engine turboprop Pensacola today and see the orange cream and blue or green that has the air t6 behind me the f-18 which is the fighter of p Frontline right now is sitting across from the National Flight Academy I see the National Fire Academy while the National Flight Academy is a fully immersive science, technology, engineering and math learning experience for students in grades 7-12. th grade, mainly, we have the capacity in the summer weeks to bring up to two hundred and sixteen of those young people directly to the academy going into the academy back is likewalking aboard an aircraft carrier all the science sounds and smells like burning jet fuel machinery community you know so we have big subwoofers in the walls that sound like the engines you can hear the plane taking off the plane over its head here all the communication we pulled down the curtains and basically put these kids through a five and a half day video game experience except to teach them things like aeronautics joint operations centers to intelligence centers set up rooms all birthing spaces lie down and take all your needles there and we're basically changing lives this is a paid 40 million dollar scion facility that offers an experience unlike any experience and th-57 which is the helicopter on the second level that had 64 on the side is a guy of helicopter we used in the late 1960's to train Marine Corps Coast Guard pilots of the Ar mada often referred to as naval borders and the crowd these days for our nations and we occasionally have an army force that training is done at whiting field which is probably a better part of 30 miles northeast of where we are in a straight line on any given day why not I don't feel like it makes up about 22 percent of the whole world and probably about 15 so my infectivity nowadays how busy is that well it's probably flown through from a planet in Portugal they have nine hundred thousand pence a day which is take off well waiting on a given day excuse me on a given year on a given year makes about 1.2 million so its a third busier and a planner , which is just amazing, especially when you realize that a lot of those flights are flown by aviators who aren't Sorry this is a different wing this is an SBD SP for expl speakers ex fifa douglas was thought to be obsolete at the start of world war 2 actually served so effectively that it ended up serving throughout the war period in the later stages now this hangar aircraft is the team that sank five of the 11 Japanese aircraft carriers in WWII now why this specific year is critical transposing two reasons one minor which is D 7 7 1941 so called sneak attack now granted that's lucky but it's a pretty good blow 180 anti-aircraft that day now you advance the clock in six months we come to possibly one of the most important battles in the history of the Knight States which is called the Battle of Midway Island Midway was so named because it was halfway up the west coast of Tokyo and we believed that the The Japanese probably wanted control of Midway Island because it would allow them to better protect the offensive perimeter they had established in the early months of the war. in fact they were when they attacked Midway which allowed the Navy to tactically position themselves on three carriers and wait and then we had a big league fluke one of our Catalina PBYs so this is a PBY over a head actually he saw the Japs before they saw us which gave us the tactical advance first we made we dropped 41 torpedo bombers into Darmouth the Japs didn't shoot down very well 35 in the 15 planes torpedo squadron 8 or shot down fifteen or twenty nine thirty guys only Saban was a pilot a gay McGeorge never saw the movie battle of midway he was the character that floated in the pacific and pulled a plane seat cushion instead of hiding from his broken japanese plane now because the japanese had they put all their fighter jets out of the water to intercept and because they began to recover their own fuel carrier decks dark planes returning from having bombed burned down the island of memory and because of some faulty intelligence that started to discuss in my head another knot they put bombs on the return plane sent it back to bomb Midway Island or torpedoes and it hasn't done it with him because he you know them it was about a 15 minute burn like a dog this plane here previously lost along the way or their pilot could say temporarily disoriented that they would arrive at the scene of the battle unchallenged by most these fighters these SPDs arrived and in less in six minutes they sank three Japanese aircraft carriers that's for carrier aircraft at the Battle of Midway in June 1942 and from that day on it will never be the same in the Japanese offensive and that's when you started hearing things like Guadalcanal Peleliu Tinian you OG will Okinawa the so-called sequential island-hopping campaign that basically kicked in the back door, the Japanese now go back to just the main reason po r the one that this plane is because it is the only one that still remains on the face of the earth. at the polls, the Marine Corps pilot flying this thing picked up at the Battle of Midway, a Jap shot him in the neck woman, that's how close she came to dying him and his name was Iverson from the way he he had to make a decision, or he had to take this plane, the American aircraft carrier Yorktown Atlanta, we had to take him back to the island when she arrived that's what he had if he had taken him to New York City you wouldn't be looking because the japanese somewhat later on that now as i was when i was and i landed on the eye of the island i had had damn in history the landing was pretty hard.
