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54- TED EN EL 13 - DISEÑO - Presente y futuro de la arquitectura

Aug 30, 2022
Today I'm going to talk about the last 30 years of architectural history that's a lot to cover in 18 minutes it's a complex topic so we'll just cover one complex place is new jersey because 30 years ago I'm from jersey I was 6 years old and I lived there in my parents' house in a town called lillingston and this was my boy's bedroom on the corner from the bedroom was the bathroom that i shared with my sister and between my bedroom and the bathroom there was a balcony that led to the living room and there everyone they spent their time watching TV so every time I went from my room to the bathroom everyone saw me and every time I took a shower and came back wrapped in a towel everyone saw me and I was like that I was clumsy insecure and I hated it I hated that journey I hated that balcony I hated that room and I hated that house that is architecture those feelings those emotions that I felt that is the power of architecture because architecture is not about mathematics or division of zones but about those connections it's visceral emotions that we feel in the places we occupy and it's no wonder we sit that way because according to the environmental protection agency americans spend 90 percent of their time indoors or 90 percent of the time we are surrounded by architecture that's a lot architecture determines us in ways we don't even realize it makes us a bit naive and very very predictable this means that when I show you a building like this I know what it evokes you think of power stability and democracy and i know you think so because it's based on a building built 2500 years ago by the greeks this is a trick it's a trigger that architects use to create an emotional connection to the ways we build our buildings it's a predictable emotional connection we've used this long long time trick we used it 200 years ago to build banks we used it in the 19th century to build museums e art and in the 20th century in the usa we use it to build houses look at those solid stable soldiers facing the sea away from the elements this is very very useful because building things is scary it is expensive it takes a long time and it is very complicated the people who build the things developers and governments are always afraid of innovation and prefer to use ways they know will work that's why we come across buildings like this it's a nice building it's the livingstone public library that was completed in 2004 in my hometown and you know it has a dome it has this round thing columns theirs red which hints at what livingstone is trying to communicate with this building children property values ​​history but it didn't have much to do with a modern day library that same year in 2004 on the other side of the country another library was finished that is so this library is in seattle and shows how we use the media in the digital age such is a new type of public facility for the city a place to meet read and share so how is it possible that in the same year in the same country two buildings both called libraries are so completely different and the answer is that architecture works according to the principle of the pendulum on one side is innovation the architects who constantly push new technologies new typologies new solutions for today's way of life we ​​push we push and push so much that we completely distance ourselves from people all of this depresses us you think we feel great but we are dead inside because we have no choice and we have to go to the other side and reconnect with those cherished symbols so we do and we are all happy but we feel like traitors so we start experimenting again we swing the pendulum back and forth We have done it over and over again in the last 300 years and of course in the last 30 years well 30 years ago we were coming out of the 70s the architects were busy experimenting with so called brutalism it has to do with concrete that you can guess small scale windows dehumanizing something really very harsh so we are approaching the 80s and we start incorporating those symbols and we push the pendulum back in the other direction we take those shapes we know they like and update them we add neon and we add pastels and we use new materials they love it we can't keep up we take chippendal cabinets and turn them into skyscrapers that can be medieval castles made of glass the shape got bigger they got bolder and bunting gogh the dwarfs turned into columns the swans grew to the size of buildings it's crazy but it was the 80s that was cool we all hung out in malls we moved to the neighborhoods and there in the suburbs we could create our own architectural fantasies As these fantasies could be Mediterranean, French or Italian, possibly with endless peace sticks This is what happens with postmodernism This is what happens with symbols They are easy They are cheap because instead of creating new spaces we recreate memories of other places I know very well and you all know that this is not Tuscany this that Jaime the architects get frustrated and we start to swing the pendulum back in the other direction from the 80s and in the early 90s we started to experimenting with so-called constructivism we discarded historical symbols now we have new computer aided design techniques and we find new compositions shapes stressing against other shapes this is academic and heady and super unpopular one is totally excluded normally the pendulum it would oscillate again in the opposite direction but then something amazing happened in 1997 this e building is frank gehry's guggenheim bilbao in this building fundamentally changed the world's relationship with architecture gol der berg said that bilbao was one of those rare moments when academic critics and the general public were in complete agreement on a building the newspaper new york times called this construction miraculous tourism in bilbao increased by 2,500 percent when the building was finished like this suddenly everyone wanted one of those buildings los angeles si aarón chicago new york cleveland spring everyone wanted one and he was everywhere he was our first star architect but how is it possible that these wild and radical forms how is it possible that they become names present all over the world and it happened because the media that galvanized around them and we quickly learned that that form they meant culture and tourism and we have created an emotional reaction with these forms, the same did the main ipal mayors of the world like this everyone believed that if they had these forms they had culture and tourism this phenomenon of the beginning of the new millennium happened with other star architects it happened to asaja and the ibex skin and what happened to these few leeds architects on the threshold of new millennium actually began to happen with all architecture digital media began to increase the speed of information consumption think for example how it works in architecture a thousand years ago you would have to walk to the next town to see a building transportation speeds up you can take a boat a plane they can be tourists technology speeds up you can see more newspapers on TV and in the end we are all architecture photographers and the building is transported beyond its physical location architecture is everywhere now that means speed of communications has finally caught up with the speed of architecture because architecture moves t It doesn't take a long time to think about a building, it takes a long time to build a building in 3 or 4 years and in this time an architect can design 28 or 100 more buildings before knowing if the one he designed 4 years ago was a success or not because there has never been good feedback in architecture this is how we come across buildings like this brutalism was not a two year movement but a 20 year movement for 20 years we were building buildings like this because we had no idea how much they det were that will never happen again I think because we are on the threshold of the greatest revolution in architecture since the invention of concrete and steel in the elevator and it is the media revolution my theory is that when the pendulum is applied the media communication begins to oscillate faster and faster until it is at both ends almost simultaneously and the difference between innovation and symbol effectively blurs between us.
