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Cuban Missile Crisis from the Cuban Perspective | Animated History

Jun 08, 2021
It's just after midnight in the Bay of Pigs. A lone Cuban soldier crouches behind a rock. The bodies of his fellow patrol officers are scattered around him. His position is illuminated by the burning jeep in which they arrived. The only thing he can do is pray. Their last desperate radio transmission arrives and news of the imperialist invasion reaches headquarters in time a shadowy figure looms into view and the militiamen see their chance for revenge the horrible revelation hits harder than any bullet that wasn't a imperialist dog, on the other hand, the surprised face was that of their own compatriots.
cuban missile crisis from the cuban perspective animated history
The thoughts of both soldiers born in Cuba are filled with regret as they lie, they wonder how it all came to this. In the end, they will be just two of the more than 3,500 Cuban victims in a CIA-backed invasion that pitted brother against brother and was finally achieved. nothing more than to drive cuba directly into the arms of the soviet union hello, I'm griffin johnson, the armchair historian the Bay of Pigs invasion took place in April 1961 and was the culmination of the United States' efforts to overthrow the first Minister Fidel Castro of Cuba, who had swept to power three years earlier in a popular revolution against the US-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista, although supposedly planned in absolute secrecy, the operation had been compromised almost from the beginning by intelligence Cuban and Soviet, despite its abject failure, the invasion was not the first time the United States had attempted it. interfering in Cuba nor would it be the last situation that would bring the world to the brink of nuclear annihilation in the Cuban

missile

crisis

.
cuban missile crisis from the cuban perspective animated history

More Interesting Facts About,

cuban missile crisis from the cuban perspective animated history...

In this video we will examine the

crisis

often studied from the

perspective

of the Cuban people, both the pro-Castro and anti-communist factions that in the modern studio are background characters in their own story. I am pleased to announce that this video is sponsored by world of warships legends, a free console mmo that allows you to sail the high seas. At the helm of the largest warships in

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Enjoy large-scale confrontations with other players Unlock dozens of warships Customize them and equip them with legendary commanders The most recent update has also added a whole new dimension to the game Aircraft Carrier Now you can dominate the battlefield by commanding squadrons of deadly torpedo boats and dive bombers to attack enemy warships from afar, support our channel by downloading the game, which is available for Xbox and PlayStation users via the link in the description below, the successful The Cuban revolution that took place between 1953 and 1959 was an unprecedented victory for the growing socialist movement in Latin America that emerged in response to the blatantly exploitative practices of American big business backed by the world's largest capitalist economy.
cuban missile crisis from the cuban perspective animated history
International corporations monopolized the trade of lucrative local products and used their immense profits to dominate local elections and install corrupt people. officials who turned a blind eye to their brazen plunder was the era of neocolonialism with many Latin American countries governed as imperialist outposts while maintaining the veneer of sovereignty and economic development whenever this stranglehold on the continent was threatened the United States They stripped away any pretense of defending democracy and resorting to sabotage. This hypocrisy was revealed in 1954, when the CIA overthrew the