I ended up breaking the expense of the main wing, so when the green for Grassman didn't make out, I said, well, we can fix it, but he's tired of the war, so he'll send it back to the states between them. the group of other planes went back to the states we fixed it we put it on the forward train which at the time was teaching our youngsters about taking off my other plane lake michigan
tourwhy lake michigan well two reasons why I have enemy subs, they both train my control version. As a result of that, we needed to protect the waters and we chose transportation from Chicago.
We had a couple of converted steamboats and decks that glide on the water and we took over our territory by fishing well. Students believe in what they are, including this spent. fifteen thirty now we find this we always do it we investigate the office you can see it up there in the tail section by the way simple train commando Pensacola finally happy it's stephanie thousand man-hours to make it look like she does today like I could track that stuff down Now, notice that I don't have anything around this, that's a change in this world, we have a little different attitude, our attitude is very simple, we have 70,000 man-hours in the screening plan for everything. we're just going to fix it is more important than oh yeah particularly young people play somewhere else you're going to play downtown a great period in history the only one that tells me fifty participants Now a couple of years ago I had a lady here along to the tail of the plane, we knelt down with his name and his kisses, and after the tour he said, I hope I didn't embarrass you or help me guess, but my dad, why?
So let's see if we understand that those who survived the sneak attack survived about five colors of tiger. for an army colonel by class name and generally a ghost to CIA geysers and he formed this band of brothers to protect the Chinese from the invading Japanese that's why his plane was trying to conquer and only flew together since I could play the most famous Flying Tigers. He better look like captain, yeah, forever, twenty-four hours of liaisons, and his name is Gregory Cathy. Quentin is arguably most famous for being the commanding officer of as VM as 14 Black Sheep. you may remember the tv show baa baa black sheep and then robert conrad and the starring role up to three years next december the only surviving laxative pilots the boy can hold on to i spoke to harry less than a month before he died he was sitting here in the world I would simulate a deck we had a table on the chairs up there an area I was handing out photos autographed photos and I start in Iowa very good friends and I stopped and told Harry what it was like to fly with someone famous you really worked on his face he touched me with her index finger right on my chest and she said sir I didn't fly with Cathy points out she's going to fly with me hey she was 94 and still admissible btw the black seat is so called because it basically claims and warms up squadrons of castoffs from a squadron now if Disney designed this Flying Tiger you can see and basically the money to build these buildings including the National Flight Academy to buy.
Assets from The New Yorker vishing etc. have been raised in a private 501c3 corporation called the Neighborhood Vision Foundation which has been dating back to 1960 ever since and the current CEO of the foundation is retired under John Wayne Tisa who calls him Drano the general. the command from hell at all levels of the Marine Corps aviation squadron, the wing in which he was the Marine Corps Inspector General, is the top Marine and career, and his last command to command the Forces Pacific Marines the whole Connemara warpath basically means he had under his command about 60% of the Marine Corps and all the equipment from the staff facilities in Mississippi this is also general acclaim thank you very much great to be here it is your first time here it's not but it's been many years since i was last here well let me let me tell you what is the strength and problem of this place ok if you look around you have a lot of machines. of these machines represent some level of technology some level of performance some level of capability at the time they would produce so you take these machines and put them in a historical context of what they actually did where they served the one behind you actually flying at the Battle of Midway, this represents the American effort before going into the war and many of our famous pilots in both the Army Air Corps and the Navy came out of the American volunteer pool, so there's this background story and then there's the part where people like our docents people buy glue he does it so well here where we can take you to a machine let you touch it touch something historically significant and he tells you the story of an individual who actually included personal history of the experience. a personal story of bravery or the person's story that we can relate to a specific aircraft and all of a sudden what you've done is you've taken the story as a very real tangi-able frame of experience that you can relate to more deeply and that people enjoy that's the impact that's what we do here better than anywhere else you'll do well thank you thank you that's great and you've been doing a great job and I hope to have a lot and put it on YouTube and it will be preserved you know that he's doing a great job today and recording at the top of his game i think probably and well thank you very much so i mean he also said you said about a gentleman named iverson yes so you talk about a young man named iverson and we need a very young man named Iverson and he gets so close that he takes a bullet that takes him in the throat, man, you know, you get a bunch of people together and you start telling that story and every single one of them He's looking at the cabin and always thinking about smoking, that's good.