54  ted en el 13   dise o   presente y futuro de la arquitectura
We the architects and you the public can now make almost instant emotionally charged symbols of something completely new I'll show you how the system works on a project my firm recently completed we were hired to replace this building that burned down this is the center of a town called country on fire island in new york state it is a vacation community we proposed a bold building unlike any of the shapes the community was used to we were scared and so was our client the community was scared so we created a series of renderings realistic photos and we put them on facebook and instagram and we let people start doing what it does share comment i like it i hate it but that meant that two years before the building was finished it was already part of the community and like the drawings they looked exactly like the given product there were no surprises the building became part of the community is the first summer when people began to arrive and I shared it on social media and the building stopped being just a building it became a means of communication because these are not just images and a building is the images that one made of the building and as one uses them to tell their story they become part of the personal narrative and that makes short circuits with the collective memory and by carrying these symbols we learn that is to say we no longer need the Greeks to tell us how to think about architecture we can tell each other what do we think of architecture because digital media has not only changed the relationship between us but has changed the relationship between us and buildings think for a second about those librarians in lymington if that building was built today we would first go to the internet looking for new libraries we would be bombarded with examples of innovation experimentation on what a library can be teak those are ammunition ammunition that can take the mayor of livingstone to the people of del and nestor and tell them there is no single answer to what a library can be today let's be a part of this this abundance of solutions gives the freedom to experience everything is different now architects are no longer those mysterious creatures who use big words and complicated drawings and you are no longer a hapless public that won't accept something you haven't seen before architects can listen and you are not intimidated by architecture that means the pendulum auxiliary from one style to another from one movement to another is irrelevant in fact we can go ahead and find adequate solutions to the problems facing society this is the end of the history of architecture and it means that the buildings of tomorrow will be different from the buildings of today this means that a public space in the old city of seville can be unique and adapted to the medi da of a modern city this means that a stadium in brooklyn can be that a stadium in brooklyn and not some bad historical imitation of red brick based on ideas to what a stadium should be this means that robots will be able to build our buildings because finally we will be ready for the forms that they are going to produce that means that buildings conform to the whims of nature and not the other way around this means that a parking garage in miami beach florida can also be used for sports or for yoga or even one can getting married like this in the night this means three architects can dream of swimming in new york's is river' and raising half a million dollars from the community united around that cause no longer a client just means no building is too small for innovation like this little reindeer pavilion is as muscular and fibrous as the animals to be observed this means that a building It doesn't have to be beautiful to be nice like this ugly little building in Spain where the architects dug a hole filled it with hay and then poured concrete around it and when the rigon dried up they invited someone to come and clean up the remaining hay finally all what was left is this horrible little room with all the traces and scratches of how it was built to become the most sublime place to watch a Spanish sunset because it doesn't matter anymore if it's a cow or a robot who builds our buildings it doesn't matter anymore how we build what matters is that we build architects already know how to make buildings greener smarter and kinder we have been waiting for all of you to want them we are no longer on opposite sides find an architect or hire one and let's work together to be better buildings better cities for a better world because the stakes are high buildings do not reflect our society but give it They shape even the smallest spaces, the local libraries, the homes where we educate our children and the passage from the bedroom to the bathroom, thank you very much, the contrast in the architecture of San Luis is like it tooIt has buildings of historical value such as the cathedral, the national school, the normal school for girls, the good post office, they have many historical buildings and some are less classic from the 19th century, for example, the cathedral and they are very beautiful buildings that are in the historic center of San Luis and there is a very big contrast with all the new works that have been carried out that come from progress and I think that the contrast is generated since what san luís has grown a lot in recent years so in this way one can appreciate so much when it circulates along the highways or through all the corridors that have been generated where one can access different points of the city quickly, so there is a contrast between something that before was perhaps concentrated in the center, now it has expanded for the entire periphery and this way one can notice that thing let's say between future and immediate present everything starts with requests from different ministries or different sectors where there may be needs or works can be directly managed from the programs based on a vision, let's say, of what is coming or what would be needed in matters of needs out there are issues of the best in new neighborhoods that it is necessary to have schools police stations as the population grows or new problems arise, they attend to each of these problems or needs that arise from hospitals schools police stations as a percentage I said I will be housing in public works are planned as an interdisciplinary team of many disciplines of professionals that each one is contributing their knowledge and well at the beginning of the work we already have the project assembled with everything ready to start let's say and later well what is the specification is elaborated the guidelines of which must contain the project, a kind of blueprint is generated where they prefigure how it should be and then he agrees to what would be the bidding or contracting to a private company, let's say third, where he finishes developing what is really going to be executed, we give him the time and our job is to control and ensure that the original idea is the one that is I ended up executing at a particular level and a general level that could be, let's say, naming several.
54  ted en el 13   dise o   presente y futuro de la arquitectura