legitimately elected president of Guatemala in favor of an anti-communist military junta. It is not surprising then that the first signs of interference American involvement in Cuban affairs began as soon as Fidel Castro revealed his intentions to dismantle his monopoly over his nation's vast sugar plantations, some Cubans in the most desperate situation saw this as an opportunity to finally seize the means of production of faceless foreign corporations that had dominated their lives for decades, as expected, the United States reacted with aggressive sanctions and the revolutionaries lacked sufficient experience to maintain the economy while supporting Castro's many new social welfare programs aimed at improving to the rural poor, but this progress was paid dearly and Castro sought to protect his nascent workers' utopia at all costs.
cuban missile crisis from the cuban perspective animated history
At first he made it very clear that the social resources and programs of his new government were available exclusively to fellow revolutionaries; Those Cuban citizens who did not openly embrace socialism were ostracized at best and, at worst, permanently re-educated for those who dared betray their Cuban heritage. and openly siding with the Americans immediate exile was the best they could hope for what divided these two sides was not a matter of national pride but of politics almost all Cubans were patriots tired of witnessing the exploitation of their island But what divided them was Castro's resistance agenda. Movements soon emerged, but without powerful backing there was little they could achieve.
It was then that the CIA approached members of the Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front offering to transport 1,400 men across the Caribbean Sea to the island where they would proceed to liberate the nation from Castro's domination. regime, however, this effort was doomed to failure from the beginning and the men who participated in it ultimately accomplished nothing more than convincing their socialist brothers and sisters that the United States was totally and completely dedicated to the destruction of their new republic. workers, the invasion to overthrow their communist regime only managed to make Cuba more communist on December 2. Castro pledged loyalty to the Soviet Union in a televised speech declaring that I am a Marxist-Leninist and will be so until the end of my life and went on to state that Soviet-style communism would be the guiding force in Cuban politics, replacing the more widespread set of socialist ideals that his regime had previously adhered to.
Cuban exiles living abroad in Florida and Mexico were the worst-case scenario. reducing the nation they loved to little more than a pawn in the struggle between the Soviets and the Americans, however, things were not as clear as they seemed after their passionate endorsement of communism. Castro was confused by a lukewarm and evasive Soviet reaction. He had inadvertently placed the USSR and First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev in a particularly awkward position. Since Cuba could not receive Soviet military aid without provoking an American response, but even without Soviet support, Castro did everything he could to prove himself in the eyes of his new Marxist-Leninist peers, even going so far as to send his own 13-year-old son years, Fidelito, to a military prison. school in Moscow, but it was not until early 1962 that Castro was validated by the Soviets, suddenly Soviet newspapers began publishing articles praising his regime as a model of Marxist-Leninist efficiency.
Shortly after Castro received the news that Khrushchev would send two senior members of his martial government sergey birusof and party secretary sharaf rashidov to speak with him about securing cuba's future at this historic meeting. Castro listened in amazement as the two men carefully laid out Khrushchev's plan to place no fewer than 40 nuclear-tipped ballistic cruise