He told me that when we took this plane to medical attention, a relative of Iverson's was sitting in the forward cabin, and relative that we come together, it's not a joke, no, I didn't, I didn't tell you if he was. in this after being awarded the Navy Cross for his activities he was reassigned as an instructor and ended up dying having Wow will but there are but there are many stories that are Syndra the lady who was giving flight instructions in Hawaii died she and whoever saw the Japanese Li was great that he really joined. I think he was the air force component in the airport component of the team that the women transported that in. ready she she died I mean it's one it's one it's one it's a story of thousands in a risk and probability scenario it's just going to make sure that we have to have a catastrophe but but that makes it important that everyone serve some of them in battle some of them in support very good sir thank you thank you yes thank you very much i am in miami i am visiting my brother brian who just moved to
pensacolathe grumman f6f hellcat was the superstar of the navy in the marine corps a and the second half of WWII, although he only served less than half of the war, he ended up shooting down over 75% of the Japanese planes at Worcester to come to Paris for the entire period of the war, in fact over 5200 planes Japanese. all caps 300 of those in one day which was in the Battle of the Philippine Sea we call it the great canary and it is a Turkish year for obvious reasons over 300 aces through this type of members five aerial victories the culmination one of the which he said if this what he could cook I would marry now among those aces was David the Kemp, the Navy's all-time leading ace with 34 aerial victories Medal of Honor recipient David shut down seven Japanese planes in a single mission and Garnica did not come out and tear down mine.Japanese Rae Hawkins also flew this aircraft I Rea had fourteen aerial victories in three others probable with unconfirmed Vickers received three Navy and three Distinguished Flying crosses in all events before his twenty-first birth The day he became captain of the Navy, ran the Blue Angels and for years served as treasurer in the private 501c3 corporation that raises the money for this joint and is currently run by a 19 to 1 kill ratio to put that in perspective. what was talked about earlier with 7 the 1/2 Corsair behind you had an 11 to 1 kill ratio the Japanese heated up the course they actually called it hissing death they did it because when the air ends of those oil coolers in the root wing had screamed like fire so if they hated the Corsair 11 to 1 kill ratio imagine what the Japanese thought about healthcare now they lost the Corsair that Harry Johnson and Pappy Boyington blew up in the pacific and you can see very clearly from this vantage point that quite different glasses and british in we have one wing two wings which normally on most aircraft comes straight out of the fuselage well why did we do this? pretty simple, we had a very big propeller and we were afraid if we put the wings directly from the fuselage.
The wings had been so long they would give the plane a good bounce on landing, even though we designed it this way damn it didn't bounce anything so the Navy did what they do with everything. the things they don't like were given to the guys like in the Marine Corps and we quickly made it famous in Godman might be enough for in the Black Sea in the South Pacific in WWII and then of course later in korea at the seller is a grumman designed plane and the plane that roman actually puts through his assembly lines we call ourselves TBS TV for torpedo bomber if the grumman can't see it because of the folded shape but under the tail of this plane there are some stencils that say TBM - 3 e CD for 12ft Obama M means this Grumman designed plane actually came off the assembly line in the eastern aircraft divisions General Motors General Motors wasn't making cars WWII they were doing things like a revenge under license agreement with drummer sherman tanks m1 carbines warbirds basically Franklin Delano Roosevelt picked up the phone and in many cases s spoke personally to the CEOs of the major manufacturing companies in this country and said Hey we need you guys to make more goods and you know what, pretty much for one person they did it they dropped their two villains and like General Motors they started doing mortgages, even the little kids war effort went to a couple of rubber tires. and pots and pans and it would melt and turn into things like this now back to bush bush is flying his avenger one day bombing the island of chichi jima this is the main communication base from japan to the south pacific for you oh gee we 'd vomit made a fixed width bomb fixed it like a tennis match is bombing him one day he gets shot down there are two crew members unfortunately died and he almost died because when he jumped out of the plane he headed for the tail and his parachute went he dangled completely on the tail and had to crane his head for Lee to get this shoot just had a couple of swings in the parachutes before his feet went under in the water and then he nearly drowned for his life, well it's a pretty bad day for the older boys now the japanese and in chichi jima want to capture him and interrogate him and they send a patrol boat to try and pick him up and before that patrol boat could get to one of our hypermarket hellcats sank that patrol boat well the japanese could get their wits on it and send an elephant rowboat appears in the usa sub text the other day all the boys on board in deauville waver now people say boy was he ever lucky well you know what not so much we actually put subs under major naval aviation commitments for that very reason when our sons left the water we wanted in the back it took a lot time and money to train him and we didn't that was a pretty raw experience for me let's talk about Terry this is the 172 scale model of the CBN as a nuclear aircraft carrier 65 USS Enterprise this is our first nuclear aircraft carrier call to the PB other than the USS Constitution trust science this ship actually served maybe longer than any other any other ship many people will tell you they believe this e s the best motor boat in the world and I have to say it is a beautiful water boat but my personal favorite is the one on the kiosk next to us and this model will go in there as soon as those gentlemen move.