More Interesting Facts About,

54 ted en el 13 dise o presente y futuro de la arquitectura...

To begin with, we can say what the portezuelo terrace complex is, which would be the government house, the nucleus of all public functions in one place that not only serves one situation where it is easier to carry out any procedure but as an architectural building it is positioned in a place where one can see it when coming along the road to mendoza or vinaròs in louis something that drew a lot of attention when faced with the terminal which is a new building also attending to another of the problems of concentration that it had in the center later as a phenomenon it can be the city of the tip that as a work is a new city that in turn has moved many people to be able to work and live in general as another, let's say, urban center, importance has also been given to historical works such as the town hall where there is a representation of the historical or national town hall was held in san luís and it is where what is the victory square was recreated later with what is the recova accompanied by another great work that is in front that is the convention center that also serves as a vision to the future to be able to bring exhibitions fairs Let's say that historical issues are sought in parts and it doesn't start as looking a little further in the case of Vida Mercedes, the time of the quarry is more recent, the work of the quarry several professionals intervened, the important thing is that it is a very complex and that it was carried out in a very short time, also with a response to society because well, as we know, it has school hospitals and not therapy, part of the stadium that the idea e It is that it was used at all times and all year round, not only for special events, but also that it has two generative schools in the good part, in Sube Villa Mercedes.
54  ted en el 13   dise o   presente y futuro de la arquitectura
The needs of the city of Belém do at that time also attend to water solutions, let's say better, or the drains in the area, so they are novels, as modern as they look beautiful, but they are also very important at the level of uses and thinking for the future, we see that It can be used both at a tourist level, as we see, as well as for the same people who come, in addition to the racetrack of the stadium, as well as to bring all kinds of events and generate, let's say, an attractive offer so that they then continue to think that the work is the driving force of the economy as well as progress, I believe that this will continue to grow, many projects are thought to be oversized or large enough to continue growing as much as possible.
54  ted en el 13   dise o   presente y futuro de la arquitectura
It is recently that I was thinking about the new hospital that, due to the number of meters of beds that are being calculated, calmly exceeds the capacities to be able to attend not only the city of San Luis but also the province of Shan, well perhaps other provinces that They can come closer, I believe that if architecture and public works continue to grow in the province, they will continue to advance in everything that is to meet all the problems of the population and well, it will grow, they will grow a lot if we continue with This rythm

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