missile

s on the island defended by a large Soviet garrison and numerous anti-aircraft batteries armed with such weapons. Cuba would be nothing less than a fortress. impregnable capable of threatening with nuclear armageddon any impertinent enemy who dared to challenge its sovereignty. Surprisingly, Castro did not instantly accept this proposal as he realized that the Soviets were not simply out of the goodness of their hearts, his nation would have no direct ownership or access to these new missiles and Castro was concerned that the United States might launch a preemptive strike. if they were discovered before their installation, even the promise of additional equipment for Cuba.
The army and the knowledge that it was acting in the cause of international socialism was not enough to completely overcome Castro's misgivings, but in the end he convinced himself that it would be morally wrong not to accept the agreement, since he had already exercised a great pressure on the USSR. To defend his revolution and have little practical value to offer in return, therefore, with some reluctance, Castro accepted the Soviet plan. Between July and August 1962, several high-profile members of the Cuban government traveled to Moscow to negotiate the details of the Soviet military installation. Among them were Fidel's brother Raúl Castro and his close comrade Ernesto Che Guevara.
The Soviets threw lavish parties for dignitaries and organized tours of several secret military installations, while Raúl returned full of praise for his new allies. Che was more reserved, wary of the way Khrushchev seemed to downplay the threat posed by the US during their personal meetings during the negotiations, both sides drafted multiple agreements and eventually agreed to terms that would include more than 40,000 Soviet boots on the ground in Cuba, in addition to the construction of the missile sites necessary to was carried out under absolute secrecy, but Castro was confident that his state security apparatus would be more than up to the task;
However, his regime still faced numerous threats both external and internal that made fulfilling his promises to the Soviets much more difficult than initially anticipated. The Cuban economy had continued to decline sharply thanks to a mix of incompetent administration and US sanctions that sparked food riots in several cities. The CIA had also initiated Operation Mongoose in 1961, the goal of which was to incite a civil revolt in Cuba within a year. The program included everything from assassination attempts against Castro to terrorist attacks carried out against Cuban infrastructure, in fact, the CIA would plot to assassinate Castro so many times in such an absurd variety of ways, such as exploding seashells, poisoned smoothies and fungus-infected wetsuits, which he himself claimed if he survived assassination attempts.
If it were an Olympic event, he would win the gold medal. There was also an ongoing insurgency movement known as the s combrai rebellion, made up of former Batista loyalists and Cubans who opposed Castro's socialist government. These bandits managed to become such a nuisance that Soviet advisors rejected them. Cuba's thick internal jungles as potential locations for their new missile sites, in part because they provided perfect cover for guerrilla operations, the sites were located in more open locations, leaving them vulnerable to discovery, despite the efforts of the regime, the Cuban public soon became aware of the increase in Soviet strength. presence in his homeland, a constant game of cat and mouse was soon played between Castro's security forces and the alleged CIA informants, security was paramount as only Castro and his closest associates were to know all the details. of the plan and anyone who found out about it.
The details outside that closed circle had to be silenced, of course, Cuba's little secret would never remain hidden for long. The United States had been flying U2 spy planes over the island since its failed invasion and on October 14 a U2 flight successfully photographed the missile site. Eight days later, in St. Kitts, President John F. Kennedy gave an 18-minute televised speech in which he revealed to the world the unequivocal evidence of missile bases in Cuba and announced a blockade that would not only prevent future shipments of weapons and personnel Soviets, but also any shipping reached the island the Cuban missile crisis had officially begun at least that was as far as the rest of the world was concerned within Cuba itself almost all mention of international events was suppressed except for the narrative maintained by the state, but this was not enough to prevent the population from realizing the danger posed by the missiles and people began to arrive from the countryside to be with their families in the united Cuban society, preparations for a nuclear war They took a backseat to simply being with their loved ones if worst came to worst, yet only a few senior officials within the government fully understood the seriousness of the situation and even fewer were able to throw off the blinders. of ideology and accept the total devastation that a nuclear war would cause, except men like Fidel Castro and Che Guevara had built their reputation for being firm and uncompromising and had no intention of backing down from American threats to Che Guevara, especially this was nothing less than the final struggle between capitalism and communism and nuclear war was completely acceptable, if not preferable, to achieving the extinction of thefirst and the triumph of the second immediately following Kennedy's statement, Castro took the podium issuing a scathing rebuttal outlining America's long

