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1956 HUNGARIAN REVOLUTION & SOVIET SUPPRESSION "REVOLT IN HUNGARY" IMRE NAGY XD10524

Jun 05, 2021
I'm Walter Cronkite. The film you are about to see offers a story in itself. Some of it has been smuggled out of Hungary. Much of it had not been seen in this country before the men who shot these films like the freedom fighters they photographed. they risked their lives to compile this record a record of a lost battle against communist slavery the history of the uprising in

hungary

so god on the morning of joseph stalin's funeral in moscow all life in

hungary

stops where a church once stood catholic a huge statue of stalin now dominates the scene in budapest as

hungarian

leaders pay their last respects, among them is imrinaj, one of the leaders of the communist party that has ruled hungary since 1947. naj is not part of the inner circle of admirers of stalin, there are others here whose true feelings are masked behind expressionless faces three years later the statue of stalin is down the iron heel of

soviet

oppression is being crushed the people of hungary are awakened break all symbols of

soviet

power for end they express themselves freely they demand political freedom and national independence this is how it all began in the capital of Hungary university students hold a demonstration in support of Poland it is a peaceful demonstration provoked by the polls successful challenge to the Soviet Union four days before the government orders them disband refuse more young men and women swell Their ranks gather in Petaby Square, named after the champion of Hungarian freedom in 1848, and remember his moving words: Will we be free men or slaves?
1956 hungarian revolution soviet suppression revolt in hungary imre nagy xd10524
We choose the destination that your spirit longs for. Inspired by the example of Petaby, they decide to parade through the city now that the government is late in raising itself. the ban on student gatherings along the route young working cadets even members of the communist youth fall for these are not the faces of melancholic conspirators there is a festive atmosphere in the procession an air of hope and enthusiasm so the parade ends in the statue of General Bam, a Polish soldier who fought for the freedom of Hungary in 1848. The crowd cheering Poland's independent spirit numbers in the tens of thousands.
1956 hungarian revolution soviet suppression revolt in hungary imre nagy xd10524

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1956 hungarian revolution soviet suppression revolt in hungary imre nagy xd10524...

Now his interest quickly shifts to other problems. Hungary's problems. Most of the speakers are communists who are in favor of a communist Hungary, but like Peter Varish of the writers' union they oppose the government leaders for suppressing freedom and distorting the truth by exploiting labor and abusing farmers for serve Soviet imperialism demand an end to Soviet domination national independence their own flag without Soviet emblems so the students publish their own program one of their key demands a new government led by imrinaj to resist Soviet pressure then begin marching to the budapest radio station to make their demands known to the nation and the world on the radio station the students' plans are thwarted their delegates are arrested angry the crowd refuses to disperse until the student leaders are free he challenged the avo security police act during the night soviet tanks enter to support the frightened

hungarian

government against its own people on the morning of the next day october 24 powerful soviet forces have occupied key positions in budapest and are moving in battle formation to crush any resistance as the news spreads, the people of Hungary gather and fight, enraged by the use of Soviet force, units of the Hungarian army are sent to suppress the

revolt

, they come to the side of the people against the superior. the soviet power the hungarians gather their courage and ingenuity one of their most effective weapons is homemade according to an old russian recipe the molotov cocktail fill a bottle with gasoline almost to the brim cover the cork loosely with a rag around the tip of the cork to Moisten the rag when the enemy approaches Light the rag and serve quickly while it is hot While the number of downed tanks is constantly being mucked up The Soviet advance begins to stall The Russians are forced to lift the siege of Killian's barracks where a hastily organized defense under the command of colonel powell malatere has resisted the violent assault soviet losses in this attack are heavy some soviet troops desert others fraternize the red army begins to withdraw to regroup the military tank itself is still standing intact underground tunnels link Killian's barracks and the Corvin cinema another center of resistance here also the repeated Russian attacks have been successfully repelled these are the soldiers who faced the Soviet army a varied group of incredibly brave young people many began their military training with the first shot fired by others like the old man known as uncle sabo have become legendary heroes in less than a hundred hours as soviet units retreat freedom fighters take control of their authority rises in the streets hungarian leaders form a new government one of the first acts of freedom fighters freedom is to reunite all the members of the avo also known as avh the hungarian security police the feelings are against these masters of torture and terror but the suspects receive police protection until they can be tried death to the avo a task force to arrest avo agents at communist party headquarters avo men resist fifa after a violent battle in which many of the defenders are killed freedom fighters captured the party headquarters the crowd gathers he quickly took revenge on the few survivors so with the power of the avo crushed prisons are opened the political prisoners, mostly detained on false charges, are released in budapest and in the provincial centers the archives are destroyed avo falsified records of forced confessions are burned Soviet propaganda joins the bonfires of the provinces new waves of political freedom sweep the country more and more people take direct part in deciding their own destiny their authority is clearly a test of the will of the people and the people of the provinces feel equally in the top in budapest imranaj is now prime minister personally receives a delegation of farmers a direct exchange of views inconceivable only last week he is second in the new regime is janos kadar a man of great ambition because he was tortured by the The Hungarian secret police Khadar is naturally considered a champion of the new liberalism, a trust he cunningly exploits.
1956 hungarian revolution soviet suppression revolt in hungary imre nagy xd10524
Long-illegal political parties are coming back into existence and new voices and ideas are being expressed publicly. Freedom of the press is restored almost 10 years before the

