15 Amazing New Discoveries From EgyptJul 23, 2023
Hello everyone you know, with many thousands of years of history, Egypt remains one of the most interesting countries for archaeological finds, with countless projects taking place at any given time, researchers are constantly learning new and surprising things about the ancient people of the region and how they lived from engineering wonders to insights into their beliefs join me in today's video. We'll take a look at 15 surprising new
discoveriesin Egypt 15, the lost city of Aten, from writings of the ancient Egyptians and other civilizations that historians have long known about. about the existence of several cities in Egypt that appear to have disappeared without a trace in what has been one of the most exciting
discoveriesin Egypt in recent times when the remains of the city of Aten were found in the sand on the western shore of Luxor.
While searching for Tutankhamun's funerary temple, excavation began in late 2020, when it has now been revealed that it is remarkably intact and would have been the largest administrative and industrial settlement in the area of the Egyptian Empire, first founded around 3,400 ago. years during the reign of Amenhotep III it was named after the sun god in the year 10. So far the northern quarters of the city cemetery have been discovered with distinct neighborhoods and a network of zigzag adobe walls measuring up to 10 feet high , countless artifacts such as tools, rings, amulets. and vessels have been found within the structures, as well as a bakery complete with ovens and several temples and aerial sites.
There is still much more to discover there, but it is already said to be the second most important find after Tutankhamun's tomb. It's revealing a lot. about Egyptian society and the daily lives of ordinary people in the Empire and their hope that the trove of artifacts that have been found so far is only the 14th beginning a temple to a Greek god the ancient Egyptians worshiped several gods a who was believed to oversee different elements of life and nature, but archaeologists announced in 2022 the discovery of a rather surprising temple, as it was dedicated to a Greek god on Earth, they did not tell the archaeological site the farama that was Located in the northwest region of the Sinai Peninsula.
It was formerly an Egyptian fortress city and a port called palosium that, after the fall of the Egyptian Empire to Alexander the Great, fell under the control of the Greeks. The temple was suspected to be at the site for decades after Greek inscriptions were found in the surrounding areas. It was dedicated to Zeus Cassios, who was the god who shared characteristics of both Zeus and the time god Cassius in mythology. The temple was found after two pink granite columns were seen lying on the surface of what would once have been its entrance gate, but were subsequently torn down.
During an earthquake in ancient times, granite blocks that would have formed a staircase, as well as other pink granite blocks, have also been found, as well as inscriptions suggesting that the Roman emperor Hadrian was involved in the restoration of the temple at one time. It is a great example of how many different empires and cultures have been present in Egypt throughout history and not all of the
amazingarchaeological finds are related to the pharaohs and civilization we think of. Water tunnel number 13, the Egyptian landscape was much more fertile during the time of the ancient Egyptians than it is now, but they still needed to develop techniques to re-root water where it was needed, while they commonly dug trenches similar to those they would be found in other parts of the world during that period.
They also built enormously complicated tunnels and a discovery. From the end of 2022 it shows how advanced their design and construction capabilities were. Archaeologists were excavating a site beneath the temple in the ancient city of Taposairis Magna, which is located in western Alexandria, when they found a large tunnel that measured 4,200 feet long and six and a half feet high was buried at a depth 65 feet below the surface and would have supplied water to about 20,000 people when in use. Surprisingly it was discovered to be almost an exact replica of a similar water tunnel that had been previously found on the Greek island of Samos, which is one of the most important engineering feats of that ancient world, but like the one in Egypt it dates back even further.
Going further back, it is now probably thought that it was the Egyptians who developed the design and that many more of them could have been built to provide water to other important communities. Number 12 golden tongues. Well, we've known for a long time that the ancient Egyptians buried their dead with valuable trinkets and took them to the afterlife, but not everyone had done so. The elaborate tombs given to the leaders of the Empire, some even after going through the mummification process, would be buried in a simple wooden coffin and his family found novel ways to give them a way to take the wealth to the other side to end of 2022, according to archaeologists. announced the discovery of some mummies in a cemetery near the city of Kisna, which is about 35 miles north of Cairo, and along with Nicholas' pottery and the other artifacts found there, they were also noted to have been buried with tongues made of gold, this was something that became more common during the Greco-Roman period, around 332 BC.