history

of state-sponsored aggression and terrorism against his beloved nation when it came time to address the issue. of soviet missiles Castro had this to say what have we done we have defended ourselves that's all the imperialists were hoping that after their first hostile act our people would surrender that the revolution would raise a white flag determined to show its resolve the fiery Castro passionately urged Khrushchev to issue a statement stating that any attack on Cuban soil would be seen as an attack on the USSR itself and to deploy its forces throughout Europe to enter a state of maximum readiness Khrushchev had absolutely no intention of doing any of these things Kennedy had also played his cards carefully by announcing that the planned blockade would occur outside cuba's territorial waters and castro realized that he had been clearly removed from the diplomatic equation, leaving him almost without a voice in any conversation between the us and the ussr, but there was still the issue of American reconnaissance flights being flown daily over Cuban airspace, which fully convinced Castro that American action was imminent.
On October 26, Castro sent another letter to Khrushchev expressing his belief that an attack would occur in the next 72 hours and that he expected the USSR to respond with the full force of its nuclear arsenal and then ordered his army to attack any aircraft. American that violated its airspace. This was a fateful decision as within 24 hours a U2 spy plane had been successfully shot down using Soviet supplied weapons. The incident shocked the world instantly escalating tensions to a whole new level. Kennedy's ears filled. of calls from his staff to retaliate and the safeguards around American missiles were relaxed to ensure that they could be fired with minimal approval surely Castro thought this would be enough to push Khrushchev into action and yet, ironically, the Castro's determination to escalate the conflict ultimately proved to be one of the most important factors leading to its peaceful resolution; in the words of Khrushchev's own son, Sergey, at that very moment it was neither before nor after that.
The father felt that the situation was getting out of his control. Kennedy realized the same thing and concluded that the Cuban military had been acting outside Soviet jurisdiction. The truth was that neither side wanted a nuclear war under any circumstances and Castro's belligerent attitude made it evident how dangerous it was. In order to have Lou's cannon roll across the deck of the ship of state while negotiations were underway, both Khrushchev and Kennedy made a firm resolution to ignore any further warmongering advice from their subordinates and began taking steps to calm the situation as much as possible. as quickly as possible as events unfolded.
It unfolded at the highest levels of government. Ordinary Cubans, including those who had fled the country, awaited the outcome with bated breath. A Cuban exile living in Miami, Marta Darby, remembers the tension in an interview on national public radio where she stated that I think at that time we were afraid that maybe something very similar to the Japanese internment camps during World War II would happen to us and there were rumors that maybe they would take us and hide us somewhere and that was a little scary when we heard about it. They asked about their experiences as The Boy Still Lives in Cuba during the same interview.
María Salgado recalled. I also remember that family came from out of town and that everyone was in our same hometown because the world was going to end, so you wanted to be close to your family, close to your loved ones. On October 28, an increasingly nervous and expectant Castro woke up to receive a phone call from Khrushchev informing him that an agreement had been signed that would see the withdrawal of missiles from Cuba in exchange for a guarantee that there would be no invasion of the island with tingling hands. He lowered the receiver. How dare Khrushchev do this to him?
Cuba had risked everything for this moment. Castro had personally offered his life and that of his compatriots as a sacrifice on the altar of communism and had been willing to die with a smile on his face if it meant dealing a mortal blow to the hated imperialists, but instead Castro's supposed allies had acted without even consulting him, ignoring his pride and Cuban sovereignty in favor of obtaining some concessions on missile sites in Turkey, in a fit of impotent fury Castro trashed his office kicking the walls and breaking glassware while shouting obscenities at Khrushchev, ending with a emphatic insult.
I will politely decline to translate after he has finally calmed down. The embittered prime minister issued a public statement that he would accept the deal, but the United States also had to cease all attempts. interfere with Cuban sovereignty and vow never again to violate its airspace or territorial waters. As part of the agreement, the Americans had secured the right to send inspectors to Cuba to monitor the removal of Soviet missile sites, but Castro made clear that Any American personnel that anyone who set foot on his soil would be shot dead and their bodies thrown back into the ocean Despite mounting pressure from both sides, the revolutionary leader stood firm with his wounded pride demanding appeasement as disaffected Cubans chanted in the streets Khrushchev, coward, what is given as a gift is not taken away again the state media went to work at full speed publishing article after article denouncing this deliberate betrayal of Cuban loyalty in the face of the unwavering determination of both the leader and Citizens, even the powerful USSR had to finally give in.
After weeks of defiance, Castro won a moral victory when the Soviets agreed to send the missiles to international waters to be inspected there instead of on Cuban soil. As suddenly as they began, the Newspaper articles and radio broadcasts condemning the Soviet withdrawal came to an end and the sullen Cuban population resumed leading normal lives with nothing to do Castro fell into a state of depression his bad mood was exacerbated when many communist parties in Latin America They began to praise Khrushchev for how well he had handled the situation. Che Guevara also reacted to the crisis with disgust and later stated that he would have personally fired the missiles if it meant destroying the US forever.
In the years following the missile crisis, relations between Cuba and the USSR slowly returned to normal, but a sense of betrayal still hung over the island nation that Cuba's radical communists had been willing to die for their ideals. and they felt that the Russians had snatched defeat from the jaws of victory. Ordinary citizens were kept somewhat ignorant of the true nature of the crisis, just as the many Cuban exiles who had seen the whole thing on the international news were relieved. That the situation had eased, but saddened by the fact that their homeland still remains in communist hands, the descendants of these exiles continue to call for the democratization of Cuba to this day and, although the government has made some concessions throughout Over the years, the status quo remains more or less intact.
Fidel Castro died on November 25, 2016 at the age of 90. He remains extremely popular among Cuban socialists who see him as their liberator and as someone who always shared his burdens and endured hardships alongside the common man. Special thanks again to World of Warships Legends for sponsoring this video. Enjoy the new operator update and much more content by downloading the game through our affiliate link below.

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