revolution

there. In Budapest there were five newspapers, now there are more than 20. Every day, every hour brings news. Each announcement is awaited with great interest. Imranaj reports on the negotiations with the Russians. People listen with attention and enthusiasm. They then let him know how risky the Russians feel. go home in a budapest movie a program is placed on the marquee russians go home is subtitled as a comedy the morning of October 30 seems to mark the climax of the drama soviet armored columns leave budapest eastwards out of the country the belief is spreads in the

revolution

more proof of victory is gained comes from the docks of the danube river the families of soviet officers leave with all their belongings while budapest begins to dig through the rubble a gruesome discovery is made in republic square they are heard Human voices calling faintly from beneath the ground Guns are fired in the hope of finding an answer, it doesn't work, a desperate search begins for AVO victims who are still buried in secret underground prisons.
1956 hungarian revolution soviet suppression revolt in hungary imre nagy xd10524
Entire sections of the square are unearthed, but the faint voices are eventually silenced and the tragic search begins. is abandoned a voice that can now be heard clearly is that of cardinal menzidi primate of hungary his name becomes a symbol of resistance released after almost eight years in prison the cardinal arrives in budapest this is his first public statement it is after a long period of imprisonment that now I can talk to all the children of the Hungarian homeland see them there is no hatred against anyone in my heart our country is being liberated by wonderful heroes there is no parallel in history for this fight for freedom let's pray for the victims um so um, life in Budapest is slowly returning to normal.
Food begins to arrive from the country in the fraternal atmosphere of the moment when farmers simply give it to those who are hungry and almost everyone is hungry to collect the victims of the fighting and their families. Boxes are placed and, despite widespread poverty, contributions are generous. Budapest airport is back in operation and urgently needed relief supplies begin arriving from the Soviet East German satellite from Switzerland. An emergency shipment of blood plasma for the wounded from Poland. A token of gratitude. for the strong support of Hungary, a gift from the people of Poznan, whose oppression aroused much of the anger that led to the Hungarian uprising.
Now truckloads of food and medicine are arriving as the border with Austria reopens, even as help arrives from the free world. ominous reports that powerful new soviet forces are arriving in hungary from the opposite direction budapest is haunted by rumors every newcomer from the west faces the same anxious questions whether the russians will return if so will the un take action on november 3 Defense Minister Powell Malatere and State Minister Zoltan Tilde announced good news. He appears to be close to an agreement that Soviet troops will not return to Budapest, in fact, they will evacuate all of Hungary.
Malliter himself is invited to a banquet at the Soviet military headquarters to work out the details of the banquet invitation. a trap malatare is arrested later that night the soviets attack so 1 35 the afternoon of 4 november

1956

the scene of the radio rocket transmits its last message to the world falling the last remaining station or to the united nations early this morning the group soviet launched a general attack attack on hungary we ask you to send us immediate help in the form of parachute troops over the transzanubian provinces for the love of god and the freedom of calgary the call has not been answered the

revolt

has been crushed and with it the hopes of hungarians who believe that the united nations or the outraged western democracies would come to their aid hungarian patriots risk death and use hidden cameras to photograph the last tragic act on the cold, empty day of hungary's defeat backed by steel russian janusz kadar forms a new puppet government cardinal menzide es were given asylum at the american legation in budapest for a defined soviet power imranaj and paul monitor are imprisoned for almost two years before receiving the inevitable death sentence much of hungary as budapest is in ruins the people who stood up angry and overthrew a totalitarian regime are beaten once Furthermore, the shadow of Soviet terror falls heavily on the land and its people, victims of the revolt in Hungary, so

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