This model is also a 170 second scale model it's the CV 6 which is the USS Enterprise during WWII and of course the CV 6 World War 2 was the best decorated ship of the war of any kind, let's see how we do now cb6 USS Enterprise World War Two on the decks of CB 6, the WWII USS Enterprise, was a young Hellcat fighter pilot named Jack Taylor. In fact, Jack got out of the Navy at the end of the war and started a company that is the company today. car rental company this is how it got its name here sadly jack died just a few months ago but his son India is on the Naval Aviation Museum Foundation Board of Trustees with me and the Taylor family we have given him this facility north of 25 million dollars I always like to tell you I guess you'll want to consider renting a car from the Taylor family but thank you to basically thank you for what you've done for this national treasure remember I said we're going to raise 135 million from The mid 1960's the Tingling family's contribution to this world class facility is second to none and by the way the rental car company is a private organization, it is not a public company, it is a fabulous corporation. around the front, you can really get a good perspective on anything.
This platform is very straight, in fact, it is not original. II called it a straight deck with a flat top and this presents an operational deficiency in that we have planes parked out front which is a very common occurrence and we are landing planes that we had to put up a barrier amidships at all times to protect these parked planes from any landing planes that might have a mr truck. white you put a plane on the barrier if nothing else you can slow down the pace of operations worse you can damage the plane or the planet so to solve this operational deficiency around 1950 we stole the concept and the british called in angle like a flight through and that's the aircraft carrier deck layout we used today and I have a template of one here on the floor and I'm going to use this template to talk to you about the transport operation to orient you on this template this is the I start on the right hand side of the change which is the front of the file which is the back of an association and here and you see this white and yellow center line here at the angle that has been shifted about nine degrees or so from the center line of the ship now what this means of course i can take off and land right here without interfering with what's going on up there at the bow now we still use the barrier an example of which is just outside of the fence here that as a human we could use it, for example, if we are in blue water operations offshore and we have a plane that cannot be shot down here that the planes go to the water or it goes to the barracks which is a very simple decision now this template turns out to be CBN 76 which is the Ronald Reagan the Reagan is the ninth of ten in its class super aircraft we operate today the last of which is the Walker Bush joy turbine which is the city of 77 we started build these every few years and early 1970s they are about 11 feet long about 250 feet wide have monthly power plants 5,500 people carry her about 75 to 85 planes exactly one of those ten of these nimitz-class aircraft carriers they have four capital letters of these big black lines up here these two up here are called the Bobcats these two up here are called the waste caps when we started using catapults in the dé Each of the 1920's we used compressed air and rubber powder to launch our plane neither of which worked very well so we quickly started using hydraulics well.
The hydraulics are very efficient, but beat the plane to death. It was quite difficult for both pilots, so to solve that problem with hydraulic juices we borrowed another concept and the British called steam catapults. and of course all 10 minutes plus mulch plus Enterprise are steam cats so steam is definitely easier or less than hydraulic flow but on the steam catapults in the first 25 percent of you saw the sequenced launch depending on the height and weight of the aircraft you could pick up as much as 5 to 6 G's, that's quite frankly enough to flatten your eyeballs and improve your vision quite a bit to solve this problem and a host of other problems starting with the next class of change in that class is called the Jerry Ford class starting with a 78 CBM which was recently deployed Commission will probably be going full circles for them to come here starting with the Jerry Ford and all subsequent aircraft carriers rs these four chemicals in the arresting equipment can be electromagnetic, it's called linear induction motor technology, it's the same basic theory, Disney monorail users, but, by course we have to adjust it in the uses to use on the ship theoretically at least one of these electromagnetic catapults can launch Herbie the Volkswagen Beetle about ten miles into the sky how would you like to ride probably once but equally important Are we going to be able to adjust these things so that we can do something for a long time? periods of time we can't do it - 10 minute boats and you're launching deck UAVs are the wave of the future we can do it on the nimitz boats but it's going to shorten their lifespan because it's too hard also with the Jerry Ford that took this island we put it here where this elevator number three is moving this island backwards goes the lesson the noise that the pilots feel is that they are getting closer to the earth moving the is earth behind it allowed us to put these elevators a little further apart and we put a lots of robotics below decks that allow us to refuel we are manned green launch planes 35 percent of ships can sail in less than 10 minutes and of course what that will mean is having three aircraft carriers on the voyage per class like having four aircraft carriers in the minute class because it gives us an extra launch sequence and now when I was young I used to go all two theme parks and bought what was called a ticker you may remember the electronic ticket that you bought a ticket and it gave you the right to ride whatever you wanted as many times.