C., when it was also common for mummies to be buried with golden eyes. The idea behind this practice is that it would allow the deceased the power to speak, see and taste in the afterlife and are considered manifestations of the transformation of the deceased into divine beings. This is not the first time goldentongue mummies have been found and much more attention is being paid to the excavation of the cemeteries of ordinary citizens. Unlike those of the pharaohs, we are likely to discover more strange traditions in the years to come. Number 11. Lower back tattoos Lower back tattoos are either something you love or something you hate and are often referred to in unflattering ways. but this is actually a tradition that dates back thousands of years, to the ancient Egyptian Empire.
In November 2022, researchers at the New Kingdom site in Del-Air Medina revealed the new discovery of meat samples and ancient figurines, each of which bore tattoos on their lower backs. What is interesting about this site is that it was a supportive community for the workers responsible for building the tombs of the emperors and while the men were away, Daryl Medina would have been home primarily to women and children. Where the skin and figurines were found was a temple dedicated to the Low Egyptian god, who was responsible for supervising women and children, especially during childbirth, and the tattoos appear to have been amulets intended to bring good fortune to parents during the pregnancy.
It's hard to know. We know how common tattooing was in ancient Egypt because very few pieces of them have survived to modern times, but it is increasingly believed that it was common practice to inscribe messages to the gods by tattooing certain parts of the body or it is a treatment for illness or to bring good fortune number 10. Napoleonic weaponry with the undoubted appeal of ancient Egypt, various warlords and armies have attempted to take control of the country throughout history and this means that you can find a wide range of artifacts that do not have nothing to do with The ancient empire, one of the most surprising, was recently discovered in the waters of the Mediterranean at the entrance to the eastern port of Alexandria and is evidence of an ambitious military offensive about 225 years ago in the region located on the north side of the island of Pharos.
It is rich in remains from the Greco-Roman era of ancient Egypt and was where one of the ancient wonders of the world, the great lighthouse, once stood. Although Russian researchers found a collection of firearms, pistols and cannons in the water, they can be traced back to a friend named Repetriot who was part of an expedition sent to Egypt by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1798. The leader intended to take the country. but the fleet he sent encountered a defensive British fleet at Alexandria which not only repelled the French but sank all the ships, although the battle was well documented the location of the ships had been lost to history and it was only after a concerted effort over the past few decades to locate them led to recent discovery number nine, a three-thousand-year-old cheese.
Well, we can deduce a lot about the types of food the ancient Egyptians ate by knowing the types of crops that grew in the region at the time and the types of animals that were available, but researchers at Cairo University found a discovery surprising in a city tomb. from Sakara which shows that they had the ability to process certain ingredients into products that were very similar to what we have today. This particular discovery was a piece of the oldest solid cheese ever found dating back to around 2,600 years ago. It was in a jar. In the Tomb of Batams, a powerful government official, it had a powder-white texture.
Samples were taken for chemical analysis which found proteins associated with cow's milk and with sheep's or goat's milk, and it was most likely what we now know as halloumi, evidence of cheese making. It has been found as far back as the first dynasty of Egypt, around 5,000 years ago, but this is the first time a sample of the finished product has been seen. It is not exactly edible, although it has traces of a bacteria called Brucella melatensis, something that if ingested can cause severe gastrointestinal upset and could well have been present in the cheese when the Egyptians ate it number eight a falcon Archaeologists at the Sanctuary have now found enough sites from ancient Egypt and have learned enough about their language that they can usually understand and explain the new sites they discover, but there is one that is such a mystery that we still don't know what it was built for.
In 2022 it was announced that it had been found. A Falcon Sanctuary in the ancient Egyptian Port of Veronica which is on the coast of the Dead Sea had 15 headless Falcons on a pedestal, as well as two stone statues of unknown gods. A 13-inch-long iron harpoon was also found near the pedestal and in another room of the sanctuary there is a pillar with a Greek inscription that says that it is not appropriate to boil a head in here. Nothing like this has been seen anywhere else. and there is not enough good information to reveal the purpose of the sanctuary, although there are representations of three gods, boxes of Coptic Harpo who was a child god and two others who are not known, one of which has a falcon's head The headless falcons They are, therefore, most likely a sacrifice to this deity and it is likely that their heads were removed before the bodies were boiled in the boiling room and then presented on the pedestal.
