Fatal Ways Animals Protect ThemselvesAug 05, 2023
to survive in the wild world you have to make a lot of effort some
animalsdepend on sharp fangs and fast legs others, on the other hand, have mastered
fatalforms of defense, let's see what can happen if you enter someone else's territory anyway, what? OK? No, no, I'm talking about the territory of the ants, they will start firing all kinds of weapons. Yes, ants haven't invented artillery yet, but they have something better. You've probably heard of formic acid. It's not sulfuric acid, of course, but it can still serve as a pretty good weapon. Let me explain how it works.
The abdomen of the red forest ant contains a poison gland that releases acid. It passes through a duct into a reservoir where it is stored until it is stored. It is needed as soon as a potential danger such as a predator or a scientist can also be dangerous approaches the anthill or the ants
themselvesthe artillery fires a blast of acid and it would be a mistake to think that such small creatures are completely harmless an ant fires acid from a hole near the tip of its abdomen that can be aimed at the enemy now this of course is not sniper precision but there are many insects the life of an individual does not matter what matters is the survival of the entire colony the ants behave like a only organism capable of resisting the attack of any predator, even a bear, and insects seem to be quite small, but to get to them the predators have to overcome a thick cloud of acidic vapors that corrode the mucous membranes well, who would want to go further away in a situation like that?
It's better to find some more cooperative food. Horned lizards are definitely not suitable as such food. These guys have so many different defense mechanisms against enemies that they are less likely to be someone's dinner. There are camouflage-colored spikes and quick zigzag movements that sometimes confuse the enemy. These lizards even puff
themselvesup to appear larger and more impressive, but the best part is the ability to shoot their own blood. I've never seen a horny toad shoot blood from its eyes, but it just shot blood from my eyes. Yes, it's disgusting, it's also amazing, see for yourself, yes, caught in a desperate situation, a horned lizard can shoot blood from the corners of its eyes at a distance of up to five meters, not exactly what you would expect from any living creature, right?
So, by blocking the flow of blood from the head, there is an increase in blood pressure, which causes the small blood vessels around the eyelids to burst. Yes, the horned lizard has to do a little damage to himself to activate his superpowers, but Wolverine also cuts his skin every time. The moment it released its claws, all this performance confuses the predator and the taste of the lizard's blood is usually unpleasant, it can even be poisonous, especially if it enters the mouth of someone from the canine family, however, the injections of blood have no effect on horned birds of prey.
Lizards can easily become prey for birds. It seems time to devise a new method of defense. If horned lizards were social
animalsand lived in water, they could form a kind of bait ball. It is a phenomenon in which small fish group together. in a huge spherical shoal and no, not for the purpose of invoking satan, it is a last measure that small shoulders resort to when threatened by predators, this is, for example, how sardines act, this instinctive behavior is a defense mechanism because individual individuals are more likely to be eaten than fish in a large group if the same sardine bait ball can reach 10 to 20 meters in diameter and descend to a depth of 10 meters.
Can you imagine the size of a giant thing? But bait balls are short-lived and rarely last more than 10 minutes and soon disintegrate into separate individuals, however, it cannot be said that predators see a rotating wall of fish in front of them and simply turn around and walk away. They swim away, they too have adapted. Swordfish attack schools at high speed to kill or stun their prey, then turn and return to eat their catch, other fish use their tails or attack by spinning strictly vertically on their axis and grabbing anything that swims by and whales, well, the whales simply open their mouth sharply approaching the bait ball, their hunting skills deserve a separate video, so if you want, leave it.
You know, you know, I'm starting to think that the smaller the creature is, the more strange forms of defense it invents. The Kentish Plover can hardly be considered a large bird; In fact, it is no larger than a sparrow and weighs about 40 grams, but even in such conditions they have learned to resist predators. Kentish plovers do not try to attack first or even camouflage themselves, they deflect the danger to themselves to save their young. If an enemy approaches the adult bird, he pretends to have a problem with his wing and walks away. the nest thus diverting the threat from the nest look look, it pretends to be so badly injured that it will become easy prey and when the predator is far enough from the nest the bird takes off and returns to its eggs I wonder how many times this works with the same threat to distract the enemy is a quite understandable behavioral strategy, but it is not only found in birds.