He was always very fast to look for the trips. Maybe they were fast and turned me upside down. My mom hated it but I love it. I don't do it today. I've had enough of that stuff and I don't like to see those things come together and then come to town, but I'll tell you what you can't eat chicken at Disney. you get the e-ticket right here on this cat apult boat here I'm going to dial in around 2:30 in the morning driving gusty wind storms hi Steve indicates the decks are rocking up and down about 25 feet and I'm going to launch you from 0 to about 165 miles an iron in about two and a half seconds yes even though you continue to accelerate to start the sequence with your rate of acceleration your rate of acceleration changes so dramatically that you feel like you have stalled as if your engines they would have been turned off, so it's great when i write about this. i've made this so that when you get your vision back, which takes frankly less than a second, you'll very quickly go through all the important junk in the cockpit.
Now I'm looking at the angle of the tack indicator to make sure I'm not leaning so far that I end up stalling you go into the water or so shallow the sub is on the water and looking at my vertical speed indicator we call it BSI to make sure it's positive what It means I'm fine and I look at my speedometer to make sure it's winding up. I don't bother looking at the engine instruments because frankly, if they don't work properly, the rest of that stuff doesn't behave. I can do it in about a second and a half twice and when I realize I'm really flying that's when my brain tells my ears to get the feeling you're really flying and that's when you're finally pretty even though believe me you've been holding your breath night bad weather heavyweight launch pad bow cap launch my friends it's your e-ticket right there now you may have an hour you may have spent seven hours we had menand women who flew seven hour single seat combat missions in or afghanistan from the ship but i have to get you back to the ground now how am i going to do it? this initially we'll put in what's called the marshall holding pattern which is the pattern and electronics in the sky towards starboard rudder you can't see it but if you could it looks like a high school running track with about six miles.
Legs on and I'm going to put you in there, either individually or you pay per thousand feet, depending on the type of plane, every thousand feet stacked up like Pringles in a can, everyone who goes in there gets their own personal Marshall, next time, that's the time you have to maneuver your plane to intercept an electronic fix in the sky moving at the speed of about two seconds and that's when i use my fourth grade man what do i have to do to maneuver my aircraft to position my aircraft? intercepting that Marshall vector give or take two seconds today, the computers help the pilots with which as far as I'm concerned, and I'm sure as far as your concern, the teeth are fine, but this is when we use our fourth grade math now depending on the time of day the weather conditions the three basic ways to descend like a lower landing pattern very good day the winds don't bother us we have restricted visibility we are going to ask the aircraft to come to the level of the Marshall skipper departing at Hayter 800 feet and down the starboard or right side of the boat about a mile at the corner of the beam and the 800 feet 350 miles per hour or so are in planes up or down and when that plane is clear downwind depending on the aircraft type, it will run up to a 75 degree angle to the rear and up to five times the force of gravity. 190 degree break twist.
They're aligned with this white yellow line. in the opposite directions which is called the lee when we go down or automatically we'll be sent to about 600 feet and we're going to put the glass of beer down, but right now we're slowing the plane down progressively so that when we get to the back of the ship that we're down to land the ESPYs it's called the optimum angle of lift and drag angle of attack ratio and when I get this position I automatically start a gradual shipping deck to the empty left so that the run to mid term which in what we call the 90 down to 450 continue the turn at about a 20 to 22 degree angle back to your reporters native form through tournament colt 45 now i'm around 350 degrees i'm selling fun please depending on your trade and it is in this position that I start looking at the optical landing system, an example of which is against the wall and if I see what I want to see there yeah i'm going to say something like sweet oh seven feet i went to launch sweet seven with the callsign ghosts the plane type 4.2 is my fuel status hundreds of pounds at 24 pounds means i see what i want to see here now what am i looking for i'm looking at this device that is mounted right here on the port side of the ship and its pilot is facing the rear and it is mounted johnross kapa fast because it has to project a steady beam that we can adjust for the type of aircraft that has a three degree angle and that beam of light has to stay stable on the boat it doesn't damage the waves now i'm looking at these bars a qua green lights they called data lights and i'm also looking at this vertical shade which is now a renowned lamp because it's a lambs print , it means it's illuminated and from top to bottom of all time, but depending on which anklet you're looking at, you can only see a certain number of lights. change the angle you're looking at no it's not going up and down you're ok and this is what we use for a glass look it looks like a bump because you're very close if you're a little further here at the museum it widens a few hundred feet away it will look like a big big sen this is what allows us to put the hook in that square form easy times and not now when i said sweet summer phantom pain 4.2 know the official signal landing the LSO here also sees a Pilot saying Roger ball, absolutely no emergency.