Remains of fish, mammals and egg shells were also found with everything dated. Dating back to the 4th century AD, this was a time when Egypt was ruled by the Roman Empire, but with its power waning, the shrine is more likely thought to be related to the Blemiean kings, leaders of a semi-nomadic civilization that lived in the modern era. -day syria and southern
egyptnumber seven mummy embalming tools the mummification process is one of the most intriguing parts of ancient
egyptian life where they would remove most of the entrails from a body before embalming it to preserve it once that had been buried.
Because of this, so many remains from the period have survived and tools used in the process were occasionally discovered in early 2022, although archaeologists made one of the most important discoveries related to mummification, the largest collection of mummification tools. embalming ever found, the Trove was discovered in abuse and included at least 370 ceramic jars that would have been used to store body parts and animal heads, as well as hundreds of tools, the jars would also have been filled with objects that had made contact with the body during this 70-day mummification process and This collection of artifacts is believed to have been used during a particularly lavish burial ceremony that took place about 2,600 years ago, probably after the death of a high-ranking general called menekibanaku.
By studying these researchers hope to put together a step by step. step-by-step guide to how the bodies of senior members of Egyptian society were treated before being buried in a way that has never been possible before to give context to how important this cache of many hundreds of objects equivalent to that found in Tutankhamun's tomb containing only 12. number six birds of ancient Egypt The ancient Egyptians lived so long ago that Cleopatra's reign was now closer to society than the first Egyptian rulers. It is not surprising that during thisWhile the environment and ecosystems in Egypt have changed dramatically, we can see from the materials left in the cities the types of foods and animals that were present at that time, but there is another way we can learn about the species which were common in ancient Egypt and still exist today.
There is an old painting that was the first. Found about a century ago on the walls of a palace in the city of Amarna, once a capital located 10,680 miles south of Cairo, there are incredibly detailed depictions of animals such as birds and in recent years a study has done a fascinating discovery, the images are so exquisitely detailed that they are anatomically correct and this has allowed researchers to compare them with modern species, most of the birds are, for example, types of rock pigeons, but there is also a pied kingfisher , a red-backed shrike and a white wagtail Although their pattern is different from that seen today, it is
amazingto get a first-hand account of the flora and fauna of ancient Egypt.
The room where the images were found is believed to have been a place of calm and relaxation where fresh plants would have been placed to provide the royal family with a refuge from the stress of the outside world. Number five, the Sakura Necropolis. Sakura is an extremely important ancient Egyptian site located about 19 miles south of Cairo and is where archaeologists have found pyramid temples and the oldest known complex of stone buildings. It was used as a burial site for Memphis, the ancient Egyptian capital, and researchers have recently discovered Made another surprising discovery there in March 2022, the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities announced the unearthing of five new tombs dating to the Old Kingdom and the first intermedia, meaning they are all around 5,000 years old, they were found near the Marenram Pyramid, which were built hundreds of years later, each is believed to have been the resting place of high-ranking officials.
The tombs were adorned with colorfully shaped engravings and were composed of a deep funerary shaft leading to a chamber containing the limestone sarcophagus offering tables and scenes. New burial sites in Sakara are regularly found on walls depicting palace and religious iconography; These five came just after 52 others were discovered the previous year. Many in the region were relatively simplistic with wooden coffins, but there is now evidence to show that there are clearly many more sites to investigate. There is hope within the community that there may well be tombs of some of the early Egyptian leaders still hidden underground from a time before huge monuments such as the pyramids were built for them.
Mummy number four. portraits the city of philadelphia is about 75 miles southwest of cairo and was first settled during the ptolemaic period of egypt between 304 and 30 bce. C., this was a time when the empire was ruled by pharaohs or descendants of one of Alexander the Great's generals. Therefore, there was a large Greek influence at that time and the name of the city in Greek means City of Brotherly Love. Therefore, it is an interesting place to study and learn about ancient Egypt during this period. An archaeologist made a rare discovery there in 2022. They were excavating the city. necropolis and found a number of mummies, but the unusual thing was that they were buried with realistic portraits of what the people were like when they were alive.
It was the first time portraits like these had been found in over 50 years, partly because they were not always included in tombs and also because they have been some of the easiest things for the Tomb Raiders to steal and the last time they were A mummy portrait was officially found in a tomb in the 1880s and all the others that have been seen are obscene. made and then sold to art dealers, this means that these newly found paintings are just the first to have been recovered and studied with modern scientific methods and it is hoped that the results will shed new light on how the paintings were created and when they would initially be made .