Sabrina's demolishing bergie spiders are considered unique because they are the only ones that hide from their enemies, so Sabrina's reckenbergy live only in Morocco and unlike from its Namibian relative, the golden wheel spider, which in case of danger can trivially roll down the dunes, the Moroccan uses its own legs for that and can roll not only down but also up and even against the wind, this is a ninja spider or a gymnast spider, whichever you prefer moving at a speed of two meters per second, the insect moves twice as fast as running in the traditional way, just what you need when another spider, serpooga or human, suddenly appears nearby, okay, if i saw sulphuga, i would roll.
Also for the way in which the discovery of this species influenced developments in biomimetry that resulted in an experimental robot that moves in a similar way. It is believed that this robot can be used in agriculture at the bottom of the ocean or even on Mars, in short, no. I don't care where it rolls and since we're talking about all kinds of crawling creatures, these are tapeworms and tapeworms seem to be some kind of very distant terrestrial relative of poison. When pressed, they spit out what looks like white slime that immediately takes on a life of its own look seriously it's moving it's moving fine it's actually not just slime it's one of the internal organs used when they normally hunt ribbon worms twist their probiscus to grab its prey and the slime that covers it paralyzes the prey the only thing left to do is throw it away and eat it, but sometimes tapeworms use the same principle to defend themselves from a predator, mainly because some species simply can't do anything further.
Now let's go underwater again. Look at this crab and more specifically its claws those things look like boxing gloves that it carries with it all the time because this guy is al
waysready to fight one at a time of course as is usually the case with nature this type of crab does not could have appeared on its own strictly. speaking, this little creature is called libya and holds actinia in its claws, that is, libya simply takes special corals and starts shaking them and even has a name mutualism, it is a form of coexistence between different organisms equally beneficial for both parties.
Libya uses only three species of actinia that were apparently selected in the process of evolution while hunting, the crab freezes blending into the surrounding background when its prey swims nearby, grabs it with its unusual claws and each of the animals proceeds to eat without the actinia, the crab would be condemned to die of hunger, its claws are too delicate and it cannot get food with them, in addition to getting food, the actinia helped the crab to defend itself from its enemies, all the species that live in the claws of libya are poisonous, however, in case the crab cannot find a suitable actinia use remains of other corals or sponges it is not so great but it is better than nothing turns out to be a kind of brass knuckles while in a part of the world's oceans small crabs agitate corals to repel fish attacks.
In other freshwater places there are electric eels. It is perhaps one of the most famous species used to intimidate sharks. Piranhas and electric eels choose which one is more appropriate for your horror movie, but unlike the first two, the eels are really scary, the electric eel stuns its enemies. in its prey with an electric shock of up to 600 volts it has special organs consisting of numerous electric plates they are modified muscle cells between whose membranes the potential difference is formed the organs occupy two thirds of the body weight of this fish and yes the electric eel does not It is related to common eels, it is more of a highly electrified catfish, it is an electric eel, oh, as soon as an eel is attacked by a predator or needs to stun its prey, the cells in the organs produce electric shocks and believe me, This is not like this. something you don't want to feel today there are some known cases of death after an encounter with an electric eel, however, numerous shocks can cause respiratory or heart failure which can cause a person to drown even in shallow water, but it is one of the strangest cases and probably the most terrifying form of self-defense.
Japanese bees use. The main enemy of these insects are the hornets that attack and devastate the hives. A group of 30 hornets destroys an entire hive of 30,000 bees in about three hours and the bees have learned to defend themselves. When the first hornet approaches the hive, the worker bees rush in and leave the path open, allowing the hornet to sneak in. Once the hornet is inside the hive, the bees surround the enemy, forming a ball of about 500 bees. It is impossible to remove them. The bees that make up this ball use their wings to push the air heated by their muscular tension inward, so that the temperature around the hornet often rises to 47 degrees Celsius and as the maximum temperature that a hornet can withstand is between 44 and 46 degrees Celsius, the predator is literally baked to death from the inside. a multitude of bees, the latter, on the contrary, are able to withstand temperatures of up to 50 degrees and therefore remain unharmed and probably very happy with themselves, see you later.
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