I'll shut up as a landing pilot and the LSO will start to get annoyed. They're going to keep things like a little bit of power. going flat they can see the things that happen to my plane like I just as fast as I can see them and it's reassuring to have this reassuring voice on the other end of the radio giving me little suggestions, as annoying as they may be seeing at the time, without However, there are two things with the LSO that it tells a landing pilot that are not hints. those are mandatory commands and those two things are wave off wave off file deck in which case they will flash those red lights and the landing pilot the pilot in the groove must turn around even if he or she is going to run out of gas Master what something it's bad on the deck which makes it unsafe to land now in the old days LSOs would point their crap with most paddles looks like I almost looked at my tennis racket of course we don't do that anymore because of the limbs of Fernau. but LSOs still have the nickname oars they have oars duty today it means I'm dirty myself today they look like this not in the back of the boat here are all qualified pilots but not all fully qualified LSOs some of them may be learners bu Each one of them here has the responsibility to control now so only Alice the controller will talk to the pilots through that left hand center, that right hand on the controller also has her vertical controls, Those red lights down there.
I now have about 12 seconds tops until landing and my entire universe is consumed by three things. I'm trying to get my landing gear on this yellow weight line that's not mine. I'm looking at the pronoun wins for my glide slope. info and I'm looking at my heads up display of my airspeed indicator my attack indicator which will give me my yearly attack which again is the optimal ratio left to drag I have to bring that into sp the handle will attack all the way from 181 It's started a 180 degree turn to landing now I'm trying to hook that number three why if I catch number four when I get to three I'm on a glide slope I'm both of them number one in the world I'm dangerous we we love each other well i can put the hook right where it belongs but one of the things they send dustin o moves up and down so this just sent me he is below me and i might actually miss this rider even though my book has worked. so whenever we land on butch up we automatically go to power wash percentage not afterburner but hardcore sunflower we call military power so if we lose the wire we can just bounce off built pacific ultimate and spin around , try again, and then throw away the bits. low when you take the cable you know because you can expect 30,000 pounds and you're going somewhere 100 to 115 miles an hour and faster than the Bonos and this cable wants to pull you in so as soon as it gets to full power if I feel the resistance in this wire, I pull the power, pull me back out of the episode smoothly.
I hit my left brake due to my right main tire having been around long enough to give enough angle for this cable to fall into the hook if it doesn't. not 19 years ago A girl, if you're going to like this cable, we've got to get this cookie fly out and get me going here real quick because depending on the time of day or the weather conditions, someone could be within 35 seconds away if we don't make this landing. the plane cleared here on time and safely so you need to stand down and follow cover when you land and get out of your plane you may think you are dumb but you are not you and all the other pilots in that long group of ships they have to go back to the squad staging room and we have an example of the staging room here in the back we have to go back to the staging room and we have to wait for Ellis to check everything and the guy behind with a notebook right in this club everybody run up and give everybody a broken braid right in front of their mates you can laugh at you a flat midlands sunbathe close boom boom boom boom boom those grades end up hanging on a wall on the squadron area side all pilots a Included alphabetically in this quadrant General manager and executive office truck of all that grade set out on the right.
Ok, three wires. wire, but flat, medium, and fast up close, that'll give you a little bit of yellow in that green square. I can go to any prepared room on the face of the earth and I can tell you like this where the best pilot around the ship is because he or she will have the most green next to their name and that's why we call it the greedy board now it's fun well you know what on a day like today the winds don't bother us daylight hours unlimited visibility it's a pretty good sport at night it's never fun when i flew my vision was 28 no 20/20 no 2010 28 what it means that i could see it 20 feet up the so-called rope and i could see it eight and i hate those concepts a fight because you lose space consciousness at night in bed yeah You have to be Quist to do this.
This is crazy. It could be bad weather. I think they call it a stupid human trick. and this is our main trust in you
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