Analysis, for example, showed that the pigments used would have been valuable commodities at the time, so paints like this would have been extremely expensive. The subjects must have been high-ranking members of society for their families to be able to afford this type. of funeral number three of a lost Sun Temple, it is rare for discoveries in Egypt to be made through pure chanting and, instead, archaeologists rely on ancient writings and clues that lead them to the most likely sites of interest It has long been believed that during the time of the ancient Egyptians six so-called Sun temples were built in honor of the Egyptian sun god Ra, but until recently only two of them had been found, so four of them They were missing, but it is now believed that as of 2022 the remains of another of them have now been discovered.
Archaeologists were excavating a site at Abusir which is south of Cairo and near Sakara and is a necropolis that was used during the Old Kingdom Period and acted as one of the main cemeteries for the On the other side of the site there are 14 pyramids royals, mustabas and tombs of the city of Memphis dating back about 4,500 years and, to their surprise, they were trying to take a closer look at the temple of Pharaoh Nayuceri Inai, who was the sixth ruler of the Fifth Dynasty. They found a layer of foundations beneath those of the temple that are likely connected to a completely different building that once stood on the site but collapsed or was demolished to build the new temple with evidence in the mud brick foundations. and quartz blocks, has a design similar to that of the known Sun temples and it is now believed that this is what remains of another.
They have also found ceramic vessels, beer mugs and red-rimmed containers, items that would have been used in sun temples, which instead of being used to worship gods or kings and were a focal point where people would cry during royal funeral processions. Number two. Gold jewelry. The ancient Egyptians were obsessed with gems and valuable materials and regularly wore gold as a sign of prestige, wealth and Often, these would be buried with a person after their death, but due to the actions of tomb robbers and the time since It is rare to find a treasure trove of intact pieces, in 2022 a notable discovery was made in the ruins of the ancient cities of Akatatan.
Which is about 300 kilometers south of Cairo, the city was founded almost 4,000 years ago by Pharaoh Akintatan, who had moved from the capital of Thebes to this city and had embarked on a campaign to change the Egyptian religion from a polytheist to one who worshiped only one God on the solar disk, although he was unsuccessful in his attempt and even those who lived in his own city would have also secretly worshiped other gods. Archaeologists found a tomb in the city and in it was an example of how some of the wealthiest members of society would continue with their own beliefs no matter what the official religion said.
The Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities revealed three pieces of gold jewelry that were found next to a coffin. The first was a ring with a representation of the base god who was the mischievous one. God of fun and music, there was also another ring with an inscription that translates to lady of the earth, which again refers to the gods of farmers and growth. It is not known whose burial site this was, but further excavations are still being carried out. In the city, these could be the first of many more valuable artifacts to be found in the coming years, giving us a much better idea of Egyptian society of that time period, tomb number one of an unknown queen, the Egyptian Empire lasted so long. that there were many leaders that we do not know about and in 2022, a century after finding Tutankhamun's tomb, archaeologists announced the discovery of a new funerary pyramid of a previously unknown Egyptian queen that was found in Sakara, which is 20 miles south of Cairo and near where many coffins and mummies have been found believed to be the remains of some of Tutankhamun's closest generals and advisors.
Similarly, this pyramid which, according to the inscriptions inside, was built for Queen Naiith, was filled with trinkets, artifacts, mummies. and a series of interconnected tunnels totaling 300 coffins were found at this new site, which was unexpected because they all date back to the New Kingdom Period, while most of the structures in Sakara are from the Old Kingdom or the late period, the condition of the mummies were also some of the best ever seen suggesting that the Egyptians reached the peak of their mummification skills during this time, some had two lids and one had a mummy inside with a mask of his face made entirely of gold, as for Queen Naith herself.
Little is known about Rain and it is believed that she chose to be buried there due to the proximity to the Pyramid of Tete, who was the first king of the sixth dynasty of Egypt and who was worshiped as a god during the New Kingdom Period according to records. . Now adjusted to incorporate her time on the throne, it makes you wonder how many more lost kings and queens of ancient Egypt are still buried in the sand. See you next time, check out our binge-watching playlist if you want to watch them all. our top 15 most popular videos grab a drink, grab a snack and get ready to binge
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